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«THE TWENTY-FOUR ELDERS By Stephen Bohr The Morning Stars and the Sons of God Job 38:4-7: Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? ...»

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Secrets Unsealed


By Stephen Bohr

The Morning Stars and the Sons of God

Job 38:4-7:

"Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Tell Me, if you have understanding. Who

determined its measurements? Surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? To what were its

foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone, When the morning stars sang together, and all the

sons of God shouted for joy?

NKJV Conclusions: There were two groups that sang at creation: The morning stars and the sons of God.

Thus it is clear that the two groups of beings already existed before God created this world.

Identity of the Morning Stars Revelation 12:3, 9 identifies the stars as angels. But who are the sons of God?

The Sons of God

Job 1:6, 7:

“Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them. And the Lord said to Satan, "From where do you come?" So Satan answered the Lord and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it."

Some very interesting details emerge from these verses:

 The sons of God do not always dwell in the presence of God. They came to present themselves on a certain day. This contrasts with the previous verse where we are told that Job offered sacrifices always (Job 1:7).

 Satan came among the sons of God. Notice that the text does not say that he came with them.

Evidently Satan claimed the right to belong to this select group. What made him feel like he had the right to appear among this select group?

Satan came representing a planet, the earth. Where, then, must the other sons of God have come  from? Is it just possible that they also came from other planets?

The Twenty-four Elders Study by Pastor Stephen Bohr SecretsUnsealed.org Page 1

Job 2:1, 2:

“Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the Lord. 2 And the Lord said to Satan, "From where do you come?" Satan answered the Lord and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it."

Note: The same remarks about Job 1:6, 7 apply to Job 2:1, 2. The word “again” is important. If the sons of God came again, then they must have left the presence of God and gone back to where they came from for the first meeting.

According to the Spirit of Prophecy, the 24 elders are powerful angels to whom God as delegated the responsibility of being representatives of the worlds that never sinned. Notice the following


“This roll was written within and without. John says: "I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon" [verse 4]. The vision as presented to John made its impression upon his mind. The destiny of every nation was contained in that book. John was distressed at the utter inability of any human being or angelic intelligence to read the words, or even to look thereon. His soul was wrought up to such a point of agony and suspense that one of the strong angels had compassion on him, and laying his hand on him assuringly, said, "Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof" [verse 5].” Manuscript Releases, volume 12, pp. 296, 297 In its original Biblical context the words of verse 5 are spoken by one of the twenty-four elders but Ellen White identifies the elder as ‘one of the strong angels.’ “John beholds an innumerable company, precious, refined, purified, around the throne of the Majesty of Heaven. The angel inquires of John, "What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?" and John answers, "Sir, thou knowest." Then the angel declares: "These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” Signs of the Times, December 22, 1887 In its original Biblical context it is one of the elders who asks these questions but Ellen White identifies the asker as the angel. The inevitable conclusion is that the elder who is speaking is a powerful angel.

“John saw a company standing around the throne of God, and the angel asked him, Who are these in white robes? He answered, thou knowest. And the angel said, "These are they who have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." (See Revelation 7:13, 14). There is a fountain in which we may wash from every stain of impurity. And says the angel, "He shall lead them to fountains of living waters, and shall wipe away all tears from their eyes." (See v. 17.) This will be the happy privilege of those that have kept the commandments of God in the earth.” Sermons and Talks, volume 1, p. 20 “As John saw the multitude standing around the throne of God, the question was asked, "What are these which are arrayed in white robes? And whence came they?"--"These are they which came out of great tribulation," the angel answered, "and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb." Signs of the Times, November 22, 1905 The Twenty-four Elders Study by Pastor Stephen Bohr SecretsUnsealed.org Page 2

On Revelation 5:8 Ellen White remarks:

“Heavenly beings are appointed to answer the prayers of those who are working unselfishly for the interests of the cause of God. The very highest angels in the heavenly courts are appointed to work out the prayers which ascend to God for the advancement of the cause of God. Each angel has his particular post of duty, which he is not permitted to leave for any other place. If he should leave, the powers of darkness would gain an advantage...” LHU 370 Why Was Satan Among the Sons of God?

Why did Satan claim the right to belong to this select group? The answer is found in Luke 4:5, 6 where

Jesus was tempted by the devil:

“Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said to Him, "All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for this has been delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. Therefore, if You will worship before me, all will be Yours."

Conclusion: Satan stole the position which rightfully belonged to Adam who was the legitimate representative of the planet. He usurped Adam’s rightful throne. This is the reason why Jesus called Satan “the ruler of this world” (John 12:31). When Adam chose to obey Satan, he became Satan’s subject for we are subjects of the master whom we choose to obey (Romans 6:16) For additional evidence that the universe is governed by a heavenly council see 2 Chronicles 18:18-22.

Adam: The Original Son of God

God’s original plan for the human race:

“All heaven took a deep and joyful interest in the creation of the world and of man. Human beings were a new and distinct order. They were made "in the image of God," and it was the Creator's design that they should populate the earth. They were to live in close communion with heaven, receiving power from the Source of all power. Upheld by God, they were to live sinless lives.” Sons and Daughters of God, p. 7 “Satan has an accurate knowledge of the sins that he has tempted God's people to commit and he urges his accusations against them, declaring, that by their sins they have forfeited divine protection and claiming that he has the right to destroy them. He pronounces them just as deserving as himself of exclusion from the favor of God. "Are these," he says, "the people who are to take my place in heaven, and the place of the angels who united with me? They profess to obey the law of God; but have they kept its precepts? Have they not been lovers of self more than lovers of God? Have they not placed their own interests above His service? Have they not loved the things of the world? Look at the sins that have marked their lives. Behold their selfishness, their malice, their hatred of one another. Will God banish me and my angels from His presence, and yet reward those who have been guilty of the same sins?

Thou canst not do this, O Lord, in justice. Justice demands that sentence be pronounced against them."

Prophet and Kings, pp. 588, 589 The Twenty-four Elders Study by Pastor Stephen Bohr SecretsUnsealed.org Page 3 “God created man for His own glory that after test and trial the human family might become one with the heavenly family. It was God's purpose to repopulate heaven with the human family.” The Truth about Angels, pp. 48, 49 “The vacancies made in heaven by the fall of Satan and his angels will be filled by the redeemed of the Lord.” Review and Herald May 29, 1900. The Truth about Angels, p. 49 Luke 3:38: The Son of God “... the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.”

Regarding Adam’s status as the son of God we have this from Ellen White:

“The genealogy of our race, as given by inspiration, traces back its origin, not to a line of developing germs, mollusks, and quadrupeds, but to the great Creator. Though formed from the dust, Adam was "the son of God." He was placed, as God's representative, over the lower orders of being.” Ellen G.

White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 45.

Conclusion: The original “son of God” was Adam. But he was the son of God in a special and different sense than we are—he was the son of God by creation, not procreation.

Adam Crowned at Creation Psalm 8:3-8: At creation Adam was crowned and given his realm of dominion (see also Genesis 1:26When I consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You have ordained, what is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man that You visit him? For You have made him a little lower than the angels, and You have crowned him with glory and honor. You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; you have put all things under his feet, all sheep and oxen—even the beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea that pass through the paths of the seas.” Note: When the Bible uses the expression ‘beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea that pass through the paths of the seas’ it is referring to the entire planet. Thus the Psalmist is saying that the entire planet was under the dominion of Adam who was the king.

Ellen White amplifies this thought:

“Adam was crowned as king in Eden. To him was given dominion over every living thing that God had created. The Lord blessed Adam and Eve with intelligence such as he had not given to the animal creation. He made Adam the rightful sovereign over all the works of his hands.” Ellen G. White, Review and Herald, February 24, 1874.

Conclusion: Adam was crowned as king and the realm of his kingdom was planet earth.

Adam and Eve’s Garments Genesis 2:25 explains that Adam and Eve were naked and were not ashamed. A closer look reveals that they were covered with glorious garments of light.

–  –  –

“Bless the Lord, O my soul! O Lord my God, You are very great: You are clothed with honor and majesty, who cover Yourself with light as with a garment, who stretch out the heavens like a curtain.” In Revelation 12: 1 the true church is garbed with the glorious light of the sun. In Matthew 17 the raiment of Jesus is spoken of as being white as the light.

Notice the following incisive comment by Ellen G. White:

“The sinless pair wore no artificial garments; they were clothed with a covering of light and glory, such as the angels wear. So long as they lived in obedience to God, this robe of light continued to enshroud them.” Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 45.

Conclusion: Adam and Eve were clothed with white garments of light.

Adam was the Father and Representative of Planet Earth “In Eden, God set up the memorial of His work of creation, in placing His blessing upon the seventh day.

The Sabbath was committed to Adam, the father and representative of the whole human family.” Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 48.

This point is also made clear in the Bible. Even though Eve sinned first, Adam was held accountable by God. Thus, Jesus is the second Adam, not the second Eve!

The Context of Revelation Four and Five Revelation 4 describes four orders of beings: One who is seated on the throne, God the Father (4:2);

the seven Spirits before the throne (4:5); the four living creatures or seraphim (4:6-8; Isaiah 6:1-3);

and the 24 elders (4:4). Missing in chapter four are the angelic hosts and Christ. It is important to realize that the twenty-four elders were around the throne before the arrival of Jesus in chapter 5. This means that the 24 elders cannot be those who resurrected with Jesus because when Jesus arrived in heaven they were already there!

Revelation 5 depicts two other additional orders of being: The angels who arrived with the Lamb who had just been slain and resurrected.

Who are the Twenty-four Elders?

Ellen White in the book The Great Controversy indicates that the sons of God in Job were angels. This harmonizes with Ellen White’s view elsewhere that the representatives of the worlds are powerful angels to whom God has delegated the responsibility of representing these worlds. We need to

understand that in Revelation 5 the angelic host is distinguished from the 24 Elders:

“The Scriptures declare that upon one occasion, when the angels of God came to present themselves before the Lord, Satan came also among them (Job 1:6), not to bow before the Eternal King, but to further his own malicious designs against the righteous. With the same object he is in attendance when men assemble for the worship of God” p. 518

–  –  –

“And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.”  They are seated on thrones, therefore they are rulers. But where are they rulers?

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