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Senior Softball World Championships
Code of Ethics
As a participant in a Senior Softball-USA / Senior
Softball World Championships tournament, including
Qualifiers and International Tours, I agree to conduct
myself as a gentleman or lady both on and off the
field, and that when playing I will:
Article 1: Abide by the current “Official Senior
Softball Guide and Playing Rules” to the best of my
Article 2: Accept the decision of the umpires and my team manager in good sportsmanship.
Article 3: Neither taunt nor degrade my opponent.
Article 4: Avoid bodily contact that may cause injury to others or myself.
Article 5: Never direct abusive or profane language at officials or opponents.
Article 6: Exercise control over my family members and friends to the extent of Articles 3 and 5 above.
Article 7: Not commit any act that could be considered unsportsmanlike conduct.
OFFICIAL SENIOR SOFTBALL 2015-16 RULEBOOK (Updates marked in BOLD type) © 2015 Senior Softball-USA, LLC 2701 K Street, Suite 101A Sacramento, CA 95816-5131 (916) 326.5303 www.seniorsoftball.com All rights reserved This book may not be copied or otherwise reproduced in whole or in part without advance written permission of Senior Softball-USA, LLC and Senior Softball World Championships, Inc.
In Memoriam Bob Mitchell (1930-2010) SSUSA Founder / Hall of Fame 2009 Jim Sherman (1938-2010) National U.I.C. / Safety Officer / Hall of Fame 2009 Steve Simmons (1945-2012) National Director / Clubs & Leagues / Hall of Fame 2013 Benny Villaverde (1926-2012) SSUSA Ambassador / Hall of Fame 2013 Gene (“Doc”) Metcalf (1932-2013) SSUSA Ambassador / Hall of Fame 2013 First Aid Basics T If it is obvious someone has a broken arm or leg, or if they tell you that they think it is broken, do not move the injured limb. Make the person as comfortable as possible, call 9-1-1 and have the medics treat it.
T If someone is unconscious after colliding with another player, or after being hit by a bat or ball, you should follow this procedure: Make sure the person has an open airway to breathe and call 9-1-1. If they become conscious, they should be removed from the game and be watched closely for four hours.
T If someone is bleeding and the blood gets into his or her mouth, put the person on the their side and make sure you keep an airway open.
T If someone quits breathing and has no pulse, immediately start CPR and continue until 9-1-1 help arrives. Find out if an AED machine is available.
T When treating shock, remember: “Face is red, raise the head. Face is pale
SENIOR SOFTBALL-USA 2015-16 RULES COMMITTEE Donna McGuire (MO • Chair), Terry Hennessy (CA • SSUSA CEO), Bill Ruth (WA • SSUSA President), Fran Dowell (CA • SSUSA Executive Director), Dave Barnes (NV • LVSSA), Michael Boone (NJ), Don Brooks (TX), Dave Dowell (CA), George Fernandes (NV • LVSSA), Ron Grassi (WA), Carl Gustafson (CA), Jerry Jackson (IL), Tim McElroy (MD), Randy Rowe (MO), Otis Rowland (OK) and Rick Seifman (AZ).
PLAYING RULES 2015-16 These rules replace and supersede any rules published by Senior Softball World Championships, Inc., or Senior SoftballUSA, LLC, prior to the date of this publication.
DEFINITIONSNOTE: Wherever '"he" or "him" or "their" related pronouns appear in this rule book either as words or as parts of words, they have been used in their generic sense to include both male and female sexes.
1.1 • APPEAL PLAY An appeal play is a play on which an umpire may not make a decision until requested by a manager, coach or player. The appeal must be made before the next legal or illegal pitch or before the pitcher and all infielders have clearly vacated their normal fielding positions and have left fair territory on their way to the bench or dugout area. On the last play of the game, an appeal can be made until the umpires leave the field of play.
A. Types of appeal plays:
1. Missing a base.
2. Leaving a base early on a caught fly ball before the ball is first touched.
3. Batting out of order.
4. Attempting to advance to second base after making a turn at first base (umpire's judgment).
5. After the third out in order to nullify a run.
6. Illegal substitute – must be made while they are in the game and before the umpires leave the playing field.
1.2 • BASE ON BALLS A base on balls permits a batter to gain first base without liability to be put out and is awarded to a batter by the umpire when four pitches are judged to be balls. If the pitcher desires to walk a batter intentionally, he may do so by notifying the plate umpire who shall award the batter first base. Only one batter at a time can be intentionally walked. (See §8.2 B NOTE) 1.3 • BASE PATH A base path is an imaginary line that is three feet (0.91 m) on either side of a direct line between the bases.
1.4 • BATTED BALL A batted ball is any ball that hits the bat or is hit by the bat and lands either in fair or foul territory. No intent to hit the ball is necessary.
1.5 • BATTER'S BOX The batter's box is the 3-foot by 7-foot area to which the batter is restricted. The lines are considered as being within the batter's box. At least some portion of both feet of the batter must be on the line or within the batter’s box. (See §7.3) 2 PLAYING RULES 1.6 • BATTER-RUNNER A batter-runner is a player who has finished his turn at bat but has not yet been put out or touched first base.
1.7 • BATTING ORDER The batting order is the official listing on the lineup card of offensive players by last name, first initial and uniform number. Players will be listed in the order in which they come to bat.
1.8 • BLOCKED BALL A blocked ball is a batted or thrown ball that is touched, stopped or handled by a person not engaged in the game, or that touches any object that is not part of the official equipment or official playing area. Official tournament photographer(s), umpire equipment attached to and hanging on fences and boxed reserve softball supply behind home plate are considered part of the playing field and the ball will remain live.
1.9 • BLOOD RULE Refers to a player, coach or umpire who is bleeding and treatment is required, or who has blood on his uniform. (See §4.9) 1.10 • CATCH A catch is a legally caught ball that occurs when the fielder catches a batted or thrown ball with his hand(s) or glove and the resulting release of the ball must be voluntary. NOTE: It is not a catch if a fielder, after he contacts the ball, collides with another player, umpire or a fence, or falls to the ground and loses possession of the ball as a result of the collision or falling to the ground. A ball that strikes anything other than a defensive player while it is in flight, is ruled the same as if it struck the ground. An illegally caught ball occurs when a fielder catches a batted or thrown ball with anything other than his hand(s) or glove in its proper place.
1.11 • CATCHER'S BOX The catcher's box is the 8½-foot (2.59 m) by 10-foot (3.05 m) area directly behind the batter's box, to which the catcher is restricted. The lines are considered as being within the catcher's box. At least some portion of both feet of the catcher must be within the catcher's box. The catcher must remain in the box until the pitched ball is batted or touches the ground or plate.
1.12 • CHARGED CONFERENCE
A charged conference takes place when:
A. Defensive conference – A conference shall be charged when a defensive team representative, from the dugout, enters the field of play by crossing the foul line. The conference ends when the representative crosses the foul
PLAYING RULESline on the return to the dugout. Only one defensive conference per inning is permitted. If more than one occurs, the pitcher must be removed from the pitching position and cannot return to the pitching position for the remainder of the game.
B. Offensive conference – A conference shall be charged when an offensive team representative or player requests suspension of play to confer with an offensive team member.
C. There will be only one charged offensive conference per inning.
D. The manager or team representative who insists on more than one offensive conference shall be ejected.
1.13 • CHOPPED BALL A chopped ball occurs when the batter strikes downward with a chopping motion of the bat so that the ball bounces high into the air. EFFECT: The player will be called out.
1.14 • COACH (BASE) A base coach is a member of the team at bat who takes his place within one of the two coaches boxes on the field to direct the players of his team in running the bases. Either base coach may have in his possession any item to be used for scorekeeping or recordkeeping purposes only. No communication equipment is allowed.
1.15 • COMMITMENT LINE A three foot commitment line shall be marked across and perpendicular to the foul line and placed thirty feet from home plate. Once a runner has crossed the commitment line he: (a) cannot return to third base; (b) must continue home; (c) can no long be tagged out by the defensive player; the defensive player must touch the strike zone mat.
1.16 • DEAD BALL This is the term that is used for a ball that has crossed over the dead-ball line, is blocked touched and/or the umpire has ruled dead. A dead ball line is considered in play. A player may reach over the dead ball line to make a catch.
1.17 • DEFENSIVE TEAM The defensive team is the team in the field.
1.18 • DISLODGED BASE A dislodged base is a base displaced from its proper position.
4 PLAYING RULES 1.19 • DOUBLE PLAY A double play is a play by the defense resulting in two offensive players being legally declared put out.
1.20 • EJECTION This is the result of an incident that requires removal from the game by the umpire, whereby the ejected player or coach can no longer participate in the game and must leave the playing field and dugout. A flagrant act will require the player or coach to leave the grounds for the remainder of the game. Any ejected player discovered participating will constitute a forfeit. (See §5.6) 1.21 • EQUALIZER When teams of a single unequal age or skill rating play, the older or lower-rated team receives an equalizer, at its election, of five runs (allocated at one run per inning played for innings two through six) OR an 11th defensive player. If the teams are two or more age or ratings levels unequal, the older or lower rated team will receive both the five-run equalizer and the 11th defensive player. In age divisions that already play 11 defensive players, the equalizer shall be five runs only for a single rating or age difference, and seven runs (allocated at one run for each of the first seven, only, innings played) in the case of two or more age or rating differences. EXCEPTION: Men’s 40-Masters division shall have a runs-only equalizer, and not an 11th defensive player option.
1.22 • FAIR BALL A batted ball shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line, including the foul pole, and not as to whether the fielder is on fair or foul territory at the time he touches the ball. It does not matter whether the ball first touches fair or foul territory, as long as it does not touch anything foreign to the natural ground in foul territory and complies with all other aspects of a fair ball.
A fair ball is a legally batted ball that:
A. Settles or is touched on or over fair territory between home and first base or between home and third base.
B. Bounds over or past first or third base, which is in fair territory, regardless of where the ball hits after going over the base.
C. While on or over fair territory, touches the person, attached equipment or clothing of a player or an umpire.
D. Touches first, second or third base.
E. First falls or is touched on or over fair territory beyond first, second or third base.
PLAYING RULESF. While over fair territory passes out of the playing field beyond the outfield fence.
G. Hits the fair/foul pole.
1.23 • FAIR TERRITORY Fair territory is that part of the playing field within, and including, the first and third base foul lines from home plate to the bottom of the playing field fence and perpendicularly upwards. (NOTE: Any batted ball first hitting any portion of the strike mat then settling in fair territory is a fair ball.) 1.24 • FAKE TAG A fake tag is a form of obstruction by a fielder who neither has the ball nor is about to receive the ball. This obstruction impedes the progress of a runner either advancing or returning to a base. The runner does not have to stop or slide. Merely slowing down when a fake tag is attempted would constitute obstruction. (For penalty, see §8.4(10) A.) 1.25 • FIELDER A fielder is any player of the team in the field.
1.26 • FLY BALL A fly ball is any ball batted into the air over fair or foul territory.
1.27 • FORCE OUT - FORCE PLAY A. A force out is force play that results from a batter becoming a batter-runner
and before the batter-runner or a preceding runner have been put out. NOTE:
(a) If a batted ball is caught prior to the ball touching the ground, there cannot be a force out. (b) If the forced runner, after touching the next base, retreats for any reason towards the base he last occupied, the force play is reinstated and he may again be put out if the defense tags the runner or the base to which the runner is forced.
1.28 • FOUL BALL
A foul ball is a legally batted ball that:
A. Settles or is touched on or over foul territory between home and first base or between home and third base.
B. Bounds or rolls past first or third base on or over foul territory.
C. While over foul territory, touches the person, attached equipment or clothing of a player or an umpire, or is blocked.
D. First hits the ground or is first touched over foul territory beyond first or third base. A caught fly ball is not a foul ball.
6 PLAYING RULES E. Touches the batter or the bat in the batter's hand(s) a second time while the batter is within the batter's box.