WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 12 |

«The Historical Evidence All praise is for Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, and may He shower His choicest peace and blessings in perpetuity on ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

The Historical Evidence

All praise is for Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, and may He shower His choicest peace and

blessings in perpetuity on His most beloved of all creations, Sayyidina wa Nabiyyina wa Habibina

wa Mawlana Muhammad ibn 'Abdillah, Nurin min Nurillah, Sallallahu 'alayhi wa 'alaa aalihi wa

sahbihi wa Sallim.

When we study the Ahaadith Shareef (noble sayings) of our beloved Prophet Sayyidina wa

Mawlana Muhammad Mustafa, Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam and his seerah (blessed biography) to research the subject of religious poetry, we are blessed with obtaining the following historical

facts:

1. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam said that there is wisdom in poetry.

2. He was greeted with madeeh (eulogy) when he entered Madina.

3. He recited some verses as he carried stones together with his sahaba (blessed companions), Rady Allahu 'Anhum to build Masjid an-Nabawi in Madina.

4. He encouraged the recitation of the Holy Qur'an al-Karim, the inimitable, uncomparable and uncreated Word of Allah, in a melodious voice.

5. He encouraged wedding songs and allowed songs with musical instruments on the day of 'Eid.

6. He had a pulpit erected in the mosque for Hadrat Hassaan bin Thabit Rady Allahu 'Anhu to stand upon and reply to the enemies of Islam in poetry.

7. He recited some verses at Ghazwa-i-Khandaq (the battle of the Trench) while digging the trench together with his sahaba, Rady Allahu 'Anhum.

8. He supplicated for Hadrat 'Amir bin al-Akwa' Rady Allahu 'Anhu who recited a qasida (religious poem) while they were marching to Khaybar to fight the Jews.

9. He appointed Sayyidina 'Ali Rady Allahu 'Anhu to lead in the battle of Khaybar and Sayyidina 'Ali Rady Allahu 'Anhu replied to his opponent in verse.

10. He gave his personal mantle (burda) to Hadrat Ka'b ibn Zuhair Rady Allahu 'Anhu after he had versified on him and on the Muhajireen (the Emigrants from Makkah) and expressed the wish that he would versify on the Ansar (the Helpers in Madina) too.

11. He praised Labid, the pre-Islamic poet, for praising Allah in his poetry.

12. He requested 'Amr bin Sharid's father to recite the poetry of Umayya bin Abu as-Salt.

'Amr bin Sharid's father obliged by reciting a couplet whereupon the beloved Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam continued to request him to recite more and more until he had recited 100 couplets!

To study each of these universally historic events in a little more detail, the main sources

referenced are:

(a) kutub (books) of Hadith, especially

• Sahih al-Bukhari (translated by Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan),

• Sahih al-Muslim (translated by Abdul Hamid Siddiqi),

• Mishkat u'l Masabih (Niche For Lamps) of Imam al-Baghawi (translated by Al-Hajj Mawlana Fazlul Karim);

(b) classics of Muslim spirituality, such as

• Ihya 'Ulum al-Deen (The Revival of the Religious Sciences) by Hujjatul Islam Imam Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (translated by Al-Hajj Mawlana Fazlul Karim),

• It'haaf-is-Saail (Gifts For The Seeker) by Qutb u'l Irshad Sayyidunal Imam al-Habib Abdallah bin 'Alawi al-Haddad (translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi), and

• Miftah u'l Jannah (Key To The Garden) by Sayyidunal Imam al-Habib Ahmad Mash'hur bin Taha al-Haddad (translated by Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi); and (c) books of history such as the biography of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam by Martin Lings.

[Rady Allahu 'Anhu / Naf'anAllahu Bih / Rahmatullahi 'alayh is recited after the name of the sahaba (companions) and the mashaayikh (spiritual masters) as appropriate].

The word qasida means a poem, the plural is qasaaid. This paper deals only with religious poetry, the non-Muslims obviously wrote on various other matters as well.

When we study the Hadith Shareef, we find that the qasaaid (religious poems) recited in the time of the noble Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam contain

• hamd or praise of Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted;

• madeeh or praise of our beloved Prophet Sayyidina Muhammad Mustafa, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him;

• praise of his companions, may Allah be pleased with them;

• du'a (supplication to Allah);

• nasiha (sound advice); and

• the teachings of the religion of Islam in general.

There is Wisdom in Poetry The noble Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam is reported to have said that there is wisdom in poetry, according to a Hadith agreed upon by both Imam Bukhari (194-256 A.H) and Imam Muslim (206-261 A.H). Such a Hadith is said to be Muttafaqun 'alayh (agreed upon). It is reported in Miskhkat u'l Masabih, Book 2, Chapter 12, p. 187. (The numbering of the Hadith, chapter and so on will be as in the translation).

(2). 'Ubai bin Ka'b reported that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said: "There is wisdom in poetry". (Agreed) Imam al-Ghazali (450-505 A.H/1058-1111 C.E) has also reported this in his Ihya'.

"When poems were recited before the Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam), he used to say:

There is surely wisdom in poetry". (Vol. 2, p. 207) For this reason, many kutub (books) of Muslim poetry print this Hadith of the blessed Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam on the very first page.





Inna min-ash-shi'ri lahikmatun Surely, there is wisdom in poetry A Qasida Greets The Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam As reported by Imam u'l Bayhaqi in Dalaail u'n Nubuwwa (Proofs of Prophethood), when our blessed Prophet Sayyidina Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam entered Madina, he was greeted with the following memorable eulogy which since then has been engraved in the hearts and minds of Muslims and is recited with love and devotion all over the world, especially in majalis (spiritual gatherings) of mawlid to celebrate his birth.

Tala'al Badru 'alaynaa Min Thaniyyaati'l Wadaa'i Wajaba-sh-shukru 'alaynaa Maa da'a Lillahi Daa'i The full moon rises on us From Thaniyyatil Wadaa' And it is compulsory on us to express thanks Whenever called upon by a summoner for the sake of Allah Imam al-Ghazali has reported it in the Ihya' 'Ulum al-Deen (The Revival of the Religious Sciences, Vol. 2, Book 8, p. 302), and Imam Yusuf ibn Ismail an-Nabahaani has expounded on it in Anwaaru'l Muhammadiyyah (The Muhammadan Lights, p. 60).

While Building Masjid an-Nabawi Al-Habib Ahmad Mash'hur bin Taha al-Haddad (1325-1416 A.H) narrates in Miftah u'l Jannah (Key To The Garden, p. 121) that the beloved Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam himself carried stones together with his companions to build the mosque in Madina, and as he did that,

he recited:

Haadha'l himaal laa himaalu Khaybar Haadha'l abarr Rabbunaa wa at'har This is the loading not that of Khaybar this is more faithful, Lord, and purer Melodious Recitation of Qur'an Encouraged The Glorious Qur'an Kareem is the eternal uncreated Word of Allah. It is mu'jiz (inimitable), meaning it cannot be imitated. It is to be recited in a melodious voice according to the following Ahaadith (sayings) of RasulAllah Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam.

(60). Abu Hurairah reported that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said: Allah does not listen attentively to anything more than what he listens to the Prophet chanting the Qur'an with a melodious and loud voice. (Bukhari and Muslim) (From Mishkat u'l Masabih, Book 3, Chapter 36, p. 696) (66) Bara' bin 'Aazib reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said: Adorn the Qur'an with your voice. (Ahmad, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud, and Darimi).

(From Mishkat u'l Masabih, Book 3, Chapter 37, p. 69).

Chapter (31): To recite the Qur'an in a charming voice.

Narrated Abu Musa that the Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said to him: "O Abu Musa!

You have been given one of the musical instruments of the family of David". (1) (Sayyidina Dawud 'alayhissalam) (Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 6, p. 514) Footnote (1): The musical instrument stands here for the nice voice.

(Wherever footnotes appear in the translation, they have been quoted for completeness).

Sayyidi wa Murshidi al-Habib Ahmad Mash-hur bin Taha al-Haddad has expounded on this in his

own pure and precise style:

"Means are to be judged according to their purposes. When a proper melodiousness is used, the recitation of the Qur'an becomes a delight, and we have been ordered to recite it thus. The Prophet (upon whom be blessings and peace) said, "Embellish the Qur'an with your voices!" meaning that one should recite it melodiously. And he once said, after listening to the recitation of Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, "He has been given one of the flutes of the House of David". When this was reported to Abu Musa, he said, "O Messenger of God! Had I known that you were listening, I would really have embellished it!" (p. 120) Songs Encouraged at Weddings and Allowed on 'Eid Days The following two narrations from Mishkat u'l Masabih, Book 2, Chapter 27, p. 654 show that the Holy Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam encouraged songs at wedding ceremonies.

(49). Mother of faithful believers, 'Aisha reported: I had a girl of the Ansar who I gave away in marriage. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said: O 'Aisha! Why did you not sing, because this tribe of the Ansar loves songs. (Ibn Hibban) (50) Ibn 'Abbas reported that (Sayyidatina) 'Aisha gave away a female relation of her from the Ansar in marriage. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) came and said, "Have you escorted the girl to her husband?" "Yes", was the reply. He asked, "Have you sent with her those who can sing?" "No", she replied. Then the Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said: "Verily, the Ansar are a people among whom there are songs. (It would have been better) if you had sent

with her those who could have sung:

To you we have come, to you we have come!

So to us welcome and to you welcome!" (Ibn Majah) We also learn that the beloved Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) allowed two small Ansari girls to sing with musical instruments on the day of 'Eid as narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol 2, Hadith number 72, p. 38. This Hadith has been received from Sayyidatina 'Aisha Rady Allahu 'Anha who said Sayyidina AbuBakr as-Siddiq Rady Allahu 'Anhu was also present at that time.

Hadrat Hassaan bin Thabit Replies in Poetry

As reported in Mishkat u'l Masabih (Book 2, Chapter 12, p. 187), the beloved Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam used to ask Hadrat Hassaan bin Thabit Rady Allahu 'Anhu to answer his enemies on his behalf. Indeed, he had a pulpit erected within the mosque for him to stand upon and recite poetry deprecating the unbelievers and praising the beloved Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam.

(7) Bara' reported that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) said to Hassaan bin Thabit at the battle of Quraizah: "Satirize the polytheists for Gabriel is with you". Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) was saying to Hassaan: "Respond on my behalf. O Allah! Help him with the Holy Spirit". (Bukhari and Muslim) (8) (Sayyidatina) 'Aisha reported that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) kept a pulpit within the mosque for Hassaan that he might take his stand thereon to praise Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) or to meet opposition. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) used to say: "Allah helps Hassaan with the Holy Spirit as long as he meets opposition or contends on behalf of Allah's Messenger". (Bukhari) A similar Hadith has been narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol 1, p. 264, Chapter (68) titled "(What is said about) to recite poetry in the mosque".

Sayyidi wa Murshidi al-Habib Ahmad Mash'hur bin Taha al-Haddad talks about this in his

classical masterpiece Miftah u'l Jannah (Key To The Garden) and sums it up as follows:

"This was done through poetry, and in the mosque, so see what rank a poet may reach who rises to defend religion and make known the good qualities of the Master of the Messengers - his degree is not less than that of a preacher who summons and guides, for they both stand on the pulpit of summoning to God, defending religion and subduing its enemies". (p. 120) In fact, the whole of Chapter 1026 in Sahih al-Muslim is about "The Merits Of Hassaan bin Thabit Rady Allahu 'Anhu". And in the following (part of a longer) Hadith from that chapter (Vol. 4, Book 29, p. 1328), we get a glimpse of how Hadrat Hassaan bin Thabit Rady Allahu 'Anhu actually replied.

(6081) (Sayyidatina) 'Aisha said: I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) as saying to Hassaan: "Verily Ruh ul Quds would continue to help you as long as you put up a defense on behalf of Allah and His Messenger". And she said: I heard Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu 'alayhi wa Sallam) as saying: "Hassaan satirized against them and gave satisfaction to the Muslims and disquieted the non-Muslims".

You satirized Muhammad, but I replied on his behalf, And there is reward with Allah for this.

You satirized Muhammad, virtuous, righteous, The Apostle of Allah, whose nature is truthfulness.

So verily, my father and his father and my honour Are a protection to the honour of Muhammad;

May I lose my dear daughter, if you don't see her Wiping the dust from the two sides of Kada, (2792) They pull at the reins, (2793) going upwards;

On their shoulders are spears thirsting (for the blood of the enemy);

Our steeds are sweating Our women wipe them with their mantles.

If you had not interfered with us, We would have performed the 'Umra.

And (then) there was the Victory; and the darkness cleared away;

Otherwise wait for the fighting on the day in which Allah will honour whom He pleases.

And Allah said: I have sent a servant who says The Truth in which there is no ambiguity;

And Allah said: I have prepared an army They are the Ansar whose object is fighting (the enemy).

There reaches everyday from Ma'add abuse, Or fighting, or satire;

Whoever satirizes the Apostle from amongst you, Or praises and helps, it is all the same, (2794) And Gabriel, the Angel of Allah is among us, And the Holy Spirit who has no match". (Muslim)

Footnotes:

2792. A hill near Makkah

2793. i.e. the horses

2794. It does not matter much to him.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 12 |


Similar works:

«Sermon #1065 Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit 1 THE HEALING OF ONE BORN BLIND NO. 1065 A SERMON DELIVERED ON LORD’S-DAY MORNING, AUGUST 11 1872, BY C. H. SPURGEON, AT THE METROPOLITAN TABERNACLE, NEWINGTON. “Since the world began it has been unheard of that anyone opened the eyes of one who was born blind.” John 9:32. (NKJV) THAT was quite true: there was no instance recorded in Scripture or in profane history at the time when this man spoke, of any person who was born blind having obtained...»

«Home of the Clay County Historical Society 15 Austin Street, Vermillion SD 57069 605-624-8266 / www.cchssd.org / claycohistory@yahoo.com Austin-Whittemore House Fall 2014 Quarterly Publication Message from CCHS President Inside This Issue We’re feeling a little prideful at the Clay County Historical Society these days; President Message 1&2 and, I must say, it’s well deserved pride. This hardworking board has accomplished a deed that has been several years in the doing and that is restoring...»

«Wild Apples Henry David Thoreau Author : Essays Category : Joe Gardner March 2010 Submit by : Read this on Full Online Books Link : www.fullonlinebooks.com Source : THE HISTORY OF THE APPLE-TREE. It is remarkable how closely the history of the Apple-tree is connected with that of man. The geologist tells us that the order of the Rosaceae, which includes the Apple, also the true Grasses, and the Labiatae, or Mints, were introduced only a short time previous to the appearance of man on the globe....»

«PAS 136:2007 PUBLICLY AVAILABLE SPECIFICATION Terminology for nanomaterials ICS 01.040.71; 71.100.99 NO COPYING WITHOUT BSI PERMISSION EXCEPT AS PERMITTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW PAS 136:2007 Publishing and copyright information The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the document was last issued. © BSI 2007 ISBN 978 0 580 61321 0 Publication history First published December 2007 Amendments issued since publication Amd. no. Date Text affected PAS 136:2007 Contents Foreword...»

«Early Greek History: 2,000 BC – 300 BC I. Controversy over origins There are two views of how ancient Greece was originally settled. There is (1) the conventional view and (2) the revised Ancient view. According to the conventional view a group of nomads, identified with the Kurgan culture and living somewhere to the north of the Black Sea, moved into Greece around 2,000 BC. The Kurgans are believed to have overwhelmed the native Greek tribe, referred to as the Pelasgians. Furthermore, the...»

«the jazz cadence of american culture Columbia University Press New York Columbia University Press Publishers Since 1893 New York Chichester, West Sussex Copyright © 1998 Robert G. O’Meally Reprinted by permission of Columbia University Press All rights reserved Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The jazz cadence of American culture / edited by Robert G. O’Meally. p. cm. Thirty-five essays. Includes bibliographical reference and index. Contents: Part I. What is jazz—Part...»

«© Ian Welch 2006 THIS PAPER IS COPYRIGHT UNDER AUSTRALIAN COPYRIGHT LAW.DO NOT COPY OR QUOTE FROM IT WITHOUT PERMISSION. PLEASE CONTACT ian.welch@anu.edu.au. MISSIONARIES, MURDER AND DIPLOMACY IN LATE 19th CENTURY CHINA: A CASE STUDY A Paper presented to the 2nd ANU Missionary History Conference Asia-Pacific Missionaries: At Home and Abroad, Australian National University Friday 27 – Sunday 29 August 2006 Ian Welch Division of Pacific and Asian History Research School of Pacific and Asian...»

«‫ب یداری‬ Jaago/Bidaari: Rescuing Our Community from a Demographic Crisis Dinyar Patel Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History Harvard University Paper Presented at the North American Zarathushti Congress Houston, 30 December 2010 SUMMARY This is an extended version of a paper delivered at the 2010 Houston Congress. Within the Zoroastrian community, there is little consensus on population figures and demographic trends. This paper attempts to provide a realistic estimate of the...»

«UNIVERSITY-WIDE POLICY MANUAL Approved by: Management Forum & Leadership Council UW R-10 Policy Number: Issue Date: 01/2005 Applies to: Upstate Medical University Value(s): (Drive Innovation & Discovery, Respect Page(s): 1 of 56 People, Value Integrity, Serve Community) Policy for Responding to Allegations of Research Misconduct Review Date: Change Description: 03/22/2016 Formerly CAMP E-04. Moved to University-Wide Policy Manual on 03/26/2015. Revised Date: Change Description: Updated the...»

«1 Tom Burns Organisation and Social Order Updated Sept. 1995; June 1997; Final Revision: 1.xii.00 Chapter I ATHENS: THE INVENTION OF DEMOCRACY I We begin with the constitutional and administrative set-up which was developed in Athens during the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., and lasted, apart from two brief intervals, until towards the end of the fourth century. Its lifetime, therefore, falls within that momentous period around 500 B.C., close to the very beginning of the history the recorded...»

«MEDUSA DELIVERABLE D6.2.4 – Final Exploitation – Standardization plan ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Project number: ITEA 10004 Document version no.: WP6 Edited by: ITEA Roadmap domains: Major: Content & knowledge ITEA Roadmap categories: Major: Interaction Minor: Network & computing MEDUSA ITEA 10004 WP6 Page 2 of 41 0 DOCUMENT HISTORY 0.1 Author Author Company E-mail R. Ponsen...»

«WEST VIRGINIA ELK MANAGEMENT PLAN FY2016-FY2020 Prepared by: WEST VIRGINIA DIVISION OF NATURAL RESOURCES WILDLIFE RESOURCES SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Number Introduction Historical Overview Of Elk In West Virginia Elk Biology And Life History Overview Of 1972 Elk Reintroduction Feasibility Report Overview Of 2005 Biological Assessment Of Potential Habitat For Elk In West Virginia. 3 Overview Of 2005 Social Feasibility Of Restoring Elk To West Virginia Elk Restoration Efforts And Current...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.