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These inspired words are found in Psalm 121 – one of the songs of ascent.

Jewish people, when they traveled UP to Jerusalem for the feasts that God gave them,

chanted from Psalms 120 to 134.

These Psalms are called the songs of ASCENT because the Jewish people were going UP to Jerusalem.

Psalm 122 says that “Jerusalem is built... where the tribes go UP....” Jerusalem is 2700 ft. above sea level.

AND Jerusalem was the place God had chosen to put His name (II Chron. 6:6)!

Scripture tells us in Deut. 16:16 that God commanded all Jewish males to appear before HIM in Jerusalem.

God chose Jerusalem as the place where He would place His name (II Chron. 6:6). Do you think Jerusalem is SIGNIFICANT?

God required Jewish men to go UP to Jerusalem THREE times each year – at the Feast of Passover, at the Feast of Shavuot (which we know as Pentecost), and at the Feast of Tabernacles. And, Jewish men often traveled to Jerusalem for these feasts with their families.

We find Mary and Joseph taking Jesus to Jerusalem for Passover in the Gospel of Luke.

(Luke 2:41-42) SO, the roads were FULL of Jewish pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem before Passover.

This month we’re celebrating Resurrection Sunday. EACH Sunday we celebrate the resurrection of Jesus. AND, we are meeting here today because of Passover. Yes – Passover. God communicated a POWERFUL message to the world when He delivered the children of Israel from Egypt through the BLOOD OF THE PASSOVER LAMB!

What do we celebrate on Resurrection Sunday? Deliverance because of the BLOOD


Jesus’ triumphal entry - Jesus did not just “enter Jerusalem” – He paraded. He paraded like the King that He is.

AND, what a perfect time to do so – because Jerusalem was CROWDED with Jewish people.

The triumphal entry was preparation for PASSOVER WEEK and for His death and resurrection!

2 That very day that Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the colt of a donkey was the day that Jewish people called “Lamb Selection Day” – 10th day of the month of Nisan - when the lambs that were going to be sacrificed in the Temple for Passover were brought into the city.

Exodus 12:3-5 tells us that at the first Passover in Egypt, God had commanded the Jewish people to take a lamb into each home and scrutinize each lamb to ensure that it was without blemish.

The lamb was inspected for 4 days and then if it met the criteria – no blemishes – it was slain on the 14th day of Nisan – the first day of Passover.

JESUS rode into Jerusalem on the 10th of Nisan – on Lamb Selection Day! HE rode into His family – to be scrutinized by them for 4 days.

They found Him to be blameless – without blemish (Herod, Pilate, the Sanhedrin, the thief on the cross) – YET on the 14th of Nisan, at 9 a.m. in the morning, as the animal Passover lambs were being brought into the Temple to be slain, our perfect Passover Lamb Jesus was nailed to a wooden cross.

At 3 p.m., as the last animal Passover lamb was killed by the high priest in the Temple, Jesus cried out on the cross, “It is finished” - and He gave up His spirit.

It’s Lamb Selection day – 4 days prior to Passover. Jesus is riding into Jerusalem on the colt of a donkey. He’s entering Jerusalem along with all the animal Passover lambs.

How did the people respond to Jesus at His arrival?

(Matt. 21:8 – cut down palm branches and spread them on the road. Mark 11:8 tells us the same.) John 12:12 tells us that the people took palm branches and went out to meet Him.

Is that how Jewish people celebrated Passover? NO!

Can you recall reading about a Feast that God gave to the children of Israel where He instructed them to gather palm branches (along with willow & myrtle branches) – to make booths for the purpose of looking forward to the time when God would DWELL with His people? (Lev. 23:40; Neh. 8:15) Palm branches were gathered at the FEAST OF TABERNACLES.

“TO TABERNACLE” means “TO DWELL” The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) – the last feast that God gave Israel (the 7th feast of the Lord) looks forward to the Millennial Kingdom – the MESSIANIC Kingdom – WHEN GOD WILL DWELL WITH MAN - when the Messiah will reign from the throne of David in Jerusalem (Ex. 25:8; Lev. 23:40).

The Jewish people – at Passover – were laying branches on the ground before Jesus.

This was NOT how they celebrated Passover.

BUT JESUS, in His journey to Jerusalem, was sending a message to the people.

They were hailing Him as King – the One Who would dwell with them in the Messianic Kingdom!

3 Jesus linked Himself historically and geographically to a particular event and place in Israel’s past that would RESONATE with the people.

II Sam. 7:16 – God made a promise to King David about a king from his lineage Who would occupy the throne. This King would be – the Messiah.

Jews in Jesus’ day were longing for the Messiah to come. They were so desirous of the RESTORATION of the kingdom that would be set up by the Messiah Let’s go back to about 975 BC - to a time when King David was rejected by Israel and driven into exile by his own son, Absalom.

Absalom, David’s son, was unwilling to wait for his father’s death. AND, he didn’t want to risk a later power struggle with his brothers.

SO, Absalom plotted and enticed David’s most trusted adviser, Ahithophel (II Sam.

15:12), (grandfather of Bathsheba - II Sam. 11:3; II Sam. 23:43) to join him and together they led a rebellion against the King.

David had no choice but to – get out of Jerusalem - because... the hearts of the men of Israel were with Absalom.

Let’s turn to II Samuel 15:13-14 (read) Drop down to v. 23 (the “whole countryside wept aloud”) Let’s look at v. 30 (a barefoot David and his weeping entourage – their cloaks covering their heads – left the city...crossing the Kidron Valley – they traveled EAST of Jerusalem – and ASCENDED the rocky road to the Mount of Olives to begin their exile across the Jordan River (II Sam. 17:22). Take note of these geographical locations!

An ally of David’s met them “a little past the top of the mountain”(Mt. of Olives) with saddled donkeys (II Sam. 16:1-2 - READ) for David’s household to ride to the place of exile. (Ziba – ZEEBA).

David had just finished the ascent – they were a little past the top of the Mt. of Olives and THEN they were given two donkeys.

Here we see in this account of the REJECTION of King David by his SON, that Israel was torn by civil war.

Eventually, however, the rebels were defeated and Absalom was killed in battle.

And we remember David’s great grief over Absalom’s death. He was left nearly inconsolable, “O my son, Absalom, my son, my son, Absalom. If only I had died in your place! O, Absalom, my son, my son!” (II Sam. 18:33)

–  –  –

Romans, and there was no heir of David on the throne, their cry was for the golden age of Solomon - which became the archetype (AR KI type) of the Messianic age that would come one day. This is what the Jewish people longed for – for God to restore their nation to what it had been in Solomon’s day.

This is the setting for Jesus’ triumphal entry....


To a Spring day in 29 AD (some say 30 AD).

The people continued to YEARN for a Messiah.

They were weary from the oppression by the Romans – and other nations before the Romans.

It was 1,000 years since Solomon had been crowned king.

AND – it was nearly PASSOVER – which speaks to God’s DELIVERANCE!

For Jesus, the time had come.

At His first miracle at the wedding of Cana in Galilee (John 2:4) – remember He told His mother His hour had not yet come?

In John 7 when His brothers prodded Him to go to Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles, Jesus told them – My time has not yet come.

NOW - it was TIME!

It was the 10th of Nisan (see Exodus 12:1ff) – Lamb Selection Day in Israel. It was time for Jesus, the PERFECT Passover Lamb, to enter Jerusalem.

I Cor. 5:7 – “Christ our Passover was sacrificed for us.” Jesus chose not only the DAY to enter Jerusalem – the DAY that would proclaim Who He is as the SUFFERING SERVANT – He also chose the route to Jerusalem.

And that route was King David’s path of retreat up the Mt. of Olives and over the Jordan River.

Jesus communicated to the people at that triumphal entry that He is the perfect Passover Lamb Who would one day sit on David’s throne and DWELL with His people and rule and reign from Jerusalem.

Jesus and his entourage, including the disciples, began their journey to Jerusalem from the “beyond the Jordan,” Scripture tells us – from the EAST side of the Jordan.

Jesus had been ministering in Galilee. Matt. 19:1 tells us that He departed from Galilee and came to the region of Judea “beyond the Jordan” – again, the area to which David had fled in exile.

–  –  –

After crossing the Jordan River on His way to Jerusalem, Jesus passed through Jericho which was the first city to be conquered by the children of Israel in Joshua’s day – when they were fighting for a kingdom.

In Mark 10:46 we read that a gathering throng joined Jesus near Jericho (as they began the 3,750 foot ascent to Jerusalem – along a steep escarpment).

Word had gotten out – HE WAS COMING – and the expectations were clearly MESSIANIC!

There were cries of, “Jesus, SON OF DAVID, have mercy on me” (Mark 10:47).

Luke 19:11 tells us that when they were nearing Jerusalem, the disciples thought that the Kingdom of God would appear immediately.

It’s here that (Luke 19:12ff) Jesus shares a parable with a kingdom theme – the parable of the ten minas.

Jesus tells them of a nobleman who went into a far country to receive a Kingdom and tells them that this nobleman would RETURN.

Who’s the “nobleman”? JESUS!

Jesus would soon depart into heaven (far country) – to receive His Kingdom – a Kingdom not of this world - and would return.

Included in the parable, Jesus speaks of the rejection of the nobleman.

At the Mount of Olives (Matt. 21:1) at Bethphage/Bethany (where Mary, Martha & Lazarus lived) Jesus sent two of His disciples ahead to unloose TWO donkeys - a donkey and its colt - for His final entrance.

Jesus didn’t need the donkeys for transportation. He had already walked across miles of STEEP terraine.

The two donkeys were a prop.

David had received two donkeys (II. Sam. 16:1-2) at the Mount of Olives as he was going into exile.

What of the donkeys that the disciples brought to Jesus? Hebrew definitions of the two donkeys. The female donkey is known as “athown”. This comes from the word “ethan” or “eythan”. This word means “to continue, permanence, chieftain, hard, mighty, rough, strength, and strong”. These are words for a leader and a king. Let’s look at the definition of the male colt. The word is “chamor”. It comes from the root word, “chamar”. Chamar means, “foul, be red, and trouble”.

–  –  –

war. Smith’s dictionary goes on to say that the Eastern ass was desired by the noble and honorable among the Jews.

Jesus could have ridden on either of the animals, but since Israel was not ready yet for their Prince of Peace, Jesus chose to enter Jerusalem on the colt instead of the mother donkey. This colt represented “foul and trouble” that awaited Jesus and also represented the sins of the world that Jesus would bear. The colt also represented red, indicating the shedding of the blood of the Lamb of God. Whereas the ass represented a future event. Remember that one of the definitions of the ass was “to continue”. This adult donkey foretold the second entry of Jesus into Jerusalem to begin the Millennium. It is at this point that Jesus will be the Prince of Peace, noble, kingly, strong and mighty as the definitions of the she-ass stated. Remember that the colt and the mother donkey were of the same blood and thus symbolic of the Messiah Who was to be the Lamb of God and the Messiah who is to be King of Kings. They are one and the same.

David’s flight on this section of the road had been marked by weeping and heads covered in sorrow. David’s people tore their robes and cloaks in grief.

Jesus’ followers were exuberant – lining the roadway with their cloaks and palm branches – making a smooth path so unlike the one the barefoot David walked as he fled Jerusalem.

“Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is He Who comes in the name of the Lord!

Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! Blessed is the King of Israel!

Hosanna in the highest).

“Hosanna” – hosha’na in Hebrew – means, “Save now!” The cheering crowd distressed some of the Pharisees who called out to Jesus and said, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” (Luke 19:39) Jesus refused and told the Pharisees that if His followers were silenced, the stones would cry out (Luke 19:40).

The STONES? Why did Jesus mention the stones?

What day did Jesus ride into Jerusalem?

10th of Nisan...

He had started EAST of the JORDAN RIVER – He crossed the Jordan River on that day.


–  –  –


GOD gives us the answer in Joshua 4:4-7 – these stones are to be “... a sign among you when your children ask in time to come saying, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’ Then you shall answer them that the waters of the Jordan were cut off before the ARK OF THE COVENANT of the Lord; when it crossed over the Jordan (from the EAST of the Jordan).... And these stones shall be for a memorial to the children of Israel forever.” THE ARK OF THE COVENANT with the MERCY SEAT on top where blood was always sprinkled from sacrifices – (which spoke to God’s presence in the OT) – POINTS to Jesus and His merciful sacrifice for us!

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