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Use of Information and Communication Technology

(ICT) for Automated Networking and Resource

Sharing in the Selected Public and Private University

Libraries in Bangladesh: A Study






STUDY Thesis submitted to the Department of Information Science and Library Management, University of Dhaka, as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Arts of the year 2008.




Department of Information Science and Library Management University of Dhaka June 2010 iii


I have the pleasure to certify that the Thesis entitled “Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Automated Networking and Resource Sharing in the Selected Public and Private University Libraries in Bangladesh: A Study” submitted by Md. Abul Kalam Siddike, Examination Roll No. 3307, for the degree of Master of Arts in Information Science and Library Management, University of Dhaka, is his original work carried out under my supervision and is worthy of examination.

Dr. S. M. Mannan Professor iv


The main objective of the thesis “Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Automated Networking and Resource Sharing in the Selected Public and Private University Libraries in Bangladesh: A Study” is to fulfill the partial requirements for course ISLM-505 of the Masters Degree in Information Science and Library Management. It is believed that this type of work is inevitably the result of the collaboration of many great helpers, otherwise continuing alone with a gigantic mass of scattered materials and on the subject and their presentation in a form most coherent and consistent can outbalance the patience of a feeble mind as him. All available papers, relevant documents, international journals’ articles and some brochures have been minutely scanned through.

The present study has been discussed under seven broad chapters. The study discusses the methodology, scope and objectives adopted for collection, presentation and analysis of data for this study. It focuses the meaning, need and scope of resource sharing and library networking and use of ICT facilities for automated networking and resource sharing and traces the historical growth and development, functions and services of some selected public and private university libraries in Dhaka city.

The study also attempts to discuss the present status of resource sharing and networking of libraries, particularly public and private university libraries in Dhaka city. It also covers the previous situation, present condition and future prospects of resource sharing in the public and private university libraries in Bangladesh and a suitable proposal for library networking and resource sharing among the public and private university libraries has been made.

The findings and recommendations from the study should hopefully lead to a clarification of many problems in the formulation of planning and v policy making regarding resource sharing and library networking. It is assumed that it would help the librarians, policy makers and concerned authority to develop and implement a suitable system to accelerate library resource sharing activities in Bangladesh.

However, all the possible investigations have been made to collect data related to the study in order to give a complete picture. It may be useful as a basic work for future investigators. If the work is found useful to the planners, librarians and information specialists, the efforts undertaken would be successful.

Md. Abul Kalam Siddike



The thesis has been conducted under the supervision of Dr. S. M.

Mannan, Professor, Department of Information Science and Library Management, University of Dhaka. I can not express my high regard and gratitude in any finite number of words to my supervisor. Without his tireless and welcoming support, I would not have been able to finish this work. I am indebted and thankful to my learned and revered supervisor for his upbeat personality, kindness; encouraging support and willingness to help have tangibly and greatly improved the quality of my work and brought up to its present standard.

My deep appreciation is extended to all of my respected and doted teachers of the Department of Information Science and Library Management, University of Dhaka for their co-operations, suggestions and guidance to complete the thesis perfectly.

In pursuing the study, I had to depend on different public and private university libraries. I am grateful to the librarians and information professionals of those public and private university libraries who provided me necessary information and extended all possible helps for this work. I owe my deepest gratitude to the authors whose work I have used in this study as I had to depend on different national and international publications for the completion of thesis.

I am deeply grateful to my father and my mother whose scarifies, prayers and persistent support made it much easier to accomplish this work. I owe all of my beloved brothers and friends a great debt of gratitude, as well, for their unlimited support and encouragement all along.

Above all, I am deeply grateful to Almighty Allah, the Most Gracious and Most Merciful, for giving me mental power and ability to accomplish this study.

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Table 7 Distribution of libraries by form of catalogue used 68 Table 8 Distribution of libraries by used catalogue systems 69 Table 9 Distribution of libraries by status of classification 70 scheme followed in the libraries

–  –  –

Table 28 Distribution of libraries by status of inter-library 83 services in different scale Table 29 Distribution of libraries by inter-library loan 87 Table 30 Distribution of libraries according to their access 87 of networking and intention to join

–  –  –

Table 32 Distribution of libraries according to their specific 89 subject for networking and resource sharing Table 33 Distribution of libraries according to the response 89 time taken by the participating libraries

–  –  –

Table 37 Distribution of libraries according to their opinion 93 for the main constrain of networking and resource sharing Table 38 Distribution of libraries by the status of Taka 94

–  –  –

Anglo American Cataloguing Rules 2nd Editions AACR 2 ACM Association of Computer Machinery ACU Association of Commonwealth Universities AGRIS International Information system for the Agricultural Sciences and Technology AIC Agricultural Information Center BAEC Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission BANBEIS Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics BANSDOC Bangladesh National Scientific and Technical Documentation Centre BANSLINK Bangladesh National Scientific and Library Information Network BAS Bangladesh Academy of Sciences BIDS-LDC Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies-Library and Documentation Center BIPC Bangladesh INASP-PERI Consortium BLCMP British Libraries Co-operative Mechanization Project BLDSC British Library Documentation Service Centre BLISE British Library Automated Information Services BLRDD British Library Research and Development Department BSMMU Bangababdhu Sheik Mujib Medical University BSMMUL Bangababdhu Sheik Mujib Medical University Library

–  –  –

CD-ROM Compact Disc-Read Only Memory CDS/ISIS Computerized Documentation System/Integrated Set of Information System DDC Dewey Decimal Classification DELNET Developing Library Network DEVINSA Development Information in South Asia

–  –  –

GD-NET Global Development Network GLAS Graphical Library Automation System GoB Government of Bangladesh HeLLIS Health Literature Library and Information Services

–  –  –

HSC Higher Secondary Certificate IBM International Business Machines ICDDR’B International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease research, Bangladesh ICT Information and Communication Technology IDRC International Development Research Center

–  –  –

ILLNET Illinois Library and Information Network INASP International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications INFLIBNET Information and Library Network

–  –  –

LIS Library and Information Science LISU Library and Information Service Unit MARC Machine Readable Cataloguing MEDLINE MEDLARS Online

–  –  –

NALDOC National Agricultural Library and Documentation Centre NHLDC National Health Library and Documentation Centre OPAC Online Public Access Catalogue OUP Oxford University Press

–  –  –

USA United States of America VTLS Virginia Tech Library System WiFi Wireless Fidelity WiMax Wireless Maximum Forum WLN Western Library Network

–  –  –

Background Across the disciplines, technology is spawning brand new carries in even as it changes in the way we performed old ones. Standing at the edge of 21st century probably there is no dispute over the recognition of technologies in information activities. Unprecedented changes in the use of information are reshaping our personal activities, our community and organizational practices.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) bring the global information to our finger end. With the emergence of Internet, information kept in different locations has become asset of the world community bringing – almost every day in equal platform. To control over the world information resources different specialized information systems and networks are playing vital role in accumulating and generating indigenous literature on the information super-highway.

In the present day, libraries and information centers have become multimedia due to adoption of new technological advances and innovations, and changing nature of their information storage, retrieval and services. In fact, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is an indispensable part of modern information systems development, management and services.

In the present information age, it is simply impossible to keep track with development activities in the absence of a dependable information system in the country. A workable information system is an essential pre-requisite for research and development in every field of study. Scientists and researchers need to know about the information tools and resources available for better utilization of information. Failure to provide accurate and adequate information to the scientists, researchers, planners and administrators may lead to faulty results which will, in turn, hinder national development. The solution lies in identifying the available information resources and ensuring quick dissemination of information to the concerned users through various channels of communication. In this regard libraries and information centers can be considered crucial media, which can play a dynamic role in the universal diffusion and advancement of knowledge and can provide right information to the right user at the right time.

Presently Bangladesh lacks a well organized and planned library and information system. However, both the government and private bodies in recent times have shown an awareness of the importance and need of 1 information system. The existing libraries and information centers in Bangladesh are not properly organized and suffer from different problems such as, acute shortage of funds, inadequate information resources, lack of qualified staff, modern technological facilities and a lack of willingness of the authorities. In such circumstances it is simply impossible for any single library in Bangladesh to meet the information needs of its users. To overcome this stagnant condition of research and development activities, library networking and resource sharing is a must. The major reason of this networking is to share available library resources effectively. The resources can include information, equipment, facilities, qualified staff, time and money. The sharing of resources usually means the sharing of library materials and other information resources irrespective of geographical barriers. The library and information system of Bangladesh is in need of catching up with modern development. Already, many libraries of the country from different fields have started to realize that networking and resource sharing is one of the most effective ways to solve the problem of providing information in time to the users. But many of them are undecided about what models they should adopt, because of a lack of experience, technological facilities or necessary financial allocation, etc. Library and information centers of Bangladesh are now seeking models adaptable to Bangladeshi circumstances.

In this current study an attempt has been made to propose and design a suitable plan for automated networking and resource sharing in the selected public and public and private university libraries in Bangladesh.

Rationale and objectives of the study Library networks have grown mostly during the last thirty years in different geographical environment in order to cater to the specific needs of the users.

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