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«Supplemental Environmental Assessment February 2007 Department of Defense Missile Defense Agency 7100 Defense Pentagon Washington, DC 20301-7100 WAKE ...»

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Missile Defense Agency

Wake Island Supplemental Environmental


Supplemental Environmental Assessment

February 2007

Department of Defense

Missile Defense Agency

7100 Defense Pentagon

Washington, DC 20301-7100



AGENCY: Missile Defense Agency

ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact

BACKGROUND: The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) prepared this Supplemental Environmental Assessment (SEA) to update the analysis of liquid propellant target (LPT) missile launches and supporting activities at Wake Island contained in the Wake Island Launch Center (WILC) SEA (U.S. Army Space and Missile Command, 1999) which is incorporated by reference, and serves as a planning tool to assist MDA in meeting its mission objectives. The WILC SEA analyzes launching up to 20 LPTs over a ten-year period. Radar use, flight tests, and missile intercepts were analyzed in the Wake Island EA (U.S. Army Space and Strategic Defense Command (USASSDC), 1994) and the Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for Proposed Actions at the U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll (USASSDC, 1993). Launching an interceptor missile from a ship to intercept target missiles was analyzed in the Pacific Missile Range Facility Enhanced Capability Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), December 1998. The location and use of mobile sensors was analyzed in the Mobile Sensors Environmental Assessment (MDA, 2005), the Final Airborne Laser Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (June 2003), the Ground Based Midcourse Extended Test Range Environmental Impact Statement (February 2003), and the Pacific Missile Range Facility Enhanced Capability EIS (December 1998). The above NEPA analyses are referenced and their impact determinations are summarized, as appropriate, in this SEA. For further reference, they are available on MDA’s website at: http://www.mda.mil/mdalink/html/enviro.html.

This SEA was prepared in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA); the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations that implement NEPA (Code of Federal Regulations [CFR], Title 40, Parts 1500-1508); Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 4715.9 Environmental Planning and Analysis; applicable service regulations that implement these laws and regulations; and Executive Order (EO) 12114, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major Federal Actions.

After reviewing and analyzing currently available data and information on existing conditions, project impacts, and measures to mitigate those impacts, MDA has determined that the proposed action is not a Federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human environment within the meaning of NEPA, as amended.

Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required and MDA is issuing a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). The MDA made this determination in accordance with all applicable environmental laws.

–  –  –

The MDA has a requirement to develop, test, deploy, and prepare for decommissioning a Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) to provide a defensive capability for the U.S., its deployed forces, friends, and allies from ballistic missile threats. The proposed action would allow MDA to consider and characterize a wider range of threat-representative targets, and conduct more realistic testing of missile defenses.


MDA proposes the following actions:

• Use of generic LPTs based on the LPT described in the WILC SEA.

• Construction of two new concrete pads in an existing fuel storage area on which liquid propellant storage containers or general supplies would be placed.

• Expansion of existing sensor suite to include additional air-, land-, and sea-based sensors.


Two alternatives to the proposed action, including the no action alternative, were identified and considered in this SEA.

Alternative 1 – Construction of two concrete storage pads and a concrete fueling pad on Wilkes Island.

No Action Alternative - MDA would not proceed with generic LPT missile testing activities. Flight test information for generic LPT missiles needed for the development of BMDS sensors, interceptors, and technology would not be collected from flight test activities at Wake Island. New concrete storage pads would not be constructed.

Previously analyzed flight test activities involving LPT missiles fueled and launched from Wake Island, as documented in the WILC SEA and other applicable environmental documents, would continue as originally planned.

Specific future activities not analyzed in this SEA would need to be evaluated in subsequent NEPA analyses, as appropriate.

–  –  –

Methodology Because the proposed action is narrowly focused, this SEA only provides analysis of potential changes to the proposed action discussed in the WILC SEA. Thirteen resource areas were initially considered to provide a context for understanding the potential effects of the proposed action and the severity of potential impacts. The resource areas initially considered include: air quality, airspace, biological resources, cultural resources, hazardous materials and hazardous waste, health and safety, infrastructure, land use, physical resources, noise, socioeconomics, transportation, and water resources. MDA determined that six of the thirteen resource areas remain essentially unchanged since the WILC SEA was completed or, as previously discussed, are unlikely to be affected by implementing the proposed action in this SEA.

• Airspace – The proposed changes do not alter previously assessed flight corridors or add more flight tests. No impact is anticipated.

• Infrastructure – Wake Island infrastructure was designed for a much larger population than is currently present or anticipated. The proposed action and alternatives would not require additional personnel or pressure on existing infrastructure. No impact is anticipated.

• Land Use – The proposed action and alternatives are consistent with current land use practices, policies, or controls for Wake Island. No impact is anticipated.

• Physical resources – The proposed construction activities would occur entirely within previously developed/disturbed land. No impact is anticipated.

• Socioeconomic – No additional personnel or changes to the local economy or demographics will result from the proposed action. No impact is anticipated.

• Water – The proposed action will not require increased water usage or cause any changes to ground, surface, or potable water on Wake Atoll. No impact is anticipated.

Environmental Effects This SEA discusses the following seven resource areas that have the potential for impact resulting from the proposed action: air quality, biological resources, cultural resources, hazardous materials/waste, health and safety, noise, and transportation. Cumulative impacts are those that result when impacts of an action are combined with the impacts of

–  –  –

No other projects in the region of influence have been identified that would have the potential for incremental, additive cumulative impacts to air quality, biological resources, cultural resources, hazardous materials/waste, health and safety, noise, and transportation resources in the region of influence.

PUBLIC COMMENT: The MDA published a Notice of Availability for public review and comment in the Marshall Islands Journal and the Kwajalein Hourglass on December 15, 2006, initiating a 30-day review period that ended on January 16, 2007.

The MDA made copies of the EA and Draft FONSI available in the Majuro Public Library and the Grace Sherwood Library. The MDA also established an e-mail address to receive comments.

POINT OF CONTACT: Requests for a copy of the Wake Island Supplemental

Environmental Assessment should be sent to:

–  –  –

Electronic requests can be sent to EnvGrp@mda.mil.

CONCLUSION: The environmental analysis shows that no significant short-term or long-term impacts would occur from the proposed action. After consideration of the facts herein, the undersigned finds that the proposed Federal action is consistent with existing national environmental policies and objectives set forth in Section 101(a) of NEPA and would not significantly affect the quality of the human environment or otherwise include any condition requiring consultation pursuant to Section 102(2)(c) of NEPA. Therefore, an Environmental Impact Statement for the proposed action is not required.


Section Page ABBREVIATIONS & ACRONYMS……………….…………………………………iii 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

1.2 Purpose and Need

1.3 Scope of Analysis


2.1 Generic LPT Missile

2.2 Concrete Storage Pads

2.3 Propellant Storage and LPT Fueling Activities

2.4 LPT Launch Activities

2.5 Sensors

2.5.1 HALO

2.5.2 GBR-P

2.5.3 Airborne Laser

2.5.4 Sea-Based X-Band Radar

2.5.5 AN/SPY-1

2.6 Alternative to the Proposed Action

2.7 No Action Alternative


3.1 Air Quality

3.1.1 Climate

3.1.2 Existing Conditions

3.2 Biological Resources

3.2.1 Coral Reefs

3.2.2 Wildlife

3.2.3 Marine Resources

3.2.4 Federally Protected and Threatened/Endangered Species

3.3 Cultural Resources

3.4 Hazardous Materials/Waste

3.4.1 Hazardous Materials Management

3.4.2 Hazardous Waste Management

3.5 Health and Safety

3.6 Noise

3.7 Transportation


4.1 Air Quality

4.1.1 Proposed Action

4.1.2 Alternative 1

4.1.3 No Action Alternative

4.1.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.2 Biological Resources

4.2.1 Proposed Action

i 4.2.2 Alternative 1

4.2.3 No Action Alternative

4.2.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.3 Cultural Resources

4.3.1 Proposed Action

4.3.2 Alternative 1

4.3.3 No Action Alternative

4.3.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.4 Hazardous Materials/Waste

4.4.1 Proposed Action

4.4.2 Alternative 1

4.4.3 No Action Alternative

4.4.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.5 Health and Safety

4.5.1 Proposed Action

4.5.2 Alternative 1

4.5.3 No Action Alternative

4.5.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.6 Noise

4.6.1 Proposed Action

4.6.2 Alternative 1

4.6.3 No Action Alternative

4.6.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.7 Transportation

4.7.1 Proposed Action

4.7.2 Alternative 1

4.7.3 No Action Alternative

4.7.4 Cumulative Impacts






List of Exhibits

Exhibit 2-1. Generic LPT Propellant Budget

Exhibit 2-2. Proposed Location of Concrete Storage Pads

Exhibit 2-3. Preferred Propellant Storage and Fueling Sites

Exhibit 2-4. Missile Launch Complex

Exhibit 2-5. Alternative Propellant Storage and Fueling Pad Locations

Exhibit 3-1. Location Map Bird Sitings

Exhibit 3-2. Federally Listed Threatened and Endangered Species with the Potential to Occur in the Vicinity of Wake Island

Exhibit 4-1. Estimated Concentration from Launch of Generic Liquid Propellant Target Missiles (mg/m3),2


ABL Airborne Laser ARS Active Ranging System BILL Beacon Illuminator Radar BMDS Ballistic Missile Defense System CARB California Air Resources Board CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CFR Code of Federal Regulations CITES Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Species CO Carbon Monoxide CONEX Cargo Container dB Decibel DoD Department of Defense DOT Department of Transportation EA Environmental Assessment EHS Extremely Hazardous Substance EIS Environmental Impact Statement EO Executive Order GBR-P Ground Based Radar – Prototype GHLE Ground Handling and Launch Equipment HALO High-Altitude Observatory IRFNA Inhibited Red Fuming Nitric Acid IRST Infrared Search and Track LHA Launch-Hazard Area LPT Liquid-Propellant Target MAB Missile Assembly Building MBTA Migratory Bird Treaty Act MDA Missile Defense Agency MMPA Marine Mammal Protection Act NAAQS National Ambiant Air Quality Standards NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration SBX Sea-Based X-Band Radar SEA Supplemental Environmental Assessment SHEL Surrogate High Energy Laser SOP Standard Operating Procedure TILL Track Illuminator Laser TSCREEN Toxics Screening Model U.S.C. United States Code USAKA U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll USASMDC U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command

–  –  –

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, as amended; the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations that implement NEPA (Code of Federal Regulations [CFR], Title 40, Parts 1500-1508); Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction

4715.9 Environmental Planning and Analysis; applicable Service environmental regulations that implement these laws and regulations; and Executive Order (EO) 12114, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major Federal Actions (whose implementation is guided by NEPA and the CEQ implementing regulations) direct DoD lead agency officials to consider potential impacts to the environment prior to authorizing or approving Federal actions.

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