WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 9 |

«Perceived parental supports and children’s psychological wellbeing: The case of Children living with stepparents around Sheromeda area By Matewos ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AND BEHAVIORAL STUDIES

SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY

Perceived parental supports and children’s psychological wellbeing: The case

of Children living with stepparents around Sheromeda area

By

Matewos Gena

ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AND BEHAVIORAL STUDIES

SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY

Perceived parental supports and children’s psychological wellbeing: The case of Children living with stepparents around Sheromeda area A Thesis Submitted to the School of psychology Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology By Matewos Gena 2014 Addis Ababa Addis Ababa University Graduate Studies Program School of Psychology Perceived parental supports and children’s psychological wellbeing: The case of Children living with stepparents around Sheromeda area By Matewos Gena Chairman, Department Graduate Committee Signature Advisor Signature Examiner (Internal) Signature Examiner (External) Signature i Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived parental supports and children’s psychological wellbeing and selected variables: academic support, school material support, attachment, self-esteem, and social relationship living with stepparent and biological parent.

The sample consisted of 360 participants from three elementary and higher schools. Data were collected from school children by questionnaires between the age group of 11 and 15 years old.

The results showed that perceived parenting support and children’s psychological wellbeing to follow family types. Mather and father mostly acted according to straight outlook.

Children tended to be fitting in their perceptions of the parental style. Stepparents perceived parental support and children’s psychological wellbeing in less parenting behaviors on children. The results are discussed in terms of how they contribute to my understanding of stepparent-stepchild relationships within the stepparent-family structure. This study fits within the existing body of literature on stepparent performance and has implications for counseling work with stepparent and for future research.

KEYWORDS: Stepparent household, Stepparent, Stepchildren, perceived, Stepmother,

–  –  –

Acknowledgments God I thank you for giving me purpose in life and being with me in all the way.

The completion of this thesis would not have been possible without the support of many people. First and for most my special thanks goes to my advisor Dr. Belay Tefera who should receive much credit for giving me valuable comments, suggestions and corrections.

I specially appreciate Dr. Yishak Degefu and Ato Ephrem Israel for providing me with the necessary technical comments with respect to data processing and analysis. I extend particular thanks to Addis Tesfa Elementary and higher school, Dil Betegel Elementary and higher school and Qusquam Elementary and higher school who make it possible the goal of this thesis with full cooperation during data collection and allowing me to use their resource.

In addition, from those schools Ato Abenet Fekede, Ato Tesfaye, and Ato Esayas Daniel should get my sincere thanks for supporting me in the data collection processes in those schools.

I wish to thank my dear friends for their constant support, comments and encouragement throughout the research. In addition, I would like to thank to my mother w/ro Meste Male, sisters (Senayit Gena, Buzenesh Gena, Charlotte Anderson and her all family) also thanks to other my family who had been personally involved in all the process of my study.

Lastly, my deepest thanks and love goes to my loving, caring and responsible wife Bemenit Tadese who has been with me all these years helping and encouraging me to accomplish my

–  –  –

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

List of Tables

Chapter One

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1. Background

1.2. Statement of the Problem

1.3. Object of the problem

1.4. Research Questions

1.5. Operational definition of important terms

1.6. Significance of the study.

1.7 Limitations

Chapter Two

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Over Veiew

2.2 Theoretical Framework

2.2.1. Evolutionary Viewpoint

2.2.2. Sociological point of View

2.3 Outcomes for children in stepparents

2.4 Stepparent expansion

2.5 Parent-child attachment

2.6 Bond between stepparent- stepchild

2.7 Stepparent Stages

2.8 Stepparent Role

2.9 Parenting style

2.10. Children's Rights in Different Instruments (Policy Frameworks)........ ………………...23

–  –  –

Child (UNCRC)………………………………………………………....... …….23 2.10.2. Regional Instrument: African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of Child (ACRWC) …………………………………………....... ……………………….24 2.10.3. The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia……..... ……..25 Chapter Three





3. RESEARCH METHODS

3.1. Introduction......……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….26

3.2. Study Design

3.3. Study sites

3.4. Populaiton and sample

3.4.1 Population

3.4.2 Sampling

3.4.3 Participant

3.5. Data Collection instruments

3.6. Data Collection Procedure

3.7. Methods of data Analysis

3.8. Reliability

3.9. Validity

3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four

4.1. FINDINGS

4.2. Background Characteristics of the Study Population

Chapter Five

DISCUSSION

5.1 Stepchild relationship

5.2 The Stepparent duty

5.3 Attachment with children

5.4 Father and Attachment

5.5 Mother and attachment

5.6 Stepparent and child self-esteem

v Chapter Fix

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATION

6.1 Summary

6.2 Conclusions

6.3. Recommendations

REFERANCES

–  –  –

Table 1:Popualtion size

Table 2: Participants age

Table 3: Summary of reliability of each variable

Table 4: Background characteristics of the study sample…………………………………........37 Table 5: Number of cases Means, standard deviations

Table 6: Comparisons the three groups of children

Table 7: Post hoe multiple comparisons between biological parent and stepparent status

Table: 8. Sex of the respondents

Table: 9. Age of the respondents

–  –  –

1.1.Background In many societies family, which is the first social unit of organization, has given emphasis starting from its formation. The road to enter family life is marriage. Depending on the value and norms of the society there are different forms of arrangements to start family life. Its continuation ensured by teaching children values and by discouraging its dissolution according to societies beliefs and ideas. Marriage is union of couples commit to one another with the expectation of stable and lasting intimate relationship, and this is socially recognized and approved. A marital relationship usually involves some kind of contract, either written or specified by tradition, which defines the partners‟ rights and obligations to each other, their children, and relatives.

There are many different practices in Ethiopia depending on customs and religions to be married and start family life. In the Revised Family Code (RFC) of Ethiopia marriage can be concluded before an officer of civil status, religious marriage, marriage according to customs and marriage celebrated abroad (RFC, 2000:pp.3-4). All forms of marriage should fulfil the essential conditions stated on Article 6-16 of RFC, which include the free and full consent of both couples, age above eighteen and prohibition of consanguinity, affinity, bigamy and representation (RFC, 2000:p.4-7).

Family is core of society‟s structure undergoes many changes to meet its functions.

Sometimes the pressure creates stresses that lead to family breakdown. Depending on the culture and tradition of society, family problems have been solved with different means.

Unfortunately, some of families could not escape the fate of dissolution. Therefore, society

–  –  –

In modern societies, many countries based on the nature of customs of the people encourage marriage and protect its dissolution by law. Recently by considering the social, economical and cultural change, taking place in the society and in line with the constitution and international instruments the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) had revised the old family law in 2000. The Revised Family Code (RFC) at national level serves for all citizens equally has given equal weight about the cause and effects of dissolution of marriage regardless of the form of celebration of marriage.

Remarriage and the formation of stepparent household is not a new phenomenon in the country Ethiopia and in other countries. In Ethiopia most people live in usual households and a growing number of divorcees are starting new relationships. There is no any research (document) to estimate about children who are living with a stepfamily before their sixteenth birthday. Divorce rates in the Ethiopia increase in this time. All divorced person not going to make stepparent. Several changes can take place during a families divorce. Some of these changes could include moving, loss of contact with a parent, involvement in conflict between the parents, and possibly financial difficulties (Lazar et aI, 2004). The changes can affect a person at different times and can affect genders in different ways at different points in the process (Hines, 2007).

Bowlby, back in 1969 created a theory of attachment, and defined attachment as the relationship between parent and child, this attachment provides the child with an idea of how to form a relationship and adjust to various life experiences (Hines, 2007). The theory assumes that adult friendships or romantic relationship develop from parents or early caregivers examples. (Carranza et aI, 2009). Carranza et al (2009) also suggests that since these are formed early, a parental divorce or separation could cause the child to have

–  –  –

Divorce and remarriage can change this attachment style and can make a child have feelings of anger, resentment and confusion, which can alter the child's ability to form meaningful relationships (Hines, 2007). Building relationships and committing to a relationship is one of the impacts on children during divorce and remarriage Along with building relationships, several other factors contribute to effect relationships. Children and young adults have shown that they have trouble with commitment, lower trust in their partners, lower satisfaction, trouble with interpersonal skills and greater acceptance of divorce (Fine & Harvey, 2006).

Seeing the prevalence of stepchildren live in stepparent households, even though there is no statistical data on the prevalence of remarriage and stepchildren in the country Ethiopia, the data below indicates the extent of divorce rate which can possibly plays the major role for the prevalence of stepparent households (Ihinger-Tallman, 2000; Juby et al., 2001; Robertson et al., 2006) is high. Tilson and Larson (2000) reported that 45 percent of marriages in Ethiopia end in divorce within 30 years; 28 percent of first marriages end in divorce within the first five years; 34 percent within ten years, and 40 percent within 20 years (p. 360).

Children who live in stepparent households have lower grades and lower academic test scores compared to children who live in biological families (Astone & McLanahan, 1991;

Bogenscheider, 1997; Jeynes, 2000; Teachman, Carver, & Paasch, 1997), show more internalizing problems such as depressed mood (Dawson, 1991; Hanson, McLanahan, & Thomson, 1996; Zill, Morrison, & Coiro, 1993) and more externalizing problems such as delinquency than do children in first married families (Hoffman & Johnson, 1998). This activates the researcher to discover that stepchildren would experience in perceived parental supports and children‟s psychological wellbeing in Ethiopia particularly in the study area.

Moreover, the adaptations required of children by the structural characteristics of remarriages have received even less research attention than those of separation and divorce. Mainly in

–  –  –

much as necessary attention for both research and practice work. however researches in other part of world indicated that children in remarried families are at increased risk for the development of psychological, behavioural, social and academic problems in comparison to those in two-parent, non-divorced families (Hetherington, 2003). The current study explored experiences of stepchildren in the stepparent family environment from the children‟s perspectives given that understanding stepchildren would help to improve their situation.

1.2. Statement of the Problem A relationship is one factor compared to several that have an impact on children. Children are in a crucial time for cognitive, psychosocial and emotional transformation (Hines, 2007).

These are all impacts that children face and a parental divorce can make this process more difficult during these transformations. Stepfamily research is particularly challenging because there are no simple methods by which to identify stepfamilies within the larger population.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 9 |


Similar works:

«Begin Reading Table of Contents Copyright Page In accordance with the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, the scanning, uploading, and electronic sharing of any part of this book without the permission of the publisher constitute unlawful piracy and theft of the author’s intellectual property. If you would like to use material from the book (other than for review purposes), prior written permission must be obtained by contacting the publisher at permissions@hbgusa.com. Thank you for your support of...»

«The Five Organ Sonatas of Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (1852-1924) Stephanie Burgoyne ARCCO Although much has been written about Sir Charles Villiers Stanford, it is still difficult to understand why, (apart from his Anglican Cathedral church music) so little of his large output of over 200 compositions has remained to be performed. Since it is a well-known fact that none of us experience musical selections quite the same, I ask the reader to keep in mind that the intention of this submission...»

«Begin Reading Table of Contents Copyright Page In accordance with the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, the scanning, uploading, and electronic sharing of any part of this book without the permission of the publisher constitute unlawful piracy and theft of the author’s intellectual property. If you would like to use material from the book (other than for review purposes), prior written permission must be obtained by contacting the publisher at permissions@hbgusa.com. Thank you for your support of...»

«What Indoor Cats Need To enrich the lives of indoor cats, we have developed this resource checklist; and some suggestions for making changes. Informed Owners As an owner, one of the most important things you can do for you cat is to educate yourself about feline idiosyncrasies. These resources will help you do just that. Books From the Cat's Point of View answers nearly every question the new cat owner could have and gives the experienced cat owner a look at life from the other side of the...»

«Tiedemann, K. B., D. F. Ventura and C. Ades. 1986. Spectral sensitivities of the eyes of the orb we b spider Argiope argentata (Fabricius). J. Arachnol., 14 :71-78. SPECTRAL SENSITIVITIES OF THE EYES OF THE ORB WE B SPIDER ARGIOPE ARGENTATA (FABRICIUS ) Klaus B. Tiedemann, Dora Fix Ventura and Cesar Ade s Department of Experimental Psychology Institute of Psychology University of Sao Paul o Sao Paulo, Brazil ABSTRACT Spectral sensitivity curves to light between 425 and 650 nm for the...»

«Bandolero Buyers Guide A Guide to Bando Basics and Inspection The Cars The Bando has been carefully designed with safety in mind. They are built by 600 Racing in Harrisburg NC. Racing is sanctioned by INEX. More information on INEX and 600 Racing can be found at www.600racing.com. Some areas of the car are designed to “crush” and absorb energy in an impact. This “crush” also makes the cars somewhat fragile. Be prepared to repair/replace body panels, bumpers, frame horns and occasionally...»

«Bandolero Byers Guide A Guide to Bando Basics and Inspection The Cars The Bando has been carefully designed with safety in mind. Some areas of the car are designed to “crush” and absorb energy in an impact. This “crush” also makes the cars somewhat fragile. Be prepared to repair/replace body panels, bumpers, frame horns and occasionally a front or rear clip. If necessary the entire rear frame behind the drivers compartment can be replaced. The front frame area, aprox 2 feet forward of...»

«CANCER SUPPORT SERVICES in Ireland DIRECTORY Leinster Irish Cancer Society DIRECTORY OF SERVICES Welcome Welcome to the Fourth Edition of the Directory of Cancer Support Services Affiliated to the Irish Cancer Society. More people are getting cancer in Ireland. It is estimated that one in three of us will be diagnosed with the disease during our lifetime. Cancer is however increasingly viewed as a condition from which people survive. Evidence shows that when people experiencing cancer receive...»

«*** Free EBOOK*** Your Journey of Personal Transformation Begins HERE: An Introduction to Understanding Your Human Design Chart by Evelyn Levenson, MBA Certified Human Design Specialist Your Success By Design Coach Your Journey Begins HERE www.HumanDesignforSuccess.com This Report is for your personal use. You MAY SHARE it, in its entirety with all author and contact information. However, You May NOT Trade, Sell or Resell This Intellectual Property in Any Way. You may not reprint any part of it...»

«1 Pierrette Meisch, criminologue, Baptiste Antoine, licencié en licenciée en santé publique, formée sciences psychologiques, formé en en approche familiale systémique et médiation, Centre de Consultation et en médiation, directrice à la de Médiation Familiale de la Fondation Pro Familia Fondation Pro Familia Fondation Pro Familia A la recherche des significations des violences en milieu scolaire touchant les enfants « souffre-douleur » Abstract. L’article propose une réflexion...»

«The Power of Being Thankful The Power of Being Thankful 365 Devotions for Discovering the Strength of Gratitude JOYCE MEYER N E W YO R K BOSTON NA SH V ILLE Copyright © 2014 by Joyce Meyer All rights reserved. In accordance with the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, the scanning, uploading, and electronic sharing of any part of this book without the permission of the publisher constitute unlawful piracy and theft of the author’s intellectual property. If you would like to use material from the...»

«Your Benefit Guide State Vision Plan For Active Employees and Retirees Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan is a nonprofit corporation and independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. Welcome Welcome to your State Vision Plan, administered by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan (BCBSM) under the direction of the Michigan Civil Service Commission (MCSC). The MCSC is responsible for implementing your vision benefits and future changes in benefits. BCBSM will provide certain...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.