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«THE NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT OF THE MILLENNIUM MACA is a plant that grows only in the Peruvian mountains between 9,500 to 13,000 feet above sea level, ...»

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MACA

(Lepidium meyenii)

THE NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT OF THE MILLENNIUM

MACA is a plant that grows only in the Peruvian mountains between 9,500 to 13,000 feet

above sea level, in the coldest and roughest part of the central Andes.

MACA is a vegetable root or tuber has been used by the native Peruvians since before the

time of the Incas for both its fabled sexual and nutritional properties. For centuries, MACA

root has grown wild just below the glacial icecap, region of extreme weather conditions such as freezing temperatures, high winds, and intensive sunlight. No other food plant in the world can grow at so high an altitude and survive.

Native shepherds soon learned that as they grazed their herds in higher elevations, where MACA grows naturally, the herds became healthier, with more stamina and became much more sexually active. Soon, the Andean herders included this root in their own diets, both as a food and as a medicine and they found that MACA promoted increased energy and stamina.

Once in a decade, a plant used by native peoples for thousands of years comes to our attention and it seems so important to health that we wonder how we ever got along without it before. MACA is that kind of plant. Currently, the U.S, England, Germany, France, Russia, and Italy are all interested in MACA for its high nutritional values and amazing properties.

While the ability of MACA to increase sexual desire by an average of 180-200% in men and women is well documented, the primary effect of MACA is often overlooked. It is an adaptogen. It works to create harmony in the body, regulating levels of hormones and enzymes to create a state of homeostasis (ho·me·o·sta·sis: the ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes).

MACA's other primary benefits include: mental alertness, increased energy, an increase in libido, anti-depressive, anti-anxiety, and muscular development and toning.

THE HISTORY OF MACA

In the plateau of Peruvian Andes can be found the remains of this intensive agriculture activity, at altitudes where there is no present cultivation. We can state, without a doubt, that this region was a center for domestication and cultivation of plants with particular characteristics, such as MACA. Their agricultural management style dates back to the oldest human use of the high Andean plateau, existing even before potato was domestically planted.

It is believed that around the years 1200 and 100 years B.C., wild primitive groups called "Pumpush " traveled to the riverbanks of lake Chinchaycocha and settled in that region, possibly looking for better lands for their subsistence. It is believed that this hardened race is the one who domesticated MACA.

This millenary root was widely used by the Incas, and eventually became one of the most mass produced and commercialized plants. It has been considered a valuable supplement for centuries and in ancient Peru, without any scientific evidence, its highly nutritional properties were very well known.

MACA occupied a very important place in the Inca`s economy. It provided the Incas with vitality and the necessary energy for combat. According to XVI and XVII century Spanish chronicles, the Inca troops were fed "MACA" because it was believed to give vitality and physical strength to the warriors. It is said that during the Inca period it was cultivated throughout the entire plateau, being sent to Cusco as a tribute for Gods.

When the Spaniards arrived in Peru, according to their chronicles, MACA turned out to be the most important product being produced, consumed and marketed by the inhabitants of the high plateau. After the fall of Inca Empire, MACA was in danger of extinction, but the first scientific discoveries in the 60`s brought the plant out of obscurity. The ancient Peruvians used this ancient knowledge, and fortunately modern Peruvians have brought this knowledge back to light for the benefit of all humanity.

Since the nineties, MACA has made a comeback, and laboratories and departments of sciences in Peruvian and international universities have again acknowledged its value.

MACA AS A NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT

MACA is once again assuming its rightful place as one of our planet’s most valuable adaptogenic herbs. Its qualities are specific in that its effects are particular to the endocrine glands, and it is equally beneficial for both women and men.

It is recommended as a nutritional supplement due to its contents of minerals, chemical compounds, vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, tannins, alkaloids, etc. It has been discovered that MACA favors the calcification process in the bones, stimulates the formation and maturation of the red blood cells, strengthens the immune system, stimulates the reproductive system for both men and women, relieves symptoms caused by PMS, acts as a hormone replacement, and can be utilized as a co-assistant for infirmities of malnutrition, osteoporosis, AIDS, tuberculosis, etc.

MACA contains the highest calcium concentration than any other plant of its type. For this reason it is a good nutritional supplement for those who are anemic, and convalescent people who are diagnosed with illnesses requiring the formation of red globules; it is also very effective for menopause.





MACA contains more proteins than any other tubercles. It is also abundant in phosphorus, iron, iodine, and calcium. Iodine is a great reconstructer of the endocrine glands, specially the thyroid. Calcium and phosphorus help with the bone formation of the body, and also contain carbohydrates that the body uses to maintain and replace energy.

One of the main attributes of MACA, is its reported ability to enhance fertility, due to its high content of iodine and zinc, amino acids and vitamin C. Although the fertility enhancement of MACA has not been substantiated scientifically it seems a reasonable choice for those wishing to conceive. The protein and calories in MACA are stable even after years of storage. It is also rich in complex carbohydrates and essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and iron. MACA is a source of glycoside steroids.

MACA is an adaptogen meaning it helps to restore balance or homeostasis to the body and improve the overall adaptability of the whole system. It has been used traditionally to increase energy and to promote improvement in both stamina and endurance in athletes.

Unlike caffeine, MACA is a healthy choice for increasing energy because it is not a stimulant. The steady enhancement of both physical and mental energy makes it an ideal supplement for students, professionals, writers, athletes and anyone who needs a lift.

MACA CONTAINS…

- Proteins: An average of 11gr % in the dry root.

- Fiber: The Maca root contains cellulose and lignin, that is to say, an ample amount of fibers. The large amount of fiber diminishes the risk of cancer of the large intestine, stimulating the intestinal operation and helping the organism eliminate the nutritional remainders that body does not utilize.

- Carbohydrates: These are the principal source for human energy.

- Starch: Maca contains calcium and iron, forming chemical compounds that influence the nutrition and health of the consumer.

- Fructose: A sugar used by the seminal plasma for the production of spermatozoa.

- Tannins: Tannins are used internally helping in the treatment of diarrhea. Combined with other medicines, it has the utility of treating inflammatory processes of little chronic extension like ulcers, sores, etc.

- Fatty acids: Maca contains fatty acids like antiseptics, fungicides, and preservatives of foods.

- Alkaloids: Maca contains 4 alkaloids, Macaína 1, 2, 3 and 4. The alkaloids exert physiological action on the human organism. The alkaloid

Abstract

of Maca is an innocuous chemical substance present in very small amounts, which stimulates the hormone regulators of the reproductive system located in the brain. The alkaloid extract found in the root also help growth and activate hormones that regulate the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in the blood.

- Macronutrients: Maca root presents/displays essential vitamins and minerals for life, therefore its nutritive properties help patients who are diagnosed with tuberculosis, HIV, leukemia and anemia.

- Calcium: Higher concentrations of calcium are found in the MACA root, it is indispensable for the formation of the bones, teeth, skeleton, the operation of the heart, the nerves and the sanguineous system.

- Phosphorus: The phosphorus contained in Maca helps the structural functions that affect the skeleton, and regulates functions like the transmission of neuromuscular chemicals and electrical stimuli. It also plays an important role in the hemeostasis of calcium and in the reactions involving carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.

- Micronutrients: This part of the plant contains many minerals found in small quantities, which together help with the production of antibodies.

- Magnesium: It is essential for the activities of muscles and nerves, protein synthesis, and many other reactions.

- Potassium: Potassium participates in the regulation of osmotic pressure; its activity is carried out inside the cells.

- Iron: Iron is a vital component of hemoglobin and also of certain respiratory enzymes.

Increased iron needs occur during the growth period and pregnancy, and with excessive menses and other instances of blood loss.

- Silicon: Helps the connective tissues, including the aorta, trachea, tendons, bones, and skin, which contain almost all of the body’s silicon.

- Sodium: Along with potassium, sodium reduces arterial pressure. Helps people with hypertension.

- Copper: Copper is a probable participant in the formation of hemoglobin. A lack of copper can greatly decrease the amount of essential enzymes for the organism.

- Tin and Aluminum: These elements form carbonates and silicates that take part in the formation of the bones.

- Zinc: Serves as a cofactor of dehydrogenises and carbonic anhydrate; its lack can cause skin rashes, taste disturbances, and mental lethargy.

- Vitamins: MACA root also contains vitamins B1, B2, and C. Vitamin B1 helps the body cells convert carbohydrates into energy. It is also essential for the functioning of the heart, muscles, and nervous system. B2 works with the other B vitamins. It is important for body growth and red cell production, and helps in releasing energy from carbohydrates. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is involved in oxidation-reduction reactions.

EFFECTS OF CONSUMPTION OF MACA

HEMODYNAMIC ASPECTS

- The consumption of maca produces a reducing effect of diastolic arterial pressure (low blood pressure).

- Maca does not modify neither heart frequency nor arterial saturation of oxygen.

- Hematocrit is not affected by maca, which an anti-anemic effect may exist.

- Improves the count of red blood cells, strengthens the hemoglobin and also the leukocytes, which are important to the immune system.

NUTRITIONAL ASPECTS

- Maca has an important effect as an energizer. Energizer effect may be associated to the increase of serum levels of human growth hormone (HGH).

- It has effects over energy reserves acting over body fat.

- Due to the number of steroidal glycosides, maca is gaining popularity among weight lifters and body builders as a natural alternative to anabolic steroids.

- Has an anti-anemic effect (balanced blood iron levels).

STATE OF MIND

- Maca improves the state of mind. Used for loss of memory, fatigue and mental weakness

- DHEA levels increased in a large proportion of the males treated with maca.

- Consumption of maca produce a “general sense of well being”.

ANXIETY

- Placebo decreases anxiety

- Maca decreases anxiety from the two weeks of treatment.

STRESS

- The treatment with maca decreases stress and the scale of mind renounce, favoring a better response to stress.

- Maca can help with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and general fatigue brought on by aging, because it raises DHEA and cortisol levels.

- Most people with CFS have adrenal fatigue, and it is very effective for rebuilding exhausted adrenal glands.

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION

- To aid in fertility is the main quality attributed to maca.

- It is an excellent invigorator, helping men and women afflicted with frigidness, sterility.

Ideal for treating male impotence and erectile dysfunction.

- Maca improves the level of sexual desire by an average of 180% compared to the placebo group.

- Increase sexual energy and stamina.

- Maca treatment does not modify HL levels.

- It increases seminal fluid volume, doubles the count and mobility of spermatozoids.

HORMONAL ASPECTS

- Beneficial for women in peri-menopause because it helps relieve the symptoms and has a balancing effect on the hormones.

- Maca helps to keep the endocrine system toned and healthy.

- It is a safe and completely drug-free alternative to using hormones, because with maca, the body naturally adjusts to producing its own hormones.

-Post-menopausal women raise hormone levels to a healthy state and will assist in preventing osteoporosis.

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

- Maca is a natural rich source of iodine, important for the endocrine system due to its effect on the thyroid.

- Along with selenium, magnesium, tyrosine, herbs like this are able to restore normal thyroid function. Maca rejuvenates the endocrine system for both men and women.

SCIENTIFIC STUDIES



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