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«Scrapbooking 101 The 4-H program has adopted a process that allows youth to first learn by doing before being told or shown how and then process the ...»

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MG3005

Member’s Manual

Scrapbooking 101

The 4-H program has adopted a process that allows youth to first learn by doing before being told or shown

how and then process the experience. The experiential learning model developed by Pfieffer and Jones

(1985) and modified by 4-H includes five specific steps:

The Experiential Learning Process allows an individual to go through the process of discovery with very

little guidance from another individual. A situation, project or activity is presented that allows for individual thought and problem solving. Outside assistance is provided at a minimum and supports the individual throughout the process by questioning at each stage. The individual participates in an activity reflects on what they did, and then assess how what they learned can be applied to a life situation.

1) Experience Questions: How is it working? What else might you try? What might make it easier?

2) Share Questions: What happened? How did you feel? What was the most difficult?

3) Process Questions: What problems seemed to reoccur? What similar experiences have you had?

4) Generalize Questions: What did you learn about yourself? What did you learn about the activity?

How does this relate to something else in life? How did you decide what to do?

5) Apply Questions: Where else can this skill be used? How will you use this in the future? What will you do differently after this experience?

Colorado State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture and Colorado counties cooperating and Colorado State University Extension programs are available to all without discrimination. To simplify technical terminology, trade names or products and equipment occasionally will be used. No endorsement of products names is intended nor is criticism implied of products not mentioned. 2010; 12/2011 2 Table of Contents Introduction Chapter 1—Supply list Chapter 2—Cover the Basics Chapter 3—Techniques Resources Scrapbook e-Record Credits Written by: Michelle Hahn, Mesa County 4-H Advisor

Assistance for this project was provided by:

Dinah Peebles, Mesa County 4-H Extension Agent Therese Paquette Cory Moss New Mexico Project Guide Updated: Fall 2011 3 Introduction The history of your life can be preserved for the next generation by creating a scrapbook filled with your collection of pictures and memorabilia. Memorabilia items to save include ticket stubs, business cards, greeting cards, awards, certificates, letters, postcards, recipes, receipts, and brochures. Putting these together with your pictures and journaling those special memories create your life’s story.

What will you learn in Scrapbooking??

· The importance of using archival-safe supplies · Basic supply list · How to organize and protect your photographs · How to crop and mat photographs · How to create a lay-out · How to use embellishments to create your personal style · Different techniques · How to tell your story using pictures and journaling

Additional activities:

· Give a demonstration about scrapbooking · Keep records of workshops, project meetings, expenses, demonstrations, community service project (s) and place them the appropriate places in the e-record.

4 Exhibit Requirements: 4-H member may choose from the following for their exhibit.

Scrapbooking One Page Layout:

1. Completed e-Record presented in a sturdy binder/notebook

2. One page layout scrapbook page 81/2” x 11” or 12”x12”.

Scrapbooking Two Page Layout:

1. Completed e-Record presented in a sturdy binder/notebook

2. Two page layout scrapbook page 8 ½” x 11” or 12” x 12”.

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Remember that the Album needs to have:

· Pages are exhibited between a front and back cover · Pages are exhibited in page protectors · Pages should follow a theme or be in chronological order · Journaling should be appropriate for the page · Use photo-safe products to create the album

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Your photographs are an important part of scrapbooking. The purpose of taking pictures is to help us remember people that are special to us, to document accomplishments such as birthdays, athletic events, 4-H activities, holidays, vacations, church activities and moments of reflection. Your photographs are an important part of scrapbooking. It is important to take special care of your pictures. You and your family will enjoy them for years to come. To preserve photographs, all of your supplies MUST be archival-safe.

Archival-Safe supplies do not contain chemicals that cause photographs to fade, change or lose color, become brittle and fall apart. These products will be labeled “acid-free”, “archivalsafe”, or “photo safe” on the item or on the packaging. Items that must be acid free include patterned paper, cardstock, stickers, rub-ons, adhesive, pens, markers, albums. Page protectors must be PVC free. Ink pens and markers need to say “lignin free.”

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Description of Basic Supplies:

Cardstock- is a heavier and thicker paper, works well as a background paper, comes in a multitude of colors and textures can be purchased individually, in a color variety package or in packages of 20 that are the same color. Colors to have available at all times would include white and black.





Patterned Paper-is thinner than cardstock, comes in different patterns such as polkadots, plaids, floral, sports themes, baby, school, 4-H, religious and a multitude of colors, it can be used as a background but is not heavy enough to hold multiple embellishments.

Adhesive-is used to attach your photos to the paper. It comes in different forms: permanent, removable, roller, tabs, liquid, stick, pen, dots, and squares. It MUST say ARCHIVAL-SAFE or photo safe.

Glue Pens-liquid glue squeezes out of a felt tip onto your photo or embellishment.

Glue Sticks-used for paper and photos, but is NOT permanent and not recommended.

Adhesive Dots-are double-sided glue dots that are available in many sizes. These work great for embellishments that are heavier than paper, such as buttons, bows, wire, silk flowers, and chip-board. These are VERY sticky, use with care.

Mounting Squares-double-sided glue tabs are good for paper items and photos Pop-Dots-double-sided foam used to add dimension to the lay-out.

Photo Corners- sticky triangles that go on the corners of photographs and attach to the page. These are good if you think you might be removing the photo at a later time.

Metal Glue- used to adhere wire or metal to the page.

Pens/Markers- used to journal the story about the pictures. There are many different types, uses, and colors. Some have a fine tip for writing, angled tips for fancy writing called Calligraphy, and thicker tips for filling in shapes. The important thing is it MUST be fade-proof, waterproof, archival-safe and acid free.

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There are different types:

Post-bound usually has 2 or 3 posts to hold your pages. A benefit to using a post-bound album is the thickness of the album can be changed by changing the length of the post.

3-D Ring Binder-pull apart the rings and slide your page in; very easy to use.

Strap-bound-to add more pages, you un-bind the plastic strap and slide it thru a metal staple along the edge of heavy white cardstock then re-bind it to the album. The page protector slides over the page horizontally.

Spiral-bound are great for journaling versus photos.

Oil build-up and dirt from hands smudge the pages and make them look ‘dirty’.

Chip-board-add paper to the front and back of each piece and bind them with album rings.

These make great gifts or to have sitting out on the table. Sizes are typically 8”x8” and smaller.

Acrylic-a heavy, see-through plastic that is bound with album rings. Acrylic albums can be painted or paper can be adhered to both sides. These make great gifts or to have for display.

5”x7”Blessing Album

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8”x8” My Life Now Album Page Protectors- are a plastic sleeve that you slide your page into. It’s important to protect your pages from the natural oils in our hands that can build up on photographs and get the pages dirty. The most common sizes are 6”x6”, 8”x8”, 8.5”x11” and 12”x12”. Sometimes page protectors are included with the album or they can be purchased in packages of 20. When purchasing page protectors look for the Archival-safe, photo safe, or PVC free label.

10 Activity 1 What items can you find in your house, which are safe to use on your

own scrapbook pages? Write them down here:

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

Visit a local store or a website that sells scrapbook supplies (a list of these can be found in the back of this project). Write down some of the

items you find that you might like to use in your scrapbook pages:

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

____________________________ _____________________________

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Second thing is to organize your photographs. Regardless of how you are planning to scrapbook, the best way to organize photos is chronologically. When you think of a photo you will naturally remember when it was taken. Gather all of your photos together and start sorting them according to when the photo was taken. If you don’t remember, look at the clues the picture offers you. Some examples would be: hairstyles, clothing, cars, hats, shoes, and other people in the photo. Stack pictures that are alike together and label them with a date or time frame and other information you remember. If you can answer the questions: who, what, when, where, why, it will make your journaling much easier. Once all the pictures have been labeled, place them in a photo storage box or slip-in-sleeve album until you are ready to scrapbook. It is not necessary to scrapbook every picture.

You will follow the same procedure for organizing the negatives. Store negatives away from photos; preferably in a fire-proof safe. In case of a fire, your photos may be burned but you can get the negatives developed.

For digital photos, you can store them on the computer in chronological order. It is important to back them up to a disk in case the computer crashes. Digital pictures are great because they don’t require much shelf space and you can print the photos you want to scrapbook. Keep the disks in a safe, dry place that’s away from direct sunlight.

It is highly recommended that you organize your pictures immediately after you pick them up from the developers. You are more likely to remember the details of when the picture was taken.

12 Let’s Play!!

Step 1: Choose your photographs Lay your photographs out and choose which photos you are going to use for your lay-out. You do not have to use every photo from the event. Choose your favorites and those that tell the story.

You can choose 1 picture per page or multiple pictures per page. Do not use so many pictures that there is not enough room for your journaling. The person viewing the album needs the journaling to answer the questions of who, what, when, where and why.

You can enlarge your favorite photo for added emphasis or to use it as a focal point. A focal point is the picture that you see first before the other pictures or embellishments. Focal point pictures can be cropped and matted, have empty space around it or have color added to it in order to draw the viewer’s attention. Another option would be to copy the photo in black and white. This is fun and color coordinates with any color.

Step 2: Choosing paper Lay out your final selection of pictures and decide what colors you want to use for the background and the color to matte the photo. The colors to choose will either provide a contrast with the photos or compliment the photos. For example, if you had a photo of bright yellow fall leaves falling into a lake with cloudy blue skies above and children fishing. You could use a tan cardstock as the background, matte the photos with navy blue and forest green. The tan color compliments the children’s hair color as well as the bark of the trees, the navy compliments the color of the children’s blue jeans and sky, the green compliments the evergreen trees in the background. The blue and green mattes contrast with the yellow leaves and give the overall feeling of richness and depth. (See example below) Experiment by placing photos on different colors and observe which colors look best.

If you are matting your photo, always use a solid color. If you use a pattern paper, the photo gets lost in the busyness of the paper and you lose the focus. Matte the photos when you choose to have a pattern paper as the background. This makes the photos stand out.

Another option is to have a solid background and place the photos side-by-side without matting.

Use both techniques in your album.



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