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«Package leaflet: Information for the user Celecoxib 100 mg capsules, hard Celecoxib 200 mg capsules, hard celecoxib Read all of this leaflet ...»

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PACKAGE LEAFLET

Package leaflet: Information for the user

Celecoxib 100 mg capsules, hard

Celecoxib 200 mg capsules, hard

celecoxib

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains

important information for you.

• Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.

• If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

• This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.

• If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.4.

What is in this leaflet

1. What Celecoxib Capsules are and what they are used for

2. What you need to know before you take Celecoxib Capsules

3. How to take Celecoxib Capsules

4. Possible side effects

5. How to store Celecoxib Capsules

6. Contents of the pack and other information

1. What Celecoxib Capsules are and what they are used for Celecoxib Capsules are used for the relief of signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis in adults.

Celecoxib belongs to a group of medicinal products called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), and specifically a sub-group known as (COX-2) inhibitors. Your body makes prostaglandins that may cause pain and inflammation. In conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis your body makes more of these. Celecoxib acts by reducing the production of prostaglandins, thereby reducing the pain and inflammation.

2. What you need to know before you take Celecoxib Capsules You have been prescribed this medicine by your doctor. The following information will help you get the best results with this medicine. If you have any further questions please ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Do not take Celecoxib Capsules Tell your doctor if any of the following are true for you as patients with these conditions should not take celecoxib.

• if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to celecoxib or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).

• if you have had an allergic reaction to a group of medicines called “sulphonamides” (e.g. some antibiotics used to treat infections).

• if you currently have an ulcer in your stomach or intestines, or bleeding in your stomach or intestines.

• if as a result of taking acetylsalicylic acid or any other anti-inflammatory and pain- relieving medicine (NSAID) you have had asthma, nose polyps, severe nose congestion, or an allergic reaction such as an itchy skin rash, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat, breathing difficulties or wheezing.

• if you are pregnant. If you can become pregnant during ongoing treatment you should discuss methods of contraception with your doctor.

• if you are breast-feeding.

• if you have severe liver disease.

• if you have severe kidney disease.

• if you have an inflammatory disease of the intestines such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.

• if you have heart failure, established ischaemic heart disease, or cerebrovascular disease, e.g. you have been diagnosed with a heart attack, stroke, or transient ischaemic attack (temporary reduction of blood flow to the brain; also known as “mini-stroke”), angina, or blockages of blood vessels to the heart or brain.

• if you have or have had problems with your blood circulation (peripheral arterial disease) or if you have had surgery on the arteries of your legs.

Warnings and precautions Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Celecoxib Capsules

Check with your doctor if any of the following applies to you:

• if you have previously had an ulcer or bleeding in your stomach or intestines. (Do not take Celecoxib Capsules if you currently have an ulcer or bleeding in your stomach or intestine).

• if you are taking acetylsalicylic acid (even at low dose for heart protective purposes).

• if you use medicines to reduce blood clotting (e.g. warfarin).

• if you are using celecoxib at the same time as other non-acetylsalicylic NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or diclofenac. The use of these medicines together should be avoided.

• if you smoke, have diabetes, raised blood pressure or raised cholesterol.

• if your heart, liver or kidneys are not working well your doctor may want to keep a regular check on you.

• if you have fluid retention (such as swollen ankles and feet)

• if you are dehydrated, for instance due to sickness, diarrhoea or the use of diuretics (used to treat excess fluid in the body).

• if you have had a serious allergic reaction or a serious skin reaction to any medicines.

• if you feel ill due to an infection or think you have an infection, as celecoxib may mask a fever or other signs of infection and inflammation

• if you are over 65 years of age your doctor may want to keep a regular check on you.

As with other NSAIDs (e.g. ibuprofen or diclofenac) this medicine may lead to an increase in blood pressure, and so your doctor may ask to monitor your blood pressure on a regular basis.





Some cases of severe liver reactions, including severe liver inflammation, liver damage, liver failure (some with fatal outcome or requiring liver transplant), have been reported with celecoxib. Of the cases that reported time to onset, most severe liver reactions occurred within one month of start of treatment.

Celecoxib may make it more difficult to become pregnant. You should inform your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant or if you have problems to become pregnant (see section on Pregnancy and breast-feeding).

Other medicines and Celecoxib Capsules Some medicines can affect the way other medicines work. Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including

medicines obtained without a prescription:

• Dextromethorphan (used to treat coughs)

• ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II antagonists (used for high blood pressure and heart failure)

• Diuretics (used to treat excess fluid in the body)

• Fluconazole and rifampicin (used to treat fungal and bacterial infections)

• Warfarin or other oral anticoagulants (“blood-thinning” agents that reduce blood clotting)

• Lithium (used to treat some types of depression)

• Other medicines to treat depression, sleep disorders, high blood pressure or an irregular heartbeat

• Neuroleptics (used to treat some mental disorders)

• Methotrexate (used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis and leukaemia)

• Carbamazepine (used to treat epilepsy/seizures and some forms of pain or depression)

• Barbiturates (used to treat epilepsy/seizures and some sleep disorders)

• Ciclosporin and tacrolimus (used for immune system suppression e.g. after transplants) Celecoxib can be taken with low dose acetylsalicylic acid (75mg or less daily). Ask your doctor for advice before taking both medicines together.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, or have recently taken any of the medicines listed above or any other medicines.

Celecoxib Capsules with food and drink Food and drink do not influence the effect of Celecoxib Capsules.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding Celecoxib must not be used by women who are pregnant or can become pregnant (i.e. women of child bearing potential who are not using adequate contraception) during ongoing treatment. If you become pregnant during treatment with celecoxib you should discontinue the treatment and contact your doctor for alternative treatment.

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.

Celecoxib must not be used during breast-feeding.

Driving and using machines You should be aware of how you react to celecoxib before you drive or operate machinery. If you feel dizzy or drowsy after taking celecoxib, do not drive or operate machinery until these effects wear off.

Celecoxib Capsules contains lactose Celecoxib Capsules contains lactose (a type of sugar). If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact your doctor before taking this medicinal product.

3. How to take Celecoxib Capsules Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. If you think or feel that the effect of celecoxib is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Your doctor will tell you what dose you should take. As the risk of side effects associated with heart problems may increase with dose and duration of use, it is important that you use the lowest dose that controls your pain and you should not take celecoxib for longer than necessary to control symptoms.

Celecoxib should be swallowed whole with a drink of water. The capsules can be taken at any time of the day, with or without food. However, try to take each dose of celecoxib at the same time each day.

Contact your doctor within two weeks of starting treatment if you do not experience any benefit.

For osteoarthritis the usual dose is 200 mg each day, increased by your doctor to a maximum of 400 mg, if needed.

The dose is usually:

• one 200 mg capsule once a day; or

• one 100 mg capsule twice a day.

For rheumatoid arthritis the usual dose is 200 mg each day (taken in two divided doses), increased by your doctor to a maximum of 400 mg (taken in two divided doses), if needed.

Celecoxib 100 mg Capsules:

The dose is usually:

• one 100 mg capsule twice a day.

Celecoxib 200 mg Capsules:

• The dose of 200 mg (taken as one 100 mg capsule twice a day) cannot be achieved with Celecoxib 200 mg Capsules, hard. Please consult your doctor.

For ankylosing spondylitis the usual dose is 200 mg each day, increased by your doctor to a maximum of 400 mg, if needed.

The dose is usually:

• one 200 mg capsule once a day; or

• one 100 mg capsule twice a day.

Kidney or liver problems: make sure your doctor knows if you have liver or kidney problems as you may need a lower dose.

The elderly, especially those with a weight less than 50 kg: if you are over 65 years of age and especially if you weigh less than 50 kg, your doctor may want to monitor you more closely.

Use in children: celecoxib is for adults only, it is not for use in children.

You should not take more than 400 mg per day.

If you take more Celecoxib Capsules than you should You should not take more capsules than your doctor tells you to. If you take too many capsules contact your doctor, pharmacist or hospital and take your medicine with you.

If you forget to take Celecoxib Capsules If you forget to take a capsule, take it as soon as you remember. Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten doses.

If you stop taking Celecoxib Capsules Suddenly stopping your treatment with celecoxib may lead to your symptoms getting worse.

Do not stop taking celecoxib unless your doctor tells you to. Your doctor may tell you to reduce the dose over a few days before stopping completely.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4. Possible side effects Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

The side effects listed below were observed in arthritis patients who took Celecoxib Capsules. Side effects marked with an asterisk (*) are listed below at the higher frequencies that occurred in patients who took celecoxib to prevent colon polyps.

Patients in these studies took celecoxib at high doses and for a long duration.

If any of the following happen, stop taking Celecoxib Capsules and tell your doctor

immediately if you have:

• an allergic reaction such as skin rash, swelling of the face, wheezing or difficulty breathing

• heart problems such as pain in the chest

• severe stomach pain or any sign of bleeding in the stomach or

• intestines, such as passing black or bloodstained stools, or vomiting blood.

• a skin reaction such as rash, blistering or peeling of the skin

• liver failure (symptoms may include nausea (feeling sick),

• diarrhoea, jaundice (your skin or the whites of your eyes look yellow).

Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)

• High blood pressure* Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)

• Heart attack*

• Fluid build up with swollen ankles, legs and/or hands

• Urinary infections

• Shortness of breath*, sinusitis (sinus inflammation, sinus infection, blocked or painful sinuses), blocked or runny nose, sore throat, coughs, colds, flu-like symptoms

• Dizziness, difficulty sleeping

• Vomiting*, stomach ache, diarrhoea, indigestion, wind

• Rash, itching

• Muscle stiffness

• Difficulty swallowing*

• Worsening of existing allergies Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)

• Stroke*

• Heart failure, palpitations (awareness of heart beat), fast heart rate

• Worsening of existing high blood pressure

• Abnormalities in liver-related blood tests

• Abnormalities in kidney-related blood tests

• Anaemia (changes in red blood cells that can cause fatigue and breathlessness)

• Anxiety, depression, tiredness, drowsiness, tingling sensations (pins and needles)

• High levels of potassium in blood test results (can cause nausea (feeling sick), fatigue, muscle weakness or palpitations)

• Impaired or blurred vision, ringing in the ears, mouth pain and sores, difficulty hearing*



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