«Beneﬁciaries: LALITPUR SUB-METROPOLI- TAN CITY and KHOKANA VILLAGE DEVEL- OPMENT COMMITTEE Contractor: City of Chester Periodic Report 15 January ...»
Contract reference no.:
KHOKANA VILLAGE DEVEL-
City of Chester
15 January 2002 –
14 January 2004
Urban Management and Eco- nomic Diversiﬁcation Project Contents Abbreviations
1. Technical section
(a) Project Particulars
(c) Working conditions
(d) Reporting Tables
Activity 1 Institutional development
Activity 2 Orientation/training Seminar at Chester
Activity 3 Human capacity building and training
Activity 4 Urban management and cadastral survey
Activity 5 Promoting community-based economic development
Activity 6 Regeneration pilot projects
Activity 7 Earthquake disaster preparedness
Activity 8 Information exchange and dissemination of results
(f) Links with other projects/programmes
Nepal/UNESCO/Japan Funds-in-Trust Project for Selected Monuments in Patan Darbar Square
UNESCO International Safeguarding Campaign for the KVWHS......... 47 Greater Kathmandu Valley Mapping Project of the EC
Support by the World Heritage Fund for conservation planning in the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site
The Patan Programme of GTZ
Bagmati Integrated Watershed Management Project of the EC.............. 49 Select bibliography of other programmes and projects
(g) Assessment of the project
(h) Impact and sustainability
Annex I Minutes of the Steering Committee
Annex II Training/Orientation Seminar at Chester
Annex III List of training activities
Annex IV Report of Dina D’Ayala, structural expert for seismic strengthening
Annex V.. Project publication on incorporating earthquake safety measures in buildings of traditional construction
Annex VI Report by David Irwin on Improved Planning Procedures for the Conservation of Cultural and Architectural Heritage in Lalitpur............ 162 Annex VII Exit strategy policy discussion document
Annex VIII Lalit Heritage Awards
Call for entries
Conservation Awards notice in Nepali
Conservation Awards application form
List of applications
List of Award winners
Conservation Award certiﬁcates
Conservation Award plaques
Notice of Lalit Heritage Exhibition closing ceremony
ANNEX IX Khokana Heritage Awareness Cultural Programme.................. 201 Programme
Khokana Heritage Awareness certiﬁcates
Certiﬁcate of Appreciation
ANNEX X Demonstration pilot regeneration projects
Khokana Community Outreach Building
Community Ofﬁce, Heritage Outreach and Tourism Information Centre
Jyabahabahi Community Resthouse
Amatya House tourism conversion report
Presentation on the rehabilitation of hitis
ANNEX XI Webpages
ANNEX XII Promotional publications
Project publicity leaﬂet
Leaﬂet on Arts and Crafts
Khokana Heritage Route guide
Monasteries of Lalitpur
ANNEX XIII Press coverage (selection)
(b) Summary The project commenced promptly on 15 January 2002. Chester City Council had concluded a contract with the Consultancy for Conservation for implementing the project in Nepal. Mobilisation included the establishment of a project ofﬁce in rooms ﬂanking the Council Chamber of Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City, close to the ofﬁce of the Mayor convenient for interaction with the elected representatives of the inhabitants. During the initial two weeks, ofﬁce furniture was manufactured, computer equipment purchased in accordance with EU procurement rules and posts of national staff advertised. The Municipality leased Ayaguthi Sattal, a restored historic resthouse in a prominent position in Darbar Square, to service as the community ofﬁce/Tourism and Education Information Centre, instead of the building in a less prominent position in Patan Dhoka, as originally planned. A temporary ofﬁce was leased for the archaeological excavations. In the second half of month 1, the ﬁrst meeting of the Steering Committee conﬁrmed the appointment of national staff out of the interviewed candidates. After the abolition of elected local authorities, the Steering Committee chairperson became the Chief Executive Ofﬁcer instead of the Mayor, but the Committee continued to meet regularly, normally on a monthly basis. The Orientation Seminar/Kick-off Meeting was held at Chester in June 2002 and was attended by representatives of all four partners. Cllr.
Anne Farrel, Chester’s Portfolio Holder for Culture, visited Lalitpur in December 2002 rather than in Year 2, as originally planned.
Training covering a wide range of conservation planning, tourism and development issues was provided in-house by a roster of EU experts provided as International Co-ordinator/Trainer (ICT), through work experience in Europe and through knowledge-sharing and information exchange through European local government ofﬁcers working in Nepal. All professional project staff spent one month in Europe, in the case of the two archaeologists entirely at Chester, but the Director of the Lalitpur Heritage Unit (a Lalitpur SMC employee), the three conservation ofﬁcers and two tourism ofﬁcers each spent three weeks in Chester and one week in Feltre, often staying with families of Chester staff members. In each case, ICT Mary Sabina Stacey arranged an additional visit to the City of Bath. Two archaeologists from Chester worked in Lalitpur in Year 1 and one in Year 2. Paul Hartley, who had been instrumental in Chester City Council’s application for the project, but who had moved to Stockport, came to Lalitpur, as did the Chester Project Co-ordinator Howard Dickenson, a Chester planner and two ofﬁcers from Feltre in Year 2. Training was extended as far as possible to sections of Lalitpur SMC other then the Heritage Unit, in order to promote sustainability, and NoLoGo partner Tribhuvan University also
participated in training activities.
The availability of digital maps of Lalitpur, not available when the project proposal was originally prepared, meant that these could be utilized instead of extending the total-station survey initiated by the Department of Archaeology.
It was decided to concentrate activities in six new conservation areas that were identiﬁed for protection by Lalitpur SMC. The planning procedures were reviewed and proposals for improvements prepared, in co-operation with LSMC personnel. The involvement of students of Kathmandu Engineering College in the work of the project extended its outreach. As planned, students from Tribhuvan University Istitute of Architecture carried out a social, economic and physical survey of Khokana and their work was utilized in a leaﬂet published by the project. Creation of a database included archaeology; particular attention was given to the city gates, to emphasise the local distinctiveness of the ancient city. To ensure that activities included Khokana, archaeological investigations included Kudesh, the original site of Khokana village. The Steering Committee decided that the project database should incorporate intangible cultural heritage.
Work that was carried out included the documentation of the spectacular Rato Machhendranath chariot procession.
LSMC was able to lease the restored Ayaguthi Sattal, a restored historic resthouse in Darbar Square, in a much better position than the premises originally envisaged. The key role in running the ofﬁce for voluntary which it had been anticipated would be played by the Patan Tourism Development Organisation was instead assumed by a different NoLoGo partner, the Kathmandu Valley Preservation Trust, which assisted with broadening this component of the activity into an awareness-building programme for schools. The Khokana Community Outreach Centre look longer to construct than anticipated because of the need to provide new foundations and because of the monsoon. Two EU trainee carpenters worked as volunteers on the building. Its opening in Year 2 was postponed so as not to attract the unwelcome attention of the Maoists.
Improvements to paving, a pond and resthouses in Khokana proceeded ahead of schedule. There were delays in getting access to the house intended for conversion to quality tourism accommodation and NoLoGo partner, the Patan Tourism Development Organisation, felt unable to proceed when the 20% balance of funding could not be provided by LSMC at the end of the project, following the abolition of elected local government, and therefore did not fulﬁll its obligation to restore and convert the building. Nevertheless a full conversion scheme was prepared and is available for implementation outside the project.
The intended order in which hitis (sunken fountains) would be restored was changed for practical reasons and started with Saugha Hiti, the furthest away from the palace. The proposal for the restoration of the Rajkulo, the main source of water, was revised for presentation to donors. The Jyabahabahi community resthouse was restored promptly in co-operation with NGO partners. Excavation of the Patukva Mound suggested that it is in fact a pile of debris from the 1934 earthquake, but medieval levels were reached in the second season. LSMC provided extra funds to sponsor the formation of ten community conservation committees, to serve as local partners for the project amongst the people.
A seismic vulnerability survey and analysis was undertaken by EU short-term expert Dina D’Ayala, who made a public presentation of her conclusions.
Following on, the project published guidelines for the seismic strengthening of traditional buildings, prepared by local expert Rohit Ranjitkar and NoLoGo partner the Nepal Society for Earthquake Technology (NSET). LSMC extended the activity for earthquake safety in two signiﬁcant ways, ﬁrstly be funding the construction of a ward ofﬁce in traditional materials incorporating seismic strengthening, and secondly by breaking ground in Nepal as the ﬁrst local authority to adopt the National Building Code for practical implementation.
A number of publications were issued, promoting the project, Lalitpur, Khokana and their cultural heritage, conforming to EU visibility guidelines. Webpages on Lalitpur and Khokana were placed on the Chester website. Public pressure for information on and participation by the project resulted in many more exhibitions than had been envisaged in the project proposal. The major exhibition organized by the project was the Lalit Heritage Exhibition, month 10, Year 1, which attracted an estimated 20,000 visitors and demonstrated the high level of public interest in project activities. The exhibition, which was organized with the participation of all local NoLogo partners, took place in two courtyards and the garden of Patan Palace and was accompanied by a threeday programme of cultural events in Darbar Square. The exhibition was also the occasion of an international workshop on conservation and the judging of the Lalit Heritage Awards, designed to promote good conservation and good new design. At the end of Year 1, Khokana was provided with its own event, the Khokana Cultural Awareness Programme, attended by Cllr. Ann Farell from Chester City Council. Linkages were made with the Asia Urbs projects in Dulikhel (Nepal) and Luang Prabang (Laos). The project built on earlier work in Lalitpur and the Kathmandu Valley more widely that had been funded by the EC, UNESCO and GTZ.
The project represented the ﬁrst attempt for a Nepalese local authority to implement new powers devolved by the Local Self-governance Act to develop local environmental policies, as well as to put into practice the Nepal National Building Code. All activities foreseen in the action plan were implemented, apart from the conversion of a traditional house, for which the design was prepared but the works could not be carried out before the end of the project, due to the inability of the Nepalese partners to provide the 20% funding retained until the end of the project. All four local government and all eight NoLoGo partners actively participated in project activities and the sharing of experience and know-how. Local project administration was effective and enjoyed a close working relationship with the two Nepalese project partners. The only overall problem resulted from the political situation in Nepal, and in particular the suspension of elected local government.
The project offered effective support to Lalitpur SMC and Khokana VDC to develop local distinctiveness and sustainable tourism policies, as a resource for the diversiﬁcation of the local economy. The enormous public interest in project activities helped not only to promote project aims, but also reinforce the partnership between the people and their elected representatives to develop a more holistic vision for protecting the historic settlements.
The project leaves a physical legacy in for form of improvements in the public realm which include new paving, restored and working sunken fountains and ponds, three restored public resthouses and two community outreach centers (one new and one restored) to promote local culture and provide services to tourists.
As part of the exit strategy, two new posts were created in the Lalitpur Heritage Unit for former project staff. Lalitpur SMC created and funded ten local conservation committees that will continue their work beyond the life of the project. The exit strategy was made more difﬁcult to implement as a result of the suspension of elected local governments.
The project provided a model of implementation through collaboration between local and national authorities and the civil society, including the active participation of educational institutions.
(c) Working conditions