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«FIRST EDITION ALL RIGHTS RESERVED ©Copyright 2015 by Marsha Stewart All rights reserved. No part of this book may be stored in a retrieval system, ...»

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According to Africans and Native Americans, Native Americans or Indians were classified as Negroes and Blacks in the slave’s books of Seville Spain and elsewhere. On page 29; “Slaves from Terra Nova show up in the slave markets of Seville and Valencia very soon after 1500. For example; in Valencia during the period to 1516, we find in 1503 Miguel, Manne, in 1505 Juan and Pedro, in 1507 Antonio and Juan Amarco, in 1515 Ali, now Melchor, in 1516 Catalina...They were all classified as Negroes...” If we were first brought to North America around 1619 or even 1555, for that matter, then how were they taking slaves from Newfoundland to Europe?

Keep in mind that one of the "Native Americans" even had the name "Ali" and all were classified as Negro once they reached Yalencia. How did a Native American in 1515 have the Moorish name "Ali"?

In 1993, the United Nations Center for Human Rights, recognized the Washitaw de Dugdahmoundyah Muur Empire as the Oldest Indigenous group of people on Earth. The registered Project # 215/93 supervened. From 15,000,000 to 20,000,000 slaves arrived in the Americas (North, Central, and South America) between 1540 and 1850 over—a 310 year period (according to US History books).

Christopher Columbus Diaries 26

Christopher Columbus became the first man known in history to send the first slaves across the Atlantic. Other nations rushed to emulate Columbus. In 1501, the Portuguese began to depopulate the Beotuk Indians to Cape Verde as slaves.

Black Indian slavery destroyed the Indian nations of Natchez, Yamasee, and Pequot’s. The first African slave raid took place in 1505 and was spearheaded by Columbus' son Diego Columbus.

When the Moors (Indians) of America began dying and committing suicide the labor was replaced with slaves from the Sahara in West Africa. Also, the gold and silver that Columbus extracted from America fueled a 400% inflation eroding the economies of non-European nations and helped Europe to develop a global market system. Africa suffered a great economical blow. The Trans-Saharan trade collapsed because America supplied more precious gems than the African West Coast. African traders now only had one commodity that Europe wanted, slaves! African Sultans thus sold their own Black people into slavery to Whites. It is safe to say that Columbus is solely responsible for the slavery of the Moors from West to East and from East to West.

After Columbus found what he thought was the eastern edge of India on his first voyage, he found the natives he encountered “ought to make good and skilled servants” according to his diaries. He also at first expressed an eagerness to bring religion to the natives, saying “I think they can very easily be made Christians, for they seem to have no religion.” 27 Columbus didn’t just not let religion get in the way of his profiting off slavery: he actually believed God embraced his slave business. On his third voyage, Columbus wrote during his return to Hispaniola in 1498, “From here one might send, in the name of the Holy Trinity, as many slaves as could be sold…”People think the mounds were built by the Indians, or by the ancestors of the historically known Indian groups. This was widely disregarded for a number of reasons including early historical documents, hoaxes and the fact that Indians had no connection to the mounds. Most of those Indians moved to the Ohio territory from farther east only a few decades before, and therefore had no connection to the mounds. After the US government forcibly 'removed' most of the remaining Indians from the east in the late 1820s and early 1830s, there were few Indians around to correct the misunderstanding. The Mound Builder question became one of the most popular puzzles of the 19th century.

Historically known Indigenous people known as Indians of the east were occasionally found in the mounds. Similarities in stone tools between Indians and Mound builders existed. It was a common misperception - that Eastern Indians had not been farmers - and when Squire and Davis combined it with their observation that 'defensive enclosures' were most common along the northern edge of the distribution of mounds, they derived the conclusion that Indians had attacked the Mound builders persistently from the north.

The Yamasee is a direct descendant of the Olmecs through the Washitaw Moors. The Washitaw is a derivative of the term 'Wichita' who are known as 'Kitikitish' meaning, "Raccoon 28 eyes." This referred to the Black Native Americans because of their Black faces, thus the term 'Coons' was used to identify a Black person. The Yamasee lived in Georgia on the Ocmulgee River near Macon, Georgia and where early Yamasee mounds were discovered. Today, Macon is also the home of the Harriet Tubman African-American Museum. The Yamasse is the mother tribe of the Creeks, Seminoles, Apalachees, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Catawbas, and Cherokee.

DNA Evidence

Fewer than 10% of African-American mtDNAs match mtDNA sequences from a single African region. Few African Americans are able to trace their mtDNA lineages to a particular region of Africa, and even fewer will be able to trace their mtDNA to a single ethnic group. The excuse is that no firm conclusions should be made until a much larger database is available. The same conclusion can be made with Native American tribes. It is clear, however, that when identical mtDNA haplotypes are shared among many ethnic groups from different parts of Africa, it is impossible to determine which single ethnic group was the source of a particular maternal ancestor based on the mtDNA sequence. The subSaharan mtDNA sequences have identified the most common haplotypes.





–  –  –

sequences from a single African region suggests that as few as one in nine African Americans may be able to trace their mtDNA lineage to a particular region of Africa.

It is famously well known that Africans have the most genetic diversity of human populations, arguably more than all other populations combined (from mtDNA, Y lineages and more recent autosomal studies). There is population structure, Africa did not remain in stasis after the ancestors of nonAfricans left ~75,000 years ago. This paper addresses some of the deeper questions about African structure.

Since most Native Americans do not look like people from China but more like the Ket People from Siberia (who look like Africans), it is easy to take for granted the Native Americans are no more than a mixture of the Asiatic and Indigenous people preset in America when they arrived 11,500 years ago.

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African American and Native History Collide at Arkansas Archeological Site (1, July, 2014).

http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/07/01/afr ican-american-and-native-history-collide-arkansasarcheological-site-155573 Aliba. http://al-iba.webs.com/yamassee

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http://bardofely.hubpages.com/hub/The-Washitawwere-the-first-Americans-and-ancient-mound-builders Christopher Columbus: The Untold Story /cohttp://www.understandingprejudice.org/nativeiqlumbus.h tm Ely, Bert, Wilson, Jamie Lee, Jackson, Fatimah, and Jackson, Bruce A. African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups.

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/4/34

Imhotep David, Ph.D. (2011). The First Americans Were Africans:

Documented Evidence Lauber, Almon Wheeler. Indian Slavery in Colonial Times within the Present Limits of the United States.

(http://archive.org/stream/indianslavery00laubrich/indiansla very00laubrich_djvu.txt).

Lost Feather. Questions about Indigenous Tribes.

http://lostfeather.weebly.com/washitaw.html Whitaker, Dina Gilio-Whitaker. The Untold History of American Indian Slavery.

http://nativeamericanhistory.about.com/od/controversies/a/ The-Untold-History-Of-American-Indian-Slavery.htm

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Washitaw, Yamasee, Iroquois, Cherokee, Choctaw, Blackfoot, Pequot, Mohegan (and/or All Indigenous People of America In 1993, the United Nations Center for Human Rights, recognized the Washitaw de Dugdahmoundyah Muur--Moor Empire as the Oldest Indigenous group of people on Earth.

The registered Project # 215/93 ensued. Just read this.

12,000,000 slaves arrived in the Americas between 1540 and 1850 over—a 310-year period (according to US History books). If you look at the following facts of published material, we are living under another ideological part of American Revisionist History. Also, the following undermines the whole breadth and depth of what is written in American history books. By using simple calculations, the following information

can be ascertained:

1. Over a period of 310 years, is it fair to say that 64,000 slaves were transported annually to the Americas or has the transportation of slaves one big myth?

–  –  –

3. Statistics state the 13 Colonies had a total of 600,000 slaves. (The first colony was Virginia 1585 - 1776--191 years).

4. Between 1770 through 1860, there were 4 million slaves in the United States

5. The largest seagoing vessel carried 400 slaves but not all of the ships were that large.

6. Time of passage was 3 - 4 months. That means 200 vessels/ships per year would have to travel carrying 300 people. One ship could make 3 passages per year.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database says there were 1100 - 1400 voyages made over that 300 year period. If that is the case and each ship carried 400 people, the total number would be 560,000 Africans were transported. That number is close to the claim in Item 3 that says there were 600,000 slaves in the 13 colonies, (The chart shows 500,000) but that still does not add up.

7. Because of the way humans were tightly packed onehalf of them died in route.

8. In Item 4, there were 4 million slaves in the US in 1860.

After the Civil War 3.5 million slaves were freed.

–  –  –

Native American Nations that existed before Columbus arrived on the scene?

10. We know Native Americans were enslaved, and Native Americans also enslaved people, but were these people who were enslaved Native Americans of African ancestry?

11. We already know that over 83% of all Americans with African ancestry have Native American blood, but a recent study printed in Ebony Magazine claims that is not true. According to the study, only 4% of all Americans with African ancestry have Native American blood even though Genomic (chromosome) evidence indicates the Amerindian Gene B, C, and D are descended from African females before they migrated out of Africa 40,000 years ago.

According to the figures above, many more slaving companies would have to be in the business of human trafficking annually to come up with the numbers of actually transported, but the published material lists only three (3) major companies that dealt in the slave trade and were given a 31 year monopoly by the British Government. The Royal Adventurer later was named the Royal African Company, so it was one in the same company. Independent companies engaged in slave trade, but there were only three (3) main companies engaged in human trafficking. The Guinea Company--at its height--had 15 ships from 1618 - 1650. The Guinea Company also dealt in gold, dyes, and other things other than just the human trafficking of slaves. British, French, 34 Dutch, and Danish participated in human trafficking. Statistics have not taken into consideration the Portuguese ships that sailed at the time, but from what is out there, the Portuguese and Spanish transported 81,000 slaves to the Americas. We may never know how many people were transported by slave ship. Following is a table from "Slave Statistics" by Hugh Thomas published in 1997 by Simon and Schuster.

After 20 years the Royal Adventurer--with its 15 ships had transported between 90,000 and 100,000 slaves. That is a long ways from 12,000,000 million slaves who were supposedly brought to the Americas. That is a lot of slaves not accounted for. Or is/was the Black/Brown birthrate that more accelerated than the White birthrate? The calculated median of 12 million. Divide it by 400 people—the largest slave vessels. That comes out to 30,000 trips. Records exist for 35,000 voyages.

The statistics state only.05% or 1/2 of 1% of all Indigenous people of North and South America are in existence as a result of Christopher Columbus and his European travelers' conquests. Ninety-five (95%) percent were massacred by Columbus and his European crews shortly after 1492. Around 1900, it was thought Native Americans were on the brink of extinction with only 250,000 left. The picture on the front of this book is a family relative who lived on the Michigan Chippewa Indian Reservation in Mt. Pleasant, MI (1800’s).

History books say that Native American tribes harbored runaway slaves, but the lady pictured at the right was already in Michigan before slaves migrated to Michigan as free people.

35 It does not matter whether Native Americans are Washitaw or Lumbee from North Carolina or Chippewa from Michigan. All tribes have Black Roots. The phenotypes of Native Americans point to the theories held by Cheikh Anta Diop and Van Sertima. What this amounts too are further discrepancies in what is written in our history books. Even though the evidence is right here and pushed in a person's face, there are those who still believe the "Old Guard." It is nothing more than Revisionist History.

The United Nations recognizes the Washitaw Muurs Nation within the United States along with the other Indigenous people of America. The Declaration on Rights of Indigenous People includes the Washitaw Nation, a nation that is made up of Black People who have the archaeological and historical evidence to prove that the original inhabitants of North and South America (so called "Indians") were Black People who came here from Africa. Have you been to a Powwow?



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