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«Anatomy and Physiology 234 Grade 12 Science Northern Berkshire Vocational Regional School District Charles H. McCann Technical School 70 Hodges Cross ...»

Anatomy and Physiology 234

Grade 12 Science

Northern Berkshire Vocational Regional School District

Charles H. McCann Technical School

70 Hodges Cross Road

North Adams, MA 01247

Course Philosophy

The educational philosophy of the district includes preparing students to become

skilled individuals dedicated to making positive contributions to the global community.

The course philosophy of Anatomy and Physiology parallels that of the district’s

philosophy in that students in this course are expected to become knowledgeable in the structure and function of the systems of the human body. The main goals of the course are literacy in the structure and function of the body systems and the integration of that literacy into analyses of current health issues involving those systems. Students at the conclusion of the course should have a foundation for making informed decisions as future responsible members of their local and global communities.

Course Description Anatomy and Physiology is a double period class which meets every day during the students’ academic week. Anatomy and Physiology is the study of the structure and function of the various body systems. In the process of studying anatomy and physiology, students gain knowledge of many of the various disorders associated with each body system. In addition, students apply their knowledge of the body systems to the analysis of current events in the areas of health and medicine.

Students are expected to acquire a basic understanding of anatomical terminology, the structure of each of the body systems, the function of each system, and how the structure of each system determines its function. Through projects using current magazine articles or internet resources, students are expected to know disorders that occur with each system and be able to communicate, in a written and/or oral presentation, specific information about a particular disability. Students will also perform dissections of various organs and perform other laboratory procedures to further their understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the human body.

The essential questions which determine course scope and content include the


• What is the structure of each of the human body systems?

• What is the function of each of the human body systems?

• What are the major disorders of the human body systems and what causes them?

Course Syllabus In Anatomy and Physiology 234, the structure and function of the following

body systems will be studied:

• Integumentary System

• Skeletal System

• Muscular System

• Nervous System

–  –  –

In addition to the body systems, students will study and be expected to know basic anatomical terminology for locations, planes, and directions. Students will also study the major body cavities and their contents, and the four types of tissue (epithelia, connective, muscle, and neural) which are found in the human body.

As each body system is presented in class, students will examine disorders associated with that body system. The study of system disorders will include investigating causes, prevention, and treatments/cures. Current information in the form of magazine and newspaper articles and/or internet websites will be incorporated into the study of system disabilities.

Course Assessment Plan:

For the Anatomy and Physiology students at McCann Technical School the

following assessment plan will be followed:

Grading System:

“Report cards are issued quarterly and serve as a guideline for students and their parents to measure achievement. Parents are encouraged to contact teachers and counselors to ensure a continuing participation in student progress. Parents are also encouraged to utilize the Family Portal in X2 as a means of following student progress. Courses are graded numerically in accordance with the following values.” (2010-2011 McCann Student Handbook)

–  –  –

Muscular System ▪Functions of the muscular system ▪Muscle anatomy macroscopic and microscopic *Microscope Lab- Identification of Muscle Types ▪Muscle fiber contraction physiology ▪Organization of muscle i.e.

-Muscle fascicle, muscle fiber, myofibrils, actin, myosin ▪Identification of major skeletal muscles in the human body ▪Comparisons of the three muscle types, skeletal, smooth, and cardiac ▪Energetics of muscle contraction

-Aerobic and anaerobic ATP generation

-All or none principle *Muscle System disorder project and presentation

–  –  –

Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework Biology High School Standards Learning Standards for a Full First-Year Course

–  –  –

4.B Communicate in multiple modes to address needs within the career and technical field

4.B.01a Apply strategies to enhance effectiveness of all types of communications in the workplace

4.B.02a Apply reading skills and strategies to work-related documents

4.B.03a Locate information from books, journals, magazines, and the

4.B.04a Apply basic writing skills to work-related communication

4.B.05a Write work-related materials

4.B.07a Explain information presented graphically

4.B.08a Use writing/publishing/presentation applications

4.B.09a Apply basic skills for work-related oral communication

4.C Solve problems using critical thinking

–  –  –

4.C.05a Select potential solutions based on reasoned criteria

4.C.06a Implement and evaluate solution(s)

4.D Demonstrate positive work behaviors

4.D.01a Identify time management and task prioritization skills

4.D.03a Demonstrate willingness to learn and further develop skills

4.D.04a Demonstrate self-management skills

4.D.07a Show initiative by coming up with unique solutions and taking on extra responsibilities

6.A Demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers and applications as well as an understanding of concepts underlying hardware, software, and connectivity

–  –  –

6.A.07a Illustrate methods of selecting and using search engines

6.C Demonstrate ability to use technology for research, problem solving, and communication

–  –  –

The Anatomy and Physiology course uses the following instructional activities:

Cooperative learning groups Whiteboard projects Library/internet research Direct instruction Coloring anatomical plates Power point presentations Guest lecturers Demonstrations Recitation/review Videos Dissections


Martini PhD., Frederic H. and Bartholomew M.S., Edwin F. Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: 1997.

Marieb, Elanine N. Anatomy and Physiology Coloring Workbook. Benjamin Cummings.

San Francisco, California: 2003.

Martini PhD., Frederic H. and Bartholomew M.S., Edwin F. Applications Manual For

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. Benjamin Cummings. San Francisco, California:


Online resources:

http://www.scilinks.org http://www.intelihealth.org http://www.mayoclinic.com http://nhlbi.nih.gov

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