WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 |

«भारतसरकार जलसंसाधनमंत्रालय कद्रीयभूजलबोर्ड ें GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

1799/DBR/2013

भारतसरकार

जलसंसाधनमंत्रालय

कद्रीयभूजलबोर्ड

ें

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES

CENTRAL GROUND WATER BOARD

महाराष्ट्र राज्य क अंतर्गत धले जिले

े ु

की भिल विज्ञान िानकारी ू

GROUND WATER INFORMATION

DHULE DISTRICT

MAHARASHTRA

द्वारा By ववजेश वी के Vijesh V K वैज्ञाननक ख Scientist-B मध्य क्षेत्र, नागपर ु

CENTRAL REGION

NAGPUR

2013

DHULE DISTRICT AT A GLANCE

1. GENERAL INFORMATION

Geographical Area : 8061 sq. km.

Administrative Divisions : Taluka- 4, Dhule, Sakri, Shirpur (As on 31/03/2011) and Shindkheda.

Villages : 681 Population : 2,048,781 Average Annual Rainfall (2011) : 547.21 mm

2. GEOMORPHOLOGY Major Physiographic unit : 2; Tapi valley proper and the region of the dykes and residual hills of the Sahayadri Spurs Major Drainage : 1; TapiRiver

3. LAND USE (2011-11) Forest Area : 2088 sq. km.

Cultivable Area : 4864 sq. km.

Net Area Sown : 4310 sq. km.

4. SOIL TYPE 3; Deep fertile soils in Alluvial areas and medium deep coarse soils to shallow stony soils away fromTapiRiver in Basaltic areas.

5. PRINCIPAL CROPS (2008-09) Cotton : 1150 sq. km.

Pearl millet : 1047 sq. km.

Groundnut : 358 sq. km.

Maize : 347 sq. km.

Wheat : 360 sq. km.

6. IRRIGATION BY DIFFERENT SOURCES (2006-2007) Nos./Area Irrigated (Ha) Dugwells : 59339/1194.41 Borewells : 7767/119.64 Surface flow Schemes : 1740/544.77 Surface Lift Schems : 2626/353

7. GROUND WATER MONITORING WELLS (As on 30/11/2011) Dugwells : 28

Piezometers :4

8. GEOLOGY Recent

–  –  –

14. GROUND WATER CONTROL & REGULATION Over-Exploited Taluka : None Critical Taluka : None Notified Taluka : None

16. MAJOR GROUND WATER PROBLEMS AND ISSUES

The drought area has been observed in western and southern parts of the district occupying parts of Sakri and Dhuletalukas. The moderate to deeper water levels of 5 to 10 m bgl is observed in almost all parts of Dhule, Shirpur, Sakri and a small patch in the SE part of Sindkhedataluka and falling water level trends are observed in most parts of the district, occupying Dhule and Shirpurtalukas and eastern parts of Sindkheda and parts of Sakritalukas. Ground water quality is adversely affected by nitrate contamination in 54% of the samples with Nitrate. The total hardness (TH) is beyond permissible limit in Avdhan, Methi and Palasner.

ii Ground Water Information Dhule District Contents

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Climate and Rainfall

3.0 Geomorphology and Soil Types

4.0 Ground Water Scenario

4.1 Hydrogeology

4.2 Water Level Scenario

4.3 Aquifer Parameters

4.4 Yield of Dugwells and Borewells

4.5 Ground Water Resources

4.6 Ground Water Quality

5.0 Ground Water Management Strategy

5.1 Ground Water Development

5.2 Water Conservation and Artificial Recharge

6.0 Ground Water Related Issues and Problems

7.0 Areas Notified by CGWA/SGWA

8.0 Recommendations

–  –  –

1. Studies undertaken by CGWB.

2. Salient Features of Ground Water Exploration.

3. Annual Rainfall Data (2002-2011).

4. Aquifer Parameters.

5. Yield of Dugwells.

6. Ground Water Resources (March 2009)

7. Classification of Ground Water for Drinking based on BIS Drinking Water Standards (IS-10500-91, Revised 2003).

8. Classification of Ground Water for Irrigation based on RSC.

9. Nature and Yield Potential of Aquifers.

iii Ground Water Information Dhule District

1.0 Introduction Dhule district, formerly known as west Khandesh is located in northern part of MaharashtraState. It is bounded between north latitude 20°38' to 21°61' and east longitude 73°50' to 75°11'. The district is bounded by Nandurbar district in the north west, Nashik district in south and Jalgaon district in east. The district headquarters is located at Dhule town. For administrative convenience, the district is divided in 4 talukasviz, Dhue, Sakri, Shirpur, Shindkheda. The district has a geographical area of 8061 sq. km. out of which 2088 sq.km. is covered by forest, whereas cultivable area is 4864 sq. km. and net sown area is 4310 sq. km.

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. The major part of the district comes under Tapi basin.

–  –  –

In the district, 11 exploratory wells (EW), 4 observation wells (OW) and 5 Piezometer (PZ) were constructed.In Alluvial area of the district, 5 exploratory wells (EW), 3 observation wells (OW) and 1 Piezometer (PZ) were constructed.





The depth of the wells ranged from 36.70 to 104.25 metres below ground level (m bgl). The discharge from these wells varied from 1.50 to 6.00 litres per second (lps), among 2 EW’s were found to be high yielding with discharge 3 lps, whereas static water levels ranged from 15.55 to 30.00 m bgl. Deeper aquifer zones have been encountered in most of the wells 30.00 to 99.00 m bgl.

In the contact areas where Basalt is overlained by alluvium, 7 EW and 1 OW were constructed. The depth of the wells ranged from 156.00 to 250.00 m bgl. The discharge from these wells varied from traces to 3.17lps, amongst these1 EW was found to be high yielding with discharge 3 lps, whereas static water levels ranged from 7.40 to 100.00 m bgl. Deeper aquifer zones have been encountered in most of the wells 65.00 to 202 m bgl. The thickness of alluvium overlying the basalt varied from 15 to 80 m bgl.

A map of the district showing the taluka boundaries, taluka headquarters, and location of monitoring wells is presented as Figure-1.

2Figure-1: Location

2.0 Climate and Rainfall The Climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and general dryness throughout the year except during the south-west monsoon season, i.e., June to September. The daily mean minimum temperature was 16°C and mean maximum temperature was 45°C. The annual average rain fall in mm ranges from 499 to 864.

The decadal average of annual rainfall isidentified to be lowest in Dhuletaluka (589 mm) and highest Shirpurtaluka (875 mm) and the same is presented inTable-3. It is the minimum in the central parts of the district around Dhule and Sakri and Sindkhed and increases northwards and westwards. The study of negative departures of the annual rainfall over normal reveals that western and southern parts of the district experienced moderate and severe drought conditions for more than 20% of years. Hence this parts occupying parts of Sakri and Dhuletalukas can be categorized as drought area.

–  –  –

3.0 Geomorphology and Soil Types The district can be broadly divided into 2 physiographic units namely Tapi valley proper and the region of the dykes and residual hills of the Sahyadri Spurs with eastward trending streams in between. The TapiRiver valley is observed on both sides of TapiRiver in parts of Shirpur and Sindkhedtalukas, whereas the region of dykes and residual hills of the Sahyadri Spurs comprises southern part of Sindkheda and entire Sakri and Dhuletalukas. The district is drained by TapiRiver and its tributaries. TapiRiver flows westward through the central part of the district. Panjra and Aner rivers are the main tributaries of Tapi flowing northward and southward respectively to join TapiRiver In the Tapi valley proper, the soils are deep black and extremely fertile except in some portions near the main river and its tributaries, which have cut down the land very badly and removed the top soil. Otherwise the soils grade from the deep fertile soils to coarse shallow to stony soils away from the river either northwards towards the Satpudas or south ward towards the residual hills and dykes.

4.0 Ground Water Scenario

4.1 Hydrogeology The major part of the district occupying northern parts of Shirpur, southern parts of Sindkhed and entire Dhule and Sakritalukas is covered by Basaltic flows commonly known as Deccan Traps intruded by dykes of Upper CretaceousLower Eocene age. Tapi Alluvial deposits are observed in TapiRiver valley occupying parts of Sindkhed and Shirpurtalukas. A map depicting the hydrogeological features is shown in Figure-2.

4.1.1 Hard Rock Areas 4.1.1.1 Deccan Trap Basalt The Deccan Trap includes several flows of Basalt which are supposed to have extruded from fissure volcanoes. The flows have been intruded by large number of dykes of doleritic composition. The dykes are aligned in an ENE-WSW direction and a few gave N-S or WNE-ESE trends. Basalt includes the “pahoehoe” and the “aa” types of flows, the former being very common.

The ground water occurs in the near surface strata down to the depth of 20 m under unconfined conditions in the weathered zone, vesicular/amygdaloidal Basalt, jointed and fractured massive Basalt. The water bearing strata occurring below 30 m depth, beneath the redbole and dense massive Basalt exhibit semiconfined to confined conditions. On the elevated plateau tops having good areal extent, local water table develops in top most layers and the wells in such areas show rapid decline water levels in postmonsoon season and go dry during peak 4 summer. In the foot hills zone the water table is relatively shallow near the water courses and deep away from it and near the water divides. In the valleys and plains of river basin the water table aquifer occurs at shallow depth and the wells in such areas do not go dry and sustain perennial yield except in extreme summer or drought conditions. The yield of the dugwells varies from 60 to 125 m3/day, whereas those of borewells variesform 2 to 20 m 3/hr, however in most of the borewells it ranges between 2 to 10 m3/hr.

Figure-2: Hydrogeology 4.1.2 Soft Rock Areas 4.1.2.1 Alluvium Alluvial deposits of TapiRiver valley occurs in long narrow basin, which are probably caused by faulting. About a 15% of the district is occupied by Alluvium.

It consists of clays, silt, sand, gravels and boulders etc. The beds of sand and gravels are discontinuous and lenticular and pinch out laterally within short distance. They are mixed with large proportions of clayey material rendering delimiting of individuals granular horizons difficult. As per ground water exploration data Alluvium is encountered down to 100 m depth. Ground water occurs under water table, semi-confined and confined conditions in inter granular pore spaces of gravel and sand. The yield of the dugwells varies between150 and 200 m3/day, whereas that of exploratory wells varies form 1.50 to 6.00 lps as per exploration data. The yields of the tubewells drilled by State ground water department/agency ranges from 20 to 250 m3/hr.

4.2 Water Level Scenario Central Ground Water Board periodically monitors 32 National Hydrograph Network Stations (NHNS) stations in the Dhule district, four times a year i.e. in January, May (Premonsoon), August and November (Postmonsoon).

5 4.2.1 Depth to Water Level – Premonsoon (May-2011) The depth to water level in the district during May 2011 ranges between 2.51 to

19.00 mbgl. Depth to water level during premonsoon (May 2011) has been depicted in Figure-3. Shallow water levels within2- 5 m bgl are observed in small isolated patches in south eastern (Dhule and Sindhkhedatalukas) and also in minor part of Sakritaluka. The water levels between 5 and 10 m bgl are observed in major parts of the district in southern parts, central parts and extreme north eastern parts. The moderate to deeper water levels of 10 to 20 m bgl are observed in northeastern to south western part of the district, occupying major parts of Shirpur, and some parts of Sakri,dhule and Sindhkhedatalukas in very small patches. Premonsoon Water Level Trend for the period of 2001-2010 is characterized by Rise in Nardana and Kalamsare (0.0290 and 1.148 m/year respectively). And pre monsoon fall is characterized by fall in sangivi and Gotane (0.021 and 0.596 m/year respectively).

Figure-3: Depth to Water Level (Premonsoon- May 2011) 4.2.2 Depth to Water Level–Postmonsoon (Nov 2011) The depth to water level during postmonsoon (Nov. 2011) ranges between 0.14 m bgl and 8.15 m bgl. Spatial variation in postmonsoon depth to water level is shown in Figure-4. In major parts of the district water levels are between 5 and 10 m bglprimarly in Sindhkheda, Shirpur, Sakri and parts of Dhuletaluka. Shallow water levels, within 2-5 m bgl are seen south eastern, north eastern and south western parts of the district in Shirpur, Dhule and Sakri talukas. Water levels less than 2 mbgl are observed in southern parts of the district as patches. The post monsoon rising trend is observed for the period of 2001-2011 in Ajnale and 6 Deobhane(0.0036 and 0.453 m/year respectively). Also falling trend is seen in Hisala and Songir (0.0071 and 0.79 m/year respectivel;y) Figure-4: Depth to Water Level (Postmonsoon- Nov.2011) 4.2.3 Seasonal Water Level Fluctuation– (May-Nov. 2011) Waterlevel fluctuations of 0-2 m,bgl is observed in SE parts of Sindhkhedataluka and parts of DhuleTaluka at some patches. In major parts district fluctuation is within the range of 2-4 mbgl (major part of Dhule, Northern part of Sindhkheda, Southern Shirpur; SW and NE parts of Sakritaluka).

Fluctuations greater than 4 mbgl is observed in Northern part of Shirpurtaluka where predominant lithology is alluvium. Also water level fluctuation greater than 4 mbgl is seen in central and NW parts of Dhule and NW part of Sakritalukas.



Pages:   || 2 |


Similar works:

«DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD OF PASCO COUNTY, FLORIDA July 8, 2008 The District School Board of Pasco County met in regular session at 9:30 a.m., Tuesday, July 8, 2008, in the Board Room, District Office Complex, Building 3, 7205 Land O' Lakes Boulevard, Land O' Lakes, Florida. Present were Chairman Kathryn Starkey, Vice Chairman Frank Parker and Board Members Marge Whaley, Allen Altman and Cathi Martin. Also present were Heather Fiorentino, Superintendent, and Dennis Alfonso, Attorney for the Board....»

«  Reducing Mobile Phone Theft and Improving Security September 2014   Contents Executive Summary Introduction Part I: Mobile Phone Ownership and Theft Mobile phone ownership Mobile phone theft How mobile phones are stolen Location of mobile phone thefts When do mobile phones get stolen? Who is most at risk? Part II: Brands and Handsets Which types and brands of phones are targeted? The Mobile phone theft ratio Improved mobile phone security features Part III: Theft Prevention Action already...»

«PUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT  MARYLAND TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, Petitioner,  v. No. 11-1412 SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD; UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,  Respondents. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Surface Transportation Board. (32609) Argued: September 19, 2012 Decided: November 21, 2012 Before NIEMEYER and DIAZ, Circuit Judges, and Max O. COGBURN, Jr., United States District Judge for the Western District of North Carolina, sitting by...»

«Available online at: http://www. udead.org.tr/journal International Association of Research in Foreign Language Education and Applied Linguistics ELT Research Journal 2012, 1(1), 11-30 ISSN: An integrated approach to establish validity and reliability of reading tests Salim Razı Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey Abstract This study presents the processes of developing and establishing reliability and validity of a reading test by administering an integrative approach as conventional...»

«ERROR ANALYSIS ON ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS PRONOUNCED BY THE STUDENTS OF SMA NEGERI 1 COMAL AND SMA NEGERI 1 BANJARNEGARA IN ENGLISH DEBATE ON RELAX TV PROGRAM OF TVRI A Final Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan in English by DYAH MUSTIKARENI 2201409097 ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND ARTS SEMARANG STATE UNIVERSITY 2013 i PERNYATAAN Dengan ini saya, Nama : Dyah Mustikareni NIM : 2201409097 Prodi / Jurusan : Pendidikan Bahasa...»

«Arbitration International, 2015, 31, 1–17 doi: 10.1093/arbint/aiv021 Article Sociology of international arbitration Emmanuel Gaillard* ABSTRACT Since the first comprehensive work in sociology of international arbitration in 1996 by Dezalay and Garth, international arbitration has changed considerably. This article considers those changes, through the prism of sociology. Although the essential players (parties and arbitrators) remain the same, arbitration nowadays includes a host of new...»

«Anita Abdul Rani, Airin Abdul Ghani, and Shamsudin Ahmad, The Macrotheme Review 2(4), Summer 2013 The Macrotheme Review A multidisciplinary journal of global macro trends The Impact of Spiritual Intelligence in Reducing Job Stress: Case studies in Malaysia University of East Coast of Malaysia Anita Abdul Rani*, Airin Abdul Ghani** and Shamsudin Ahmad*** Centre of Modern Language and Human Science, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia* Faculty of Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300...»

«The Thirteen Articles GERALDBRAY Introduction The Thirteen Articles were composed about 1538 by Archbishop Cranmer, presumably as a preliminary to discussions with German Lutherans, since they are clearly modelled on the Augsburg Confession of 1530. However, it should be noted that Cranmer omitted a key Article (6) on the new obedience, which is fundamental to the Lutheran understanding of the Gospel. On the other hand, Cranmer's fourth article on Justification is much fuller than that in the...»

«Distribution Agreement In presenting this thesis or dissertation as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for an advanced degree from Emory University, I hereby grant to Emory University and its agents the nonexclusive license to archive, make accessible, and display my thesis or dissertation in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known, including display on the world wide web. I understand that I may select some access restrictions as part of the online submission of...»

«SALISBURY SCHOOL REQUIRED SUMMER READING AND ASSIGNMENTS 2016 Salisbury School Summer Reading English Summer Reading This year the English Department is asking that students keep a reading journal to track their thoughts as they work through the main summer read. The reading journal will be collected at the beginning of school, and it will join with an additional assessment to form the student’s summer reading grade. 1. The Power of One, by Bryce Courtenay III Form 2. One free choice from the...»

«Quantum attacks against Blue Midnight Wish, ECHO, Fugue, Grøstl, Hamsi, JH, Keccak, Shabal, SHAvite-3, SIMD, and Skein Daniel J. Bernstein Department of Computer Science (MC 152) The University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, IL 60607–7053 djb@cr.yp.to Abstract. This paper presents attacks that clearly violate the explicit security claims of 11 of the 14 second-round submissions to the SHA-3 competition: Blue Midnight Wish, ECHO, Fugue, Grøstl, Hamsi, JH, Keccak, Shabal, SHAvite-3, SIMD,...»

«Chemical Dynamics Beamline Publications 2015 407. D. S. N. Parker, R. I. Kaiser, B. Bandyopadhyay, O. Kostko, T. P. Troy, and M. Ahmed, “Unexpected Chemistry from the Reaction of Naphthyl and Acetylene at Combustion-Like Temperatures,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., DOI: 10.1002/anie.201411987 (2015, accepted) 406. T. P. Troy, and M. Ahmed, “Rings of fire: Carbon combustion from soot to stars,” Phys. Today, 68, 62, DOI: 10.1063/PT.3.2729 (2015) 405. L. G. Dodson, L. Shen, J. D. Savee, N. C....»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.