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«COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation exercise Silvana Di Sabatino* Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, University of Salento, Via ...»

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Int. J. Environment and Pollution, Vol.

COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation

exercise

Silvana Di Sabatino*

Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali,

University of Salento,

Via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy

E-mail: silvana.disabatino@unisalento.it

*Corresponding author

Riccardo Buccolieri

Dipartimento di Informatica,

Università “Ca’ Foscari” di Venezia,

Via Torino 155, 30172 Mestre, Italy

E-mail: riccardo.buccolieri@unive.it

and

Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, University of Salento, Via Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy E-mail: riccardo.buccolieri@unisalento.it Helge R. Olesen, Matthias Ketzel and Ruwim Berkowicz National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University, P.O. Box 358, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark E-mail: hro@dmu.dk E-mail: ruwim@broendbybredbaand.dk E-mail: mke@dmu.dk E-mail: rb@dmu.dk Jörg Franke Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Fluid- and Thermodynamics, University of Siegen, Paul-Bonatz-Str. 9-11, 57076 Siegen, Germany Fax: +49(0)2717402666 E-mail: joerg.franke@uni-siegen.de Copyright © 2011 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

404 S. Di Sabatino et al.

Michael Schatzmann, K. Heinke Schlünzen and Bernd Leitl Meteorological Institute (ZMK/ZMAW), University of Hamburg, Bundesstrasse 55, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany E-mail: schatzmann@zmaw.de E-mail: heinke.schluenzen@zmaw.de E-mail: bernd.leitl@zmaw.de Rex Britter Visiting Scientist, DUSP, MIT. Boston, MA 02139, USA E-mail: rb11@eng.cam.ac.uk Carlos Borrego and Ana Margarida Costa CESAM & Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal E-mail: cborrego@ua.pt E-mail: amcosta@ua.pt Silvia Trini Castelli Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC), National Research Council (C.N.R.), Corso Fiume 4, Torino – 10133, Italy E-mail: S.TriniCastelli@isac.cnr.it Tamir G. Reisin Soreq Nuclear Research Center, 81800 Yavne, Israel E-mail: treisin@soreq.gov.il Antti Hellsten Finnish Meteorological Institute, Air Quality Research, P.O. Box 503, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland Fax: +358919295403 E-mail: antti.hellsten@fmi.fi COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation exercise 405 Jarkko Saloranta KONE Corporation, P.O. Box 677, FI-05801 Hyvinkää, Finland E-mail: jarkko.saloranta@kone.com Nicolas Moussiopoulos and Fotios Barmpas Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University, Box 483, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece E-mail: moussio@eng.auth.gr E-mail: fotisb@aix.meng.auth.gr Krzysztof Brzozowski Department of Applied Computer Science, University of Bielsko-Biala, Willowa 2, 43309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland E-mail: kbrzozowski@ath.eu István Goricsán and Márton Balczò Department of Fluid Mechanics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), 1111, Bertalan L. 4-6, Budapest, Hungary E-mail: goricsan@ara.bme.hu E-mail: balczo@ara.bme.hu John G. Bartzis and George Efthimiou Environmental Technology Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Sialvera & Bakola Str., 50100, Kozani, Greece E-mail: bartzis@uowm.gr E-mail: gefthimiou@uowm.gr 406 S. Di Sabatino et al.

Jose Luis Santiago and Alberto Martilli Environment Department, Research Center for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Avenida Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid, Spain E-mail: jl.santiago@ciemat.es E-mail: alberto.martilli@ciemat.es Martin Piringer, Kathrin Baumann-Stanzer and Marcus Hirtl Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Division Customer Service, Section Environmental Meteorology, Hohe Warte 38, A-1190 Vienna, Austria E-mail: martin.piringer@zamg.ac.at E-mail: kathrin.baumann@zamg.ac.at E-mail: marcus.hirtl@zamg.ac.at Alexander A. Baklanov Meteorological Research Division, Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvej 100, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark E-mail: alb@dmi.dk Roman Nuterman Meteorological Research Division, Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvej 100, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark E-mail: ron@dmi.dk and Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty, Department of Numerical Mathematics and Computer Modelling, Tomsk State University, 634050, 36 Lenin Ave., Tomsk, Russia E-mail: nutrik@math.tsu.ru COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation exercise 407 Alexander V. Starchenko Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty, Department of Numerical Mathematics and Computer Modelling, Tomsk State University, 634050, 36 Lenin Ave., Tomsk, Russia E-mail: starch@math.tsu.ru Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe the use of a general methodology tailored to the evaluation of micro-scale meteorological models applied to flow and dispersion simulations in urban areas. This methodology, developed within COST 732, has been tested through a large modelling exercise involving many groups across Europe. The major test case used is the Mock Urban Setting Test (MUST) experiment representing an idealised urban area. It is emphasised that a full model evaluation is problem-dependent and requires several activities including a statistical validation that requires a careful choice of the metrics for the comparison with measurements.

Keywords: COST Action 732; CFD and non-CFD models; model evaluation;

MUST; idealised urban area.

Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Di Sabatino, S., Buccolieri, R., Olesen, H.R., Ketzel, M., Berkowicz, R., Franke, J., Schatzmann, M., Schlünzen, K.H., Leitl, B., Britter, R., Borrego, C., Costa, A.M., Trini Castelli, S., Reisin, T.G., Hellsten, A., Saloranta, J., Moussiopoulos, N., Barmpas, F., Brzozowski, K., Goricsán, I., Balczò, M., Bartzis, J., Efthimiou, G., Santiago, J.L., Martilli, A., Piringer, M., Baumann-Stanzer, K., Hirtl, M., Baklanov, A., Nuterman, R. and Starchenko, A.V. (2011) ‘COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation exercise’, Int. J. Environment and Pollution, Vol.





Biographical notes: Silvana Di Sabatino received her PhD (Engineering) from the University of Cambridge (UK). She holds a MPhil Degree from the same University and a MSc Degree in Physics from Bologna University. Currently, she is Assistant Professor and Lecturer in Atmospheric Physics at the Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali, University of Salento. Her research interests are in the field of atmospheric dispersion over complex geometry, urban boundary layer modelling and data analysis. She has published several research papers in international journals and conference proceedings; she has to her credit book chapters.

Riccardo Buccolieri received his PhD (Environmental Geophysics) from the University of Messina (Italy) (Consortium of Universities of Messina, Palermo and Lecce) working on flow and pollutant dispersion modelling in urban areas by means of CFD and integral models. He is currently working as a Post-doc Researcher at the Dipartimento di Informatica, Università di Venezia.

His research deals with the study of the effects of ambient wind direction, building geometry and tree planting on flow and pollutant dispersion in the urban environment. He is author of research studies on international journals, conference proceedings as well as book chapters.

Helge Rørdam Olesen is a Senior Advisor at the Department of Atmospheric Environment of the Danish National Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus University. He has been working with development and implementation of atmospheric short-range models, in particular the Danish OML model.

His main interest is model evaluation. An important aspect of his work has 408 S. Di Sabatino et al.

been efforts on an international level to establish common tools within dispersion modelling. He is chairman of the European initiative on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes, which is responsible for the series of international harmonisation conferences – resulting in the present issue of IJEP.

Matthias Ketzel is a Senior Scientist at the Department of Atmospheric Environment of the Danish National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), Aarhus University, Denmark. He has been working since 1993 with atmospheric dispersion and aerosol dynamics modelling. He has more than 10 years of experience in working with the microscale model MISKAM and the operational street canyon model OSPM. He received his PhD in 2004 from Lund University, Sweden with a thesis on “Dispersion and Transformation of

Traffic Exhaust Particles in the Urban Atmosphere”. Personal web page:

http://www2.dmu.dk/atmosphericenvironment/Staff/ketzel.htm Ruwim Berkowicz is retired senior scientist at the National Environmental Research Institute in Denmark. His main research and work area has been development of computerised air pollution dispersion models with special emphasis on local scale modelling. He has been instrumental in development of the Danish regulatory air quality model OML and the street canyon model OSPM.

Jörg Franke received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Karlsruhe. He is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Fluid- and Thermo-dynamics, University of Siegen. His research interests include the application of computational fluid dynamics in the fields of building aerodynamics and pollution dispersion with special emphasis on quality assurance of simulation results. He is the author of several research studies in national and international journals, conference proceedings as well as a book chapter.

Michael Schatzmann is Professor at the Meteorological Institute of the University of Hamburg. He is in charge of the Technical Meteorology Division which develops meso- and micro-scale meteorological models and operates a boundary layer wind tunnel laboratory. He chairs action COST 732.

K. Heinke Schlünzen is Professor at the University of Hamburg and head of the mesoscale and microscale modelling group. Her research interests are in the field of meso- and micro-scale meteorological processes and phenomena with particular emphasis on model evaluation and model uncertainty.

She investigates scale interaction, meso- and micro-scale dynamics and chemistry, and the interaction of atmosphere, ocean, biosphere and chemisphere. She has published more than 50 peer-reviewed papers and numerous technical reports and conference papers.

Bernd Leitl is Professor and the Head of the Environmental Wind Tunnel Laboratory (EWTL) at Hamburg University. He is working in the field of environmental fluid mechanics for more than 20 years, mainly focusing on physical modelling of atmospheric flow and dispersion phenomena in boundary layer wind tunnels. For his work on LASER-optical, image-based concentration measurements in large wind subsonic wind tunnels he was awarded a Feodor-Lynen-Scholarship of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. He has published more than 40 scientific papers and papers and authored or co-authored numerous technical reports and conference papers.

Rex Britter is Visiting Scientist at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, MIT, Boston. He has been Professor of Environmental Fluid COST 732 in practice: the MUST model evaluation exercise 409 Dynamics in the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge, UK. His research interests include fundamental studies into turbulent fluid dynamics, particularly those involving buoyancy. This is paralleled with operational interests in the flow and dispersion of hazardous materials, conventional pollutant dispersion problems in complex geometries such as cities, formalised model evaluation procedures, urban air quality, sustainable energy use in cities and security issues.

Carlos Borrego is Full Professor on Environmental Engineering, with focus on Air Pollution. He has the Habilitation on Applied Environmental Sciences from the University of Aveiro, PhD and MSc from the Free University of Brussels and a Degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University of Lisbon. He has been involved since 1994 in 24 European projects and integrates a number of international scientific boards and committees.

His research work includes nearly 400 scientific publications. He was the Portuguese Minister of Environment and President of the European Council of Ministers of Environment for the 1992 Rio Conference.

Ana Margarida Costa has a PhD in Sciences Applied to the Environment at the University of Aveiro. She is a Researcher at the R&D Unit CESAM (Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies) of the University of Aveiro, and carries work in the field of traffic air pollutants dispersion in urban areas through the development and application of numerical modelling tools. Her current research interests also include the assessment of the outdoor air pollutants transport to indoors and human exposure to air pollution. She is the author of more than 65 scientific publications, including nine peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals, 20 papers in International Symposia with referee, and the participation in five book chapters.

Silvia Trini Castelli graduated in Physics in 1993 and received her PhD in Geophysics in 1997. She is a Researcher at the Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate of the C.N.R. (Torino, Italy) and she collaborates as short-term Professor at the University of Piemonte Orientale. Her main research fields are atmospheric physics, planetary boundary layer meteorology, turbulence, atmospheric dynamics and dispersion modelling. She is involved in several national and international research projects, is author of more than 50 papers published on international journals and peer-reviewed conference proceedings and she has presented more than 60 papers at international and national meetings.

Tamir G. Reisin received his BSc and MSc Degrees in Physics from the Technion – Israel Institute for Technology and a PhD in Atmospheric Physics in 1995 from Tel Aviv University. After a one year residence as Visiting Scholar at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at Princeton University he returned to Tel Aviv University as Researcher where he stayed until 1999.

Since then he has been a Researcher at the Applied Physics Division at the Soreq Nuclear Research Centre. His main research fields are cloud physics, microphysical processes numerical modelling, and pollutants dispersion.

He published more than 70 papers in scientific journals and conference proceedings.



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