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«Approved/Revised/Updated: 04/09/2015 Technical College of the Lowcountry Arts and Sciences Division 921 Ribaut Road Building 9, Room 102 Beaufort, SC ...»

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Approved/Revised/Updated: 04/09/2015

Technical College of the Lowcountry Arts and Sciences Division

921 Ribaut Road Building 9, Room 102

Beaufort, SC 29901 843-525-8281

BIO 210

Anatomy and Physiology I

Course Description

This is the first in a sequence of courses, including intensive coverage the body as an integrated whole. All body systems are studied.

Prerequisites: ENG 100, MAT 102, RDG 100 and BIO 112 or CHEM 100.

4.0 Cr (3.0 lect/pres, 3.0 lab, 0 other) Course Focus The student will gain insight into the function of the human body based on knowledge of the body’s structure, both microscopic and macroscopic. The student will be able to demonstrate knowledge of the structural components and physiological processes of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems as well as an understanding of the levels of organization of the human body.

Text and References Marieb, Elaine and Hoehn, Katja. Anatomy and Physiology, 5th Edition. Benjamin Cummings, Inc., 2013.

ISBN: 0-3218-6158-2.

Marieb, Elaine. and Mitchell, Susan. Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Manual, Cat Version and Mastering Anatomy & Physiology, 12th Edition. Pearson, 2016. ISBN: 978-0321980878.

Rust, Thomas. A Guide to Anatomy and Physiology Lab, 2nd Edition. Southwest Education Enterprises,1986.

ISBN: 0-937-02900-9 Approved/Revised/Updated: 04/09/2015 BIO 210 Core Curriculum Competencies All courses approved for the general education core curriculum help students develop communication skills and/or critical thinking. Students will demonstrate achievements by assessments on the departmental final exam and on testing developed by individual instructors.

This course develops critical thinking skills through instruction that emphasizes the understanding of the

scientific disciplines of human anatomy and physiology, as demonstrated in the following:

 A formal research paper requiring the student to find, evaluate, and synthesize credible information on a given topic.

 This research project allows the student to:

o Apply standard scientific methods and interpret laboratory observations and data o Make inferences justified by data and observations o Explain relevance of findings to anatomical principles, physiological principles, or expected results o Identify key assumptions of anatomy and physiology Course Goals The following list of course goals will be addressed in the course. These goals are directly related to the performance objectives. (*designates a CRUCIAL goal)

1. Explain how cells of the adrenal medulla supplement the autonomic nervous system.

2. Specify important physiological functions of the skin.

3. Explain how hair cells in the vestibular apparatus and cochlea respond to head tilt rotation and sound.

4. Summarize the microscopic organization of compact bone and spongy bone.

5. Discern the cell types found in bone and their role in bone growth and control of bone mass.

6. Distinguish axial skeleton from appendicular skeleton and name the bones of each.

7. Locate and identify the bones that make up the skull, spine, upper limb, pectoral girdle and pelvis.

8. Define major traits of the somatic nervous system. *

9. Verify function and location of cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle.

10. Know the neurotransmitter associated with each segment of the nervous system.

11. Compare and contrast the structure, function, and location of cells that make up various tissue types

12. Distinguish between somatic senses and special senses. *

13. Know that senses are classified by the sensory receptors that are activated. *

14. Name the components of a skeletal muscle fiber and describe its functions.

15. Review how thick and thin filaments are organized in the sarcomere.

16. Consider the chemical and molecular processes that provide energy for a muscle to contract and relax.

17. Differentiate between various functional types of neurons; and explain the function of each component.

18. Verify mathematically the intracellular and extracellular concentrations of sodium and potassium *

19. Discuss the permeability of the plasma membrane to negatively charged ions and sodium and potassium

20. Understand that molecules make the fabric of living cells, which in turn, make up tissues.

21. Compare and contrast the microscopic structure of cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscles.

22. Specify the traits of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems.

23. Recall the anatomical position and the terms that describe positions, body planes and regions.

24. Specify the role of adhesion molecules. * Approved/Revised/Updated: 04/09/2015

25. Review ways substances cross the plasma membrane, including osmosis and endocytosis.

26. Compare and contrast ways substances cross the plasma Membrane including exocytose and active transport *

27. Evaluate the importance of proteins in cell function and structure.

28. Study accessory structures of the skin: hair, nails, and glands.

29. Know the physiology and structure of bones and skeletal muscles as they interact and support the body.

30. Learn the physiology of the bones and skeletal muscles as they provide movement. *

31. Isolate the structure of skin, including the different layers of the epidermis.

32. Show how joints allow for movement.

33. Contrast and compare epithelial and synovial membranes.

34. Verify the body cavities, their membranes and the organs within each cavity.

35. Detect organ systems and their roles in the functioning of the body.

36. Distinguish bones according to their shape and describe the major functions of a bone.

37. Discern the structure of a long bone and indicate how each part functions in bone growth. *

38. Name major types of joints in terms of their mobility and the tissues that hold them together.

39. Name the structures that make up a synovial joint; describe synovial fluid and its properties.

40. Give specific examples of proteins and their function and describe how they are synthesized.

41. Evaluate the general structure of an epithelium, including the basement membrane.

42. Categorize types and locations of epithelia.

43. Describe endocrine and exocrine glands and their development from granular epithelium.

44. Understand the chemical and microscopic structure of bone; its development, repair and growth. *

45. Evaluate various types of spinal reflexes and discuss their importance to pain and posture. *

46. Give the functions of the various structures that make up the cerebrum.

47. Identify the major muscles on a diagram of the body's musculature and describe their movements.

48. Review hemispheric dominance.

49. Describe structure and function of the cerebellum and its nuclei regarding postural control. *

50. List structure and function of the cerebellum and its nuclei regarding motor learning.

51. Characterize major traits of the autonomic nervous system. *

52. Indicate the functions and locations of cerebrospinal fluid. *

53. Define a motor unit and its importance in the controlling of force and velocity of a muscle contraction.

54. Categorize the five segments of the spinal cord.

55. Discuss the components of the brain stem and diencephalon.

56. Describe various types of spinal reflexes and discuss their importance for the avoidance of pain. *

57. Explain what is meant by sensory receptor adaptation and give examples related to everyday experience.

58. Identify the structure, function, and location of olfactory and taste receptor cells.

59. Name parts of the eye and describe the functions involved in light detection. *

60. Observe the cells found in the neural retina. *

61. Learn the functional dependence of the rods and cones on pigmented epithelium.

62. Compare the structure of the rods and cones to visual acuity, night vision, color vision and color blindness.

63. Appreciate regions of the ear.

64. Observe the structure and function of the vestibular apparatus from the auditory apparatus.

65. Delineate how sound is transmitted from the external auditory meatus to the cochlea.

66. Determine functions of the spinal cord.

Approved/Revised/Updated: 04/09/2015

67. State three basic types of activity in the nervous system.

68. Describe the neuromuscular junction at the time the neurotransmitter is released.

69. Differentiate between isotonic and isometric contractions of skeletal muscle. *

70. Observe how muscle contractions are amplified by the use of lever systems.

71. Explain what is meant by muscular hypertrophy and atrophy and the causes of these conditions.

72. Recognize that the nervous and endocrine system together control and integrates the bodily functions.*

73. Recognize that nerve cells are the functional units of the nervous system.

74. Recognize that the activity of nerve cells calls for rapid transmission of information.

75. Determine function and location of the motor, sensory, and association areas of the cerebral cortex.

76. Characterize oligodendrocyte and Schwann cells.

77. Describe the secretion, flow pathways, and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid.

78. Delineate the role of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in a synapse.

79. Explain why it is important to remove a neurotransmitter after it has been released.

80. Understand that the nervous system has two components, the peripheral and central systems

81. Identify the structure and functions of the sub-divisions of the brain.

82. Review diseases of the brain can cause marked impairment of motor function.

83. Know that the cerebellum may play an important part in the learning of motor skills.

84. Observe the organization of the grey and white matter; and dorsal and ventral roots of the spinal cord.*

85. Detect the cavities in which the brain and spinal cord are found.

86. Locate the meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord.

87. Locate the ventricles in the brain and explain how they are interconnected.

88. State different types of neuroglia cells, their functions, locations and structure.

Student Contributions:

Classes are designed to employ a variety of teaching techniques. In order to maximize learning, required readings should be done prior to a unit. If a student is falling behind in lab performance or academic achievement, it is imperative to seek immediate assistance from the instructors.

Course Evaluation  Student progress will be evaluated through a series of tests, quizzes in-class and out of class assignments and will be detailed in the attachment to this syllabus.

 Blackboard: lecture notes, handouts, podcasts, study hints, tutor information, syllabi, and other course information is available on the course blackboard page.

 Laboratory Component: This course has a required lab component which supplements the information presented in lecture. The lab will be independently evaluated primarily through lab practicals, in class and out of class lab assignments (such as research papers). For specific details about lab evaluations, please refer to the attachment to this syllabus.


–  –  –

Course Schedule The class meets for 2.5 lecture/presentation hours and 3 lab hours per week.


The Technical College of the Lowcountry provides access, equal opportunity and reasonable accommodation in its services, programs, activities, education and employment for individuals with disabilities. To request disability accommodation, contact the counselor for students with disabilities at (843) 525-8228 during the first ten business days of the academic term.


There is no tolerance at TCL for academic dishonesty and misconduct. The College expects all students to conduct themselves with dignity and to maintain high standards of responsible citizenship.

It is the student’s responsibility to address any questions regarding what might constitute academic misconduct to the course instructor for further clarification.

The College adheres to the Student Code for the South Carolina Technical College System. Copies of the Student Code and Grievance Procedure are provided in the TCL Student Handbook, the Division Office, and the Learning Resources Center.

ATTENDANCE The College’s statement of policy indicates that students must attend ninety percent of total class hours or they will be in violation of the attendance policy.

 Students not physically attending class during the first ten calendar days from the start of the semester must be dropped from the class for NOT ATTENDING.

 Students taking an online/internet class must sign in and communicate with the instructor within the first ten calendar days from the start of the semester to indicate attendance in the class. Students not attending class during the first ten calendar days from the start of the semester must be dropped from the class for NOT ATTENDING.

 Reinstatement requires the signature of the division dean.

 In the event it becomes necessary for a student to withdraw from the course OR if a student stops attending class, it is the student’s responsibility to contact the instructor via e-mail requesting to be withdrawn from the class. Withdrawing from class may have consequences associated with financial aid and time to completion.

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