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«Sixty-fifth meeting of the Standing Committee Geneva (Switzerland), 7-11 July 2014 Reports of regional representatives ASIA This document has been ...»

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Original language: English SC65 Doc. 50.2

(English only / únicamente en inglés / seulement en anglais)

CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES

OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA

____________________

Sixty-fifth meeting of the Standing Committee

Geneva (Switzerland), 7-11 July 2014 Reports of regional representatives ASIA This document has been submitted by Kuwait*.

1.

2. General information:

Regional Representative: Indonesia, Japan, Kuwait Alternate Regional Representative: China, Jordan, Saudi Arabia Number of Parties in the Region: 37 Parties providing information for this Report: China, Iraq, Indonesia, Japan, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Singapore, Thailand and United Arab Emirates,

3. Introduction:

This report summarized the activities of Parties between 64th Standing Committee Meeting (March 2013, Bangkok) and 65th Standing Committee Meeting (July 2014, Geneva).

Japan represents Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan. Indonesia: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Leo people’s democratic republic, Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam. Kuwait represents Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

4. Activities within each party

4.1 China Trade and Conservation species A programme on investigation and assessment of sensitive species and species of significant trade has been carried out by the CITES Management Authority of China since 2011. More than 20 categories of CITES-listed species are specified as priority. And an electronic platform for data collection has been established.

Implementation of decision adopted at CoP16 The CITES Management Authority of China, together with the General Administration of Customs of China, enhanced supervision and management of international trade in Asian fresh water turtle, shark species, Hump * The geographical designations employed in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the CITES Secretariat or the United Nations Environment Programme concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The responsibility for the contents of the document rests exclusively with its author.

SC65 Doc. 50.2 – p. 1 head Wrasse and Scleropages formosus in 2013 to curb the illegal trade in these species in the South-East coastal areas of China.

Following a total of nearly 140 timber species were successfully included in CITES Appendix II at CoP 16 (Bangkok, 2013), China, as one of the major importing and consumer countries, has taken a serial of measures to implement the new listings, including establishing permits verification mechanism with range States, tightening the regulation on the import of timber species, giving priority to the oversight and supervision of imported timer shipments, and stepping up efforts in outreach initiatives.

CITES MA of China jointly with General Customs Administration promulgated the new version of Referential Book for HS-code Listed Commodities of Wild Fauna and Flora in the end of 2011, 2012, 2013 accordingly, to concord with the updated Appendices of CITES etc.

The Inter-agency CITES Enforcement Coordination Group is established in 2011. The Group conducted tens of national and provincial wildlife enforcement operations resulting in thousands of wildlife seizures each year, sent cell phone message to tens of millions of Chinese nationals arriving at other countries reminding them not to buy and bring home endangered species, revised the law interpretation on penalization of illegal wildlife trade, carried out hundreds of CITES and wildlife trainings at the national and provincial levels, strengthened the routine communication and cooperation with many international and sub-regional law enforcement organizations such as Interpol, WCO, UNDOC, RILO/AP, LATF, ASEAN-WEN and SAWEN, worked with US, South Africa, LATF, ASEAN-WEN and SAWEN. By January 2014, similar Inter-agency Group has been set up in all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in Mainland China.

In 2012, the CITES Management Authority of China called for an international operation to crackdown on wildlife crime, and led the first Operation Cobra in 2013. In China, the first Operation Cobra yielded hundred of arrests which included seizures of assorted wildlife specimens mainly 42,000kg red sander wood, 6,500kg elephant ivory, 1,550kg shahtoosh (around 10,000 Tibetan antelopes must have been killed to collect the wool of these animals), 2,600 live snakes, 324 hornbill beaks, 102 pangolins, 800 kgs pangolin scales, 22 rhino horns and 4 rhino horn carvings, 10 tiger and 7 leopard trophies, 31kg elephant meat as well as claws and teeth of protected animals and plants.

The Operation Cobra II was co-organized by China, the United States, South Africa, the Lusaka Agreement Task Force, the ASEAN Wildlife Enforcement Network, and the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network in early 2014. This operation focused on key species that are subject to illegal trade, achieved excellent results by law enforcement officers from 28 countries. In China it cleaned up over 350 cases, capturing more than 3 tons of ivory and its products, over 1,000 hides, 36 rhino horns and a large number of other wildlife products. China 's authorities, including forestry, customs, police, judiciary and quarantine departments, put more than 100,000 staff on the operation, and uncovered over 200 cases involving more than 250 suspects.





On Jan. 6 2014, State Forestry Administration of China and the General Administration of Customs of China destroyed 6.1 ton of illegal ivory items in Dongguan, Guangdong province, to demonstrate the country's determination to discourage illegal ivory trade, protect wildlife and raise public awareness. Secretary-General Mr. John E. Scanlon was invited to participate in the activity.

Hong Kong government destroyed the first of a stockpile of 30 tons of ivory on May 15, 2014, and the remain is scheduled to be burned within two years. This action expressed the strong commitment of Hong Kong government to implement CITES and crackdown on illegal ivory trade.

China invited the CITES and wildlife enforcement officers from LATF, EU, CITES Secretariat, US, UK, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Indonesia and Nepal to China for dialogue/cooperation, deployed some wildlife enforcement officers to work at ASEAN-WEN and LATF as the seconded officers Cooperation China announced to provide US$ 10,000,000 to Africa for supporting their wildlife conservation and enforcement in May 2014.

Difficulties The biggest challenge facing China in the process of regulation on the import of endangered timber and marine species is identification at the species level. In this regard, China is expected to share the most updated identification techniques, and to obtain the authenticated samples of species involved, including DNA samples and physical materials from any potential partners

–  –  –

Iraq has become the 180-member party to the Convention on (05.02.2014); and entered into force on (06.05.2014). Regarding the activities that Iraq participated as listed below:Iraq participated in the Conference of the Parties (CoP 16) which was hold in 2013 as an observer member.

Iraq has been working with the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) to organize training workshops for CITES Two workshops were held, one in the Kurdistan region in 2012 and another workshop in Baghdad in 2013 Iraq has been invited to participate in a workshop on strengthening regional cooperation to combat wildlife crime in West Asia, 29 to 31 October 2013 in Kuwait, but Iraq could not attend the workshop due to visa issues for the Iraqi delegation from Kuwait Regarding issuing the implementation of the articles of the convention; Iraq has been working on the formation of the management and scientific authorities of CITES in Iraq. Also the Secretariat of the Convention was informed regarding the nomination of the focal points to the Convention and we are currently preparing for the issuance of CITES certificates or permits.

We are Working on the preparation of national list of animal and plant species that already taken from CITES appendices, especially in Iraq.

The preparation of folders and publications to raise the public awareness about the Convention.

4.3 Indonesia Implementation of decision adopted at CoP16

• In September 17, 2013, Kerinci Seblat National Park Ranger and Local Police seized 1 sheet of tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) full body skin, 2 suspects were sentenced 6 months to prison and IDR 5 million fines.

• In September 18, 2013, National Police seized at least 12 kinds of protected animal from a market at Muntilan Regency, Jawa Tengah Province. 1 suspect was investigated

• In November 6, 2013, Forest Ranger from Natural Resources Conservation Agency - West Java Province seized 238 living slowlorises (Nycticebus sp.) and 1 car in Merak Seaport. 1 suspect was investigated.

• In November 28, 2013, Forest Ranger from Natural Resources Conservation Agency - Jambi Province seized 1 sheet of tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) skin without head and legs. 1 suspect was investigated.

• In January 3, 2014, Police of Aceh Province seized 1 tiger stuff, 2 golden cat stuffs, 1 head of wild goat stuff, 1 head of deer, 1 sheet of bear skin, and 1 sheet of wild cat from 2 suspects in Takengon City, Aceh.

• In January 7, 2014, Quarantine Agency at Soekarno-Hatta Airport Jakarta foiled smuggling effort of 2.986 heads of turtles (Carettochelys insculpta) and delivered to Natural Resources Conservation Agency – Jakarta to be investigated.

• In January 8, 2014, Forest Ranger from Natural Resources Conservation Agency - Papua Province foiled smuggling effort of 5.544 heads of turtles (Carettochelys insculpta) at Sentani Airport Papua. The suspect was investigated.

• In January 20, 2014, National Police seized life animal: 2 langur and 1 Javan Gibbon at Cikarang-West Java Province. At least 24 kinds of protected wildlife and its derivatives seized in this operation. The suspect is still being investigated.

• In April 8, 2014, National Police raided “Golden Shop” in Jakarta. At least 24 kinds of protected wildlife and its derivatives seized in this operation. Shop owner is still being investigated.

• In November 28, 2013, Forest Ranger from Natural Resources Conservation Agency - Jambi Province confiscated 1 sheet of tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) skin without head and legs. 1 suspect was investigated.

SC65 Doc. 50.2 – p. 3

• Confiscated live animals are in many circumstances need to be immediately released into the wild. This sometimes make difficulties for the prosecutor to provide phisical evidences  It would be necessary for Supreme Court to provide “national legal edict” which would allow the evidence on live animal can be replaced by other forms such as photos, videos and other replacement of phisical evidence.

• Disposal of confiscated specimens from illegally exported/imported CITES species:

The specimens are used as legal evidence CITES Resolution Conf. 9.10 identified at least two problems faced by the importing countries: (1) cost recovery of the confiscation (enforcement) and (2) disposal of the confiscated specimens.

For live specimens, resolution Conf. 10.7 provides guidance for the confiscating Management Authority on the disposal of confiscated live specimens.

For dead specimens of Appendix II, the importing Authority may auxion the specimens. But this has raised concern over unfairness for the exporting country AMS are requested to support the CITES Standing Committee agenda on this issue Confiscated live animals are in many circumstances need to be immediately released into the wild. This sometimes make difficulties for the prosecutor to provide phisical evidences  It would be necessary for Supreme Court to provide “national legal edict” which would allow the evidence on live animal can be replaced by other forms such as photos, videos and other replacement of phisical evidence.

• In the law concerning wildlife, Sentence for actors is minimum. The guilty actors are mainly local people as the operators on the ground. The law enforcement rarely reaches the main actors or the top level traders.

Therefore, enforcement on wildlife crime has so far little deterrent effects.

• There are also difficulties in the identification and verification of wildlife products and derivatives. It is importantly necessary to use hightech to develop wildlife forensic. But this is regarded expensive  need to find cost effective technology.

• Difficulty in giving sanctions to foreign actors who made an illegal trade of protected wildlife from other countries  need close bilateral cooperation Cooperation London Declaration on Combating Illegal Wildlife Trade, February 2014; Indonesia with other countries took part on making a political commitment to combat wildlife crime. This initiative will strongly complement the implementation of CITES, regional agreements, networks and task forces, on the ground. With strong commitments by high level political leaders on curbing wildlife crime, the illegal wildlife trade would be substantially reduced.

MoU between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the United States of America on Conserving Wildlife and Combating Wildlife Trafficking.

 This MoU aims to implement parts of the London Declaration  The MoU also has mutual objective of combating the illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products through, inter alia, enhanced dialogue and sharing of best-practices, capacity building efforts, and strengthening cooperation in regional and global.

 In line with the MoU, the US Government committed to support funding through a Debt for Nature Swap (DNS) scheme called Tropical Forest Conservation Act (TFCA), specifically allocated for wildlife conservation, including combating wildlife crime Initiative by Indonesian Attorney General on the formation of Sub-Task Force on Wildlife under the Task Force of Natural Resources.



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