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«Task 3.4 STUDY OF ENERGY LOGISTICS AND STRUCTURE IN PORTS ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, PP17 CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 DOCUMENT INFORMATION Task ...»

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CLEANSHIP

Clean Baltic Sea Shipping

Task 3.4

STUDY OF ENERGY LOGISTICS AND STRUCTURE IN

PORTS

ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, PP17

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

Task 3.4

STUDY OF ENERGY LOGISTICS AND STRUCTURE IN

PORTS

ZANNA SAVCUKA

Author(s):

ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION

Issuing entity:

CLEANSHIP TASK 3.4

Document Code:

Pages 110 Figures 56 Tables 31 Annexes 0 CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 Disclaimer This publication is part of the Clean Baltic Sea Shipping project and it is subjected to the publicity rules of the Baltic Sea Programme 2007-2013.

While the information contained in the documents is believed to be accurate, the author(s) or any other participant in the CLEANSHIP make no warranty of any kind with regard to this material including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

Neither CLEANSHIP nor any of its members, their officers, employees or agents shall be responsible or liable in negligence or otherwise howsoever in respect of any inaccuracy or omission herein.

Without derogating from the generality of the foregoing neither CLEANSHIP nor any of its partners, their officers, employees or agents shall be liable for any direct or indirect or consequential loss or damage caused by or arising from any information advice or inaccuracy or omission herein.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction

2 The Port of Helsinki, Finland

2.1 Port description

2.2 Port terminals

2.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

2.5 Feedback to questionnaire – Onshore power supply

2.6 Feedback to questionnaire – LNG terminals

3 The Port of Turku, Finland

3.1 Port description

3.2 Feedback to questionnaire – LNG terminals

3.3 Cargo turnover

3.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

3.5 Feedback to questionnaire – Onshore power supply

3.6 Feedback to questionnaire – LNG terminals

4 The Port of Tallinn, Estonia

4.1 Port description

4.2 Port terminals

4.3 Cargo turnover 2010

4.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

4.5 Feedback to questionnaire – Onshore power supply

4.6 Feedback to questionnaire – LNG terminal

5 The Port of Liepaja, Latvia

5.1 Port description

5.2 Port terminals

5.3 Cargo turnover 2010

5.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

5.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

5.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

6 The Port of Ventspils, Latvia

6.1 Port description

6.2 Port terminals

6.3 Cargo turnover 2010

6.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

6.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

6.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

7 The Port of Riga, Latvia

7.1 Port description

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

7.2 Port terminals

7.3 Cargo turnover 2010

7.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

7.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

7.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

8 The Port of Klaipeda

8.1 Port description

8.2 Port terminals

8.3 Cargo turnover 2010

8.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

8.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

8.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

9 The Port of Kaliningrad, Russia

9.1 Port description

9.2 Port terminals

9.3 Cargo turnover 2010

9.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

9.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

9.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

10 The Port of Gdansk, Poland

10.1 Port description

10.2 Port terminals

10.3 Cargo turnover 2010

10.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

10.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

10.6 LNG terminals

11 Port of Gdynia, Poland

11.1 Port description

11.2 Port terminals

11.3 Cargo turnover 2010

11.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

11.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

12 The Port of Hamburg, Germany

12.1 Port description

12.2 Port terminals

12.3 Cargo turnover 2010

12.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

12.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

12.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals





CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 13 The Port of Lübeck, Germany

13.1 Port description

13.2 Port terminals

13.3 Cargo turnover 2010

13.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

13.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

13.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

14 The Port of Rostock, Germany

14.1 Port description

14.2 Port terminals

14.3 Cargo turnover 2010

14.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

14.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

14.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

15 The Port of Kalundborg, Denmark

15.1 Port description

15.2 Port terminals

15.3 Cargo turnover 2010

15.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

15.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

15.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

16 The Port of Stockholm, Sweden

16.1 Port description

15.2 Port terminals

16.3 Cargo turnover 2010

16.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

16.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

16.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

17 The Port of Trelleborg, Sweden

17.1 Port description

17.2 Port terminals

17.3 Cargo turnover 2010

17.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

17.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

17.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

18 The Port of Oslo, Norway

18.1 Port description

18.2 Port terminals

18.3. Cargo turnover 2011

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

18.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic

18.5 Feedback to questionnaire - Onshore power supply

18.6 Feedback to questionnaire - LNG terminals

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 1 Introduction

The aims of task 3.4 were:

1. to examine Baltic Sea region ports onshore power supply facilities for ships have been arranged,

2. to collect data from Baltic Sea region ports regarding existing LNG bunkering facilities and LNG terminals,

3. to make an evaluation of best practices, resulting in recommendation for the future in ports.

The most significant emissions by harbour operations and vessel traffic include nitrogen dioxide (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) and emissions of fine particles, such as soot. SO2 emissions are characteristic to vessel traffic, particularly because the fuels that are used in road traffic today no longer contain sulphur. The SO2 emissions by vessels are dependent on the sulphur contents of the fuels used and the volume of traffic.

The marine fuel sulphur content in the Baltic sea must not exceed 1.0% (from July 2010) by mass or any other technological method that is verifiable and enforceable to limit SOx emissions to a level equivalent of 6.0 g/kWh or less. With effect from 1st of January 2010, the sulphur content of marine fuels, used by the vessels at berth, must not exceed 0.1 mass % if vessels are due to be alongside for more than two hours.

By using shore-side electricity for ships in port negative environmental effects, such as noise and air pollution, can be reduced, since the ships’ auxiliary engines can be switched off during the harbour stay.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 In this task the Environmental Development Association, Latvia (EDA) reveal the present situation of port infrastructure/existing quayside facilities and tendencies of implementing onshore power supply (OPS) technology. By preparing an electronic questionnaire (May 2011) the current status of OPS in Baltic Sea region ports was investigated: Oslo (Norway), Trelleborg, Stockholm (Sweden), Helsinki, Turku (Finland), Tallinn (Estonia), Riga, Ventspils, Liepaja (Latvia), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Gdansk, Gdynia (Poland), Lubeck, Rostock, Hamburg (Germany), Kalundborg (Denmark), Kaliningrad (Russia). Feedback from the questionnaire also gives information about the ports’ plans regarding OPS technology and use of LNG as alternative fuel.

2 The Port of Helsinki, Finland

2.1 Port description The Port of Helsinki is situated on the South coast of Finland at the mouth of the River Vantaa, in the Gulf of Finland (Figure 1).

–  –  –

Figure 1. The Port of Helsinki, coordinates: 60° 09.

71’ N 24° 57.45’ E.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 Helsinki has 123 km of shoreline, of which less than 10 km is in port use. Port of Helsinki is specialized in passenger traffic and unitized cargo services for Finnish companies engaged in foreign trade.

The Port of Helsinki consists of three harbours: Vuosaari harbor, South Harbour and the West Harbour. Passenger traffic is concentrated around the city centre in South Harbour and West Harbour whereas the main cargo port is the Vuosaari Harbour located in the district of Vuosaari.

Cargo handling facilities are provided by all 3 harbors, which cover a total area of approximately 190 ha and provide over 8 500 m of quays.

2.2 Port terminals The total number of terminals in the port of Helsinki is 5 and total number of berths is 46. The Port of Helsinki oversees three harbours: South Harbour (passenger traffic), West Harbour (passenger traffic), Vuosaari Harbour (the main cargo port).

South Harbour is a bay and harbour area immediately next to the city centre of Helsinki. About 4.8 million passengers travel through this harbour every year. Most of the harbour's traffic leave to Stockholm, Sweden and Tallinn, Estonia, and then there are cruises to various destinations. In the summertime, there is also a lot of small ship traffic. The South Harbour has 11 piers and 3 terminals.

The Katajanokka Terminal is located in the district of Katajanokka and has a regular ferry connection to Stockholm and Tallinn.

The Makasiini Terminal is located near the market square. Express ships to Tallinn depart from it during the open water season.

The southernmost terminal is the Olympia Terminal. It is used by Silja Line’s ferries that leave to Stockholm.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4 West Harbour is a passenger harbour in the district of Jätkäsaari, in the southwestern part of the Helsinginniemi peninsula. This harbour has 8 berths in Jätkäsaari and additional 3 berths for international cruise ships in Hernesaari.

The West Terminal is located at the West Harbour and it concentrates on traffic to Tallinn. There is also a regular passenger ship link to St.

Petersburg.

Vuosaari Harbour is located in the suburb of Vuosaari in East Helsinki, has 24 berths and handles cargo traffic for the Greater Helsinki region.

Hansa Terminal is the passenger terminal in Vuosaari Harbour and serves passenger traffic from Helsinki to Travemünde, Rostock and Gdynia via RoPax vessels.

2.3 Cargo turnover 2010 The overall cargo volume in the port of Helsinki in 2010 was 10.9 million tons: export 4.7 million tons, import 4.9 million tons. Additionally, about 9 760 000 passengers frequented the Port of Helsinki (Table 1).

–  –  –

Figure 2. Shares of import and export volumes in the Port of Helsinki in 2010.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

2.4 Freight, Passenger and Ship Traffic The Port of Helsinki has regular and frequent passenger traffic with connections to Tallinn, Stockholm, Travemünde, Rostock, Gdynia and St.

Petersburg. At the height of the summer season, there are 17 departures to Tallinn daily. Ferries going to Sweden depart from the Olympia Terminal and the Katajanokka Terminal, whereas departures to Estonia leave from the West Terminal, Makasiini Terminal and Katajanokka Terminal. Ship connection to St. Petersburg operates from the West Terminal and departures to Germany and Poland leave from the Hansa Terminal.

Nearly 300 cruise ships and up to 380 000 cruise passengers visit Helsinki yearly. International cruise ships dock in South Harbour, Katajanokka, West Harbour and Hernesaari.

The total number of ship calls in the Port of Helsinki in 2010 was 8

449. From them 56 were bulk ships, 765 container ships, 2 052 RoPax, 4 123 passenger ships, 1 083 tugs, 33 liquid petroleum gas tanker, 251 cruise ships and 86 others (Figure 3).

Figure 3. Percentage ship calls by ship type in the Port of Helsinki in 2012.

CLEANSHIP Task 3.4

2.5 Feedback to questionnaire – Onshore power supply The Port of Helsinki examined, in co-operation with shipping companies and Helsinki Energy, all the possibilities that shore-side electricity offers passenger ships. The goal is for the passenger and car ferries at the South Harbour to be connected to the shore-side electricity when at a berth. There is a shore side electricity connection at the Pakkahuone Quay that is available for the Defence Forces’ vessels calling Helsinki.



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