FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 28 |

«BUSHY PARK MANAGEMENT PLAN The Royal Parks DRAFT 2014 - 2024 Bushy Park Management Plan DRAFT Prepared by The Royal Parks March 2014 Consultation ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --



The Royal Parks


2014 - 2024

Bushy Park

Management Plan



by The Royal Parks

March 2014

Consultation Draft

The Royal Parks

Rangers Lodge

Hyde Park

London W2 2UH

Tel: 020 7298 2000

Fax: 020 7402 3298




1.0 Introduction

Bushy Park

Aims of the Bushy Park Management Plan

Structure of the Plan

Note on the Heritage Lottery Projects

The Management Plan

The Conservation Statement

2.0 General and Management Context


Existing TRP Management Framework

Management Structure of Bushy Park

Landscape Management

Database and Archive


Community Involvement

External Influences

Management Issues: Public Access

Main Leases, Licenses and Warrants

Management Issues: Leases, Licences, Warrants and Neighbours

Other Background Information

3.0 Strategic Framework

Management Issue: Local Planning Policy and Designations

Regional Context

Local Context

4.0 Historical Context

Significance of Historic Context

5.0 Physical Description

Geology, Topography and Soils

Views and Vistas

Hydrology and drainage


6.0 Natural Fabric


Ecology and Wildlife

i Trees and Woodland


Unimproved acid grasslands

Wetlands and Aquatic Habitats

Aquatic plants


Invasive Species


7.0 Buildings and Hard Landscape Fabric

Buildings and Main Structures

Buildings within the historic extent of the Park and which are not Managed by TRP........... 114 Monuments and Main Artefacts

Boundary Wall, Fencing, Gates and Entrances

Park Furniture and Signage

Other Artefacts

8.0 Public Use

Public Access


Management Issues: Events

Visitor Facilities

Organised Sports and Facilities

Management Issues: Organised Sport and Facilities

Formal and Informal Activities


Horse Riding

Children’s Play

Educational and Community Activities

Management Issues: Educational Activities


Management Issues: Community Activities

9.0 Landscape Character


Management Issues: Views

Character Areas

Area 1: Chestnut Avenue

Area 2. Hare Warren

Area 3: Middle Park South

Area 4: Middle Park North

Area 5: Old Park

ii Area 6: Brewhouse Meadows and Stockyard Fields

Area 7: The Woodland Gardens

Area A: Bushy House

Area B: The Royal Paddocks

Area C: King’s Field


10.0 Significance

The Statement of Significance

Summary of Key Significance

History and Culture

11.0 Key Management Issues

Physical Context

Buildings and hard landscape fabric

Public Use

Landscape character


12.0 Guiding Policies for Management

Park Management Policy PM1

Physical Context Policy PHY1-2

Management Guidelines: Water PHY2

Natural Fabric Policy N1-10

Buildings And Hard Landscape Fabric Policy BUILD1-9

Archaeology and Cultural Landscape Policies BUILD6-8

Public Use Policy PUB1-7

Landscape Character Policy CHA1

Specific Character Areas CHA 2-9


13.0 Monitoring and Review

The Operations Plan

Consultation and Adoption of the Plan


14.0 Next Steps – the Project Register

The Education Facilities

–  –  –

FIGURES Figure 1.1 Structure of the Management Plan

Figure 2.1 Management Responsibilities Plan

Figure 2.2 Location of Bushy Park

Figure 2.3 Photo Sheet

Figure 3.1 Richmond Borough Conservation Areas

Figure 3.2 Photo Sheet

Figure 4.1 Historic Context – Archaeology (Based on Tom Greaves Survey).

........... 46 Figure 4.2 Historic Context – Archaeology (Mediaeval Open Field)

Figure 4.3 Historic Context – Survey Plan of c.

1709 showing Avenues (Gough)....... 49 Figure 4.4 Historic Context – Plan c.1714 showing Water Gardens 50 Figure 4.5 Historic Context – Plan of Bushy Park Estate, Warren 1823

Figure 4.6 Historic Context – Tree Cover Origins

Figure 6.1 Veteran Tree Locations 77 Figure 6.

2: U4b variants and their relationship to other NVC communities............... 86 Figure 6.3 Map of Main Grassland Communities

Figure 7.1 Road and Path Network

Figure 8.1 Photo Sheet

Figure 9.1 Views

Figure 9.2 Bushy Park Character Areas Plan

Figure 9.3 Boundary screening, plantings (2014) and remaining target areas.

............ 157

–  –  –

Appendix 2: Extract from The National Heritage List for England Appendix 3: Bibliography Appendix 4: Consultee List Appendix 5: List of Relevant Royal Parks Documents Appendix 6: Table of Ecological Data Sources for Bushy Park (1992 to 2012) GLOSSARY BAP – Biodiversity Action Plan BARS- Biodiversity Action Reporting System BSI - British Standards Institute DCMS -Department of Culture Media and Sport DEFRA – Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs DPD – Development Plan Document FBHP – Friends of Bushy & Home Parks FSC – Field Studies Council GiGL - Greenspace Information for Greater London GIS – Geographical Information Systems HAP – Habitat Action Plan HLF – Heritage Lottery Fund KPI - Key Performance Indicators LBAP – Local Biodiversity Action Plan LBRuT – London Borough of Richmond-upon-Thames LDF – Local Development Framework LM – Landscape Maintenance MPS – Metropolitan Police Service NERC- National Environments and Rural Communities NNR – National Nature Reserve NPL – National Physical Laboratory NPPF – National Planning Policy Framework NVC – National Vegetation Classification OPAL - Open Air Laboratories Project PPG - Planning Policy Guidance Notes PPS - Planning Policy Statements PSA – Public Service Agreement RCHME - Royal Commission on Historic Monuments in England RSPB – Royal Society for the Protection of Birds RO OCU – The Royal Parks Operational Command Unit (Metropolitan Police) SAC – Special Area for Conservation SAM – Scheduled Ancient Monument SHAEF – Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force SMI – Site of Metropolitan Importance

–  –  –

Bushy Park

1.1 Bushy Park covers some 450 ha and is the second largest Royal Park in London. Lying within a loop of the River Thames, directly to the north of Hampton Court Palace, the history of the Park is inextricably linked to the Palace. The Park was originally enclosed during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as part of a large medieval deer park which, with Home Park, surrounded the Palace, and its landscape reveals the influence of successive monarchs who resided at the Palace. Up until 1989 Bushy Park was managed with Hampton Court when the management responsibility was split to the Royal Parks Agency (Bushy Park) and the Royal Palaces Agency (Hampton Court).

1.2 The landscape of Bushy Park is a unique historical resource. Its emparkment preserved the underlying medieval landscape of common arable farmland and today the large baulks and ridge and furrow can still be identified within the parkland. They are considered to represent a ‘classic’ medieval open field system which provide a very important archaeological resource in Greater London. Overlying the medieval farmland and parkland landscapes are the formal avenues and watercourses of the seventeenth and eighteenth century designed landscape, with the centrepiece being the Diana Fountain and the magnificent Chestnut Avenue. These elements make Bushy Park a nationally significant historic landscape, which is reflected in its listing at Grade 1 on English Heritage’s Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest.

1.3 Bushy is also important within the context of London for its nature conservation interest, with its long established acid grassland, parkland trees, woodland and waterways. It is a Greater London Authority designated Site of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation (M084). SMIs are of the highest priority for protection, and contain the best examples of London’s habitats, sites with particularly rare species, rare assemblages of species or important populations of species, or sites of particular significance within otherwise heavily built-up areas of London. The identification and protection of Metropolitan Sites is necessary, not only to support a significant proportion of London’s wildlife, but also to provide opportunities for people to have contact with the natural environment 1. Bushy Park is also a proposed Site of Special Scientific Interest and notification by Natural England is pending.

1.4 The park is a particularly valued resource for local people, for the wide open spaces of the deer park and the attractions of the Woodland Gardens and ponds circuit, while the Stockyard is host to a range of education and community uses.

1.5 The essential character of Bushy Park remains as a deer park, of extensive scale and high quality, enriched by the formal avenues but still fundamentally a landscape that feels rural and apart from its modern surroundings.

Valuing Greenness: Green spaces, house prices and Londoners’ priorities, Greater London Authority, June 2003 ISBN 1 85261 494 3

–  –  –

Aims of the Bushy Park Management Plan

1.7 The Management Plan provides the mechanism to conserve and enhance the essential and varied character of Bushy Park. It provides the long term framework and context for its future management to take the park forward for the next 100 years. It develops a more detailed short term plan of priorities and actions to be implemented over the next ten years; and it uses the subdivision of character areas as a management tool in recognising the relative complexities of historical layering and locally distinctive character of different areas within the Park.

1.8 It is prepared within the framework of the Bushy Park Strategic Management Plan (LUC,1999) and the Historic Survey and Landscape Management Plan (LUC, 2001) and has been informed by the Royal Parks Review Group (1996), and by Stakeholder Workshops held in November 1999 and July 2002 as well as a continuing programme of ecological surveys.

Bushy Park Management Plan 2

1.9 The plan also acknowledges the ‘Biodiversity Duty’ defined in Section 40 of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act (2006). “Every public authority must, in exercising its functions, have regard, so far as is consistent with the proper exercise of those functions, to the purpose of conserving biodiversity” This replaced and extended S74 of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (which put a duty on government only).

1.10 The Management Plan describes and evaluates the resource, defines management aims and objectives and develops a suite of policies to guide long-term management. It is primarily intended as a tool to be used by the park management team, but will also serve other functions, such as informing the public and raising awareness.

1.11 It is intended that the plan is strategic in nature, setting out the vision for the Park and broad objectives to guide management. This can then be used to prepare detailed specifications for management, and allow budget preparation, allocation and work programming as outlined in the operational plan.

1.12 The special historical, architectural, natural or ecological interest of the landscapes, buildings, structures and archaeology has been based on detailed analysis of the Park


- the origins and development of the topographic framework;

- the character and hierarchy of places and landscape quality;

- the contribution made by trees, planting and other natural or cultivated elements to the character and ecology of the area;

- the prevailing (or former) uses within the area and their historic patronage;

- the importance and sensitivity of known archaeology and wildlife in the area and the potential for discovery of other significant concealed features;

–  –  –

- climate change and its impact on the built and natural environment.

1.13 The Royal Parks has an obligation to conserve biodiversity under the Natural Environment & Rural Communities Act 2006 and constantly aims for the highest standards of conservation. The Royal Parks will ensure that all contributing to the

–  –  –

Note on the Heritage Lottery Projects

1.15 In 2005, The Royal Parks secured £7.1m of funding and support through HLF for detailed design and procurement of some 67 projects and associated educational, volunteer and outreach activities. The majority of these projects were completed at the end of 2009. A summary of the changes arising from this and other developments is given in Appendix 6.

The Management Plan

1.16 The emphasis of this current Management Plan has accordingly shifted significantly when compared with the previous (2003) edition and as a result of these changes and investments through the HLF project. Whereas the 2003 Plan identified a Park which was suffering from a lack of investment, the current plan is in the context of having caught up much (but not all) of this backlog and delivering new facilities, some robustness and other enhancements. The plan accordingly now shifts to one of sustaining and locally enhancing from this positive base.

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 28 |

Similar works:

«“Now That’s Italian!” Representations of Italian Food in America Popular Magazines, 1950-2000 Simone Cinotto “NOW THAT’S ITALIAN!”: REPRESENTATIONS OF ITALIAN FOOD IN AMERICAN POPULAR MAGAZINES, 1950-2000 Few things identify Italy and Italians (and home and abroad) as food. Food occupies center stage in many popular representations of Italian national culture, and the market of Italian Food (i.e., the food represented, perceived, and exchanged as “Italian”) has reached global...»

«          Transcript     Episode  024     “The  one  with  more     cheese  and  less  whiskers”       Ilovemarketing.com I Love Marketing Cheesy Podcast.doc Page 1 of 26 Dean: Hey everybody, it’s Dean Jackson. Joe: And Joe Polish. Dean: And Joe about to cough up a lung Polish. Joe: No, no. I’m actually eating cherries right now. First off, everyone, welcome to I Love Marketing. This is going to be a very special episode, because we’re going to start...»

«Does it Look Square? Hexagonal Bipyramids, Triangular Antiprismoids, and their Fractals Hideki Tsuiki Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies Kyoto University Yoshida-Nihonmatsu, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan E-mail: tsuiki@i.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp Abstract The Sierpinski tetrahedron is two-dimensional with respect to fractal dimensions though it is realized in threedimensional space, and it has square projections in three orthogonal directions. We study its generalizations and present...»

«cedrus.akdeniz.edu.tr CEDRUS Cedrus I (2013) 261-284 DOI: 10.13113/CEDRUS/20131689 The Journal of MCRI CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROVINCE PONTUS ET BITHYNIA DURING THE IMPERIAL PERIOD ROMA İMPARATORLUK DÖNEMİ PONTUS ET BITHYNIA EYALETİ’NİN İDARİ SİSTEMİNE İLİŞKİN GÖRÜŞLER FERIT BAZ Abstract: Although the province of Pontus-Bithynia Özet: Roma devletinin kuzeydoğu sınırını oluşturmaformed the northeast boundary of the Roman state, it sına karşın,...»

«1 CHAPTER IBM DB2 9 Certification R ecognized throughout the world, the Professional Certification Program from IBM offers a range of certification options for IT professionals. This chapter is designed to introduce you to the various paths you can take to obtain DB2 9 Certification from IBM and to describe the testing software you will use when you sit down to take your first DB2 9 certification exam. DB2 9 Certification Roles One of the biggest trends in the IT industry today is...»

«THE PROMOTION AND BENEFITS OF PLAY IN FOUNDATION PHASE TEACHING AND LEARNING BY Grace Mbangweta IMENDA A Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of Education in fulfilment of the requirements of the Degree of Master of Education in the Department of Curriculum and Instructional Studies UNIVERSITY OF ZULULAND SUPERVISOR: DR. ME KHUZWAYO April December 2012 SIGNATURE:. ii UNIVERSITY OF ZULULAND FACULTY OF EDUCATION DECLARATION FORM I Grace Mbangweta Imenda of 14 Meerensee Mews, Richards Bay,...»

«Master Thesis Making the relationship mobile: an exploratory study of the impact of mobile marketing on the customer-brand relationship Authors: Andreea Dinca and Lea Henrike Engling Master program: International Marketing and Brand Management 2011-2012 Supervisor: Veronika Tarnovskaya Date: 23.05.2012 Abstract Title: Making the relationship mobile: an exploratory study of the impact of mobile marketing on the customer-brand relationship Date of Seminar: 28.05.2012 Course: BUSN29. Master thesis...»

«Chapter 11 Smoking and oral tobacco use Majid Ezzati and Alan D. Lopez Summary Smoking has been causally associated with increased mortality from several diseases. This chapter provides global and regional estimates of premature mortality and disease burden in 2000 caused by tobacco use, including an analysis of uncertainty. It also describes a method for estimating the future burden of disease that could be avoided through smoking cessation or prevention. Comparable data, especially...»

«Winterreise (Op. 89, D 911) Caspar David Friedrich – “Tree of Crows” (ca. 1822) [Property of the Louvre, Paris, France] Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Texts by Wilhelm Müller (1794-1827) Translation by Celia Sgroi Contents 1. Gute Nacht 13. Die Post 2. Die Wetterfahne 14. Der greise Kopf 3. Gefrorne Tränen 15. Die Krähe 4. Erstarrung 16. Letzte Hoffnung 5. Der Lindenbaum 17. Im Dorfe 6. Wasserflut 18. Der stürmische Morgen 7. Auf dem Flusse 19. Täuschung 8. Rückblick 20. Der Wegweiser...»

«Alstom in China References and Ongoing Projects Alstom’s Presence Tianjin • Alstom Hydro China Ltd Chengdu • Chengdu Regional Office Beijing Qingdao • Alstom Beizhong Power (Beijing) • Alstom Qingdao Railway Equipment Co., Ltd • Alstom (Beijing) Engineering & Technology Co., Ltd Beijing Yangzhou • Alstom (China) Investment Ltd • Alstom (Yangzhou) HV Bus-Ducts Co., Ltd Xi’an Suzhou • Xi’an Alstom Yongji Electric Equipment Co., • Alstom Suzhou HV switchgear Co., Ltd Ltd...»

«Association of Operative Millers Bulletin The Implications of Frequently Encountered Grading Factors on the Processing Quality of Durum Wheat J.E. Dexter and N.M. Edwards Canadian Grain Commission, Grain Research Laboratory, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3C 3G8 Contribution No M231 Presented at the 102nd Association of Operative Millers (AOM) Trade Show, Phoenix, Arizona, May 1998. ABSTRACT Grading factors associated with adverse growing conditions affect the processing value of durum wheat....»

«MALARIA Partnerships to Improve Access & R&D International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations Cover photo: Insecticide-treated bed nets have been shown to be a cost-effective means of preventing malariainfection, yet a $4 price tag puts them o ut of reach for many African families. (GSK) MALARIA Partnerships to Improve Access & R&D July 2007 MALARIA Table of Contents Access & Capacity Building 6 ACCESS Understanding and Improving Access to Effective Malaria Treatment 6...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.