FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 18 |

«City Research Online Original citation: Waterhouse, R.T. (2014). Satanic abuse, false memories, weird beliefs and moral panics. (Unpublished Doctoral ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Waterhouse, R.T. (2014). Satanic abuse, false memories, weird beliefs and moral panics.

(Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

City Research Online

Original citation: Waterhouse, R.T. (2014). Satanic abuse, false memories, weird beliefs and

moral panics. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

Permanent City Research Online URL: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/11871/

Copyright & reuse

City University London has developed City Research Online so that its users may access the research outputs of City University London's staff. Copyright © and Moral Rights for this paper are retained by the individual author(s) and/ or other copyright holders. All material in City Research Online is checked for eligibility for copyright before being made available in the live archive. URLs from City Research Online may be freely distributed and linked to from other web pages.

Versions of research The version in City Research Online may differ from the final published version. Users are advised to check the Permanent City Research Online URL above for the status of the paper.

Enquiries If you have any enquiries about any aspect of City Research Online, or if you wish to make contact with the author(s) of this paper, please email the team at publications@city.ac.uk.

Satanic abuse, false memories, weird beliefs and moral panics Anatomy of a 24-year investigation


A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree

of Doctor of Philosophy:

A critical analysis offered for the PhD by prior publication At City University London Department of Journalism January 2014


Contents Acknowledgements



Part 1 – Introduction, contribution to knowledge and summary

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Contribution to knowledge

1.3 Purpose of this PhD

Part 2 – A su a of the o igi s a d sp ead of the “

–  –  –

2.1 Satanic ritual abuse: definitions.

2.2 False memories and multiple personalities

2.3 Satan arrives on the scene

2.4 International spread

Part 3 – My investigations into the myth

3.1 How it happened

3.2 Methodology and conduct of research

3.2.1 Methodology

3.2.2 Conduct of research

.. I estigati g The Maki g of a “ata i M th

Part 4 – Theoretical interpretations

4.1 How my work relates to the theory and practice of investigative journalism

4.1.1 The role of other journalists in the Satanic panic

4.1.2 Historical context of investigative journalism

4.1.3 What is investigative reporting?

4.1.4 Objectivity

4.1.5 Method

4.1.6 Ethics and investigative techniques

4.2 How my work relates to the academic literature in the field of psychology on false memories and multiple personalities

.. The eo a s

4.2.2 Research reviews: false memory

4.2.3 Recovered memories, multiple personalities, alien abductions and Satanic abuse............ 62

4.3 How my work relates to the academic literature in anomalistic psychology (the study of weird beliefs)

4.4 How my work relates to the academic literature on moral panics

4.4.1 Definitions

4.4.2 Models of moral panic theory

4.4.3 Satanic ritual abuse and moral panic

4.4.4 Aftermath

Part 5 – Analysis of data evidence or outcomes

Part 6 – Critical appraisal of previous work

6.1 Responses to my work

6.2 Conclusion


Appendix 1: Critical appraisals

A Jean La Fontaine

B Mike Hill

Appendix 2: Citations of published journalism

A Articles

B Books

Appendix 3: List of published and broadcast journalism submitted as my body of published work. 110

–  –  –

B Television

BBC Newsnight

BBC1 Real Story

c. Radio

d. Film

e. Book chapter

f. Conference talks

g. Presentations

h. Professional memberships

–  –  –

To Jean La Fontaine for her friendship and wisdom over 20 years.

To Mike Hill in New Zealand for sharing his encyclopaedic collection of papers and being my mentor.

To Sarah Churchwell for seeing the potential of my proposal.

To Christie Slade and Howard Tumber for encouragement and support. To Peter Ayton for guidance and approving a budget for books. To George Brock for supporting my sabbatical.

To Jacqui Farrants for her enthusiasm and sharing her review of research on false memories, which gave me a head start.

To Linda Lewis for providing such efficient sabbatical cover and to Melanie McFadyean for constant friendship and support.

To Martin Conway for his encouragement and guidance.

To Paul Anderson for a brilliant edit.

To Lis Howell for brow beating me into embarking on a PhD To Peter Wilby for fostering jou alis to fi d thi gs out.

–  –  –

To Anna McKane for encouraging me to pursue the teaching of investigative journalism.

To Ch is B a of The “o e e s App e ti e fo his continual supply of invaluable information.

In memory of my mother, father and aunt Tess who encouraged me to achieve my potential.

5 Declaration I grant powers of discretion to the university librarian to allow this thesis to be copied in whole or in part without further reference to me. This permission covers only single copies made for study purposes, subject to normal conditions of acknowledgement.

6 Abstract This critical analysis focuses on my investigations over the past almost 24 years into what I term the Satani itual a use th – o Satani pa i – the controversy over recovered versus false memories, and, more recently, the validity of the diagnosis of multiple personality disorder (MPD), now known as dissociative identity disorder (DID). This reflective analysis, written for the PhD by prior publication, explores how my journalism has made an original and significant contribution to knowledge in my own field, investigative journalism, and how it relates to – and has contributed to the literature in several academic disciplines – the psychology of false memories, the anomalistic psychology of weird beliefs, and the sociology of moral panics. I was one of the first researchers internationally to conclude there was no physical, forensic evidence that Satanic abuse existed. My Maki g of a Satani M th featu e, pu lished i the Independent on Sunday in 1990, has been cited in the literature, along with key investigations since. I describe the methodology and conduct of research during my continuing investigations into the origins and spread of the Satani pa i a d related controversies of false memories and multiple personalities. The dissertation itself adds significantly to academic theories and historical accounts of these events from the 1980s until today.

Through a wide reading of the literature I have pieced together a forensic chronology which provides a unique overview of a particular era of striking and peculiar phenomena. On reflection, I conclude that my investigations provide evidence for the concept of moral panics created through an e plosi e a plifi atio of a e dote, so ial a d offi ial o e a out issues su h as hild a use, sp ead lai s- ake s a d a glo alised ass media. Although sporadic claims of Satanic abuse continue I conclude there is still no corroborating evidence.

7Part 1 – Introduction, contribution to knowledge andsummary

1.1 Introduction This dissertation focuses on my investigations over the past almost 24 years (at time of submission) i to hat I te the Satani itual a use th – o Satanic pa i – the controversy over recovered versus false memories, and, most recently, the validity of the diagnosis of multiple personality disorder (MPD), now known as dissociative identity disorder (DID).

The dissertation begins by outlining in brief how my publications have made an original and significant contribution to knowledge and to my particular discipline – investigative journalism – and then relates my journalism to the academic literature in the wider fields of research in the study of recovered and false memories, weird beliefs, and moral panics. I am submitting with it a list of publications and original broadcast material which constitute a coherent body of published work.

My investigations demonstrate how journalism can intersect with several academic disciplines and clinical fields – from the psychology of false memories and weird beliefs to the sociology of moral panics. I argue that my journalism has made a significant contribution to the stock of human knowledge about the bizarre outbreaks of claims, internationally, of Satanic abuse, the interlinked recovered memory movement and, latterly, the controversial diagnosis of multiple personality disorder.

My investigations have been conducted according to a long-established tradition of fact-finding, evidence-based, truth-seeking, public interest investigative journalism, using a methodology which is rigorous and forensic.

In terms of academic research, my journalism has been empirical work, based on wide-ranging investigative research and extensive interviews. On reflection, it demonstrates evidence for and contributes to moral panic theory. Interestingly, I have discovered, the events I originally investigated very clearly illustrate a theory of explosive amplification – when popular stories and official recognition of an apparently new phenomenon coincide (Henningsen, 1980; Ellis, 2000, Hill, 2005, 2012). I discovered the concept of lai s- ake s ith issio a zeal, o i ed ith othe social factors – such as concern about child abuse – and crucially, an increasingly globalised mass media suddenly disseminating the story, could create a moral panic, for an apparent scare, for which there was little or no evidence (deYoung, 2004; Richardson, 1991).

8 My continuing investigation into how the claims started, where, when, by whom, and why, and, over the years, how they spread, is empirical research. My article The Maki g of a Satanic M th (Waterhouse, 1990a) was an original contribution to knowledge at the time and has been cited internationally since.

This dissertation itself adds significantly to academic theories and historical accounts of these events, which occurred mainly from the early 1980s to late 1990s. Through a wide reading of the literature across the academic disciplines, I have pieced together a forensic chronology which I think provides a unique overview of a particular era of striking and peculiar phenomena. The more I researched for the dissertation, the more I could see that the Satanic panic and inter-related psychotherapy fashions of recovered memory therapy and diagnosis of MPD/DID followed a pattern, which can be traced from the historical witch trials to moder da o sessio s ith histo i allegations of hild a use. Afte esea h, I ha e o luded, the te o al pa i – as a concept – is highly appropriate for all these episodes.

Some researchers, most recently the criminologists Bill Thompson and Andy Williams (2013), stridently dispute the existence of moral panics – as a reality – and claim the panic paradigm is a lazy academic fad. I refer more to this later in the section on moral panics.

But to me as a journalist the term moral panic as a theoretical concept is appealing, because it embodies the explosive amplification of public concern, official recognition and media frenzy. At the time of writing I believe it is appropriate to use the term moral panic in a climate which has been created by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, the Metropolita Poli e s Operation Yew Tree, the changes in policies and guidelines announced by the former and current Director of Public Prosecutions in historical allegations of sexual abuse by celebrities and other high profile people that has followed the exposure of the disc jockey and TV star Jimmy Savile as a serial abuser. In June 2014 the BBC reported that the NSPCC helpline had received 50 more reports of historic abuse against Savile – bringing the total to 500 – after a high court judge announced a £3 million compensation scheme and ordered newspaper adverts to publish the deadline for claims. I will be continuing research into the origins of and evidence for historic allegations of sexual abuse in the post-Savile era. My journalistic investigations into these inter-related phenomena have shared methodological and theoretical foundations based on established theories and practices of investigative journalism. The design and conduct of a long-term journalistic investigation does not have classic academic foundations like a social science survey or a psychological study into human beliefs or behaviour. Practical journalism is not a classic academic discipline. But it does have 9 theoretical underpinnings. And, as explain in the dissertation, my own investigative journalistic methods follow a rigorous tradition of old-fashioned, tried and tested principles, aimed essentially at fi di g thi gs out Pete Wil, pe so al o u i atio, o fi ed e ail No e e, seeking the evidence, coming as I do from the school of truth-seeker (Pilger, 2004; Tofani, 1998;

, athe tha a paig i g u k ake Evans, 1983) and detective (Bernstein and Woodward, 19 (Aucoin, 2007) or e t ilo uist s du Feldstei,. Ho e e, as I efle t o ho jou alis de eloped o e the ou se of the i estigatio s, i o asio al Satanic Pa i series for Private Eye since 2006 – the title comes from a 1993 book by Jeffrey S Victor, Satanic Panic: The Creation of a Contemporary Legend – I can see that pure objectivity has sometimes given way to polemic, as particular stories have ignited my sense of moral outrage (Waterhouse, 2006a, 2006b, 2011, 2013a).

Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 18 |

Similar works:

«The Codsall High Federation of Schools Bilbrook Church of England Middle School  01902 840910 www.bilbrook middle.com  office@bilbrook.staffs.sch Don’t forget to follow us on Twitter Newsletter-December 2015 What a fantastic first term! The fifteen school weeks of this term seem to have flown by. I have taught in a wide and diverse range of schools over the course of my career and I can honestly say that so many of the things I've seen across all three schools are some of the very...»

«Oral Cavity Cancer: Literature Review and Current Management Rodrigo Arrangoiz*, Fernando Cordera*, Manuel Munoz-Juarez*, Eduardo Moreno Paquetin* and Enrique Luque-de-Leon* 1 Introduction In 2014, it is estimated that about 55,070 new cases of head and neck cancers will occur, which represent approximately 3% to 5% of all cancers in the United States (Society, 2014; Siegel R et al., 2014). During the same time period it is estimated that there will be approximately 12,000 deaths (Society,...»

«LTE Handover Performance Evaluation Based on Power Budget Handover Algorithm Master degree of European Master of Research on Information and Communication Technologies Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Author: José Bruno Iñiguez Chavarría Thesis Director: Ramon Ferrús Professor of Department of Signal Theory and Communications UPC February 2014 i Abstract LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a fourth generation cellular network technology that provides improved performance related to data rate,...»

«FORM-CRITICISM OF THE SYNOPTIC HEALING NARRATIVES LAURENCE J. McGINLEY, S.J. WOODSTOCK COLLEGE III. NOVELLE AND MIRACLE-STORY I N classifying, for form-critical purposes, the stories of miraculous healings recorded in the synoptic Gospels, Dibelius and Bultmann have employed more or less parallel categories. Just as the paradigm of Dibelius corresponds in general to the apothegm of Bultmann,1 so all the healing narratives which Dibelius names novellen are classified by Bultmann under the...»

«Tenth U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Frontiers of Earthquake Engineering July 21-25, 2014 Anchorage, Alaska 10NCEE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE OF A 632METER SUPER-TALL BUILDING WITH ENERGY DISSIPATION OUTRIGGERS ZHOU Ying 1, ZHANG Cuiqiang2 and LU Xilin3 ABSTRACT Structural systems of super-tall buildings, including RC/SRC core walls, frames, and sometimes bracings, are utilized collaboratively to resist strong earthquakes and wind loads. Outriggers are usually set to ensure the...»

«The Friday Flyer A Biweekly Newsletter of Blue Skies East February 12, 2016 NEWS FROM THE STAFF BLUE SKIES RESIDENT SATISFACTION SURVEY STAFF By: Chip Utterback, President/CEO You will soon be receiving a survey asking if your Blue Skies staff and Board of Directors are meeting your expectations. This is another opportunity for you to speak directly to management and the Board – only this time it’s with complete privacy and confidentiality. While the survey will ask a number of tactical...»

«Introduction to Window-Eyes High Tech Center Training Unit Of the California Community Colleges at the Foothill-De Anza Community College District 21050 McClellan Road Cupertino, CA 95014 (408) 996-4636 www.htctu.net 1 Table of Contents WINDOW-EYES (VER 4.211) Publisher: Cost: System Requirements: Description Installing Window-Eyes Starting a Window-Eyes Session Navigating through Windows (2000/XP) Using Microsoft Word with Window-Eyes Using Internet Explorer with Window-Eyes The Word Exception...»

«Transportation Research Forum Do State Fiscal Constraints Affect Implementation of Highway Public-Private Partnerships? A Panel Fixed Logit Assessment Author(s): Zhenhua Chen, Nobuhiko Daito, and Jonathon L. Gifford Source: Journal of the Transportation Research Forum, Vol. 53, No. 2 (Summer 2014), pp. 111-128 Published by: Transportation Research Forum Stable URL: http://www.trforum.org/journal The Transportation Research Forum, founded in 1958, is an independent, nonprofit organization of...»

«Robert F Wittkamp. Bashôs „Pfade durch das Hinterland“ und die haibun-Literatur Mit Erzähltextanalysen zum Oku no Hosomichi OSTASIEN Verlag Deutsche Ostasienstudien 20 Robert F. Wittkamp Bashōs „Pfade durch das Hinterland“ und die haibun-Literatur – mit Erzähltextanalysen zum Oku no Hosomichi – Deutsche Ostasienstudien 20 OSTASIEN Verlag Titelbild: „Japanische Landschaft“, Tuschmalerei von Rita Böhm, (Böhm 2011: 92). Wir danken der Bier’schen Verlagsanstalt für die...»

«Trends in Subsistence from the Middle Paleolithic through Mesolithic at Klissoura Cave 1 (Peloponnese, Greece) Item type text; Electronic Dissertation Authors Starkovich, Britt Marie Publisher The University of Arizona. Rights Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with...»

«Zmije rodu Echis Zmije rodu Echis (Viperidae) Tomáš Mazuch, Jiří Hejduk Www.megasphera.cz/africanvenomoussnakes 2 Zmije rodu Echis První z autorů věnuje knihu zesnulému herpetologovi J. B. Rasmussenovi Autoři: Tomáš Mazuch, Jiří Hejduk Copyright © Tomáš Mazuch, Jiří Hejduk Ilustrace © Tomáš Mazuch Fotografie © Tomáš Mazuch (pokud není uvedeno jinak) Layout © Tomáš Mazuch Tisk: Tomáš Pešek, Tomáš Mazuch Vydáno ČESKÝM SPOLKEM PRO AFRICKOU HERPETOLOGII (2007)...»

«www.ccsenet.org/elt English Language Teaching Vol. 3, No. 3; September 2010 The Impact of Task Complexity on L2 Learners’ Written Narratives Massoud Rahimpour (Corresponding author) The University of Tabriz & The University of Queensland Tel: 98-339-2165 E-mail: rahimpour2003@yahoo.com Pakhshan Hosseini The University of Tabriz Tel: 98-411-339-2165 E-mail:pakhshanhosseini@yahoo.com Abstract This main purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of task complexity on L2 learners’...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.