WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 |

«International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Prolonged Solitary Confinement University of Pittsburgh School of Law April 15-16, 2016 3900 ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives on

Prolonged Solitary Confinement

University of Pittsburgh School of Law

April 15-16, 2016

3900 Forbes Avenue

Pittsburgh, PA 15260

Schedule of Speakers

Friday, April 15, 2016

8 a.m. Breakfast

9 a.m. Welcome

Professor Jules Lobel

Peter Scharff Smith, Danish Institute for Human Rights

9:15 a.m. Current Trends With Respect to Solitary Confinement

Rick Raemisch – Director, Colorado Department of Corrections – The Reform Movement

in Colorado Professor Judith Resnik, Yale Law School – Not Isolating Isolation – Solitary Confinement in a Broader Perspective Manfred Nowak – Professor of Law, University of Vienna, Former UN Rapporteur on Torture – Global Perspectives on Solitary Confinement – Practices and Reforms Worldwide Moderated by Professor Matiangai Sirleaf – University of Pittsburgh School of Law 10:45 a.m. Break Mind, Body and Soul – The Harms Wrought by Prolonged Isolation 11 a.m. Lessons From Neuroscience Professor Michael Zigmond – University of Pittsburgh Medical School Professor Huda Akil – University of Michigan Medical School – Past President Society for Neuroscience Professor Richard J Smeyne – Developmental Neurobiology, St Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital Moderated by Professor Michael Zigmond – University of Pittsburgh Medical School 2 12:15 p.m. Lunch Break 1:15 p.m. Isolation and the Body Professor Brie Williams – UCSF Medical School – First Do No Harm: The Physical Health Effects of Solitary Confinement Louise Hawkley – University of Chicago, Social Science Researcher – Social Isolation, Loneliness and Health – Hypertension Rates at Pelican Bay SHU and the Social Science Research on the Health Effects of Isolation in the Adult Population Homer Venters – Professor NYU Medical School – Self Injurious Behavior of Inmates in Isolation Moderated by Professor Jasmine Gonzales Rose – University of Pittsburgh School of Law 2:45 p.m. Isolation and Mental Health Professor Craig Haney, UC Santa Cruz – Prolonged Isolation, Social Death and Mental Harm Professor Jules Lobel – The Legal Implications of Professor Haney’s Findings – comments on Professor Haney’s remarks Moderated by Professor David A. Harris – University of Pittsburgh School of Law 3:45 p.m. Break 4-5:30 p.m. Experiencing the Harm and Suffering – The Prisoner’s Perspective 5 Minute Film of Pelican Bay prisoners describing their experience Albert Woodfox – recently freed prisoner held in solitary in Louisiana for over 40 years Robert King – Life in the Hole, One of Angola 3 Held in Solitary Almost 20 Years Danny Murillo – Former California Prisoner Who Spent 7 Years in Solitary Confinement, and is currently the John W. Gardner Fellow for Public Service at Vera Institute of Justice and NJ – STEP Consortium at Rutgers University Shandre Delaney – Pennsylvania Activist Whose Son is in Solitary Confinement Dolores Canales – Executive Director, California Families Against Solitary Confinement, Soros Fellow, Son Spent Many Years at Pelican Bay SHU

–  –  –

Saturday, April 16, 2016 8 a.m. Breakfast 8:30 a.m. Historical Development of Solitary Confinement Peter Scharff Smith – Danish Institute of Human Rights Professor Keramet Reiter – UC Irvine, Criminology, Law and Society 9:15 a.m. Learning From Abroad – Norway and North Dakota Don Specter – Moderator – Short Intro – What US Officials Can Learn From Europe Are Hoidal – Governor of Maximum Security Halden Prison in Norway – Prisoner Association as an Alternative to Solitary Confinement – Lessons Learned From a Norwegian High Security Prison Leann Bertsch – Director North Dakota Department of Corrections – President American Society of Corrections Administrators ASCA –Visiting Norway and Implementing the Lessons in North Dakota 10:45 a.m. Break 11 a.m. Treating Prisoners With Dignity and Without Extreme Isolation – The British and European Experience Professor Andrew Coyle – Emeritus Professor of Prison Studies, University of London, Director, International Center for Prison Studies, Former Senior Administrator In UK Prison Service Governor Jamie Bennett – Grendon Prison, UK Sharon Shalev – Research Fellow, Oxford University Moderated by Peter Scharff Smith – Danish Institute of Human Rights 12:30 p.m. International Law and Prolonged Solitary Confinement Juan Mendez – UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, Professor American University Law School, Former Prisoner 1 p.m. Lunch Break 1:45 p.m. Reform Efforts in the United States Bernie Warner – Former Director Washington Department of Corrections

–  –  –

Todd Ishee – Northeast Regional Director – Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction Marlysha Myrthil – Attorney, US Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division Comments by Rick Raemisch and Leann Bertsch Moderated by Professor Jules Lobel – University of Pittsburgh School of Law 3:45 p.m. Break 4:00-5:30 p.m. Litigating and Challenging Solitary Confinement in Different Countries David Fathi – Director ACLU National Prison Project Alexis Agathocleous – Center for Constitutional Rights Joseph Arvay – Leading Canadian Litigator Challenging Prolonged Solitary Confinement José de Jesus Filho – Brazilian Lawyer and Human Rights Activist

–  –  –





Solitary confinement – effects, reform, and alternatives The issue of when, if ever, prison officials should use solitary confinement for various purposes has become a major focus of national and international attention in the past few years. In the United States there is growing criticism of the practice of locking up an estimated 80-100,000 prisoners in small cells for more than 22 hours per day with little or no social contact, no physical contact visits with family or friends, and little or no group recreation or programming.

While the U.S. undoubtedly holds more prisoners in solitary than any other country, it is nevertheless a fact that various forms of solitary confinement are routinely used in other prison systems. This conference is both international and interdisciplinary and thus affords an opportunity for interchange between prison officials, experts, lawyers, academics, activists, ex-prisoners from different countries, disciplines, and experiences to share their perspectives on the harms caused by, attempts to reform, and alternatives to prolonged solitary confinement.

Solitary confinement is used for a panoply of reasons: as disciplinary punishment, as an allegedly preventive mechanism to control prisoners perceived by officials as disruptive, violent or problematic, as a so-called voluntary regime for vulnerable prisoners; during pre-trial to avoid collusion; and even as a practical measure where other facilities are unavailable or overcrowded. It is a serious challenge to overcome traditions and culture within prison administration and begin to run prisons without the option of creating a prison within the prison, i.e. solitary confinement.

The United States has witnessed the growth of a movement to reform and end solitary confinement.

That movement has been spurred by disparate influences: Supreme Court Justices Anthony Kennedy and Stephen Breyer recognizing a “new and growing awareness” about the harms associated with prolonged solitary confinement, the organization of Prison Directors in the United States calling to “limit or end extended isolation,” thousands of prisoners in California going on hunger strike opposing its use, legal and civic organizations launching campaigns and litigation challenging solitary confinement, Federal and state legislators holding hearings on the issue, and the President of the United States speaking out for reform. Internationally, the UN Rapporteur on Torture has declared that the use of prolonged solitary confinement constitutes torture or cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment.

This conference will address four key questions that arise from the movement to reform or end solitary confinement.

1. How does solitary confinement harm human beings?

We know from extensive research that solitary confinement can seriously harm the health of prisoners. During this conference, we attempt to deepen our understandings of the effects of solitary confinement by presentations from and dialogue between diverse disciplinary and experiential viewpoints, including neuroscience, neurobiology, psychology, psychiatry, history, and social science 6 and the actual experience of prisoners who have suffered from solitary confinement. Sometimes the major harm is perceived as driving people mad or to commit suicide. But how does solitary harm individuals even where they can avoid mental illness or suicide? Does the deprivation of social contact deprive an individual of a basic human need? What does this tell us about the broader effects and practical results of using prolonged solitary confinement in prisons systems?

2. What are the best and most effective ways of reducing the use of solitary confinement in prison systems?

The population of prisoners placed in solitary could be dramatically reduced if prison officials did not resort routinely to solitary confinement to lock up people who, for different reasons, are perceived by prison administrators to pose problems. A number of states in the U.S., the U.S.

government, and prison officials in other nations have committed to significantly reducing the number of prisoners held in segregated housing by excluding the mentally ill, pregnant woman, and juveniles; and by developing step-down programs and limiting the criteria for placement and duration in isolation.

How have these systems been able to reduce the population of prisoners held in solitary? Are even more dramatic reductions possible, and if so how? To what extent should placement or continuation in solitary be based on a determination of how the individual is reacting to solitary confinement;

namely, are they decompressing or becoming mentally ill or do they seem mentally stable? What is the relationship or effectiveness of reform driven by litigation, legislation or voluntary action by prison administrators? Does limiting or ending solitary confinement require a change in the culture and attitude that we have toward prisoners more generally?

3. Should prolonged solitary confinement be abolished in all cases and in all forms?

Reducing routine use of prolonged solitary confinement still leaves us with an important question:

can prolonged solitary confinement be used to house any prisoner, even those who are repeat or pathological killers? Does such confinement constitute cruel, unusual, and inhumane treatment generally which must be prohibited in the same way as other inhumane forms of punishment have been banned by the international community?

While clearly not all prisoners will suffer the same effects and harm from solitary, are there any general principles or risks of harm that would lead one to conclude that the practice ought to be seen as cruel, irrespective of whether a particular prisoner is suffering specific, present, or identifiable harm?

–  –  –

they work and what exactly do they achieve? Can prison systems separate prisoners who have shown themselves to be violent from the general population without isolating them and depriving them of human contact? What have been the efforts in some U.S. states and countries around the world to do so? What lessons can we learn from European countries on alternative methods of dealing with prisoners generally and, more specifically, prisoners who cause problems?

Conference Organization

Friday April 15, Day One The first day of the conference will focus on the effects of solitary confinement on prisoners. It will attempt to deepen our understanding of the harms wrought by isolation and address the question of whether, even for those prisoners who are not driven mad, mentally ill or to attempt suicide due to placement in solitary, are there any general harms or risks of harm that would lead one to conclude that the practice ought to be seen as cruel, irrespective of the effect on a particular prisoner.

–  –  –

Welcomed Speakers Alexis Agathocleous Alexis Agathocleous is a Deputy Legal Director at the Center for Constitutional Rights, where he has worked on issues of mass incarceration, criminal justice, LGBTQ discrimination, gender justice, profiling of Muslims, and the criminalization of dissent. He is counsel for plaintiffs in Aref, et al. v.

Holder, et. al., challenging policies and conditions at the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Communications Management Units, and in Ashker v. Brown, a class action lawsuit challenging long-term solitary confinement at California’s Pelican Bay prison.

He was lead counsel in Doe v. Jindal and Doe v. Caldwell, successful challenges to a Louisiana law that required individuals convicted of a “Crime Against Nature” to register as sex offenders. Before joining CCR’s staff, Alexis was a senior staff attorney at the Office of the Appellate Defender (OAD) and director of OAD’s Reinvestigation Project. He was a Karpatkin Fellow with the Racial Justice Program at the American Civil Liberties Union. Alexis graduated from Yale Law School, where he was a Coker Fellow and interned at the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund.

Dr. Huda Akil

Dr. Huda Akil, PhD is the Gardner Quarton Distinguished University Professor of Neuroscience and Psychiatry and the co-Director of the Molecular & Behavioral Neuroscience Institute (MBNI) at the University of Michigan. Dr. Akil together with Dr. Stanley J. Watson and their colleagues have made seminal contributions to the understanding of the brain biology of emotions, including pain, anxiety, depression and substance abuse. She and her collaborators provided the first physiological evidence for a role of endorphins in the brain, and showed that endorphins are activated by stress and cause pain inhibition.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 |


Similar works:

«GOING SOLO: BIG BUCKS & NO BOSS!?! The Nuts and Bolts of Opening Your Own Law Office The Nuts and Bolts Of The Law Office By: Jim Calloway, Director Oklahoma Bar Association Management Assistance Program © 1998, 2000, 2004, 2005 Oklahoma Bar Association Visit Jim Calloway’s Law Practice Tips Blog at http://jimcalloway.typepad.com/ The Nuts and Bolts Of The Law Office By Jim Calloway, Director Oklahoma Bar Association Management Assistance Program (Author’s note: This is a compilation of...»

«Copyright 1997 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was published in the SPIE Technologies for Synthetic Environments: Hardware-in-theLoop Testing II Proceedings, Volume 3084 21-23 April 1997 and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. Single print or electronic copies for personal use only are allowed. Systematic or multiple reproduction, or distribution to multiple locations through an electronic listserver or other electronic means, or...»

«Murphy’s Law is Alive and Well: Clausewitzian Friction on the Modern Battlefield E. P. Visco August 2012 Introduction More Than You Ever Wanted to Know About Clausewitzian Friction Or Why War is Different From the Analysis of War? Or On the Battlefield, Is Murphy Still Alive and Well? Why should you be interested in Friction on the battlefield? Why examine Friction on the battlefield? What is Friction on the Battlefield? Can Friction be considered in analysis of the battlefield? There is...»

«UNITED NATIONS International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations Date: September 2009 of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 Original: English & French UPDATED STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA (ADOPTED 25 MAY 1993 BY RESOLUTION 827) (AS AMENDED 13 MAY 1998 BY RESOLUTION 1166) (AS AMENDED 30 NOVEMBER 2000 BY RESOLUTION 1329) (AS AMENDED 17 MAY 2002 BY...»

«San Diego School of Guitar Presents. Songwriting, Writing a Song and Music Songwriting on Guitar By Matteo Miller-Nicolato www.matteomillernicolato.com This e-book is protected under copyright law. None of the contents may be copied, distributed, posted on a website, traded, or sold without referencing the author. If you believe somebody you know might benefit from reading this e-book, direct them to www.matteomillernicolato.com and tell them to download it. That would be greatly appreciated....»

«UNIFORM STATUTORY TRUST ENTITY ACT Drafted by the NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMMISSIONERS ON UNIFORM STATE LAWS and by it APPROVED AND RECOMMENDED FOR ENACTMENT IN ALL THE STATES at its ANNUAL CONFERENCE MEETING IN ITS ONE-HUNDRED-AND-EIGHTEENTH YEAR IN SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO JULY 9-16, 2009 WITH PREFATORY NOTE AND COMMENTS COPYRIGHT 8 2009 By NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF COMMISSIONERS ON UNIFORM STATE LAWS March 31, 2010 ABOUT ULC The Uniform Law Commission (ULC), also known as National Conference of...»

«FSN_Brochure_1313_RFID_Property & Evidence Management RFID Automates Police Property and Evidence Management The management of property and evidence from collection, cataloging, storage, and any movement to their ultimate use or disposition is one of the key responsibilities for a law enforcement agency. Agencies must meet strict requirements to ensure the chain of custody of the evidence collected is rigorously maintained. The challenge in managing a property unit is not only storing highly...»

«FAIRNESS IN FAMILY LAW ACROSS EUROPE: A PAN EUROPEAN IDEAL OR A PANDEMONIUM OF CULTURAL CLASHES? David Hodson Introduction In the second week of November 2006, England and Wales was within a few days of having imposed upon it the concept of applicable law in family law proceedings. No longer would English judges, lawyers and mediators have settled their cases according to concepts of fairness and justice based upon a millennium of English cultural, religious and similar values. Instead, some...»

«THE ARGUMENTS FOR PROTECTION The importance of SERIES forest protected areas to drinking water RunningPure A research report by the World Bank / WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use Running Pure Running Pure: The importance of forest protected areas to drinking water A research report for the World Bank / WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use Written and edited by Nigel Dudley and Sue Stolton With major research and contributions by Rachel Asante Owusu,...»

«LLNL-PROC-526441 A Fast-running, Physics-Based Tool for Explosives in Tunnels: Model Validation S. J. Neuscamman, L. A. Glenn, L. G. Glascoe February 3, 2012 82nd Shock and Vibration Symposium Baltimore, MD, United States October 30, 2011 through November 3, 2011 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, nor any of their employees makes...»

«Driving Lessons Megan K. Williams “If you want a hope in hell of passing the exam, forget everything 87 you see happening out there.” Like a warning out of Dante, these words are delivered in the poorly lit, sparsely furnished backroom of my neighbourhood driving school in Rome. Wearing a tight T-shirt and an expression so jaded it would make your average cop appear credulous, our instructor Leo points his finger to the front door, out towards the circus of illegality that is Roman...»

«ECB-PUBLIC DANIÈLE NOUY Chair of the Supervisory Board Frankfurt am Main, 24 March 2016 Public guidance on the recognition of significant credit risk transfer To: The management of significant banks I. LEGAL BACKGROUND 1 According to Article 4(1)(d) of Council Regulation (EU) No 1024/2013 (‘SSM Regulation’), the ECB is to ensure compliance with the legal acts referred to in the first subparagraph of Article 4(3) of the SSM Regulation, which impose prudential requirements on credit...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.