WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

«The Russian–Chechen wars have had an extraordinarily destructive impact on the communities and on the trajectories of personal lives in the North ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Chechnya at War and Beyond

The Russian–Chechen wars have had an extraordinarily destructive impact on

the communities and on the trajectories of personal lives in the North Caucasus

Republic of Chechnya. This book presents in-depth analysis of the Chechen

conflicts and their consequences on Chechen society. It discusses the nature of

the violence, examines the dramatic changes which have taken place in society, in

the economy and in religion, and surveys current developments, including how the conflict is being remembered and how Chechnya is reconstructed and governed.

Anne Le Huérou is a Lecturer in Contemporary Russian and Post Soviet studies at Université Paris Ouest Nanterre and a Research Associate at the Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen (CERCEC), École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), Paris, France.

Aude Merlin is a Lecturer in Political Sciences at Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and a member of CEVIPOL (Centre d’étude de la vie politique).

Amandine Regamey is a Lecturer in Russian Language at University Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne and a Research Associate at the Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen (CERCEC), École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), Paris, France.

Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski is the Chief Editor of The Journal of Power Insti- tutions in Post-Soviet Societies and a Research Associate at the Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen (CERCEC), École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), Paris, France.

Routledge Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series 9 Russian Television Today 1 Liberal Nationalism in Central Europe Primetime drama and comedy Stefan Auer David MacFadyen 2 Civil-Military Relations in Russia 10 The Rebuilding of Greater Russia and Eastern Europe Putin’s foreign policy towards the David J. Betz CIS countries Bertil Nygren 3 The Extreme Nationalist Threat in Russia 11 A Russian Factory Enters the The growing influence of Western Market Economy Rightist ideas Claudio Morrison Thomas Parland 12 Democracy Building and Civil 4 Economic Development in Tatarstan Society in Post-Soviet Armenia Global markets and a Russian region Armine Ishkanian Leo McCann 13 NATO–Russia Relat

–  –  –

Edited by Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey and Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski First published 2014 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RN and by Routledge 711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business © 2014 selection and editorial material, Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey and Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski; individual chapters, the contributors The right of Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey and Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski to be identified as author of the editorial material, and of the individual authors as authors of their contributions, has been asserted by them in accordance with sections 77 and 78 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Chechnya at war and beyond / edited by Anne Le Huérou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey and Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski.

pages cm -- (Routledge contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe series; 56) Summary: “The Russia-Chechen wars have had an extraordinarily destructive impact on the communities and on the trajectories of personal lives in the North Caucasus Republic of Chechnya. This book presents in-depth analysis of the Chechen conflicts and their consequences on Chechen society. It discusses the nature of the violence, examines the dramatic changes which have taken place in society, in the economy and in religion, and surveys current developments, including how the conflict is being remembered and how Chechnya is reconstructed and governed”-- Provided by publisher.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

1. Chechnia (Russia)--History--Civil War, 1994- 2. Chechnia (Russia)--History--Civil War, 1994---Social aspects. 3. Collective memory--Russia (Federation)--Chechnia. 4. Political violence--Russia (Federation)--Chechnia. 5. Violence--Social aspects--Russia (Federation)--Chechnia. 6. War and society--Russia (Federation)--Chechnia.

7. Social change--Russia (Federation)--Chechnia. 8. Chechnia (Russia)--Social conditions. 9. Chechnia (Russia)--Politics and government. I. Le Huérou, Anne.

II. Merlin, Aude. III. Regamey, Amandine. IV. Sieca-Kozlowski, Elisabeth.

DK511.C37C48585 2014 947.5’2--dc23 2013050178 ISBN: 978-0-415-74489-8 (hbk) ISBN: 978-1-315-79831-8 (ebk) Typeset in Time New Roman by Taylor & Francis Books Contents

–  –  –





1 Grozny as it was before the war: remembrance and reconciliation in “virtual” and “real” post-Soviet communities 19

WALTER SPERLING

2 Remembering and forgetting in Chechnya today: using the Great Patriotic War to create a new historical narrative 37 AUDE MERLIN

–  –  –

8 Between war experience and ordinary police rationales: state violence against civilians in post-war Chechen Republic 152 ANNE LE HUÉROU 9 The North Caucasus insurgency: understanding the Chechen rebels in the context of the Caucasus Emirate 176 JEAN-FRANÇOIS RATELLE

–  –  –

Musa Basnukaev, Ph.D., is Head of “Taxes and Taxation” Department at Chechen State University. His researches on the economy of post-Soviet Chechnya have been presented in different scientific conferences and seminars in France, Belgium, Great Britain, and the USA. He is the author of more than 40 scientific articles published in Russian, English, and French, among them: “Reconstruction économique et ‘normalisation’ en Tchétchénie” (in A. Merlin and S. Serrano, Ordres et désordres au Caucase, 2010).

Nataliya Danilova is a Lecturer in International Relations in the College of Social Sciences and International Studies, University of Exeter (Cornwall Campus, UK). She is the author of a monograph, Armed Forces and Society: Principles of Interrelations (2007) and of a series of articles on veterans’ politics, the Soviet Afghan War, and memory of modern conflicts.

Anne Le Huérou is Assistant Professor in the Department of Slavic Studies, University Paris-X-Nanterre and Research Associate at the CERCEC (EHESS/CNRS). For the last few years she has conducted research on Chechen war and its consequences on Russian society, as well as on labor migrations, patriotism, and police in Russia.

Tanya Lokshina is Russia Program Director for Human Rights Watch. She is the recipient of the 2006 Andrei Sakharov Award for Journalism as Civic Accomplishment. Since 2003, Lokshina’s work has largely focused on Chechnya and the Caucasus. Her books include Chechnya Inside Out and Imposition of a Fake Political Settlement in the Northern Caucasus (2007).

Aude Merlin holds a Ph.D. in Political Science. She is a member of the CEVIPOL at the Université libre de Bruxelles and a Lecturer in Political Science. She is a specialist of the North Caucasus. Recently, she has published “Le conflit tchétchène à l’épreuve de la reconnaissance,” Cultures et conflits, 87: 187–209, 2012 (with Anne Le Huérou).

Jean-François Ratelle is a postdoctoral fellow at the George Washington University. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Ottawa in 2013.

Notes on contributors xi His Ph.D. dissertation deals with the recent upsurge of insurgent violence in the North Caucasus. The author engaged in ethnographic-based research that focused on the pathways toward insurgent participation in Dagestan and in the North Caucasus.

Amandine Regamey is a lecturer in Russian language at Paris I University and research associate at the CERCEC (EHESS/CNRS). She has worked on Chechnya since 2000, focusing on violence against civilians and on war legends. Her last articles on Chechnya have been published in The Journal of Power Institutions in Post Soviet Societies, Laboratorium, and The Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence.

Mikhail Roshchin (Ph.D.), Senior Research Analyst at the Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), is the author of many articles on Islam in the North Caucasus (in English and Russian), and a contributor to the book Islam in North Caucasus: History and Present Time, ed. by Islam Tekushev (2011, in Russian).

John Russell is Emeritus Professor of Russian and Security Studies in Peace Studies at the University of Bradford, United Kingdom. He is author of Chechnya – Russia’s “War on Terror” (2007), and a number of journal articles on Chechnya in Europe-Asia Studies, Nationalities Papers, Third World Review, and others. He is preparing a monograph entitled Ramzan Kadyrov – “Son-king” of Chechnya?

Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski is the founder and Chief Editor of The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies (http://pipss.revues.org). She is a Research Associate at the CERCEC (EHESS/CNRS). For the past few years she has been conducting research on Chechnya war veterans.

Ekaterina Sokirianskaya (Ph.D.) is currently an Analyst for the International Crisis Group and a leading Russian expert on the North Caucasus, where she lived and has been extensively travelling to since 2003. Among her publications are: “Ideology and Conflict: Chechen Political Nationalism Prior To, and During, Ten Years of War,” in M. Gammer (ed.) Ethno-Nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus (2008).

Walter Sperling (Dr. Phil.) teaches Russian and East European history at the Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany. He holds a Doctoral degree in History from the University of Bielefeld, Germany (2010). His first book is devoted to railroads and re-imagination of space in the Russian Empire.

Currently he is working on his second monograph which explores the everyday life in Grozny before the War (1994).

Alice Szczepanikova is a Postdoctoral Researcher at CEVIPOL (Université libre de Bruxelles). Her research focuses on the relation between forced migration, gender, religiosity, and immigrant incorporation. Her articles about the Chechen diaspora in Europe were published in the Journal of xii Notes on contributors Refugee Studies, European Journal of Women’s Studies, Nationalities Papers, and others.

Mairbek Vatchagaev, President of the Association for Caucasian Studies (Paris, France) is an Analyst for The Jamestown Foundation (Washington, DC) and Co-editor of the Caucasus Survey (London, UK).

Acknowledgments This book has been made possible thanks to the support of a large number of people and institutions. First of all, the Paris city administration (Mairie de Paris) which funded a three-year research program entitled “Understanding Violence in Russia: War, Institutions, Society.” Thanks to this financial support we have been able not only to publish this book, but also to carry on our own researches on Chechnya, and organize an international conference on the war in Chechnya in October 2012. Our activities have also benefitted from the support of research centers, scientific journals or specific grants: the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme (Paris), Centre d’Etudes du Monde Russe, Caucasien et Centre-Européen (CERCEC, EHESS/CNRS, Paris), Université Libre de Bruxelles, Centre d’Etudes Franco-russe de Moscou, The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, and the ACCES program of the French ministry of Higher Education and Research.

We would like to express our special thanks to the translators from French and Russian and the editors who worked hard and under time constraints to transfigure the authors’ thoughts into English. This book would not have been possible without Judith Andreyev, Ian Appleby, Katherine Booth, Martin Cruse, Roger Deplegde, Dilia Gumirova, and Catherine Librini.

We are grateful to all the contributors who have accepted to collaborate with us during the manuscript preparation process, and who have agreed to discuss and revise their chapters.

The cover picture has been provided by Maryvonne Arnaud, whose photographs on Chechnya are full of humanity – many thanks to her indeed.

A lot of field work in Chechnya would not have been possible without the expertise, the knowledge, and the kindness of informants and interviewees. We can not thank each of them individually but they will find here the expression of our deep gratitude.

The Editors Anne Le Huerou, Aude Merlin, Amandine Regamey, and Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski This page intentionally left blank Introduction In a little over twenty years, Chechnya has undergone two massive, bloody wars that have caused tens of thousands of dead, wounded, and disabled, and the virtually total destruction of its capital Grozny. This small republic on the southern borders of Russia, which proclaimed its independence in 1991 following the other Soviet republics, has also seen four pro-independence presidents and one installed by Moscow die violently since 1996.1 In the early years of this century, more than 100,000 men of the Russian Federation armed forces were deployed over a territory smaller than New Jersey. Even now, episodic armed confrontations have not stopped and asylum-seekers continue to flee the region to seek refuge in Europe.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |


Similar works:

«TRANSFORMATION OF NATO IN THE FACE OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM A Master’s Thesis by SEBAHAT BULDUK Department of International Relations Bilkent University Ankara September 2009 To my parents and Ertuğrul TRANSFORMATION OF NATO IN THE FACE OF TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM The Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University by Sebahat BULDUK In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF ARTS In THE DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS BILKENT UNIVERSITY...»

«Automatic Exchange of Information WHAT IT IS, HOW IT WORKS, BENEFITS, WHAT REMAINS TO BE DONE Automatic Exchange of Information WHAT IT IS, HOW IT WORKS, BENEFITS, WHAT REMAINS TO BE DONE ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT The OECD is a unique forum where governments work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and...»

«Federal Communications Commission Significantly Viewed List Last Modified: April 19, 2016 This list of significantly viewed stations is being posted on the Commission’s Internet website at http://www.fcc.gov/mb/ in accordance with 47 U.S.C. § 340(c)(2). This list was adopted on November 2, 2005 as Appendix C to the Report and Order, FCC 05-187 (rel. Nov. 3, 2005). The Commission will update this list within 10 business days after taking an action to modify the list. The stations listed below...»

«POLICY ANALYSIS Civil War in Yemen: A Complex Conflict with Multiple Futures Aleksandar Mitreski | Aug 2015 Civil war in Yemen: A Complex Conflict with Multiple Futures Series: Policy Analysis Aleksandar Mitreski | Aug 2015 Copyright © 2015 Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies. All Rights Reserved. The Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies is an independent research institute and think tank for the study of history and social sciences, with particular emphasis on the applied...»

«WHEN IT COMES TO BUSINESS LEADERSHIP, NICE GUYS FINISH FIRST A Green Peak Partners Study Shows That Conventional Wisdom Is Wrong – and That Leaders Who Possess Strong Soft Skills Perform Better at Driving Hard Results By J.P. Flaum, Managing Partner, Green Peak Partners To the private equity investors who held key board seats in SkyRocket Software (hypothetical company), Steve seemed to be the perfect CEO candidate. Energetic, hard-driving, and with a strong track record in finance and...»

«Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics, Volume 3, Issue 2, Autumn 2010, pp. 72-94. http://ejpe.org/pdf/3-2-int.pdf Making economics more relevant: an interview with Geoffrey Hodgson GEOFFREY M. HODGSON (Watford, England, 1946) is research professor at the University of Hertfordshire Business School, UK. He is editor-inchief of the Journal of Institutional Economics and a member of the Academy of Social Sciences in the UK. He has published over 120 articles in academic journals and his...»

«Loyola University Chicago Law Journal Volume 26 Article 2 Issue 3 Spring 1995 1995 Wild Card Statutes, Parity, and National Banks The Renascence of State Banking Powers Christian A. Johnson Assist.Prof., Loyola University Chicago, School of Law Follow this and additional works at: http://lawecommons.luc.edu/luclj Part of the Banking and Finance Law Commons Recommended Citation Christian A. Johnson, Wild Card Statutes, Parity, and National Banks The Renascence of State Banking Powers, 26 Loy. U....»

«The Sprawl: Alpha Version hamish@ardens.org The Sprawl Alpha Version An Apocalypse World Hack by Hamish Cameron. Contact details at the end. “The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel.” Neuromancer, William Gibson. The Sprawl is a game of mission-based action in a gritty neon-and-chrome Cyberpunk future. You are the extended assets of vast multinational corporations, operating in the criminal underground, and performing the tasks that those multinationals...»

«NORTHERN MIDLANDS COUNCIL AREA– COMMUNITY/HOUSEHOLD FOOD ACCESS PROFILE Introduction & disclaimer – This profile has been developed by the Heart Foundation Tasmania as part of the Healthy Food Access Tasmania Project. The information highlighted in this profile was gathered in 2014/15 and it provides an overview for the local government area. For any questions or additional information please contact the Heart Foundation. Why does access to healthy food matter? Limited or poor access to...»

«SHOULD SUBURBS HELP THEIR CENTRAL CITY? by Andrew F. Haughwout* and Robert P. Inman** April, 2002 ABSTRACT Should suburbs help finance the core public services of their central city? Previous arguments for such assistance have stressed spillovers from city services to suburban residents or the fact that suburban residents (should?) care about their city’s poor. We explore the validity of a third possible argument for such assistance, one now stressed by many large city mayors. Suburban...»

«Lake Macquarie City Council Submission to Infrastructure Australia Lake Macquarie Transport Interchange Lake Macquarie City Council 126-128 Main Road Speers Point NSW 2284 Box 1906 Hunter Regional Mail Centre NSW 2310 Phone: 02 4921 0333 02 4958 7257 Fax: Web: www.lakemac.com.au Contact regarding this submission: Kelly Lofberg External Relations Specialist Phone: 02 4921 0587 or 0419 604 553 Email: kalofberg@lakemac.nsw.gov.au 1 Contents Executive Summary 3 1. Lake Macquarie Profile 4 The Place...»

«THE GOOD PERSON OF SZECHWAN Note We will be working on a version of the play that Brecht wrote while living in America in the late 40’s, generally called the “Santa Monica” version. If you have read the original “Zurich” script, you will see that this version is shorter and faster; it eliminates a few characters and a couple of scenes. The plot is also different in that Shu Ta chooses to set up a drug business rather than a tobacco factory. Brecht felt this version of the story cast a...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.