FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 54 |

«Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement January 2007 VOLUME 1 FINAL BMDS PEIS Department of Defense Missile Defense Agency 7100 Defense Pentagon ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Missile Defense Agency

Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS)

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

January 2007



Department of Defense

Missile Defense Agency

7100 Defense Pentagon

Washington, DC 20301-7100

Volume 1

Table of Contents




1.1 Introduction

1.2 Background

1.3 Purpose of the Proposed Action

1.4 Need for the Proposed Action

1.5 The Proposed Action

1.6 Scope of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement

1.7 Consultations and Coordination

1.8 Summary of the Public Involvement Process

1.8.1 Scoping

1.8.2 Public Comment Period

1.9 Related Documentation


2.1 BMDS Concept

2.1.1 BMDS Layered Defense and Missile Flight Phases

2.1.2 BMDS Functional Capabilities

2.1.3 BMDS System Acquisition Approach

2.2 BMDS Components

2.2.1 Weapons

2.2.2 Sensors

2.2.3 Command and Control, Battle Management, and Communications (C2BMC)

2.2.4 Support Assets

2.2.5 MDA’s Programs

2.3 BMDS Life Cycle Activities

2.3.1 Development of BMDS Components

2.3.2 Testing of the BMDS

2.3.3 Deployment of the BMDS

2.3.4 Planning for Decommissioning of the BMDS

2.4 Alternatives

2.4.1 Alternative 1 – Implement Proposed BMDS with Land-, Sea-, Airbased Weapons Platforms

2.4.2 Alternative 2 – Implement Proposed BMDS with Land-, Sea-, Airand Space-based Weapons Platforms

2.5 No Action Alternative

2.6 Alternatives Considered But Not Carried Forward

2.6.1 Cancel Development of Ballistic Missile Defense Capabilities...... 2-67 i 2.6.2 Single or Two-Platform BMDS


3.1 Resource Areas

3.1.1 Air Quality

3.1.2 Airspace

3.1.3 Biological Resources

3.1.4 Cultural Resources

3.1.5 Environmental Justice

3.1.6 Geology and Soils

3.1.7 Hazardous Materials and Hazardous Waste

3.1.8 Health and Safety

3.1.9 Land Use

3.1.10 Noise

3.1.11 Socioeconomics

3.1.12 Transportation

3.1.13 Utilities

3.1.14 Visual Resources

3.1.15 Water Resources

3.2 Affected Environment

3.2.1 Arctic Tundra Biome

3.2.2 Sub-Arctic Taiga Biome

3.2.3 Deciduous Forest Biome

3.2.4 Chaparral Biome

3.2.5 Grasslands Biome

3.2.6 Desert Biome

3.2.7 Tropical Biome

3.2.8 Savanna Biome

3.2.9 Mountain Biome

3.2.10 Broad Ocean Area

3.2.11 Atmosphere


4.1 Alternative 1 – Implement BMDS Using Land-, Sea-, and Air-Based Weapons Platforms

4.1.1 BMDS Components

4.1.2 Test Integration

4.1.3 Activities at Locations Outside of the Continental U.S................. 4-113 4.1.4 Cumulative Impacts

4.2 Alternative 2 – Implement BMDS Using Land-, Sea-, Air-, and Space-Based Weapons Platforms

4.2.1 Impacts Analysis

4.2.2 Test Integration

4.2.3 Cumulative Impacts

4.3 No Action Alternative


4.4 Adverse Environmental Effects That Cannot Be Avoided

4.5 Relationship between Short-Term Use of the Human Environment and the Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Productivity

4.6 Irreversible or Irretrievable Commitment of Resources

4.7 Federal Actions to Address Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (EO 13045, as Amended by EO 13296 and EO 13229)





iii Table of Exhibits

Exhibit ES-1. Ballistic Missile Flight Phases

Exhibit ES-2. Complexities of an Integrated BMDS

Exhibit ES-3. Affected Environment Descriptions

Exhibit ES-4. Map of Global Biomes

Exhibit ES-5. Component Test Activities with Potential Impacts

Exhibit ES-6. Description of System Integration Tests

Exhibit ES-7. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 1 - Weapons..... ES-23 Exhibit ES-8. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 1 - Sensors....... ES-25 Exhibit ES-9. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 1 - C2BMC...... ES-27 Exhibit ES-10. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 1 – Support Assets.....

Exhibit ES-11. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 1 - Test Integration....

Exhibit ES-12. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 2 – Weapons.... ES-38 Exhibit ES-13. Summary of Environmental Impacts of Alternative 2 - Test Integration....

Exhibit 1-1. Ballistic Missile Defense Timeline

Exhibit 1-2. Complexities of the BMDS

Exhibit 1-3. Typical Activities for BMDS Proposed Action

Exhibit 2-1. Types and Maximum Ranges of Ballistic Missiles

Exhibit 2-2. Ballistic Missile Flight Phases and Defense Segments

Exhibit 2-3. Boost Phase and the Boost Defense Segment

Exhibit 2-4. Midcourse Phase and the Midcourse Defense Segment

Exhibit 2-5. Terminal Phase and the Terminal Defense Segment

Exhibit 2-6. Crosswalk of Functional Capability with Components

Exhibit 2-7. Block Development Process

Exhibit 2-8. The MDA Systems Engineering Process

Exhibit 2-9. Interceptor Schematic

Exhibit 2-10. Interceptor Launch

Exhibit 2-11. Radar Band Designations

Exhibit 2-12. DSP Satellite

Exhibit 2-13. Proposed Sensors, Roles and Operating Environments

Exhibit 2-14. Typical Command Center

Exhibit 2-15. BMDS Limited Defensive Capability Block 2004 Test Bed................2-29 Exhibit 2-16. Summary of Representative Test Sensors

Exhibit 2-17. Typical Test Targets

Exhibit 2-18. Representative MDA Targets and Boosters

Exhibit 2-19. MDA Programs Supporting the BMDS Acquisition Life Cycle...........2-34 Exhibit 2-20. Deployment of Countermeasures during Flight Phases

Exhibit 2-21. Facilities Available in the Atlantic or Gulf of Mexico

Exhibit 2-22. Description of System Integration Tests

iv Exhibit 2-23. Typical Fielding Activities

Exhibit 3-1. Map of Global Biomes

Exhibit 3-2. Non-Attainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants January 2004..................3-7 Exhibit 3-3. General Conformity De Minimis Levels

Exhibit 3-4. Definitions of Airspace Categories

Exhibit 3-5. Geographic Distribution for Earthquakes in the Continental U.S.........3-24 Exhibit 3-6. Landslide Areas in the Contiguous U.S.

Exhibit 3-7. Comparative A-Weighted Sound Levels

Exhibit 3-8. Examples of Outdoor Day-Night Average Noise Levels in Various Land Use Locations

Exhibit 3-9. Range of Noise Measurements

Exhibit 3-10. Summary of Quality of Assessed Rivers, Lakes, and Estuaries............3-48 Exhibit 3-11. Global Distribution of the Arctic Tundra Biome

Exhibit 3-12. Regulated Activities Near Seabird Colonies in Arctic Regions............3-53 Exhibit 3-13. Global Distribution of the Sub-Arctic Taiga Biome

Exhibit 3-14. Global Distribution of the Deciduous Forest Biome

Exhibit 3-15. Global Distribution of the Chaparral Biome

Exhibit 3-16. Global Distribution of the Grasslands Biome

Exhibit 3-17. Global Distribution of the Desert Biome

Exhibit 3-18. Global Distribution of the Tropical Biome

Exhibit 3-19. Global Distribution of the Savanna Biome

Exhibit 3-20. Global Distribution of the Mountain Biome

Exhibit 3-21. Altitude Range for Atmospheric Layers

Exhibit 3-22. Relationship Between Airspace Classifications and Atmospheric Layers..

Exhibit 4-1. Life Cycle Activities Determined to Have No Significant Environmental Impact

Exhibit 4-2. Analysis of Impacts of Development Phase Activities

Exhibit 4-3. Analysis of Impacts of Test Life Cycle Phase Activities

Exhibit 4-4. Analysis of Impacts of Deployment Phase Life Cycle Activities.........4-14 Exhibit 4-5. Analysis of Impacts of Decommissioning Phase Life Cycle Activities4-15 Exhibit 4-6. Decommissioning Activities for Fixed Facilities

Exhibit 4-7. Estimated In-Flight COIL Gaseous Emissions in Kilograms (Pounds)*.....

Exhibit 4-8. Freshwater Species Tolerance to Acidity

Exhibit 4-9. Potential Exceedances Due to Accidental Oxidizer or Fuel Leak to Air During Fueling Activities

Exhibit 4-10. Potential Exceedances Due to Accidental Oxidizer or Fuel Leak at the Booster Impact Site

Exhibit 4-11. Emission Products from Launches of Representative Targets and Interceptors in metric tons (tons)

Exhibit 4-12. Emission Products from Launches of Representative Targets and Lasers in kilograms (pounds)

–  –  –

Appendix A – Consultation and Coordination

Appendix B – Public Involvement

Appendix C – Related Documentation

Appendix D – Descriptions of Proposed BMDS Elements

Appendix E – Descriptions of Proposed BMDS Sensors

Appendix F – Advanced Systems

Appendix G – Applicable Legal Requirements

Appendix H – Biome Descriptions

Appendix I – Cumulative Impacts

Appendix J – Glossary



Table of Contents

Appendix K – Comment Responses

Appendix L – Perchlorate Technical Appendix

Appendix M – Orbital Debris Technical Appendix

Appendix N – Impacts of Radar on Wildlife



The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, as amended; the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations that implement NEPA (Code of Federal Regulations [CFR], Title 40, Parts 1500-1508); Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction

4715.9 Environmental Planning and Analysis; applicable service environmental regulations that implement these laws and regulations; and Executive Order (EO) 12114, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major Federal Actions (whose implementation is guided by NEPA and the CEQ implementing regulations) direct DoD lead agency officials to consider potential impacts to the environment when authorizing or approving Federal actions.

This Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) evaluates the potential environmental impacts of activities associated with the development, testing, deployment, and planning for decommissioning of the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS).

This PEIS considers the current technology components, assets, and programs that make up the proposed BMDS as well as the development and application of new technologies, and considers cumulative impacts of implementing the BMDS. A programmatic NEPA evaluation is the appropriate approach for projects that are large in scope, diverse geographically, and implemented in phases over many years. It provides the analytical framework that supports subsequent NEPA analysis of specific actions at specific locations within the overall system, i.e., tiering.

Purpose and Need for the Proposed Action

The purpose of the proposed action is for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) to incrementally develop and field a BMDS that layers defenses to intercept ballistic missiles of all ranges in all phases of flight. The proposed action is needed to protect the United States (U.S.), its deployed forces, friends, and allies from ballistic missile threats.

The BMDS is a key component of U.S. policy for addressing ballistic missile threats worldwide.

Proposed Action

The MDA is proposing to develop, test, deploy, and to plan for related decommissioning activities for an integrated BMDS using existing infrastructure and capabilities, when feasible, as well as emerging and new technologies, to meet current and evolving ballistic missile threats. The Secretary of Defense assigned this critical defense mission to the MDA.

ES-1Scope of the PEIS

This PEIS identifies, evaluates, and documents the potential environmental effects of developing, testing, deploying, and planning for the eventual decommissioning of a BMDS. Although extensive environmental analysis already exists for many of the existing and projected components of the proposed BMDS, this PEIS examines potential environmental impacts of MDA’s concept for developing an integrated system, based on current Congressional and Presidential direction. The BMDS PEIS also assesses whether cumulative environmental effects would result from implementing the proposed action.

Further, the BMDS PEIS provides the analytical framework for tiering subsequent specific NEPA analyses of activities including increasingly complex and robust System Integration Testing.

Consultation and Coordination

The MDA, as the lead agency responsible for preparing this PEIS, is required to coordinate with affected Federal, state, local, and tribal agencies, and other interested parties. The MDA identified several agencies that may be cooperating or consulting agencies within the requirements of NEPA for this PEIS. These agencies include National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries Service), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).

Consulting agencies may submit comments and provide data to support the environmental analysis, but they do not participate in the internal review of documents, issues, and analyses. A cooperating agency is any Federal agency, other than a lead agency, that has jurisdiction by law or special expertise with respect to any environmental impact involved in a proposal (or reasonable alternative) for legislation or other Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. (40 CFR 1508.5) MDA has held informal meetings with several agencies; however, MDA has not requested that any agencies participate as cooperating agencies for this PEIS.

Public Involvement

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 54 |

Similar works:

«The Geopolitics of Infrastructure: Development, Expertise, and Nation on the Indus Rivers Item type text; Electronic Dissertation Authors Akhter, Majed Publisher The University of Arizona. Rights Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author....»

«Climate-KIC Scout Report China Opportunities, barriers and strategies for start-ups October 2014 Henk Steinz (henk.steinz@climate-kic.org) Frank van Rijnsoever (f.j.vanRijnsoever@uu.nl) www.climate-kic.org www.startupinsights.org @ClimateKIC About this report This study is part of the Climate-KIC Innovation Scouts program. Climate-KIC is Europe’s largest publicprivate partnership, working together to address the challenge of climate change. An important part of Climate-KIC’s efforts is to...»

«Women in the Interwar Populist Movement: The Szeged Youth DEBORAH S. CORNELIUS (Rutgers University) In August of 1933 a photography exhibit opened in the provincial Hungarian city of Szeged. The title: „Fifteen kilometers from City to Farm. In the stark puritanical style of the Bauhaus School, Judit Kárász's photographs documented the dichotomy between peasant and city life with startling power: barefoot peasant laborer contraposed against well-fed priest; peasant baby wrapped in newspaper...»

«323 J. Anat., Lond. (1963), 97, 3, pp. 323-332 With 1 plate and 7 text-figures Printed in Great Britain Studies in the function of nutritive capillaries in the connective tissue in rabbit's ear chamber BY P.-I. BRANEMARK AND J. LINDSTROM* From the Department of Anatomy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden The blood flow through a tissue can be studied at three different levels: (1) Determination of the total amount of blood, i.e. minute volume, flowing through the tissue per unit of time. (2)...»

«Management of Innovation 301 Digital Multimedia Report Semester 1, 2011 Group Member / ID: Vivian King Chea 14910834/ 7D9A6615        Cephas Yong Sie Kai 14910876/ 7D9A6725        Melinda Christina Soenarjo 14193651/ 7D8B6109 Tutor: Mr. Adriel Sim Total file word count 6274 Less direct quotes 592 Less table of content 79 Less references lists 487 Less headings 170 Total net word count           4946 1 Table of Contents...»


«Student Handbook 2014-2015 Welcome to Contents Finding us 2 Teaching buildings 5 Around campus 6 Enrolment and induction 7 Attendance 8 Visas 10 Police registration 11 Student Oyster photo card 12 Student support 13 Stay in touch 14 Opening a bank account 15 Health insurance 16 General information 17 What’s going on in the city 21 Paying your fees 22 Student representatives 25 Term dates 26 Finding us Underground We recommend you take the Piccadilly line to Russell Square station. ONCAMPUS...»

«NOTICE OF REGULAR MEETING MISSION CITY COUNCIL MARCH 14, 2016 4:30 P.M. MISSION CITY HALL PRESENT: ABSENT: Norberto Salinas, Mayor Jessica Ortega-Ochoa, Councilwoman Ruben D. Plata, Councilman Norie Gonzalez Garza, Mayor Pro Tem Dr. Armando O’caña, Councilman Abiel Flores, City Attorney Jaime Tijerina, Deputy City Attorney Anna Carrillo, City Secretary Martin Garza, Jr., City Manager ALSO PRESENT: STAFF PRESENT: Kathy Olivarez, Progress Times Carmen Morales, Administrative Asst. Jim & Beth...»

«240 A~D CLIMBS REGIONAL ?\OTES North America Summary, 1968. Climbing activity in both Alaska and Canada subsided markedly from the peak in 1967 when both regions were celebrating their centennials. The lessened activity seems also to have spread to other sections too for new routes and first ascents were considerably fewer. In Alaska probably the outstanding climb from the standpoint of difficulty was the fourth ascent of Mount Foraker, where a four-man party (Warren Bleser, Alex Birtulis, Hans...»

«Abstracts of MSc theses Completed by ILRI Graduate Fellows 2006–2007 ILRI International Livestock Research Institute Abstracts of MSc theses completed by ILRI Graduate Fellows 2006–2007 ILRI INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE © 2008 ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute). Editing, design and layout—ILRI Publication Unit, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Cover image Apollo Habtamu/ILRI. This paper is a compilation of abstracts of MSc theses by ILRI Graduate Fellows during...»

«Determination of thorium, uranium, and potassium elemental concentrations in surface soils in Cyprus Michalis Tzortzis and Haralabos Tsertos* Department of Physics, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus. (Revised version: 8/03/2004) Abstract A comprehensive study was conducted to determine thorium, uranium and potassium elemental concentrations in surface soils throughout the accessible area of Cyprus using high-resolution γ−ray spectrometry. A total of 115 soil samples...»

«Spielanleitung Copyright Spiele Bad Rodach 2012 DEUTSCH 3 Gnus und 7 Kakadus Ein tierisches Zahlenspiel für 2 4 Kinder von 4 6 Jahren. Autor: Kai Haferkamp Illustration: Barbara Stachuletz Character-Illustration: Oliver Freudenreich Spieldauer: ca. 10 Minuten Willkommen im Zahlenzoo! Hier ist immer viel los, denn in den Gehegen wohnen ganz unterschiedliche Tiere: Nashörner, Papageien, Elefanten, Kängurus und viele mehr. Tierpfleger Fred kennt natürlich alle Tiere persönlich. Außerdem hat...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.