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«Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. Docket No. CP13-552-000 Cheniere Creole Trail ...»

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Office of

Federal Energy


Regulatory Commission Energy Projects

* December 2014

Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC

Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. Docket No. CP13-552-000

Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P. Docket No. CP13-553-000

Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion

Project and

Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline Expansion Project Environmental Assessment Washington, DC 20426

Cooperating Agencies:

United States Army Corps of Engineers United States Environmental Protection Galveston and New Orleans Districts Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Transportation (Docket Nos. 13-30-LNG, 13-42-LNG, 13-121- LNG Draft DOE/EA-1983



In Reply Refer To:


OEP/DG2E/Gas Branch 2 Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.

Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion Project Docket No. CP13-552-000 Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P.

Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline Expansion Project Docket No. CP13-553-000


The staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC or Commission) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) for the Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion Project (SPLE Project), proposed by Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (collectively referred to as Sabine Pass) and the Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline Expansion Project (CCTPL Expansion Project), proposed by Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P. (CCTPL) in the above-referenced dockets. Sabine Pass requests authorization to expand the existing Sabine Pass Liquefied Natural Gas Terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. CCTPL is proposing to expand and extend its existing pipeline system within the following parishes in the State of Louisiana: Cameron, Calcasieu, Beauregard, Allen, and Evangeline.

Together, the SPLE Project and the CCTPL Expansion Project are referred to as the Projects.

The EA assesses the potential environmental effects of the construction and operation of the Projects in accordance with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The FERC staff concludes that approval of the proposed Projects, with appropriate mitigating measures, would not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and U.S. Department of Transportation participated as cooperating 1 agencies in the preparation of the EA. Cooperating agencies have jurisdiction by law or special expertise with respect to resources potentially affected by the proposal and participate in the NEPA analysis.

The SPLE Project involves constructing two new LNG liquefaction trains (referred to as Trains 5 and 6) and would increase the terminal’s capability to liquefy natural gas for export by 503 billion cubic feet per year (Bcf/y) (251.5 Bcf/y per liquefaction train). The CCTPL Project involves expanding and extending the existing CCTPL pipeline system to enable it to provide up to an additional 1.5 billion cubic feet per day of firm reverse flow capacity on the existing CCTPL pipeline system. The new pipeline facilities would consist of approximately 104.3 miles of new 42-inch and 36inch-diameter pipeline (loop, mainline extension, and laterals) in Cameron, Calcasieu, Beauregard, Allen, and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana, and 53,000 horsepower of additional compression at the new Mamou Compressor Station in Evangeline Parish.

The FERC staff mailed copies of the EA to federal, state, and local government representatives and agencies; elected officials; environmental and public interest groups;

Native American tribes; potentially affected landowners and other interested individuals and groups; newspapers and libraries in the project area; and parties to this proceeding.

In addition, the EA is available for public viewing on the FERC’s website (www.ferc.gov) using the eLibrary link. A limited number of copies of the EA are

available for distribution and public inspection at:

–  –  –

Any person wishing to comment on the EA may do so. Your comments should focus on the potential environmental effects, reasonable alternatives, and measures to avoid or lessen environmental impacts. The more specific your comments, the more useful they will be. To ensure that your comments are properly recorded and considered prior to a Commission decision on the proposal, it is important that the FERC receives your comments in Washington, DC on or before January 12, 2015.

For your convenience, there are three methods you can use to submit your comments to the Commission. In all instances please reference the project docket numbers (CP13-552-000 and CP13-553-000) with your submission. The Commission encourages electronic filing of comments and has expert staff available to assist you at (202) 502-8659 or efiling@ferc.gov.

–  –  –

Any person seeking to become a party to the proceeding must file a motion to intervene pursuant to Rule 214 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedures (18CFR 385.214).1 Only interveners have the right to seek rehearing of the Commission’s decision. The Commission grants affected landowners and others with environmental concerns intervener status upon showing good cause by stating that they have a clear and direct interest in this proceeding which no other party can adequately represent. Simply filing environmental comments will not give you intervener status, but you do not need intervener status to have your comments considered.

Additional information about the project is available from the Commission’s Office of External Affairs, at (866) 208-FERC, or on the FERC website (www.ferc.gov) using the eLibrary link. Click on the eLibrary link, click on “General Search,” and enter the docket number excluding the last three digits in the Docket Number field (i.e., CP13Be sure you have selected an appropriate date range. For assistance, please contact FERC Online Support at FercOnlineSupport@ferc.gov or toll free at (866) 208-3676, or for TTY, contact (202) 502-8659. The eLibrary link also provides access to the texts of formal documents issued by the Commission, such as orders, notices, and rulemakings.


1 See the previous discussion on the methods for filing comments.

3 In addition, the Commission offers a free service called eSubscription which allows you to keep track of all formal issuances and submittals in specific dockets. This can reduce the amount of time you spend researching proceedings by automatically providing you with notification of these filings, document summaries, and direct links to the documents. Go to www.ferc.gov/esubscribenow.htm.





1.1 Introduction

1.2 Purpose and Need

1.2.1 Basic Project Purpose and Water Dependency Determination

1.2.2 U.S. Department of Energy Purpose and Need

1.2.3 U.S. Department of Transportation Purpose and Need

1.3 Cooperating Agencies

1.4 Public Review and Comment

1.5 Proposed Facilities

1.6 Non-jurisdictional Facilities

1.7 Construction, Operation, and Maintenance Procedures

1.7.1 Construction Procedures

1.7.2 Operating Procedures

1.7.3 Maintenance Procedures

1.8 Land Requirements

1.9 Required Consultation, Approvals, and Permits


2.1 Geology, Foundations, Natural Hazards, and Soils

2.1.1 Geology

2.1.2 Foundation Conditions

2.1.3 Natural Hazards

2.1.4 Soils

2.2 Water Resources, Fisheries, and Wetlands

2.2.1 Water Resources Groundwater Surface Water Hydrostatic Testing Floodplain Management

2.2.2 Fisheries and Essential Fish Habitat Fisheries Essential Fish Habitat

2.2.3 Wetlands

2.3 Vegetation and Wildlife

2.3.1 Vegetation

2.3.2 Wildlife

i Migratory Birds CCTPL Pipelines and Aboveground Facilities

2.3.3 Special Status Species

2.4 Land Use, Recreation, and Visual Resources

2.4.1 Land Use

2.4.2 Recreation and Public Interest Areas

2.4.3 Visual Resources

2.5 Socioeconomics

2.5.1 Population and Demographics

2.5.2 Employment and Income

2.5.3 Housing

2.5.4 Public Services

2.5.5 Transportation

2.5.6 Environmental Justice

2.6 Cultural Resources

2.7 Air Quality and Noise

2.7.1 Air Quality Existing Environment Ambient Air Quality Regulatory Requirements Impacts and Mitigation

2.7.2 Noise Existing Noise Conditions Construction Noise Impacts and Mitigation Operation Noise Impacts and Mitigation

2.8 Reliability and Safety

2.8.1 LNG Facility Regulatory Oversight

2.8.2 LNG Facility Hazards Hazards Associated with the Proposed Equipment Loss of Containment Vapor Dispersion Flammable Vapor Ignition Overpressures

2.8.3 Technical Review of the Facility Preliminary Engineering Design

2.8.4 LNG Facility Siting Requirements

2.8.5 LNG Facility Siting Analysis Impoundment Systems Design Spills

ii Vapor Dispersion Analysis Overpressure Analysis Thermal Radiation Analysis

2.8.6 LNG Facility Emergency Response

2.8.7 Conclusions on Facility Reliability and Safety

2.8.8 Pipeline Reliability and Safety Safety Standards Pipeline Accident Data Impact on Public Safety

2.9 Cumulative Impacts

2.9.1 Potential Cumulative Impacts of the Proposed Action Water Resources and Wetlands Vegetation and Wildlife Cultural Resources Socioeconomics Air Quality and Noise Climate Change

2.9.2 Conclusions


3.1 No-Action Alternative

3.2 Alternative Energy Sources

3.3 System Alternatives

3.4 Alternative Configurations and Designs

3.4.1 Alternative Configurations

3.4.2 Alternative Designs Electric-Motor Driven Turbines Selective Catalytic Reduction NOX Control

3.5 Alternative Pipeline Routes

3.5.1 Pipeline System Alternatives

3.5.2 Pipeline Route Alternatives

3.5.3 Pipeline Looping Alternatives

3.5.4 Pipeline Route Realignments and Modifications

3.5.5 Alternative Aboveground Facilities Locations




–  –  –

Table 1.5-1 Facilities Associated with the CCTPL Expansion Project

Table 1.7-1 Horizontal Directional Drill Locations for the CCTPL Expansion Project

Table 1.8-1 Land Requirements for the SPLE Project and the CCTPL Expansion Project

Table 1.8-2 Proposed Contractor/Pipe Yards in Louisiana

Table 1.8-3 Access Roads for the CCTPL Expansion Project

Table 1.9-1 Permits and Consultations for the SPLE Project and the CCTPL Expansion Project

Table 2.1-1 Summary of Soil Characteristics Crossed by the CCTPL Expansion Project Pipelines.

................ 31 Table 2.1-2 Summary of Soil Characteristics at CCTPL Expansion Project Aboveground Facilities............... 31 Table 2.2-1 Water Wells Within 150 Feet of the Centerline of CCTPL Expansion Project Pipelines............... 34 Table 2.2-2 Summary of Waterbodies Crossed by the CCTPL Expansion Project Pipelines

Table 2.2-3 Summary of Sensitive Surface Waters

Table 2.2-4 Sabine Pass and CCTPL’s Requests for Modifications from FERC Staff’s Procedures for Waterbody and Wetlands

Table 2.2-5 Relative Abundance of EFH-Designated Species within the Cameron Parish Project Areas

Table 2.2-6 Wetlands Affected by the CCTPL Expansion Project Pipelines

Table 2.3-1 Natural Communities Potentially Crossed by Project Facilities

Table 2.3-2 Federal and State-Listed Plant and Wildlife Species that may Occur in the Project Area.

............. 54 Table 2.4-1 SPLNG Terminal, CCTPL Pipelines, and Associated Facilities: Acres of Land Use Affected by Construction and Operation

Table 2.4-2 Mitigation Banks Crossed by the CCTPL Pipelines

Table 2.5-1 Population and Demographics

Table 2.5-2 Employment and Income

Table 2.5-3 Employment and Income

Table 2.5-4 Public Services

Table 2.5-5 Ethnic Profile

Table 2.7-1 National Ambient Air Quality Standards

Table 2.7-2 Ambient Air Quality Concentrations

–  –  –

Table 2.7-4 Potential to Emit Greenhouse Gases (in tons per year)

Table 2.7-5 Potential to Emit for Criteria and Hazardous Air Pollutants and GHG– CCTPL Mamou Compressor Station (in tons per year)

Table 2.7-6 Summary Of General Conformity Applicable Emissions (in tons per year)

Table 2.7-7 Fugitive Dust Emissions From Construction SPLE Project

Table 2.7-8 Construction Emissions of Criteria Pollutants and CO2-eq SPLE Project Trains 5 and 6 (in tons per year [tpy])

Table 2.7-9 Construction Emissions of Criteria Pollutants CCTPL Mamou Compressor Station (in tons per year)

Table 2.7-10 Construction Emissions of Criteria Pollutants CCTPL Expansion Project Pipelines (in tons per year)

Table 2.7-11 Maximum Short-Term Controlled Emissions for Criteria Pollutants (in pounds per hour).

......... 100 Table 2.7-12 SPLE Project Startup Emissions

Table 2.7-13 Significant Impact Level (SIL) Modeling Results

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