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«2011 Pumpkin Project List Jennifer Bradley Assistant Gardener, HRC Characteristics of Cucurbit Species Argyrosperma/ Mixta: sister to moschata. ...»

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2011 Pumpkin Project List

Jennifer Bradley

Assistant Gardener, HRC

Characteristics of Cucurbit Species

Argyrosperma/ Mixta: sister to moschata. Include Silverseed, Callicarpa (Cushaw-

types).

Maxima: soft stem (like soft cork). Originated in South America, include: Australian

Blues, Banana, Hubbard, Buttercup, Turban, etc.

Moschata: high in carotenoids, some are Central American, include Japonica, Tropical,

Cheese, and Neck varieties.

Pepo: oldest and most diverse group. Came from Americas, Europe, and Mexico.

Include Acorns, Scallop, Crookneck, Naked Seeded Lagenaria siceraria: Native to Africa and Asia. Can be eaten when young, otherwise great gourds like Apple.

Pumpkins (44) American Tondo/Tonda ( C. pepo) Old Italian variety-new to the United States. At maturity, this beautiful ornamental pumpkin has deep orange skin with green stripes between the heavy ribs and weighs 6-14 lb. When the fruits are young and small, they are more of a two-tone speckled green and can be eaten like squash.

Atlantic Giant (C. maxima) The Grand-Daddy of giant pumpkins! The present record for this amazing variety is now over 1000 lbs. This is the one to grow for giant pumpkin contests. It consistently produces 400 to 500 lb. fruits with proper growing procedures.

Perfect for huge jack-o'-lanterns and fall displays. Fruit color varies from yellow to orange.

Autumn Crown (C. moschata)) A superior moschata for taste and shape. It smells like melon when cut but tastes like butternut. Great orange flesh.

Baby Bear (C. pepo) Deep orange, 1 1/2-2 1/2-lb. fruits are about half the size of a normal pie pumpkin. With slender, sturdy, easy-to-grip handles, they are very appealing to children. One of Baby Bear’s parents was New England Pie and the other was a small "naked" seed pumpkin, so in addition to its decorative use, the flesh is good for pies and the semi-hull less seeds are good for roasted snacks.

Baby Boo (C. pepo) Baby Bear is a unique size and shape, and is often called "the perfect mini pumpkin" by growers. Deep orange fruits are about half the size of a normal pie pumpkin. With slender, sturdy, easy-to-grip handles, they are very appealing to children. One of Baby Bear’s parents was New England Pie, so in addition to its decorative use, the flesh is good for pies and the semi-hull-less seeds are good for roasted snacks. High yield potential Baby Pam (C. pepo) Plant produces small 4 lb deep orange pumpkins. This is a bright deep orange pumpkin with a thick handle. Excellent for decoration and one of the finest varieties for making pumpkin pies.

Batwing Mix (C. maxima) Miniature black and orange pumpkins. Great for decorating.

Big Max (C. maxima) Impressive pumpkins, 100 lbs. or more, have beautiful orange skin splashed with pink. Big Max pumpkins are great for canning, freezing or baking.

Big Rock (C. pepo) A Howden-sized hybrid with blocky round shape and strong handles. Fruit weights can average mid 20lbs or larger.

Champion (C. pepo) Blocky round pumpkins with slightly russet or deep orange color and tough green handles. Reduced-length vine and resists powdery mildew. Charisma is medium in size.

Chucky (C. pepo) New, extremely uniform and productive. Chucky is an early-maturing, 'kid-size' pumpkin with nice handles. Semi-bush vines keep it compact in the field.

Galeuse D’ Eysines (C. maxima) This heirloom pumpkin was virtually unknown in the US until it was discovered at the 1996 Pumpkin Fair in Tranzault, France. The pumpkin is pink and shaped like a wheel of cheese, covered with beige scars or bumps that resemble peanuts, but are actually caused by sugar in the skin. When cooked, the flesh is sweet and very smooth. In France, it's traditionally used for soups and sauces, but it's also delicious fried in butter. The pumpkins weigh 15 to 25 pounds and keep for months.

Gele Reuzen (C. pepo) This wonderful German heirloom pumpkin has round, nearly rib-less fruits are yellowish-orange, and can get huge, as much as 65 to 120 lbs. Very vigorous grower, and a wonderful eating type. Thick handles.

Goosebumps Hybrid (C. pepo) This SUPERFREAK pumpkin is heavily warted. The fruits are 8-12 lbs and rounded. Good yielding vines produce lots of these great decorating and carving pumpkins.

Howden Biggie (C. pepo) Developed in the early 1970’s, by John Howden of Massachusetts. Howden has become the model jack-o'-lantern pumpkin by which others are compared.

Howden Biggie is classic Howden quality, with extra size. The pumpkins average 40 lbs. and have rich dark orange color. Thick flesh helps maintain their uniform, upright shape. Strong, sturdy stem handles and a tough surface keeps them in top condition for a long time. They produce excellent yields.

Jaune Gros De Paris (C. maxima) Large pie (culinary) French heirloom. Vines bear up to 100-pound, pinkishyellow, round, flattened, lightly ribbed fruit. Good keeper. Delicious baked, in soups and pies. Still very popular in France.

Kakai (C. pepo) Eye-catching, medium-small, avg. 5-8 lb., black-striped pumpkins. They have large, dark green, completely hull-less seeds, which are absolutely delicious roasted. Kakai is a variety of the Austrian type that yields the valuable green pumpkin seed oil that some European studies show promotes prostate health.

King of Mammoth (C. maxima) A rare heirloom pumpkin dating back to pre-1824. This huge variety has been recorded at over 250 lbs. They commonly grow 40-100 lbs. Skin mottled pinkishorange on yellow. Good for pies; huge yields.





Knucklehead Hybrid (C. pepo) This is the largest of the SUPERFREAK series. Bred for a naturally heavily warted skin, the fruit is 12-16 pounds, slightly tall/rounded (great 'face' shape).

Crazy and freaky, tons of fun for the home! The breeding for the warting has also created a harder shell, so extra work may be required if carving, but then your work will last longer!

Lil’ Pump-ke-mon (C. pepo) A rounder version of sweet lightening.

Lumina, (or Casper) (C. maxima ) Novel pumpkin is perfect for carving, painting and decorating. Mid-sized fruits grow 8-10 in. tall, weigh up to 12 lbs. Smooth and pure white outside; all finegrained orange flesh inside Marina Di Chioggia (C. maxima) The heirloom sea pumpkin of Chioggia on the coast of Italy. The large turban shaped fruit are deep blue-green. It is one of the most beautiful and unique of all squash. A perfect variety for market gardeners. The rich, sweet flesh is a deep yellow-orange and of good quality, delicious baked or in pies. The fruit weigh about 10 lbs. each and are produced on vigorous vines. Stunning! Pure Italian seed, from one of Italy's best heirloom growers.

Musque de Provence (C. moschata) or Fairytale These gorgeous, big flat pumpkins are shaped like a big wheel of cheese and are heavily lobed and ribbed. The skin is a beautiful, rich brown color when ripe. The flesh is deep orange, thick and very fine flavored; fruit grow to 20 lbs. each. This is a traditional variety from southern France.

Naples Long (C. moschata) Beautiful, very old, Italian heirloom. Large, peanut-shaped squash can weigh 20lb. The skin is a deep green that turns tan in storage. The flesh is bright orange, and the flavor is superb - rich and very sweet.

New England Pie (C. pepo) Dark orange-skinned pumpkins in a range of small sizes, typically 4-6 lb.

Although not as sweet as squash, the well-colored, orange flesh is relatively starchy, dry, and strings less. Classic pie pumpkin Omaha (C. pepo) Oscar Will Seed Company introduced this in 1924 but it was collected much earlier from the Omaha Indians, by Dr. Melvin Gilmore. Weighing 3 to 5 pounds, Omaha matures early with tall, cylindrical, upright pumpkins which make cute Jack o’ Lanterns. The vines are vigorous, yielding even in short-season climates.

Very sweet fruits store for a few months and are good baked or in pies.

One Too Many (C. maxima) The pumpkin that looks like a bloodshot eyeball! These 20 pound round to oblong fruits have a white background accented with midribs and stippled veins of red.

The productive vines have moderate to good powdery mildew tolerance plus some virus tolerance Pacheco (C. pepo) A pumpkin that has a beautiful yellow rind and is filled with delicious creamy yellow flesh; quite tasty! This heirloom is said to be collected at a rancho west of Chihuahua, Old Mexico.

Polar Bear (C. maxima) Extra-large white pumpkin.Polar Bear retains its color after maturity in the field, at market, and in decorative displays. Long, vigorous vines produce fruit typically weighing 30-40 lbs Racer (C. pepo) Developed by University of New Hampshire and Johnny’s Seed. Blocky, heavy, midsize pumpkin with a great-looking rib and big, dark green handle. Highly productive, vigorous, semi-bush vine.

Red Warty Thing (C. maxima) This unusual pumpkin was brought back through seed provided by the U.S. Seed Bank. Its bright orange-red and warty skin makes it ideal for decorating.

However, beneath the very hard, thick rind is fine-grained, dry, golden-orange flesh that matches the best Hubbard squash for flavor and quality.

Rival (C. pepo) Big and beautiful with disease resistance. Rival is a round, medium-sized jack-o'lantern type with intermediate resistance to powdery mildew. Medium length vines produce deep orange pumpkins.

Rouge Vif D’Etampes (C. maxima) It is known as Rouge vif d’Etampes in France. "Rouge vif" means "vivid red".

This is an attractive variety, actually a squash, for fall display. It has a flat shape, looking like a red cheese wheel. The moderately sweet, orange flesh is suited for pumpkin or squash pie.

Snack Face (C. pepo) The roasted seeds are a delicious, healthy snack. Bright orange 1 to 2 pound pumpkins are backed with hulless seeds that can be roasted. Also great for pies and cute fall decorations. Semi-bush plants save garden space.

Speckled Hound (C. maxima) Blocky shaped fruit that have an unusual pinkish-orange color with green and blue-green splotches on them. The thick, yellow-orange flesh is edible and is very tasty with a dry texture similar to a buttercup squash.

Sweet Lightning (C.pepo) A great tasting variety with deep orange flesh and attractive creamy-orange striped skin. Blocky body. Specially bred to have high sugar content for that extra sweet flavor.

Tom Fox (C. Pepo) Developed by New Hampshire farmer Tom Fox. The well-ribbed, medium-sized, avg. 12-20 lb., pumpkins have a deep orange color and fantastic handles: fat, long, dark green, and strong. The pumpkins are slightly smaller than Howden, and larger than Racer. They grow on long vines in a variety of shapes and are thickwalled and heavy for their size. An exceptional grower-developed pumpkin!

Tours (C. pepo) Citrouille De Tourraine Grown in 19th century Europe to feed cattle. Beautiful, tall keg shaped fruit with pale green rinds marked with dark green lines. Best eaten when small but can reach up to 100lbs.

Valenciano (C. pepo) Snow-white skin. Clearly the whitest pumpkin; it is unique for doorstep decorations and painting. It is slightly ribbed, with a smooth white skin. Thick orange flesh suitable for pies.

Winter Luxury(C. pepo) This marvelous, small pumpkin has a unique, netted skin. Typical weight is 5-7 lb. Doing double duty, Winter Luxury is not only a gorgeous ornamental, but is also superb for eating.

Wolf (C. pepo) Howden-size (avg. 25 lb.) with very thick and strong handles. Distinctive, round pumpkins are deep orange with moderate rib. Thick flesh helps prevent flatsiding. Wolf takes more room to grow than other pumpkin varieties.

Squash (63) Akehime (C. maxima) A "baby-sized" or one-serving Japan winter squash, kabocha, is now available.

Chefs in Japan find it a perfect kabocha for stuffing and for use in soups. The beautiful red-orange skin of this Japanese pumpkin squash is miniature in size, weighing only about 1 pound. The flesh of the fruit is brilliant yellow-orange and has powdery, soft texture when cooked. Its flavor is very sweet like a cross between a sweet potato and a pumpkin. Use in tempura, stir-fry or bake.

Amish Pie (C. maxima) Heirloom obtained by James Robinson and Seed Saver Exchage from an Amish gardener in Maryland. Pale orange flesh measures up to 5" thick, and the largest fruits weigh 60-80 pounds. Firm moist flesh is excellent for making pies and for freezing. One will last you all season!!!

Australian Butter (C. maxima) Heirloom prolific, tasty and versatile winter squash. It has a pale buff-orange, hard shell and sweet, dense, deep orange flesh that is dry with a very small seed cavity. When roasted, its custardy, silky-smooth texture is scrumptious! Weighing in at up to 12 to 15 pounds, this long-keeper may be stored and used throughout the winter.

Batopilas Canyon (C. mixta) Collected at the bottom of Batopilas Canyon in the Sierra Tarahumara. A native cushaw-type that has large attractive bell-shaped fruit that is green and whitestriped, or green with green stripes.

Black Forest (C. maxima) Black Forest's dark green, flat-round fruits are of the kabocha type, but a bit smaller, averaging 3-4 lb - buttercup size without the button. The deep orange flesh is medium dry and sweet.

Blue Ballet (C. maxima) A sweet, scaled-down and more marketable Blue Hubbard. Smooth-skinned, blue-gray fruits are medium size, avg. 4-6 lb., with sweeter, bright orange, fiberless flesh.

Blue Hubbard (C. maxima) The big fruits are tapered at the ends and have a bumpy, blue-green, hard shell.

Medium-dry, medium-sweet, yellow flesh.

Boston Marrow (C. maxima) Lovely 15-lb fruit are hubbard-shaped and a brilliant red-orange in color. This variety was first documented back to 1831. This variety came to be grown in the Buffalo area after a tribe of Native Americans traveled through the area and distributed seed. From this historic introduction, Boston Marrow soon became one of the most important commercial squashes for 150 years; but as the 21st century approached, nearly every seed company had dropped this unique treasure. In 1881 D.M. Ferry’s catalog said, "Very dry, finegrained, and for sweetness and excellence, unsurpassed; a very popular variety in the Boston market." It has rich, orange flesh that won it a place in Slow Foods Ark of Taste" for having superior flavor and taste!

Buttercup, Burgess (C.maxima) Standard buttercup Dark green, blocky, with a gray "button" on the blossom end. The medium-small, 3-5 lb., fruits have deep orange, fiberless flesh with a rich, sweet flavor. A northern New England favorite.



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