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«The Class of 2014 Doctor of Philosophy Degrees College of Engineering and Mines D r. D o u g l a s J. G o e r i n g, D e a n Liangbiao Chen ** ...»

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The Class of 2014

Doctor of Philosophy Degrees

College of Engineering and Mines

D r. D o u g l a s J. G o e r i n g, D e a n

Liangbiao Chen **

Ph.D. Engineering: Mechanical Engineering

B.C.E., Shaghai Jiao Tong University, 2006; M.C.E., University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2011.

Thesis: Using the Generalized Interpolation Material Point Method for FluidSolid Interactions Induced by Surface Tension

Numerical algorithms were developed to handle surface tension and contact

(wetting) in fluid-solid interaction problems at small scales based on the generalized interpolation material point method. The algorithms generally yielded errors of less than 5 percent in simulating various benchmark problems.

Major Professors: Dr. Jonah Lee and Dr. Cheng-fu Chen Peng Li * Ph.D. Engineering: Civil Engineering B.S., Chang’an University, 2004; M.S., Chang’an University, 2007.

Thesis: Characterization and Implementation of Stress Dependent Resilient Modulus of Asphalt Treated Base for Flexible Pavement Design The stress-dependent property of resilient modulus (MR) was measured and modeled for four types of asphalt-treated base course materials. The stressdependent MR was incorporated in pavement analysis using a finite element method. Predictive equations for MR and critical pavement responses were developed. Equivalent MRs were also recommended.

Major Professor: Dr. Jenny Liu 42 University of Alaska Fairbanks Edda Andrea Mutter Ph.D. Arctic Environmental Science: Interdisciplinary Program B.S., University of Alaska Anchorage, 2002; M.S., University of Alaska Anchorage, 2004.

Thesis: Assessment of Contaminant Concentrations and Transport Pathways in Rural Alaska Communities’ Solid Waste and Wastewater Sites Waste management practices currently employed in many rural Alaska communities are potentially impacting human and environmental health. This study investigated soil, surface and subsurface waters in the vicinity of five rural Alaska communities’ waste sites for the presence of heavy metals, organic constituents and microbial indicator organisms.

Major Professor: Dr. William Schnabel Seok J. Yoon Ph.D. Environmental Health and Safety Management for Mining and Other Industries: Interdisciplinary Program B.S., Dankook University, 1991; M.S., University of Alaska Anchorage, 1995.

Thesis: Environment, Health and Safety Management for Mining and Other Industries This study was to investigate the impact of environment and Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) on health and safety. Three case studies were conducted to examine the impact of abandoned mines on the environment, the effect of OHSMS implementation on reducing safety risk and the impact of environment on health.

Major Professor: Dr. Hsing Lin Yongjun Zhang Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering: Interdisciplinary Program B.E., Tongji University, 1995; M.E., Tongji University, 1997; M.E., National University of Singapore, 2002.

Thesis: Correlation of Microstructure and Thermo-Mechanical Properties of a Novel Hydrogen Transport Membrane DOE’s “FutureGen” concept is about production of hydrogen using hydrogen transport membranes (HTM) to fuel a “hydrogen economy.” Major technical challenges for efficient and reliable HTM are separation technology, hydrogen flux characterization and mechanical properties. This research provides the thermomechanical properties and structural stability of a novel HTM for real-world application.

Major Professor: Dr. Sukumar Bandopadhyay May 11, 2014 43 * Summer degree recipient ** December degree recipient College of Liberal Arts Mr. To d d S h e r m a n, D e a n Kathryn Jane Anderson ** Ph.D. Social Marketing: Interdisciplinary Program B.S., Arizona State University, 1973; M.S., Rutgers University, 1975; M.S., University of Alaska Anchorage, 2009.

Thesis: Tobacco Use and Cessation: What Matters to Southeast Alaska Native Young Adults?

Qualitative research discovered that Southeast Alaska Native young adult smokers wanted to quit but preferred quitting cold turkey to counseling and pharmacotherapy. They were more concerned about short- than long-term health impacts and were sensitive to the impact of smoking on their appearance and on children in their extended family.

Major Professors: Dr. Ellen Lopez and Dr. Rhonda Johnson Edgar Blatchford * Ph.D. Corporate Governance of ANCSA: Interdisciplinary Program B.A., Alaska Pacific University, 1973; J.D., University of Washington, 1976; M.S., Columbia University, 1988; M.A., Dartmouth College, 2010; M.P.A., Harvard University, 2011.

Thesis: Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and the Unresolved Issues of Profit Sharing, Corporate Democracy, and the New Generations of Alaska Natives The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act was an experiment and a radical departure from policies in creating corporations with all shareholders being equal.

The replication of publicly traded corporate governance has created frustrations, inequities and unintended consequences for thousands of Natives that can be righted only if the experiment is continued.

Major Professors: Dr. S. Craig Gerlach and Dr. Anthony Nakazawa Andreas Droulias * Ph.D. Anthropology B.A., University of Essex, 1999; M.A., University of Essex, 2001.

Thesis: Social Benefits and Cultural Consequences of Basketball in Alaska Basketball is deeply institutionalized in schools and communities across Alaska.

This investigation of the sport examined the role of basketball as a game, a formal and informal competitive sport, a spectator sport and a training regime in the social and cultural life of a rural community in the state.

Major Professor: Dr. David Koester 44 University of Alaska Fairbanks Tara Jeanette Ford * Ph.D. Clinical-Community Psychology: Rural Indigenous Emphasis B.A., University of Alaska Anchorage, 2006; M.S., University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011.

Thesis: Becoming Adults in a Rural Yup’ik Community: A Longitudinal Qualitative Study Exploring Resilience This qualitative longitudinal study explored strategies for navigating developmental challenges for 15 youth (14–20 years old) in a rural Alaska Yup’ik community.

Youth responses emphasized specific challenges and protective resources such as reframing challenges, seeking personal space and social supports. Findings can inform clinical and prevention work in this Yup’ik community.

Major Professors: Dr. James Allen and Dr. Jason Whipple Cheryl Louise Jerabek Ph.D. Indigenous Studies B.S., University of Wisconsin - Green Bay, 2001; M.A., University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2005.

Thesis: Russian Impact on Cultural Identity and Heritage in the Middle Kuskokwim Region of Alaska Russian heritage, which has been absorbed into the local culture, has played an important role in the individual and group identity of Native people in the middle Kuskokwim River region of Alaska. It is this indigenous rootedness that is at the core of identity in the middle Kuskokwim.

Major Professor: Dr. Raymond Barnhardt Kimberly Ann Kelly * Ph.D. Administration from a Social Psychological Perspective: Interdisciplinary Program B.A., University of Illinois, 1992; M.A., Columbia University, 1994; M.A., New York University, 1996; M.Ed. University of Alaska Anchorage, 1999; M.B.A. University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2012.

Thesis: The Impact of Teacher Achievement Emotions on the Co-Production of Education Services Educational policy in the United States has evolved into a more intense system of accountability, resulting in an intensification of achievement emotions experienced by teachers. Employing the control-value theory of achievement emotions, this study found that a teacher’s sense of control was significantly related to their effectiveness under such policies.

Major Professor: Dr. Cecile Lardon Seetha Murugesan ** Ph.D. Cross-Cultural Classics and Mythology: Interdisciplinary Program B.A., University of Madras, 1970; M.A., Madurai Kamaraj University, 1984.

Thesis: Bride Stealing: A Myth of Misogyny Bride-stealing, an explicit symbolic misogynistic action in The Iliad and The Kamba Ramayanam, is analyzed from an interdisciplinary stance in a comparative literary style. After examining 5,000 years of history of ancient Greece and India, substantiated by archaeological, anthropological and linguistic evidence, this dissertation concludes that bride-stealing was an outcome of nomadic patriarchs’ lust for war and not misogyny.

Major Professors: Dr. Lawrence Duffy and Dr. David Yesner

–  –  –

Diana G. Redwood ** Ph.D. Public Health: Interdisciplinary Program B.S., Evergreen State College, 2000; M.P.H., Tufts University, 2004.

Thesis: Use of Family History to Improve Colorectal Cancer Screening Outreach Among Alaska Native People This study examined predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening adherence among Alaska Native first-degree relatives (FDRs) of CRC patients, the extent to which CRC screening outreach for FDRs is occurring within the Alaska Tribal Health System, barriers and facilitators to increasing outreach efforts, and recommendations for improving FDR screening outreach.

Major Professor: Dr. Ellen Lopez Lisa Llewellyn Schwarzburg ** Ph.D. Rural and Indigenous Health Policy: Interdisciplinary Program B.S., University of Tennessee - Knoxville, 1981; M.S., University of Tennessee - Knoxville, 1985.

Thesis: Arctic Passages: Maternal Transport, Iñupiat Mothers, and Northwest Alaska Communities in Transition This research explores the impact of maternal transport on Iñupiat mothers of differing eras and northwest Alaska villages. By combining medical anthropology and policy analysis methodology, the study found connections among presence of Iñupiat values, community acceptance of maternal transport, and expressed desire for community autonomy in maternal health care.

Major Professors: Dr. Lawrence Duffy and Dr. Philip Loring 46 University of Alaska Fairbanks College of Natural Science and Mathematics D r. Pa u l W. L a y e r, D e a n Timothy Chester Bartholomaus ** Ph.D. Geophysics B.A., Dartmouth College, 2002; M.S., University of Colorado - Boulder, 2007.

Thesis: Seismicity, Seawater, and Seasonality: New Insights Into Iceberg Calving From Yahtse Glacier, Alaska Icebergs falling from glacier termini produce seismic signals when they impact the ocean. The size of an iceberg can be predicted by its “icequake.” With two years of icequake recordings and measurements of seawater properties, the research shows that the ocean controls summer ice mass loss from the Yahtse Glacier terminus.

Major Professor: Dr. Christopher Larsen Soumik Basu Ph.D. Atmospheric Sciences B.S., University of Calcutta, 2006; M.S., University of Calcutta, 2008.

Thesis: Modeling Investigation of Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Storm Variability and Changes in a Warming Climate A modeling investigation indicated increased number and intensity of storms over the U.S. East and West coasts in response to elevated tropical Pacific sea surface temperature. Reduced arctic sea ice cover caused an increase in storminess over the Arctic but a decrease over Eurasia.

Major Professor: Dr. Xiangdong Zhang Jennifer Michelle Bell Ph.D. Environmental Chemistry A.A., San Bernardino Valley College, 1998; B.S., California State University, San Bernardino, 2001; M.P.A., California State University, San Bernardino, 2004; M.S., California State University, San Bernardino, 2008.

Thesis: Characterization, Composition, and Source Identification of Iraqi Aerosols Soldiers deployed in Baghdad, Iraq, breathed air containing concentrations of fine particulate matter known to cause adverse health effects in humans. This study examined the concentrations, compositions and sources of the fine particulate matter in Baghdad’s air.

Major Professor: Dr. Catherine Cahill May 11, 2014 47 * Summer degree recipient ** December degree recipient Zhipeng Dai ** Ph.D. Biochemistry/Molecular Biology B.S., Zhengzhou University, 2006.

Thesis: Synthesis of Sphingosine Analogues by Diastereospecific Amination of Enantiopure Trans-Gamma, Delta-Unsaturated-Beta-Hydroxyesters An effective route to aromatic D-erythro-sphingosine analogues is accomplished.

The strategy is based on the diastereospecific amination of enantiopure trans-γ,δunsaturated β-hydroxyesters to establish anti, N-Boc-α-hydrazino-β-hydroxyesters.

Nonreductive E1cB elimination is essential for the successful N-N bond cleavage of hydrazine. Both (3R, 2S) and (3S, 2R) enantiomers of N-Boc-D-erythro-sphingosine analogues have been synthesized in five steps with 99% e.e. and 99% d.e. with no purification of stereoisomers required.

Major Professor: Dr. Tom Green Melody S. Durrett Ph.D. Biological Sciences B.S., University of Wyoming, 2003.

Thesis: Spatial Variability in Plant and Soil Properties on New Zealand Seabird Islands, and the Effects of Introduced Rats Seabirds are important ecosystem engineers. To understand their effects on individual islands, the study evaluated the variability in soil and plant properties, how seabirds control these properties and how seabird density alters these mechanisms. Invasive rats reduce seabird populations, dramatically altering island ecosystems.

Major Professor: Dr. Christa Mulder Wenyu Gong Ph.D. Geophysics B.S., Wuhan University, 2006; M.S., Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, 2009.

Thesis: Long-Term Monitoring of Geodynamic Surface Deformation Using SAR Interferometry This study explores the method to extract accurate ground deformation signals from radar satellite image to facilitate long-term volcano monitoring and study their geophysical signatures. A geophysical case study is performed on the active volcanoes of Unimak Island, Alaska, including Westdahl volcano, Fisher caldera and Shishaldin volcano.

Major Professor: Dr. Franz Meyer Marijke Habermann ** Ph.D. Geophysics M.S., Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, 2007.

Thesis: Basal Shear Strength Inversions for Ice Sheets with an Application to Jakobshavn Isbræ, Greenland A new iterative inverse method is introduced and effects of regularization are investigated. At Jakobshavn Isbræ, the research finds decreased basal shear strength in the terminus region that agrees with effective pressure changes. Residual patterns of the inversion suggest that ice geometry data and model simplifications are the main error sources.

Major Professor: Dr. Martin Truffer 48 University of Alaska Fairbanks Rebekah Frances Hare Ph.D. Biological Sciences B.S., Washington State University, 2004; M.S., University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2010.

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