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«MAABW002 14/05/2012 01.01.2011-30.12.2011 This report covers the period: 01/01/2011 to 31/12/2011 Photo caption and credits: BRCS volunteers ...»

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Annual report

Botswana

MAABW002

14/05/2012

01.01.2011-30.12.2011

This report covers the

period: 01/01/2011 to

31/12/2011

Photo caption and credits:

BRCS volunteers providing relief in Princess

Marina Hospital during the Public Service

Strike in April 2011

In brief

Programme outcome

Botswana Red Cross Society (BRCS) programme deliverables aimed to achieve strategic business

focus areas consistent with its 2011-2015 strategic plans. The year 2011 marked the first year into implementation of the strategy. Gains were made in fulfilling the three strategic focal areas including

1) disaster risk reduction and emergency response, 2) health and care, 3) population movement and violence.

Despite growing vulnerabilities, the Society continued to operate under limited resources due to the exit of most of the donor community from Botswana as the country has been classified as an upper middle income country. The humanitarian landscape was under huge stress as the world was recovering from the 2010 global recession which affected general government and private sector spending hence low corporate social investment. Many private sector companies had to retrench some staff. The average unemployment rate was estimated at 17.8% 1. Crop yields also dropped due to poor rains which in turn increased food insecurity. This exacerbated the vulnerability of communities.

Key activities implemented in 2011 include the BRCS annual general assembly (AGA) which was convened to amongst other things elect the new governing board/National Executive Council (NEC), an operational planning meeting for the year 2012/2013 was convened at the end of the year.

2009/2010 Botswana Core Welfare Indicators Survey) 1 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies MAABW002 2 I Botswana Annual Report 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2011 BRCS continued its membership in the Southern Africa Partnership of Red Cross Societies (SAPRCS) as part of its efforts to foster partnerships with various national and international bodies including regional national societies. Through SAPRCS, BRCS remained part of regional initiatives such as the Zambezi River Initiative (ZBRI) which aims to implement community based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) measures to reduce the vulnerabilities of communities along the Zambezi river basin. As part of the SAPRCS plan to increase cross border programming, BRCS partnered with Namibia and Zimbabwe Red Cross Societies in implementation of the CBDRR component of the ZBRI project funded by the American Red Cross. BRCS also started providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Dukwi Refugee Camp for refugees in Botswana.

Programmes summary BRCS currently has 2 IFRC funded activities under the Health and Care and the Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Response Programmes including Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) support funded by Lars Amundsen fund and the Zambezi River Basin Initiative (ZRBI).

Supplementary funding for additional activities under the ZRBI was received from the American Red Cross under Building Resilient African Communities (BRACES).

The Lars Amundsen funding will enable the society to revive the Kasane Bonkgonne OVC mentors project in the Okavango by re-establishing and training a new child care committee, assessment and training of new mentors, identification and assessment of a new group of OVC as well as assist families to start income generating activities. The activities were postponed to start in January 2012 due to the timeframe which funds came in and too many other scheduled activities.

As part of efforts to scale up disaster risk reduction through the Zambezi River Basin Initiative (ZRBI), BRCS assisted four communities to identify needs-based livelihood projects in an effort to ensure food security during disasters as a risk reduction measure. The communities are Zoroga, Gweta, Nata and Tsokotsha. Two of the communities have started implementing their projects. The Land board allocated the Gweta and Nata communities a 100ha farm for arable farming and 5ha for integrated poultry farming respectively. An event marking the opening of the farm was organised on 31 January 2011 and was covered by the media. The farm is being run by volunteers of BRCS’ Gweta branch, with mentoring by community leaders. The government has supported the project with farm implements and seeds, labour for fencing, as well as a commitment to buy the farm produce.

The BRACES funds was earmarked to assist the BRCS to conduct baseline surveys in 10 communities in Satau, Parakarungu, Kachikau, Kavimba, Kasane and Kazungula to measure governance, disaster risk knowledge, household disaster preparedness, public awareness and community disaster preparedness levels, establish community disaster preparedness (CBDRR) response teams. Further, to open a project office, recruit a project officer and strengthen the financial management capacity of the national society, conduct DRR survey with identified communities. By end of the year, a project officer had been recruited and a 3x 9 meter mobile office purchased for the project.

All activities of the national society were implemented in an integrated manner across all programmes to address vulnerabilities and to promote cost efficiency in implementation. The report

–  –  –





will provide an overall summary of activities under Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Response, Refugee Health and Psychosocial Support, Health and care (including First aid), Rehabilitation, Branch development and support departments such as Finance (including resource mobilization), Marketing and Communication (MCM) and Human Resource and Administration which strengthen the organizational development component of the National Society.

Financial situation The total 2011 funding received from IFRC was BWP 393,926.35 for the ZBRI and 100% of the funding was spent. CHF 40,000 (BWP 340,000) was received under Lars Amundsen for OVC support. No expenditures were made in 2011.

An annual subvention was received from the Government of Botswana for disaster management and rehabilitation centres. Funding was also received from the American Red Cross for BRACES, Norwegian Red Cross for capacity building of branches, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR and the University Research Corporation (URC) for Refugee Health & Psychosocial Support.

Click here to go directly to the financial report Number people reached The total number of people reached by BRCS is 6b8 257. Out of this number a total of 26 105 were reached by the Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Response programme. Refer to section 7 for progress reported under each programme.

Our partners BRCS continued working with both national and international partners. The ongoing coordination and good relations with the government led to funding contributions by the government towards the National Society’s rehabilitation initiatives for people with disabilities in two districts, as well as its disaster preparedness initiatives in different parts of the country. Within the Movement, BRCS continued partnership with the Norwegian Red Cross, which supported capacity building of BRCS divisional structures in financial management, enabling braches to exercise good quality financial management standards. Further, the proposed partnership between BRCS and the American Red Cross will enable the Society to develop and scale-up disaster risk reduction initiatives in the Zambezi River Basin Initiative project area (Chobe district), thereby contributing to mitigation of the impact of disasters.

Partnerships outside the Movement included support provided by UNHCR and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the University Research Cooperation (URC), which made it possible for the National Society to scale-up access to anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs as well the provision of care and support to refugees and asylum seekers in Botswana. In addition, the private sector (including banks and individuals) are supporting the strengthening of BRCS branch structures.

3 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies MAABW002 4 I Botswana Annual Report 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2011 Context From 18 April to 6 June 2011, Botswana experienced a six-week national strike by public service providers demanding a 16 percent salary increase. Approximately 90,000 of the 103,000 public servants withdrew their services in most sectors of the government, leading to a severe shortage of manpower and slow service delivery in the public sector. The impact of the strike was felt particularly in the health sector. Most clinics operated with minimal staff and patients were turned away without help in referral to primary hospitals, leading to backlogs/long queues for medical services, as well as near closure and closure of a significant number of clinics. The significance of this poor management of public health concerns was very high. In this context, the BRCS mobilized 306 volunteers to provide relief in 15 clinics and two referral hospitals around the country. The strike put the limited resources of the BRCS under pressure. Though workers’ unions complained about BRCS’ participation in relief efforts and threatened legal action, the National Society emphasized the Principles and Mandate of the Movement to reinforce its reasons for intervention.

Botswana has a very high HIV and tuberculosis (TB) burden. Botswana reported 9,088 cases of TB in 2009, a case notification rate of 415 cases per 100,000 populations and TB/HIV co-infection rate was 66%, but only 35% of these patients received ART. Between 2006 and 2009, there were 340 laboratory confirmed MDR-TB cases 2. BRCS started supporting government efforts in eradication of TB through implementing Community-based TB Care (CTBC) activities in 5 districts and 11 villages in January 2011 leading to care and support of 303 TB patients through 85 volunteer community TB Care promoters. Volunteers continued to implement activities at the end of 2011 when Global Fund announced end of funding support.

Progress towards outcomes Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Response Programme The Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Emergency response programme aims to reduce the impact of disasters through promoting preparedness planning, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and disaster response. It does this through building capacities within the National Society structures, among stakeholders through advocacy and at community level. The programme also offers Tracing and Restoration of Family Links services.

The programme undertook activities under Disaster Response, Disaster Preparedness, and Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) and some advocacy work during the year

2011. The summarised achievements of the program are detailed below and reported per the following programme outcomes.

Outcomes Programme component 1: Disaster preparedness Outcome 1: Enhanced human, financial and material resources, effective and efficient disaster management system through the implementation of the disaster management master plan.

Outcome 2: Self-reliance of individuals and communities is improved to reduce their own vulnerability to public health emergencies and disasters.

–  –  –

Programme component 2: Disaster risk reduction Outcome 1: Vulnerability of communities in disaster prone areas is reduced through timely information, capacity and resilience building interventions.

Outcome 2: Nutritional conditions within vulnerable communities are improved with special attention on women and child-headed households.

Programme component 3: Zambezi River Basin Initiative Outcome 1: The risk and impact of disasters among communities living along the Zambezi River basin is reduced through community preparedness.

Outcome 2: Access to adequate and nutritious food commodities is increased among communities along the Zambezi River basin.

Outcome 3: The number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases is reduced among communities along the Zambezi River basin.

Outcome 4: National Society capacity to implement disaster preparedness, response and recovery operations is increased.

–  –  –

Disaster preparedness BRCS developed a Disaster management Master Plan in 2010 and started building the capacity of its staff and volunteers in disaster management both at headquarters and branches. Eight BRCS Programme and Field Officers, 17 volunteers and five members of staff of the Scottish Livingstone Hospital in Molepolole were trained in basic disaster management in March and April 2011. The Scottish Livingstone Hospital needed training support from the National Society to prepare for disaster simulation activities for the hospital.

Disaster response The capacity of BRCS to provide timely and effective response to disasters was strengthened by establishment of 12 disaster response teams in 12 BRCS branches. The branches are Tonota, Mabesekwa, Mmandunyane, Tutume, Shashe, Tsamaya, Natale, Magotlhwane, Moshupa, Ranaka, Kanye, Jwaneng and Dukwi. The National Society provided quality disaster response during the year to mitigate the impact of various disasters (household fires, floods and storms). Relief assistance in the form of shelter, blankets and clothing was provided to 76 families (456 individuals).

BRCS actively participated in district and national planning and coordination of disaster preparedness and response activities across the country. The Disaster Management Coordinator sat in the National Disaster Technical Committee whilst Programme and Field officers are members of the District Disaster Technical Teams. This increased cooperation with the government.

5 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies MAABW002 6 I Botswana Annual Report 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2011 Disaster Risk Reduction - ZBRI BRCS assisted four communities (under ZRBI) to identify needs-based livelihood projects in an effort to ensure food security during disasters as a risk reduction measure. The communities are Zoroga, Gweta, Nata and Tsokotsha. The following projects were identified; Community arable farming (Gweta), Community integrated poultry farming (Nata), an orchard (Tsokotsha) and Integrated agricultural farming (Piggery)-Zoroga.



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