«COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES REPORT OF THE THIRTIETH MEETING OF THE COMMISSION HOBART, AUSTRALIA 24 OCTOBER ...»
COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF
ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES
REPORT OF THE THIRTIETH MEETING
OF THE COMMISSION
24 OCTOBER – 4 NOVEMBER 2011
CCAMLRPO Box 213 North Hobart 7002 Tasmania AUSTRALIA _______________________
Telephone: 61 3 6210 1111 Facsimile: 61 3 6224 8744 Email: email@example.com Chair of the Commission Website: www.ccamlr.org November 2011 ________________________________________________________________________________________
This document is produced in the official languages of the Commission: English, French, Russian and Spanish.
Copies are available from the CCAMLR Secretariat at the above address.
Abstract This document is the adopted record of the Thirtieth Meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources held in Hobart, Australia from 24 October to 4 November
2011. Major topics discussed at this meeting include: review of the Report of the Scientific Committee; illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the Convention Area; vulnerable marine ecosystems and bottom fishing; the establishment of a representative system of marine protected areas in the Convention Area; assessment and avoidance of incidental mortality of Antarctic marine living resources; new and exploratory fisheries; current operation of the System of Inspection and the Scheme of International Scientific Observation and the development of a procedure for certification of observer training; compliance with conservation measures in force;
review of existing conservation measures and adoption of new conservation measures; management under conditions of uncertainty;
ongoing review of the Commission’s responses to the recommendations of the 2008 Performance Review Report and cooperation with other international organisations, including within the Antarctic Treaty System. The Reports of the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance and the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance are appended.
ISSN 1031 - 3184
CONTENTSPage OPENING OF THE MEETING
ORGANISATION OF THE MEETING
Adoption of the Agenda
Report of the Chair
FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION
Advances in statistics, assessments, modelling and acoustic surveys.................. 4 Harvested species
Other fishery resources
Fish and invertebrate by-catch
Secretariat supported activities
Scientific Committee activities
ASSESSMENT OF INCIDENTAL MORTALITY OFANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES
Incidental mortality of seabirds and marine mammals during fishing operations..... 10 MARINE PROTECTED AREAS
Ross Sea region
Protection of habitats newly exposed by the collapse of ice shelves
Proposal for a general conservation measure on MPAs
IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPLIANCE
Compliance with conservation measures in force
System of Inspection
Tagging program (CM 41-01, Annex C)
Environmental and mitigation measures
Compliance evaluation procedure
Catch Documentation Scheme
IUU FISHING IN THE CONVENTION AREA
Current level of IUU fishing
Control of nationals (CM 10-08)
IUU Vessel Lists
SCHEME OF INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION
NEW AND EXPLORATORY FISHERIES AND RESEARCH FISHING.............. 24 Exploratory fisheries
Progress on assessments in exploratory fisheries in Subareas 48.6 and 58.4.......... 26 Catch limits for Dissostichus spp.
Research fishing in closed fisheries or fisheries with zero catch limits................ 28 Research fishing in fisheries with assessments
Revised conservation measures
Licensing and inspection
Vessel monitoring systems
Notification system for transhipments
General fishery matters
Research and experiments
Minimisation of incidental mortality
New conservation measures
General fishery matters
Gear regulations and bottom fishing
Fishing seasons, closed areas and prohibition of fishing
General framework for the establishment of CCAMLR MPAs
Other measures considered
Port State measures to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing
Fishing capacity and effort in exploratory fisheries
Proposal to consolidate closely related measures
COOPERATION WITH OTHER ELEMENTSOF THE ANTARCTIC TREATY SYSTEM
Cooperation with Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties
Cooperation with SCAR
Proposals for Antarctic Specially Protected Areas and Specially Managed Areas that include marine areas
COOPERATION WITH OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS............ 44 Reports of observers from international organisations and intergovernmental organisations
Reports of CCAMLR representatives at meetings of international organisations in 2010/11
IMPLEMENTATION OF OBJECTIVES
Performance Review Report
Future structure of Commission meetings
ELECTION OF VICE-CHAIR
Invitation of Observers
Date and location of the next meeting
Statements by Argentina and the UK
Global Environment Facility proposal
ADOPTION OF THE REPORT
ANNEX 1: List of Participants
ANNEX 2: List of Documents
ANNEX 3: Opening address by the Governor of Tasmania, His Excellency the Honorable Peter Underwood AC
ANNEX 5: Report of the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance (SCAF)
ANNEX 6: Report of the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance (SCIC)
OPENING OF THE MEETING
1.1 The Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources was held in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, from 24 October to 4 November 2011. It was chaired by Mr T. Løbach (Norway).
1.2 The following Members of the Commission were represented: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, People’s Republic of China (hereafter referred to as China), Chile, European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Namibia, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Uruguay.
1.3 Other Contracting Parties, Bulgaria, Canada, Cook Islands, Finland, Greece, Mauritius, Netherlands, Peru and Vanuatu, were invited to attend the meeting as Observers.
Netherlands was represented.
1.4 The Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP), the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC), the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), the Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the Coalition of Legal Toothfish Operators (COLTO), the Permanent Commission on the South Pacific (CPPS), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the World Conservation Union (IUCN), the International Whaling Commission (IWC), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), the South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (SEAFO), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Commission for the Conservation and Management of the Highly Migratory Fish Stocks of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPFC) were also invited to attend the meeting as observers. ACAP, ASOC, CCSBT, CEP, COLTO, FAO, IUCN, IWC, SCAR and SEAFO attended.
1.5 In accordance with the Commission’s decision last year (CCAMLR-XXIX, paragraph 17.1) and COMM CIRC 11/45, the following non-Contracting Parties (NCPs) were invited to attend CCAMLR-XXX as observers: Antigua, Bahamas, Cambodia, Colombia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Islamic Republic of Iran, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Nigeria, Panamá, Philippines, Singapore, Seychelles, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Vietnam. There were no NCPs represented.
1.6 The List of Participants is given in Annex 1. The List of Documents presented to the meeting is given in Annex 2.
1.7 The Chair welcomed all participants to the meeting. He said that it was a privilege for Norway to chair the Commission’s annual meeting and thanked Members for their support and encouragement.
1.8 The Chair introduced His Excellency the Honourable Peter Underwood AC, Governor of Tasmania, who he said maintained a keen interest in Antarctic affairs and consequently the work of CCAMLR. His Excellency’s opening address is at Annex 3.
1.9 On behalf of the Tasmanian aboriginal community, Ms Theresa Sainty provided a traditional Welcome to Country for all participants.
ORGANISATION OF THE MEETINGAdoption of the Agenda
2.1 The Agenda (CCAMLR-XXX/1) for the meeting was adopted and is at Annex 4.
2.2 The Chair referred Agenda Item 3 to the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance (SCAF), and Agenda Items 8 and 9 to the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance (SCIC). The reports of SCAF and SCIC are given in Annexes 5 and 6 respectively.
Report of the Chair
2.3 The Chair reported that there had been no change to the membership of the Commission since CCAMLR-XXIX and that the Commission had 25 Members and that nine other States are party to the Convention.
2.4 The annual meetings of the Working Group on Statistics, Assessments and Modelling (WG-SAM) and the Working Group on Ecosystem Monitoring and Management (WG-EMM) were held in Busan, Republic of Korea, in July 2011. A Workshop on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) was held in Brest, France, in late August/early September. Details of these meetings are elaborated in SC-CAMLR-XXX, paragraph 1.8.
2.5 During the 2010/11 fishing season, 62 inspectors were designated by Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand and the UK. Eleven at-sea inspections were reported to have been conducted by UK-designated inspectors in Subarea 48.3. Twenty-four port inspections were conducted by Mauritius, New Zealand, UK and Uruguay.
2.6 CCAMLR-designated scientific observers were deployed on all vessels in all finfish fisheries in the Convention Area; 40 on vessels fishing for toothfish and one fishing for icefish. In addition, a total of 21 observation deployments were undertaken on vessels fishing for krill.
2.7 During the 2010/11 fishing season, CCAMLR Members had actively participated in 14 fisheries in the Convention Area. Vessels fishing in fisheries managed under conservation 2 measures in force in 2010/11 had reported, by 24 September 2011, a total catch of 179 131 tonnes of krill, 11 254 tonnes of toothfish and 11 tonnes of icefish. A number of other species were taken as by-catch.
2.8 During the year, the Commission and the Scientific Committee had been represented by Observers at a number of international meetings (sections 13 and 14; SC-CAMLR-XXX, section 10).
2.9 With sadness, the Chair reflected on the passing of two members of the CCAMLR community: Ambassador Jorge Berguño (Chile) and Mr Alexandre de Lichtervelde (Belgium).
• Ambassador Berguño attended 12 Commission meetings between 1982 and 2005, including the first in 1982 when he was Chile’s Ambassador to UNESCO. He was Commission Chair in 1991 and 1992 and was passionate about the Antarctic and the role of CCAMLR.
• Mr de Lichtervelde made an extremely valuable contribution to the work of CCAMLR in each of the six annual meetings in which he participated; his knowledge of Antarctic issues was extremely highly regarded.
2.10 The Chair requested that the Delegations of Chile and Belgium relay the sympathy and condolences of CCAMLR colleagues to the families and friends of Ambassador Berguño and Mr de Lichtervelde respectively. The contributions that they had each made to advancing Antarctic affairs was held in very high regard.
2.11 The Chair also reflected on another tragedy in the Southern Ocean when, on 13 December 2010, the Korean-flagged fishing vessel Insung No. 1 sank in the Ross Sea.
While 20 crew survived, 22 crew were lost. The Chair asked the Delegation of the Republic of Korea to convey CCAMLR Members’ condolences to the families and friends of the Korean, Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese crew members who were lost. He also extended appreciation to all those involved in the search and rescue operation.
FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION
3.1 The Vice-Chair of SCAF, Dr M. Mayekiso (South Africa), presented the report of SCAF.
3.2 The Commission endorsed the recommendations of the SCAF report as presented at
Annex 5, noting that:
• Australia was pleased to convene the SCAF Correspondence Group (SCAF-CG) and looked forward to working with Members in the 2011/12 intersessional period on issues identified by SCAF for consideration by the SCAF-CG