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«CHAPTER 8 PROTECTION OF WORKERS July 2014 Page 8-1 CHAPTER 8 TABLE OF CONTENTS 8.00 Introduction 8.01 Managers and Supervisors Responsibilities ...»

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July 2014 Page 8-1



8.00 Introduction

8.01 Managers and Supervisors Responsibilities

8.02 Individual Responsibilities

8.03 Responsible Person in Charge

8.04 Work Site Safety

8.05 Changing Chapter Standards 8.06 Relation of Chapter 8 to California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (CAMUTCD) 8.07 Personal Protective Equipment 8.08 Emergency First Aid 8.09 Medical Treatment 8.10 Definitions 8.11 Protective Vehicles 8.12 MAZEEP (Maintenance Zone Enhanced Enforcement Program) 8.13 Planning Work to Reduce Worker Exposure 8.14 Working Near Moving Traffic 8.15 Facing Traffic (Employees on Foot) 8.16 Crowding of Workers 8.17 Warning Systems-Lookouts 8.18 Parking 8.19 Signs CHAPTER 8


July 2014 Page 8-2 8.20 Flagging Operations 8.20.1 Handling Emergencies Within the Work Zone 8.21 Shoulder Closures

8.22 Moving Lane Operations/Closures

8.23 Lane Closures

8.24 Closing Auxiliary Lanes

8.25 Standard Exceptions to Lane Closure Procedures

8.26 Flashing Amber Lights and Rotating Amber Lights

8.27 The Use of the Flashing Arrow Sign (FAS)

8.28 Placing the Flashing Arrow Sign (FAS)

8.29 Working Equipment Against Traffic

8.30 Access to Median Work Zones

8.31 Maintenance Crews Working Across From Each Other

8.32 Picking Up Litter and Debris

8.33 Night Work

8.34 Transportation of Workers

8.35 Operating Maintenance Equipment

8.36 Backing of Vehicles and Equipment

8.37 Working on Machinery and Equipment

8.38 Tailgates of Trucks

8.39 Compressed Air 8.40 Work on Electrical Circuits 8.41 Working Near Utilities

8.42 Ladders

8.43 Confined Spaces



July 2014 Page 8-3

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8.00 Introduction It is Caltrans policy to conduct its business in the safest possible manner consistent with applicable law, policy, or rule.

This chapter of the Caltrans Maintenance Manual is a part of the Caltrans written Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP). It provides detailed instructions for managers, supervisors, and employees. It is designed to help employees in their efforts to work safely. All employees are expected to follow these minimum guidelines.

Other employee safety subjects are covered in other chapters of this manual, the Maintenance Code of Safe Operating Practices, and in the Caltrans Safety Manual.

The most important part of our job is to protect ourselves from traffic, while getting our work

done. We do this by:

(A) Letting the motorists know what is going on and where to drive.

For this we use signs, barricades, cones, flashing amber lights, portable changeable message signs (PCMS) and flashing arrow signs (FAS), and other traffic control devices.

(B) Avoiding the errant driver.

Face traffic, stay aware through your own eyes and ears or those of a lookout who will warn you. Plan your escape route.

(C) Using protective equipment.

Protective vehicles, headrests, seat belts/shoulder harnesses, and personal protective equipment as described in the Caltrans Safety Manual, Chapter 12.

(D) Planning the work to reduce employee exposure to traffic.

8.01 Managers and Supervisors Responsibilities

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(A) Supervisors and managers are the responsible persons to implement, maintain, and enforce Caltrans safety rules and policies.

(B) Supervisors, in cooperation with training personnel, shall ensure that all employees

receive safety related training to include:

(1) General training to cover hazards basic to all places of employment.

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(C) Supervisors shall ensure that each employee understands how to complete each assigned task safely.

(D) Supervisors shall ensure that each employee follows safe and healthy work practices and procedures, and shall initiate corrective action for non-compliance.

(E) Supervisors shall keep abreast of safety and health regulations affecting the operations they supervise.

(F) Supervisors shall ensure that each employee is provided with the equipment necessary to complete assigned tasks safely.

Supervisors or managers who observe an employee that appears to be unable to perform his/her assigned duties and have a concern about the safety of the employee or others, are responsible to prohibit that employee from continuing to work. The employee should be prohibited from working until a determination of the reason for the employee's behavior is made, or until a medical evaluation of the employee's fitness can be completed.

Any supervisor or manager who fails to enforce safety and health policies, procedures, regulations, laws, or rules shall be disciplined in accordance with Departmental Policy.

Supervisors and managers shall ensure that employee safety and health issues are discussed and assessed with employees at least annually at the time of issuing an Individual Development Plan/Performance and Appraisal Summary, and/or at the time supervisors discuss employee probationary reports.

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Supervisors in field locations shall have tailgate safety meetings at least every ten (10) working days to be in compliance with the requirements of the Construction Safety Orders, CCR1509 (e), or when starting new work activity to comply with Code of Safe Operating Practices.

Supervisors shall also conduct pre-job/post-job meetings with employees whenever a new process, chemical, material, or procedure is introduced that contains a new or previously unrecognized hazard, or when a new or previously unrecognized hazard is identified.

Supervisors shall provide initial safety orientation to new employees including, but not limited to, the specific hazards of the job, required personal protective equipment, Chapter 8, and the Code of Safety Operating Practices.

8.02 Individual Responsibilities Employees shall do everything reasonably necessary to protect their own safety and health and that of others by complying with all safety and health policies, procedures, laws, rules, or regulations. Employees shall report all injuries, illnesses, or hazardous conditions to their supervisor immediately, or at least by the end of the work shift.

Employees are expected to report to work mentally and physically capable of performing all of their assigned duties without jeopardizing the safety and health of themselves, other employees, or the public. Employees shall be free from the effects of medication, controlled substances, alcohol, or the complications arising from illness or injury, which might impair their judgment and/or ability to perform their work.

Employees are responsible to notify their supervisor of any personal medical condition or prescribed medication use that might impair their ability to perform their assigned duties.

Employees should also report to their supervisor any behavior by another employee that reasonably indicates that they are not fit for duty.

Any employee who violates any safety and health policy, procedure, regulation, law, or rule will be disciplined in accordance with Departmental Policy.

8.03 Responsible Person In Charge It is practice and policy that whenever two (2) or more employees are assigned to work together, one of the employees shall be placed in charge.

–  –  –

unavailable to direct the work for given periods of time, or where emergencies arise that require non-supervisory employees to direct the work of others.

Supervisors shall always designate an individual to be in charge during any work assignment or absence, and identify the steps to be taken in the event of an emergency.

The following Cal-OSHA definition (found in Title 8, §1504) will be used to determine the “responsible person in charge”:

Competent Person: One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them.

8.04 Work Site Safety

Managers and supervisors are responsible to:

(A) Routinely inspect all field and facility work areas under their jurisdiction to identify, document, and eliminate hazards that may contribute to injuries or illnesses. In order to accomplish this, Region Managers should do three (3) or more safety reviews per month, and Area Superintendents should do three (3) or more field or facility safety reviews per week. Supervisors should be routinely inspecting work sites and work areas and documenting/correcting any deficiencies.

(B) Ensure that employees are properly trained and equipped to do the job, and that they understand how to do it properly.

(C) Investigate every injury or illness and vehicle accident to: (For further information, refer to the Caltrans Safety Manual, Chapter 4).

(1) Determine contributing circumstances (2) Develop information that leads to correcting unsafe conditions and unsafe acts (D) Establish and maintain codes of safe operating practices, or equivalent, which identify hazards specific to job assignments.

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8.05 Changing Chapter Standards Chapter 8 requirements are intended for the usual situations. Unusual circumstances may call for greater or lesser protective measures than are described. It is not possible, or even desirable, that a manual such as this contain detailed rules for every possible situation. It is up to the supervisor to exercise judgment in applying these measures. Supervisors should not, through the use of protective devices, create greater hazard to their crews by increasing the severity and/or duration of exposure. They should consider all factors, particularly the safety of their employees, when applying the requirements of this chapter.

Deviations from standard measures may be judged desirable by the supervisor for a variety of reasons such as sight distance, proximity of ramps or street intersection, restrictive width, short duration of job at one location, or minimal exposure because of volume, speed, and proximity of traffic. Decisions to reduce standard measures shall have the written approval of someone responsible for the work at the Area Superintendent level or higher. This written approval shall describe the deviation and list the reason(s) it is needed. It shall be kept on file in the region office for three (3) years. This written approval is not needed in situations which develop suddenly and unexpectedly and demand immediate action to prevent injury or harm to workers or the traveling public. Operations should be brought up to standard as soon as resources become available. The supervisor may increase worker protection using standard devices without approval.

The standard lane closure plans, Standard Plan T9 through T17, are for normal work zones and conditions. In unusual situations, the Maintenance Engineer may request District Traffic

Operations to authorize a deviation at a specific location, providing:

(A) The specific location is identified by county, route, and postmile.

(B) The deviation does not compromise the safety of workers.

(C) The deviation is not for general use throughout the district.

(D) The deviation and rationale are documented in district files.

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8.06 Relation of Chapter 8 to California Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) Since 2004, Caltrans has adopted the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) as amended by the California MUTCD (CA MUTCD). Part 6: Temporary Traffic Control (TTC) of the California MUTCD establishes guidelines for traffic controls in highway construction and maintenance work zones. The MUTCD is published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), while the California MUTCD is published by the Division of Traffic Operations. In case of any inconsistency between the CA MUTCD and Chapter 8 of Maintenance Manual, Volume One, Maintenance forces are to follow Chapter 8.

Signs referenced with “(CA)” in this chapter indicate a California sign code. Otherwise, the sign code referenced is a Federal sign code.

8.07 Personal Protective Equipment Caltrans provides the personal protective equipment (PPE) employees will need to work safely.

This equipment is for worker protection and they shall be used properly to prevent injuries/illnesses.

Personal protective equipment consists of many items. Hard hats, ANSI compliant high visibility safety apparel, safety glasses, earplugs or muffs, gloves, goggles, respirators, raingear, and chaps are some examples.

The supervisor should select and provide the proper equipment and ensure workers wear it.

Refer to Appendix C of the Code of Safe Operating Practices and Chapter 12 of the Caltrans Safety Manual for more information about personal protective equipment. Refer to Chapter 15 of the Caltrans Safety Manual for the requirements when using respiratory protection.

8.08 Emergency First Aid All Maintenance employees should be trained in Standard First Aid during the first three (3) months of their assignment, and at least once every two (2) years thereafter. All Tree Maintenance Workers and related classifications, and all designated Electrical personnel shall be trained in Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) during the first month of their assignment, and then at least once a year thereafter. The training must be certified by the American Red Cross or other accredited organization.

–  –  –

Manual, Section 9.09 and 9.10, specifies size, location, and quantity of supplies for various categories of first aid kits.

For more information on first aid and emergency medical care see Chapter 9 of the Caltrans Safety Manual.

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