FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:   || 2 |

«State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection 901 South Stewart Street, Suite 4001 Carson City, Nevada 89701 NOVEMBER 18, 2014 This page is ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --



To Satisfy

Sections 308(g), (h) and (i)

of the Regional Haze Rule

(40 CFR § 51.308)

State of Nevada

Division of Environmental Protection

901 South Stewart Street, Suite 4001

Carson City, Nevada 89701

NOVEMBER 18, 2014

This page is intentionally blank.


Nevada’s Regional Haze 5-Year Progress Report was developed for submittal to the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency under Section 308 of the Regional Haze Rule (40 CFR § 51.308) as a revision to the applicable Nevada state implementation plan (SIP). 40 CFR § 51.308(g) requires periodic reports every five years after the initial regional haze SIP was submitted. This report satisfies the first 5-year progress report requirement. The report is based on data that existed as of March 1, 2014.

Nevada’s Regional Haze 5-Year Progress Report and related documents can be found on the following website: http://ndep.nv.gov/baqp/planmodeling/rhaze.html. Western Regional Air

Partnership (WRAP) reports and documents can be found on the following websites:

http://www.wrapair2.org/ or at the WRAP TSS website: http://vista.cira.colostate.edu/tss/.

Nevada has chosen to link to websites on the internet for many references cited in this report.

We have backed up these links by putting electronic copies of reference documents on the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection’s (NDEP) server. If any of the links in this document do not work for you, you may contact the NDEP Bureau of Air Quality Planning at 901 South Stewart Street, Suite 4001, Carson City, Nevada 89701 or by telephone at 775-687- 9349 for assistance.


This document was written by the following staff of the NDEP, Bureau of Air Quality Planning:

Principal Authors Frank Forsgren Brenda Harpring Adele Malone, Supervisor Contributing Staff Patricia Bobo Reviewers Jasmine Mehta, Chief, Bureau Air Quality Planning Rob Bamford, Chief, Bureau Air Pollution Control The supporting technical information in this plan was assembled with the assistance of the WRAP and their consultants.

This page is intentionally blank.


In 1977, Congress amended the Clean Air Act (CAA) to establish a national goal to protect visibility in Class I federal areas – national parks, forests and wilderness areas. The amendments called for the “prevention of any future, and the remedying of any existing, impairment of visibility in mandatory class I Federal areas which impairment results from manmade air pollution.” CAA § 169A. In Nevada, one area was designated: the Jarbidge Wilderness Area (Jarbidge WA) in the northeast corner of the state.

On July 1, 1999, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) adopted the Regional Haze Rule (RHR). The RHR requires each affected state to develop and adopt an implementation plan that will improve the haziest days and protect the clearest days at each mandatory Class I area in the state with a goal of returning to natural visibility conditions by the year 2064. Each plan must provide a comprehensive analysis of natural and man-made sources of haze in each mandatory Class I area in the state and contain strategies to control anthropogenic emissions that contribute to haze. The plan must also address the transport of haze across state boundaries. The Nevada Regional Haze State Implementation Plan (2009 RH SIP), which addressed the initial planning period in the federal rule (2008 to 2018), was submitted to the USEPA on November 18, 2009. A comprehensive SIP revision is due on July 1, 2018 and every ten years thereafter.

USEPA’s regional haze regulations also include provisions for 5-year progress reports. These progress reports must provide an assessment of whether the approved SIP is being implemented appropriately and whether reasonable visibility progress is being achieved consistent with the projected visibility improvement in the SIP. The requirements for these reports are found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 51 Sections 308 (g) and (h). Requirements for state and federal land manager (FLM) coordination are found in Part 51 Section 308 (i).

As discussed in the introductory chapter of this report, in Nevada nearly three-quarters of the visibility-impairing pollutants come from natural sources. Emission inventory data for the baseline period show that sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and coarse mass (dust) are the predominant anthropogenic pollutants in Nevada. For sulfur dioxide, 97 percent of the emissions statewide came from anthropogenic sources; for oxides of nitrogen, 86 percent were anthropogenic; and for coarse mass, 38 percent were anthropogenic. Nevada’s long-term strategy for the first planning period focused on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide because they were the predominant anthropogenic pollutants and because of the controllable nature of these emissions. This report, therefore, focuses on the status of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide control measures and progress toward Nevada’s 2018 visibility improvement goal.

Nevada continues to reduce emissions of the key visibility impairing pollutants. Point source emissions of sulfur dioxide alone decreased by 78 percent from the baseline inventory to the

–  –  –

Although natural wildfire smoke and windblown dust persist as the strongest drivers of reduced visibility on worst days at the Jarbidge WA, Nevada’s strategies for reducing sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen have lowered sulfate and nitrate particle concentrations at the Jarbidge WA.

Monitored light extinction1 due to both sulfate and nitrate has decreased between the baseline and progress periods for both the worst days and the best days. Trend analyses of the period 2000 to 2012 for the Jarbidge WA show that visibility impairment due to sulfate and nitrate extinction is decreasing through time for both the worst and best days. Thus, the long-term strategy embraced in the 2009 SIP is working to reduce emissions to reach the reasonable progress goals for 2018, as required. In the comprehensive 2018 SIP revision, Nevada will evaluate sources of visibility impairment at Jarbidge WA and revise its long-term strategy for the 2018-2028 planning period, as appropriate.

Since the development of the 2018 emissions inventory for the 2009 RH SIP submittal, additional State and federal regulations and actions have been imposed on various source sectors.

These additional mandates will help ensure that reasonable progress goals are attained on or before 2018. In addition, the 2018 emissions projections included a coal-fired power plant that has since ceased operations and been decommissioned, and three proposed power plants whose permit applications have been withdrawn. These actions have led to substantial reductions in the actual and projected emissions of anthropogenic visibility-impairing pollutants from Nevada sources and will further ensure that reasonable progress goals are attained on or before 2018.

Finally, as discussed in Chapter Two, all of the facilities in Nevada that are subject to best available retrofit technology (BART) requirements are on schedule to meet those requirements by the State or federal implementation plan compliance dates.

Reducing haze is a regional effort and Nevada continues to work with the other western states and the federal land managers to plan for the required 2018 revision of its RH SIP. The states are focusing on strategies for continued reduction of controllable emissions. Quantification of the impacts of wildfire smoke and other sources beyond State regulatory jurisdiction will continue for the purposes of defining the burden these sources place on achieving visibility goals.

As evidenced by reductions in all of the controllable anthropogenic point source emissions that contribute to haze in Nevada and the concurrent downward trend of sulfate and nitrate light extinction at the Jarbidge WA monitor, Nevada determines the current regional haze plan strategies are adequate for Nevada to meet its 2018 visibility improvement goals. Based on an analysis of Nevada’s contribution to visibility impairment at nearby Class I areas, discussed in Chapters One and Six, and consultation with neighboring states, Nevada further concludes that 1 Light extinction, or the impairment of visibility, occurs due to particles and gases that reflect and absorb light. For a more complete description, see Chapter One of the 2009 RH SIP.

–  –  –






1.1 Clean Air Act Requirements for Addressing Regional Haze

1.2 Requirements for Periodic Reports and Premises

1.3 Class I Areas in Nevada and Nearby


2.1 Status Summary

2.2 Nature of the Visibility Problem in Nevada

2.3 Federal Programs

2.4 State Measures other than BART

2.5 Review of BART Determinations


3.1 Status Summary

3.2 Overall NOx and SO2 Emission Reductions

3.3 NOx and SO2 Emission Reductions from Federal Programs

3.4 EGU NOx and SO2 Emission Reductions due to State Measures other than BART 3-3


4.1 Status Summary

4.2 Visibility Conditions

4.3 Current Visibility Conditions

4.4 Differences between Current and Baseline Conditions

4.5 Changes in Visibility Impairment

–  –  –

4.6 Visibility Trends

4.7 Effects of Outliers


5.1 Status Summary

5.2 Baseline and Progress Periods for Tracking Emission Changes

5.3 Emissions from the 2002 Baseline Period

5.4 Emissions from the 2008 Progress Period

5.5 Emission Differences between the Baseline and Progress Periods


6.1 Status Summary

6.2 Significant Emission Changes within Nevada

6.3 Non-Nevada Sources Impacting the Jarbidge Wilderness Area

6.4 Nevada’s Impacts on Nearby Class I Areas



7.1 Status Summary

7.2 Requirements

7.3 Emissions Analysis

7.4 Visibility Analysis

7.5 Conclusions



8.1 Assessment



9.1 Determination of Adequacy

9.2 Procedural Requirements

9.3 Conclusions

–  –  –

REFERENCES APPENDIX A: Western Regional Air Partnership Regional Haze Rule Reasonable Progress Summary Report, June 28, 2013. Section 6.8 Nevada.

–  –  –

APPENDIX C: Federal Land Management Agency Comments and Nevada’s Responses APPENDIX D: Evidence of Public Participation; Public Comments and Nevada’s Responses

–  –  –

Pages:   || 2 |

Similar works:

«Gambia 1 Gambia Republic of The Gambia Republik Gambia Flagge Wappen Wahlspruch: „Progress, Peace, Prosperity“ (eng., „Fortschritt, Frieden, Wohlstand“) Amtssprache Englisch Hauptstadt Banjul Staatsform Präsidiale Republik Staatsoberhaupt und Regierungschef Präsident Yahya Jammeh Fläche 11.295 km² Einwohnerzahl 1.622.271 (Schätzung Mai 2010) Bevölkerungsdichte 143,6 Einwohner pro km² [1] 653 Mio. US$ (167.) Bruttoinlandsprodukt nominal (2007) Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Einwohner...»

«The Sum is Greater than the Parts: Doubling Shared Prosperity in Indonesia Through Local and Global Integration i Table of Contents Page v Preface vi Abstract vii Executive Summary 1 CHAPTER ONE Indonesia’s Development Challenge: Doubling Shared Prosperity by Accelerating Sustainable, Inclusive Growth Cukup Baik Tidak Cukup – Good Enough is Not Enough 1 How fast has Indonesia grown? 3 How competitive is Indonesia’s growth? 12 How fairly has Indonesia grown? 16 Comparative Growth...»

«Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 155 (2014) 533 – 538 The International Conference on Communication and Media 2014 (i-COME’14), 18-20 October 2014, Langkawi, MALAYSIA News on Foreign War versus Local ‘War’: Perception of Malaysian Audience Faridah Ibrahima*, Dil Froz Jan Sayed Halem Shaha, Norzita Yunusa, Chang Peng Keeb, Normah Mustaffab a Faculty of Arts, Communication and Education, Infrastructure University Kuala Lumpur,...»

«ABSTRACT Title of Document: THE DEVELOPMENTAL NICHES OF YOUNG CHILDREN FROM CENTRAL AMERICAN FAMILIES: LINKS BETWEEN THEIR EARLY SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTS AND SOCIAL SKILLS Nicole Marie Denmark, Ph.D., 2012 Directed By: Professor B. Jones Harden, Department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology National studies reveal early gaps in the language and literacy skills of children from low-income Central American (CA) immigrant families, yet also indicate strengths in the social development of...»

«A83 Trunk Road Route Study Part A A83 Rest and Be Thankful Summary February 2013 Document Control Sheet BPP 04 F8 Version 14 July 2012 Project: A83 Trunk Road Route Study Project No: B1557610 Client: Transport Scotland Document Title: Part A – A83 Rest and Be Thankful Ref. No: Originated by Checked by Reviewed by Approved by NAME NAME NAME NAME ORIGINAL (Draft) Charles Macklin Graeme Herd Stuart Turnbull Helen Bradley DATE INITIALS INITIALS INITIALS INITIALS 07/12/2012 Published Draft for...»

«Juanefio Band of Mission Indians (Petitioner #84B) Final Detennination Final Detennination Against Acknowledgment of The Juanefio Band of Mission Indians (Petitioner #84B) Prepared in Response to the petition Submitted to the Assistant Secretary Indian Affairs for Federal Acknowledgment as an Indian Tribe M 15 2011 AR (Date) ~a-w-kAssistant Secretary Indian Affairs Juaneño Band of Mission Indians (Petitioner #84B) Final Determination Final Determination The Juaneño Band of Mission Indians...»

«ELTE School of English and American Studies Department of English Studies Ajtósi Dürer sor 19., H-1146 Budapest, Hungary Phone: (36-1) 460-4400; 460-4407 * Fax: (36-1) 460-4430 E-mail: dbs@ludens.elte.hu DOCTORAL PROGRAMME IN MODERN ENGLISH AND AMERICAN LITERATURE General Information 2004 Available: ELTE BTK Department of English Studies Building A, Room 219 Also: www.des.elte.hu Ph.D. in English and American Literature CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION 3 II. APPLICATION AND ADMISSION 4 III. THE...»

«SERIES IZA DP No. 6843 PAPER Does Emigration Benefit the Stayers? Evidence from EU Enlargement Benjamin Elsner DISCUSSION September 2012 Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit Institute for the Study of Labor Does Emigration Benefit the Stayers? Evidence from EU Enlargement Benjamin Elsner IZA and IIIS Discussion Paper No. 6843 September 2012 IZA P.O. Box 7240 53072 Bonn Germany Phone: +49-228-3894-0 Fax: +49-228-3894-180 E-mail: iza@iza.org Any opinions expressed here are those of the...»

«+ Present: Michael Carr Chairman Paula Clare Governor COUNCIL OF GOVERNORS Brian Cummings Governor Mandy Duncan Governor Sue Hill Governor MINUTES OF Kathryn Hodson Governor MEETING HELD ON Robert Howell Governor 11th DECEMBER 2013 John Karran Governor Barbara Kerr Governor BOARDROOM Rosemary Morgan Governor EDUCATION CENTRE Norman Robinson Governor ARROWE PARK HOSPITAL Beverley Ross Governor Donald Shaw Lead Governor David Steele Governor Iain Stenhouse Governor In attendance: David Allison...»

«NOTICE: This opinion is subject to motions for rehearing under Rule 22 as well as formal revision before publication in the New Hampshire Reports. Readers are requested to notify the Reporter, Supreme Court of New Hampshire, One Charles Doe Drive, Concord, New Hampshire 03301, of any editorial errors in order that corrections may be made before the opinion goes to press. Errors may be reported by E-mail at the following address: reporter@courts.state.nh.us. Opinions are available on the...»

«Aerospace Company Profiles in Mexico October 7, 2009 AERNNOVA Aerospace, SA Bombardier Cessna Eurocopter de Mexico General Electric Aviation GlobalVantage Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. Labinal Lockheed Martin MD Helicopters Messier-Bugatti SAFRAN Source: Company websites and The Harris Selectory Source Description: The Harris Selectory is a Dun & Bradstreet product containing profiles of U.S. and global companies, mostly manufacturing ventures. Both private and public companies are listed with...»

« a metered-dose pump that delivers 20.25 mg testosterone per HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION actuation. (3) These highlights do not include all the information needed to use  packets containing 20.25 mg testosterone. (3) ANDROGEL 1.62% safely and effectively. See full prescribing  packets containing 40.5 mg testosterone. (3) information for ANDROGEL 1.62%. ® -CONTRAINDICATIONS AndroGel (testosterone gel) 1.62% for topical use CIII  Men with carcinoma of the breast or known or...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.