«What is in this leaflet 1. What COMETRIQ is and what it is used for 2. What you need to know before you take COMETRIQ 3. How to take COMETRIQ 4. ...»
Package leaflet: Information for the patient
COMETRIQ 20 mg hard capsules
COMETRIQ 80 mg hard capsules
This medicine is subject to additional monitoring. This will allow quick identification of new safety
information. You can help by reporting any side effects you may get. See the end of section 4 for how to
report side effects.
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine because it contains important
information for you.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again.
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
- This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their signs of illness are the same as yours.
- If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section 4.
What is in this leaflet
1. What COMETRIQ is and what it is used for
2. What you need to know before you take COMETRIQ
3. How to take COMETRIQ
4. Possible side effects
5. How to store COMETRIQ
6. Contents of the pack and other information
1. What COMETRIQ is and what it is used for COMETRIQ is a medicine used to treat medullary thyroid cancer, a rare type of thyroid cancer, that cannot be removed by surgery or that has spread to other parts of the body.
COMETRIQ may slow or stop the growth of medullary thyroid cancer. It may help shrink tumours associated with this type of cancer.
2. What you need to know before you take COMETRIQ Do not take COMETRIQ
- if you are allergic to cabozantinib or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking COMETRIQ if you:
- have high blood pressure
- have diarrhoea
- have a recent history of coughing up blood or significant bleeding
- have had surgery within the last month (or if surgical procedures are planned), including dental procedures
- have had radiotherapy in the last 3 months 1
- have inflammatory bowel disease (for example, Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis or diverticulitis)
- have been told that your cancer has spread to your airway or oesophagus
- have a recent history of blood clot in the leg, stroke, or heart attack
- are taking medicines to control your heart rhythm, have a slow heart rate, have problems with your heart or have problems with the levels of calcium, potassium or magnesium in your blood
- have severe liver or kidney disease.
Tell your doctor if any of these affect you. You may need treatment for them, or your doctormay decide to change your dose of COMETRIQ, or stop treatment altogether. See also section 4 “Possible side effects”.
You should also tell your dentist that you are taking COMETRIQ. It is important for you to practice good mouth care during treatment with COMETRIQ.
Children and adolescents COMETRIQ is not recommended for children or adolescents. The effects of COMETRIQ in people younger than 18 years old are not known.
Other medicines and COMETRIQ Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. This is because COMETRIQ can affect the way some other medicines work. Also, some medicines can affect the way COMETRIQ works. This could mean that your doctor needs to change the dose(s) that you take.
- Medicines that treat fungal infections, such as itraconazole, ketoconazole, and posaconazole
- Medicines used to treat bacterial infections (antibiotics) such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, and rifampicin
- Allergy medicines such as fexofenadine and ranolazine
- Steroids used to reduce inflammation or treat a number of different diseases of the immune system
- Medicines used to treat epilepsy or fits such as phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital
- Herbal preparations containing St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum), sometimes used for treating depression or depression-related conditions such as anxiety
- Medicines used to thin the blood, such as warfarin
- Medicines to treat high blood pressure or other heart conditions, such as aliskiren, ambrisentan, dabigatran etexilate, digoxin, talinolol, and tolvaptan
- Medicines for diabetes, such as saxagliptin and sitagliptin
- Medicines used to treat gout, such as colchicine
- Medicines used to treat HIV or AIDS, such as ritonavir, maraviroc and emtricitabine
- Medicines used to treat viral infections such as efavirenz
- Medicines used to prevent transplant rejection (cyclosporine) and cyclosporine-based regimens in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis Oral contraceptives If you take COMETRIQ whilst using oral contraceptives, the oral contraceptives may be ineffective. You should also use a barrier contraceptive (e.g. condom or diaphragm) whilst taking COMETRIQ and for at least 4 months after treatment has finished.
Taking COMETRIQ with food
You should not take COMETRIQ with food. You should not eat anything for at least 2 hours before taking COMETRIQ and for 1 hour after taking the medicine. Avoid consuming grapefruit-containing products for as long as you are using this medicine, as it may increase the levels of COMETRIQ in your blood.
2Pregnancy, breast-feeding, and fertility
Avoid becoming pregnant while being treated with COMETRIQ. If you or your partner could become pregnant, use adequate contraception during treatment and for at least 4 months after treatment has finished.
Talk to your doctor about which methods of contraception are appropriate while you are taking COMETRIQ.
See section 2.
Tell your doctor if you or your partner become pregnant or plan to become pregnant while you are being treated with COMETRIQ.
Talk to your doctor BEFORE taking COMETRIQ if you or your partner are considering or planning to have a baby after your treatment has finished. There is a possibility your fertility could be affected by treatment with COMETRIQ.
Women taking COMETRIQ should not breast feed during treatment and for at least 4 months after treatment has finished, as cabozantinib and/or its metabolites may be excreted in breast milk and be harmful to your child.
Driving and using machines Use caution when driving or using machines. Keep in mind that treatment with COMETRIQ may make you feel tired or weak.
3. How to take COMETRIQ Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
You should continue to take this medicine until your doctor decides to stop your treatment. If you experience serious side effects, your doctor may decide to change your dose or stop treatment earlier than originally planned. Your doctor will determine if you need your dose adjusted, particularly during the first eight weeks of therapy with COMETRIQ.
COMETRIQ should be taken once a day. Depending on the dose you were prescribed, the number of
capsules to take are as follows:
140 mg (1 orange 80 mg capsule and 3 grey 20 mg capsules) 100 mg (1 orange 80 mg capsule and 1 grey 20 mg capsule) 60 mg (3 grey 20 mg capsules) Your doctor will decide on the right dose for you.
Your capsules will come in a blister card organised by prescribed dose. Each blister card has enough capsules to last for seven days (one week). Your capsules are also available as a 28 day pack, which contains enough capsules to last for 28 days, in 4 blister cards with seven days of capsules on each card.
Each day, take all the capsules across the row. More information on the blister cards including how many capsules you will take and how many capsules there are in total in each blister card are described below in section 6. To help you remember your doses, write the date when you took your first dose in the space next
to the capsules. To remove the capsules for your dose:
COMETRIQ should not be taken with food. You should not eat anything for at least 2 hours before taking COMETRIQ and for 1 hour after taking the medicine. Swallow the capsules one at a time with water. Do not open them.
If you take more COMETRIQ than you should If you have taken more COMETRIQ than you have been instructed to, talk to a doctor or go to the hospital with the capsules and this leaflet straight away.
If you forget to take COMETRIQ
- If there are still 12 hours or more before your next dose is due then take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Take the next dose at the normal time.
- If your next dose is due in less than 12 hours then do not take the dose that you have missed. Take your next dose at the normal time.
4. Possible side effects Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. If you get side effects, your doctor may tell you to take COMETRIQ at a lower dose. Your doctor may also prescribe other medicines to help control your side effects.
Tell your doctor straight away if you notice any of the following side effects – you may need urgent
Symptoms including pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or fever. These may be signs of a gastrointestinal perforation, a hole that develops in your stomach or intestine that could be life-threatening.
Swelling, pain in your hands and feet, or shortness of breath.
A wound that does not heal.
Vomiting or coughing up blood, which may be bright red or look like coffee grounds.
Pain in the mouth, teeth and/or jaw, swelling or sores inside the mouth, numbness or a feeling of heaviness in the jaw, or loosening of a tooth. These could be signs of bone damage in the jaw (osteonecrosis).
Seizures, headaches, confusion, or finding it difficult to concentrate. These may be signs of a condition called reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS). RPLS is uncommon (it affects less than 1 in 100 people).
Very common side effects (may affect more than 1 in 10 people) Stomach upset, including diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, constipation, indigestion, and abdominal pain Blister, pain of the hands or soles of the feet, rash or redness of the skin, dry skin Decreased appetite, weight loss, altered sense of taste Fatigue, weakness, headache, dizziness Hair colour changes (lightening), hair loss Hypertension (increase in blood pressure) Redness, swelling or pain in the mouth or throat, difficulty in speaking, hoarseness Changes in blood tests used to monitor general health and the liver, low levels of electrolytes (like magnesium, calcium or potassium) Joint pain, muscle spasms Swollen lymph glands
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Anxiety, depression, confusion Generalised pain, chest or muscle pain, ear pain, ringing in ears Weakness or reduced sensation or tingling in the limbs Chills, tremors Dehydration Inflammation of the abdomen or pancreas Inflammation of the lips and corners of the mouth Inflammation at the root of your hair, acne, blisters (on parts of your body other than the hands or feet) Swelling in the face and in other parts of the body Loss of taste Hypotension (decrease in blood pressure) Atrial fibrillation (a fast and erratic heartbeat) Lightening of skin, flakey skin, unusual pale skin Abnormal hair growth Haemorrhoids Pneumonia Pain in the mouth, teeth and/or jaw, swelling or sores inside the mouth, numbness or a feeling of heaviness in the jaw, or loosening of a tooth Reduced thyroid activity; symptoms can include: tiredness, weight gain, constipation, feeling cold and dry skin Tear or hole or bleeding in your stomach or intestine, inflammation or tear of anus, blood clots in lungs, bleeding in lungs or trachea (airway) Abnormal connection of the tissue in your trachea (airway), oesophagus, or lungs Abscess (collection of pus, with swelling and inflammation) in the abdomen or pelvis area or in your teeth/gums Blood clots in the veins Fungal infection that can be in the skin, mouth, or genitals Wounds that have difficulties healing Protein or blood in the urine, gallstones, painful urination Blurred vision Increase in the level of bilirubin in your blood (which may result in jaundice/yellow skin or eyes) Decrease in the levels of protein in your blood
Uncommon side effects (may affect 1 in 100 people)
Inflammation of the oesophagus; symptoms can include heartburn, chest pain, feeling sick, altered taste, bloating, belching and indigestion 5 A tear or abnormal connection of the tissue in your digestive system; symptoms can include severe or persistent stomach ache Infection and inflammation in the lung, collapse of lung Skin ulcers, cysts, red spots on the face or thighs Facial pain Changes in test results that measure blood clotting or blood cells Loss of coordination in your muscles, damage to skeletal muscles Loss of attention, loss of consciousness, changes in speech, delirium, abnormal dreams Mini stroke, heart attack, rapid heartbeat Liver damage, kidney failure Impaired hearing Inflammation in the eye, cataracts Stopping menstruation, vaginal bleeding A condition called posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) or reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS), which has symptoms such as seizures, headaches, confusion, or finding it difficult to concentrate Reporting of side effects If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via United Kingdom Yellow Card Scheme Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard Ireland HPRA Pharmacovigilance Earlsfort Terrace IRL - Dublin 2 Tel: +353 1 6764971 Fax: +353 1 6762517 Website: www.hpra.ie e-mail: email@example.com Malta ADR Reporting Website: www.medicinesauthority.gov.mt/adrportal By reporting side effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.