«“I NEVER WILL FORGET” MEMORIES FROM MISSISSIPPI FREEDOM SUMMER For seven years, the University of Florida Samuel Proctor Oral History Program ...»
Jennifer Buckner (68) Now I’m back from Vietnam, and the place that I work—I’ll never forget this—the first day back, I had to go back through orientation. They used to have a cigarette machine up on the second floor of this building, where I was in the orientation, and they ran out of cigarettes. During the break, I went downstairs and went across the street. There was a bar there, that’s quite far from the place where I worked. I went in and asked for a pack of cigarettes, and they told me to go to the back. This is 1973, man, you know. I got so mad, because I felt like I been halfway around the world fighting for so-called freedom and I can’t buy a pack of cigarettes right across the street from where I work. Of course, I refused to go around to the back and get them, too.
John Tubbs (10) “The zeal and strength of our endeavors must be superior to the difficulties to be surmounted. Discouragement should have no place where industry, persistency, and ingenuity or faith eternal may at last bring the required results.” That is a quotation by Charles Price Jones... the zeal, the inspiration- the fervor behind what I am trying to do must be superior above more than the difficulties that I will face in doing it. And discouragement should have no place where industry, persistency, integrity or faith eternal should bring lasting results. In other words, I am working towards these results that will be lasting, on-going, eternal and I can’t let the difficulties stop me from allowing that to happen.
Anita Jefferson (76)
I would get young people to read the literature and look at the tapes that SNCC had at its fiftieth anniversary. The best organizers in America is the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. I don't care what historian wants to take me on, on that [laughter]. But what we've got to do is get them to learn that ordinary people like them made this history. It wasn't geniuses and holy people and labor unions. They were ordinary—I mean, there's no better case than Sunflower County, where ordinary people did some astounding... the people in Sunflower County began a process that changed the world.
Lawrence Guyot (80)
Aretha, David. 2008. Freedom Summer. Greensboro, N.C.: Morgan Reynolds Pub.
Asch, Christopher Myers. 2011. The senator and the sharecropper: the freedom struggles of James O. Eastland and Fannie Lou Hamer. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.
Belfrage, Sally. 1965. Freedom Summer. New York: Viking Press.
Burner, Eric. 1994. And gently he shall lead them: Robert Parris Moses and civil rights in Mississippi. New York: New York University Press.
Carson, Clayborne. 1995. In struggle: SNCC and the Black awakening of the 1960s.
Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Chafe, William H. 2001. Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans tell about life in the segregated South. New York: New Press.
Cobb, James C. 1992. The most southern place on earth: the Mississippi Delta and the roots of regional identity. New York: Oxford University Press.
Collier-Thomas, Bettye, and V. P. Franklin. 2001. Sisters in the struggle: African American women in the civil rights-black power movement. New York: New York University Press.
Crosby, Emilye. 2005. A little taste of freedom: the Black freedom struggle in Claiborne County, Mississippi. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Currie, Stephen. 2006. Murder in Mississippi: the 1964 Freedom Summer killings. San Diego, Calif: Lucent Books.
Curry, Constance. 2000. Deep in our hearts: nine white women in the Freedom Movement. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.
Dann, Jim. 2013. Challenging the Mississippi firebombers: memories of Mississippi 1964Montr al: Baraka Books.
Davies, David R. 2001. The press and race: Mississippi journalists confront the movement.
Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Dittmer, John. 1995. Local people: the struggle for civil rights in Mississippi. Urbana:
University of Illinois Press.
Emery, Kathy, Linda Reid Gold, and Sylvia Braselmann. 2008. Lessons from Freedom
Summer: ordinary people building extraordinary movements. Monroe, ME.:
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Erenrich, Susie. 1999. Freedom is a constant struggle: an anthology of the Mississippi civil rights movement. Montgomery, AL: Black Belt Press.
Greenberg, Cheryl Lynn. 1997. A circle of trust: remembering SNCC. New Brunswick:
Rutgers University Press.
Greenberg, Polly. 1969. The Devil has slippery shoes; a biased biography of the Child Development Group of Mississippi. [New York]: Macmillan.
Hamlin, Fran oise N. 2012. Crossroads at Clarksdale: the Black freedom struggle in the Mississippi Delta after World War II. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Hogan, Wesley C. 2007. Many minds, one heart: SNCC's dream for a new America.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Holsaert, Faith S. 2010. Hands on the freedom plow: personal accounts by women in SNCC. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Lyon, Danny. 1992. Memories of the Southern civil rights movement. Chapel Hill:
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Marshall, James P. 2013. Student activism and civil rights in Mississippi: protest politics and the struggle for racial justice, 1960-1965. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Mart nez, Elizabeth Sutherland. 1965. Letters from Mississippi. New York: McGraw-Hill.
McAdam, Doug. 1988. Freedom Summer. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mills, Kay, This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer, (New York: Plume, 1994), p. 5.
Moye, J. Todd. 2004. Let the people decide: Black freedom and White resistance movements in Sunflower County, Mississippi, 1945-1986. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Payne, Charles M. 2007. I've got the light of freedom: the organizing tradition and the Mississippi freedom struggle. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Randall, Herbert, and Bobs M. Tusa. 2001. Faces of Freedom Summer. Tuscaloosa:
University of Alabama Press.
Reavis, Dick J. 2001. If white kids die: memories of a civil rights movement volunteer.
Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press.
Rothschild, Mary Aickin. 1982. A case of Black and white: northern volunteers and the southern Freedom Summers, 1964-1965. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.
Sellers, Cleveland, and Robert L. Terrell. 1990. The river of no return: the autobiography of a Black militant and the life and death of SNCC. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.). 1981. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee papers, 1959-1972. Sanford, N.C.: Microfilming Corp.
Theoharis, Jeanne, and Komozi Woodard. 2005. Groundwork: local black freedom movements in America. New York: New York University.
Umoja, Akinyele Omowale. 2013. We will shoot back: armed resistance in the Mississippi Freedom Movement Wiles, Deborah, and Jerome Lagarrigue. 2001. Freedom Summer. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers.
Williams, Juan. 1987. Eyes on the prize: America's civil rights years, 1954-1965. New York, NY: Viking.