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«COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES REPORT OF THE THIRTIETH MEETING OF THE COMMISSION HOBART, AUSTRALIA 24 OCTOBER ...»

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CCAMLR-XXX

COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF

ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES

REPORT OF THE THIRTIETH MEETING

OF THE COMMISSION

HOBART, AUSTRALIA

24 OCTOBER – 4 NOVEMBER 2011

CCAMLR

PO Box 213 North Hobart 7002 Tasmania AUSTRALIA _______________________

Telephone: 61 3 6210 1111 Facsimile: 61 3 6224 8744 Email: ccamlr@ccamlr.org Chair of the Commission Website: www.ccamlr.org November 2011 ________________________________________________________________________________________

This document is produced in the official languages of the Commission: English, French, Russian and Spanish.

Copies are available from the CCAMLR Secretariat at the above address.

Abstract This document is the adopted record of the Thirtieth Meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources held in Hobart, Australia from 24 October to 4 November

2011. Major topics discussed at this meeting include: review of the Report of the Scientific Committee; illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the Convention Area; vulnerable marine ecosystems and bottom fishing; the establishment of a representative system of marine protected areas in the Convention Area; assessment and avoidance of incidental mortality of Antarctic marine living resources; new and exploratory fisheries; current operation of the System of Inspection and the Scheme of International Scientific Observation and the development of a procedure for certification of observer training; compliance with conservation measures in force;

review of existing conservation measures and adoption of new conservation measures; management under conditions of uncertainty;

ongoing review of the Commission’s responses to the recommendations of the 2008 Performance Review Report and cooperation with other international organisations, including within the Antarctic Treaty System. The Reports of the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance and the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance are appended.

ISSN 1031 - 3184

CONTENTS

Page OPENING OF THE MEETING

ORGANISATION OF THE MEETING

Adoption of the Agenda

Report of the Chair

FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION

SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE

Intersessional activities

Advances in statistics, assessments, modelling and acoustic surveys.................. 4 Harvested species

Krill resources

Toothfish resources

Icefish resources

Other fishery resources

Fish and invertebrate by-catch

Climate change

Secretariat supported activities

Scientific Committee activities

BOTTOM FISHING

ASSESSMENT OF INCIDENTAL MORTALITY OF

ANTARCTIC MARINE LIVING RESOURCES

Marine debris

Incidental mortality of seabirds and marine mammals during fishing operations..... 10 MARINE PROTECTED AREAS

Ross Sea region

East Antarctica

Protection of habitats newly exposed by the collapse of ice shelves

Proposal for a general conservation measure on MPAs

IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPLIANCE

Compliance with conservation measures in force

System of Inspection

Tagging program (CM 41-01, Annex C)

Environmental and mitigation measures

Compliance evaluation procedure

Catch Documentation Scheme

IUU FISHING IN THE CONVENTION AREA

Current level of IUU fishing

Control of nationals (CM 10-08)

IUU Vessel Lists

SCHEME OF INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATION

NEW AND EXPLORATORY FISHERIES AND RESEARCH FISHING.............. 24 Exploratory fisheries

Progress on assessments in exploratory fisheries in Subareas 48.6 and 58.4.......... 26 Catch limits for Dissostichus spp.

Research fishing in closed fisheries or fisheries with zero catch limits................ 28 Research fishing in fisheries with assessments

CONSERVATION MEASURES

Revised conservation measures

Compliance

Licensing and inspection

Vessel monitoring systems

Notification system for transhipments

General fishery matters

Notifications

Research and experiments

Minimisation of incidental mortality

Fishery regulation

Krill fisheries

New conservation measures

General fishery matters

Gear regulations and bottom fishing

Fishing seasons, closed areas and prohibition of fishing

By-catch limits

Toothfish

Icefish

Krill

Crab

Protected areas

General framework for the establishment of CCAMLR MPAs

New resolutions

Other measures considered

Port State measures to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing

Market-related measures

Fishing capacity and effort in exploratory fisheries

Proposal to consolidate closely related measures

General

COOPERATION WITH OTHER ELEMENTS

OF THE ANTARCTIC TREATY SYSTEM





Cooperation with Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties

Cooperation with SCAR

Proposals for Antarctic Specially Protected Areas and Specially Managed Areas that include marine areas

COOPERATION WITH OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS............ 44 Reports of observers from international organisations and intergovernmental organisations

(ii) ACAP

ASOC

COLTO

IWC

Reports of CCAMLR representatives at meetings of international organisations in 2010/11

IMPLEMENTATION OF OBJECTIVES

Performance Review Report

Future structure of Commission meetings

ELECTION OF VICE-CHAIR

NEXT MEETING

Invitation of Observers

Date and location of the next meeting

OTHER BUSINESS

Statements by Argentina and the UK

Global Environment Facility proposal

ADOPTION OF THE REPORT

–  –  –

TABLES

ANNEX 1: List of Participants

ANNEX 2: List of Documents

ANNEX 3: Opening address by the Governor of Tasmania, His Excellency the Honorable Peter Underwood AC

–  –  –

ANNEX 5: Report of the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance (SCAF)

ANNEX 6: Report of the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance (SCIC)

–  –  –

OPENING OF THE MEETING

1.1 The Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources was held in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, from 24 October to 4 November 2011. It was chaired by Mr T. Løbach (Norway).

1.2 The following Members of the Commission were represented: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, People’s Republic of China (hereafter referred to as China), Chile, European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Namibia, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Uruguay.

1.3 Other Contracting Parties, Bulgaria, Canada, Cook Islands, Finland, Greece, Mauritius, Netherlands, Peru and Vanuatu, were invited to attend the meeting as Observers.

Netherlands was represented.

1.4 The Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP), the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC), the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), the Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), the Coalition of Legal Toothfish Operators (COLTO), the Permanent Commission on the South Pacific (CPPS), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the World Conservation Union (IUCN), the International Whaling Commission (IWC), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), the South East Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (SEAFO), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Commission for the Conservation and Management of the Highly Migratory Fish Stocks of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPFC) were also invited to attend the meeting as observers. ACAP, ASOC, CCSBT, CEP, COLTO, FAO, IUCN, IWC, SCAR and SEAFO attended.

1.5 In accordance with the Commission’s decision last year (CCAMLR-XXIX, paragraph 17.1) and COMM CIRC 11/45, the following non-Contracting Parties (NCPs) were invited to attend CCAMLR-XXX as observers: Antigua, Bahamas, Cambodia, Colombia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Islamic Republic of Iran, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Nigeria, Panamá, Philippines, Singapore, Seychelles, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Vietnam. There were no NCPs represented.

1.6 The List of Participants is given in Annex 1. The List of Documents presented to the meeting is given in Annex 2.

1.7 The Chair welcomed all participants to the meeting. He said that it was a privilege for Norway to chair the Commission’s annual meeting and thanked Members for their support and encouragement.

1.8 The Chair introduced His Excellency the Honourable Peter Underwood AC, Governor of Tasmania, who he said maintained a keen interest in Antarctic affairs and consequently the work of CCAMLR. His Excellency’s opening address is at Annex 3.

1.9 On behalf of the Tasmanian aboriginal community, Ms Theresa Sainty provided a traditional Welcome to Country for all participants.

ORGANISATION OF THE MEETING

Adoption of the Agenda

2.1 The Agenda (CCAMLR-XXX/1) for the meeting was adopted and is at Annex 4.

2.2 The Chair referred Agenda Item 3 to the Standing Committee on Administration and Finance (SCAF), and Agenda Items 8 and 9 to the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance (SCIC). The reports of SCAF and SCIC are given in Annexes 5 and 6 respectively.

Report of the Chair

2.3 The Chair reported that there had been no change to the membership of the Commission since CCAMLR-XXIX and that the Commission had 25 Members and that nine other States are party to the Convention.

2.4 The annual meetings of the Working Group on Statistics, Assessments and Modelling (WG-SAM) and the Working Group on Ecosystem Monitoring and Management (WG-EMM) were held in Busan, Republic of Korea, in July 2011. A Workshop on Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) was held in Brest, France, in late August/early September. Details of these meetings are elaborated in SC-CAMLR-XXX, paragraph 1.8.

2.5 During the 2010/11 fishing season, 62 inspectors were designated by Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand and the UK. Eleven at-sea inspections were reported to have been conducted by UK-designated inspectors in Subarea 48.3. Twenty-four port inspections were conducted by Mauritius, New Zealand, UK and Uruguay.

2.6 CCAMLR-designated scientific observers were deployed on all vessels in all finfish fisheries in the Convention Area; 40 on vessels fishing for toothfish and one fishing for icefish. In addition, a total of 21 observation deployments were undertaken on vessels fishing for krill.

2.7 During the 2010/11 fishing season, CCAMLR Members had actively participated in 14 fisheries in the Convention Area. Vessels fishing in fisheries managed under conservation 2 measures in force in 2010/11 had reported, by 24 September 2011, a total catch of 179 131 tonnes of krill, 11 254 tonnes of toothfish and 11 tonnes of icefish. A number of other species were taken as by-catch.

2.8 During the year, the Commission and the Scientific Committee had been represented by Observers at a number of international meetings (sections 13 and 14; SC-CAMLR-XXX, section 10).

2.9 With sadness, the Chair reflected on the passing of two members of the CCAMLR community: Ambassador Jorge Berguño (Chile) and Mr Alexandre de Lichtervelde (Belgium).

• Ambassador Berguño attended 12 Commission meetings between 1982 and 2005, including the first in 1982 when he was Chile’s Ambassador to UNESCO. He was Commission Chair in 1991 and 1992 and was passionate about the Antarctic and the role of CCAMLR.

• Mr de Lichtervelde made an extremely valuable contribution to the work of CCAMLR in each of the six annual meetings in which he participated; his knowledge of Antarctic issues was extremely highly regarded.

2.10 The Chair requested that the Delegations of Chile and Belgium relay the sympathy and condolences of CCAMLR colleagues to the families and friends of Ambassador Berguño and Mr de Lichtervelde respectively. The contributions that they had each made to advancing Antarctic affairs was held in very high regard.

2.11 The Chair also reflected on another tragedy in the Southern Ocean when, on 13 December 2010, the Korean-flagged fishing vessel Insung No. 1 sank in the Ross Sea.

While 20 crew survived, 22 crew were lost. The Chair asked the Delegation of the Republic of Korea to convey CCAMLR Members’ condolences to the families and friends of the Korean, Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese crew members who were lost. He also extended appreciation to all those involved in the search and rescue operation.

FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION

3.1 The Vice-Chair of SCAF, Dr M. Mayekiso (South Africa), presented the report of SCAF.

3.2 The Commission endorsed the recommendations of the SCAF report as presented at

Annex 5, noting that:

• Australia was pleased to convene the SCAF Correspondence Group (SCAF-CG) and looked forward to working with Members in the 2011/12 intersessional period on issues identified by SCAF for consideration by the SCAF-CG



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