«Package Leaflet: Information for the patient Levetiracetam Hospira 100 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion Levetiracetam Read all of this ...»
Package Leaflet: Information for the patient
Levetiracetam Hospira 100 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you or your child start using this medicine because it
contains important information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet, see section 4.
What is in this leaflet:
1. What Levetiracetam Hospira is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you are given Levetiracetam Hospira
3. How Levetiracetam Hospira is given
4. Possible side effects 5 How to store Levetiracetam Hospira 6 Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Levetiracetam Hospira is and what it is used for Levetiracetam is an antiepileptic medicine (a medicine used to treat seizures (fits) in epilepsy).
Levetiracetam Hospira is used:
on its own in adults and adolescents from 16 years of age with newly diagnosed epilepsy, to treat a certain form of epilepsy. Epilepsy is a condition where the patients have repeated fits (seizures).
Levetiracetam is used for the epilepsy form in which the fits initially affect only one side of the brain, but could thereafter extend to larger areas on both sides of the brain (partial onset seizure with or without secondary generalisation). Levetiracetam has been given to you by your doctor to reduce the number of fits.
as an add-on to other antiepileptic medicines to treat:
partial onset seizures with or without generalisation in adults, adolescents and children from 4 years of age myoclonic seizures (short, shock-like jerks of a muscle or group of muscles) in adults and adolescents from 12 years of age with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
primary generalised tonic-clonic seizures (major fits, including loss of consciousness) in adults and adolescents from 12 years of age with idiopathic generalised epilepsy (the type of epilepsy that is thought to have a genetic cause).
Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate for solution for infusion is an alternative for patients when administration of the antiepileptic levetiracetam medicine by mouth is temporarily not feasible.
2. What you need to know before you are given Levetiracetam Hospira Do not use Levetiracetam Hospira If you are allergic to levetiracetam, pyrrolidone derivatives or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor before you are given Levetiracetam Hospira:
If you suffer from kidney problems, follow your doctor’s instructions. He/she may decide if your dose should be adjusted.
If you notice any slow down in the growth or unexpected puberty development of your child, please contact your doctor.
A small number of people being treated with antiepileptics such as Levetiracetam Hospira have had thoughts of harming or killing themselves. If you have any symptoms of depression and/or suicidal ideation, please contact your doctor.
Children and adolescents Levetiracetam Hospira is not indicated in children and adolescents below 16 years on it’s own (monotherapy) Other medicines and Levetiracetam Hospira Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken, or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Do not take macrogol (a drug used as laxative) for one hour before and one hour after taking levetiracetam as this may results in a reduction of its effect.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.
Levetiracetam Hospira should not be used during pregnancy unless clearly necessary. A risk of birth defects for your unborn child cannot be completely excluded. Levetiracetam has shown unwanted reproductive effects in animal studies at dose levels higher than you would need to control your seizures.
Breast-feeding is not recommended during treatment.
Driving and using machines
Levetiracetam Hospira may impair your ability to drive or operate any tools or machinery, as it may make you feel sleepy. This is more likely at the beginning of treatment or after an increase in the dose. You should not drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not affected.
One maximum single dose of Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate contains 2.5 mmol (or 57 mg) of sodium (0.8 mmol (or 19 mg) of sodium per vial). This should be taken into consideration if you are on a controlled sodium diet.
3. How Levetiracetam Hospira is given A doctor or a nurse will administer you Levetiracetam Hospira as an intravenous infusion.
Levetiracetam Hospira must be administered twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening, at about the same time each day.
The intravenous formulation is an alternative to your oral administration. You can switch from the filmcoated tablets or from the oral solution to the intravenous formulation or reverse directly without dose adaptation. Your total daily dose and frequency of administration remain identical.
Dose in adults and adolescents (from 16 years of age):
General dose: between 1,000 mg and 3,000 mg each day.
When you first start taking Levetiracetam Hospira, your doctor will prescribe you a lower dose for 2 weeks before giving you the lowest general dose.
Dose in adults and adolescents (12 to 17 years) weighing 50 kg or more:
General dose: between 1,000 mg and 3,000 mg each day.
Dose in children (4 to 11 years) and adolescents (12 to 17 years) weighing less than 50 kg:
General dose: between 20 mg per kg bodyweight and 60 mg per kg bodyweight each day.
Method and route of administration:
Levetiracetam Hospira is for intravenous use.
The recommended dose must be diluted in at least 100 ml of a compatible diluent and infused over 15-minutes.
For doctors and nurses, more detailed direction for the proper use of Levetiracetam Hospira is provided in section 6.
Duration of treatment:
There is no experience with administration of intravenous levetiracetam for a longer period than 4 days.
If stopping treatment, as with other antiepileptic medicines, Levetiracetam Hospira should be discontinued gradually to avoid an increase of seizures. Should your doctor decide to stop your Levetiracetam Hospira treatment, he/she will instruct you about the gradual withdrawal of Levetiracetam Hospira.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible side effects Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The most frequently reported adverse reactions were nasopharyngitis, somnolence (sleepiness), headache, fatigue and dizziness. At the beginning of the treatment or at dose increase side effects like sleepiness, tiredness and dizziness may be more common. These effects should however decrease over time.
Very common (may affect more than 1 user in 10 people) nasopharyngitis (infection of the nose or throat);
somnolence (sleepiness), headache.
Common (may affect 1 to 10 users in 100 people) anorexia (loss of appetite);
depression, hostility or aggression, anxiety, insomnia, nervousness or irritability;
convulsion, balance disorder (equilibrium disorder), dizziness (sensation of unsteadiness), lethargy (lack of energy and enthusiasm), tremor (involuntary trembling);
vertigo (sensation of rotation);
abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dyspepsia (indigestion), vomiting, nausea;
Uncommon (may affect 1 to 10 users in 1,000 people)
decreased number of blood platelets, decreased number of white blood cells;
weight decrease, weight increase;
suicide attempt and suicidal ideation, mental disorder, abnormal behaviour, hallucination, anger, confusion, panic attack, emotional instability/mood swings, agitation;
amnesia (loss of memory), memory impairment (forgetfulness), abnormal coordination/ataxia (impaired coordinated movements), paraesthesia (tingling), disturbance in attention (loss of concentration);
diplopia (double vision), vision blurred;
elevated/abnormal values in a liver function test;
hair loss, eczema, pruritus;
muscle weakness, myalgia (muscle pain);
4Rare (may affect 1 to 10 users in 10,000 people)
decreased number of all blood cell types;
severe allergic reactions (DRESS, anaphylactic reaction [severe and important allergic reaction], Quincke’s oedema [swelling of the face, lips, tongue and throat]););
decreased blood sodium concentration;
suicide, personality disorders (behavioural problems), thinking abnormal (slow thinking, unable to concentrate);
uncontrollable muscle spasms affecting the head, torso and limbs, difficulty in controlling movements, hyperkinesia (hyperactivity);
pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas);
liver failure, hepatitis;
skin rash, which may form blisters and looks like small targets (central dark spots surrounded by a paler area, with a dark ring around the edge) (erythema multiforme), a widespread rash with blisters and peeling skin, particularly around the mouth, nose, eyes and genitals (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), and a more severe form causing skin peeling in more than 30 % of the body surface (toxic epidermal necrolysis).
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly (see below). By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
United Kingdom Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard Ireland HPRA Pharmacovigilance Earlsfort Terrace IRL - Dublin 2 Tel: +353 1 6764971 Fax: +353 1 6762517 Website: www.hpra.ie e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Malta ADR Reporting Website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal
5. How to store Levetiracetam Hospira Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date stated on the vial and carton box after EXP:.
The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
This medicine does not require any special storage conditions.
What Levetiracetam Hospira contains The active substance is levetiracetam. Each ml contains 100 mg of levetiracetam.
The other ingredients are: sodium acetate trihydrate, glacial acetic acid, sodium chloride, water for injections.
What Levetiracetam Hospira looks like and contents of the pack Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate for solution for infusion (sterile concentrate) is a clear, colourless solution.
Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate for solution for infusion is packed in a cardboard box containing 10 or 25 vials of 5 ml.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer Hospira UK Limited Horizon Honey Lane Hurley Maidenhead SL6 6RJ United Kingdom For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder.
This leaflet was last revised in June/2016 Other sources of information
Detailed information on this medicine is available on the European Medicines Agency web site:
Directions for the proper use of Levetiracetam Hospira is provided in section 3.
One vial of Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate contains 500 mg levetiracetam (5 ml concentrate of 100 mg/ml). See the table below for the recommended preparation and administration of Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate to achieve a total daily dose of 500 mg, 1,000 mg, 2,000 mg, or 3,000 mg in two divided doses.
This medicinal product is for single use only, any unused solution should be discarded.
In use shelf life:
Chemical and physical in-use stability of the diluted product stored in PVC bags has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 30 °C and at 2-8 °C. From a microbiological point of view, unless the method of dilution precludes the risk of microbial contamination, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage time and conditions are the responsibility of the user.
Levetiracetam Hospira concentrate was found to be physically compatible and chemically stable when
mixed with the following diluents:
• Sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection
• Lactated Ringer’s solution for injection
• Dextrose 50 mg/ml (5%) solution for injection