«Abstracts INTERNATION CONFERENCE ON EIGHTH INTERN ATIO NAL CO NFERENCE O N DESTINATION INDIA: INVESTMENT DESTINATIO N JANUAR ARY JANUARY, 3 - 5, ...»
Delhi Business Review X Vol. 8, No. 1 (January - June 2007)
INTERNATION CONFERENCE ON
EIGHTH INTERN ATIO NAL CO NFERENCE O N
INDIA: INVESTMENT DESTINATIO N
JANUARY, 3 - 5, 2007, NEW DELHI
EX CERPTS FROM PAPER PRESENTA TIO NS
EXCERPTS PRESENTATIONSVenue: NAAS, Dev Prakash Marg, Opp. Todapur, Pusa Road, New Delhi NAAS Dev AAS, Marg, Opp. Todapur, New
PAPER 1 – A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON FDI WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO INDIA
AND CHINAS. Vijaykumar Bharathi, International Institute of Information Technology, Pune P. Parthipan, Department of Commerce, CBM College, Coimbatore This study undertakes to make a comparative analysis of the foreign direct investment (FDI) from the various countries and their multinational corporations into India and China over the period 2001 –
2005. The basic premise of the study is to bridge the long gap between the two countries in attracting non-debt creating FDI flows, which fundamentally looks into their FDI-attracting potentials. The study aims to bring out the possible factors for China’s success in attracting FDI inflows. It tries to find the reasons for China’s successes and India’s weaknesses to capitalize on opportunities. Can India possibly become an FDI destination as attractive as China? Who are the target groups of foreign investors for India? What lessons can India possibly derive from China to attract these investors? An attempt has been made to explore the pattern of FDI inflows by the corporates into these two countries under study and their comparisons. The study also analyses the general investment scenario to justify the differences and finally to take home complimentary and critical observations for our country.
The study mainly focuses on areas where it is possible for India to attract larger FDI inflows provided appropriate specific and generic MNC-friendly policies are put in place. Thrust has been given to areas like real-estate growth, export-oriented businesses, and the successful Chinese model of Special Economic Zones. The study emphasizes the synergy of both the Government and Private Sector in framing and aiding the FDI process. On the basis of an extensive examination of the Indian and Chinese data, the paper concludes that India falls short of China in all these respects. This study recommends the Indian government to redesign its policies in each of these directions. Some of the other recommendations include, desirable infrastructure facilities, relaxation of small-scale industry regulations, lower commodity and utility prices, lower indirect taxes, lower import duties on raw materials, fiscal and other fillips to encourage some specific types of investment, incentives for new business promotion, harmonization of government policies and reduction of red-tapism.
PAPER 2 – FDI: INDIA VS. CHINA (A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS – SECTOR-WISE WITH A
these two promising countries will trigger off various issues which can act as a catalyst for FDI. At present, China is ahead of India in mobilizing inflows through FDI, but the scenario is fast changing.
The facts and figures show a growth trend in FDI inflow in almost all sectors of the growth component.
The key issues which facilitate and attract FDI inflows into India and probably the issues which make a withdrawal from China, and also the contributory factor of attracting investments in both the countries, needs to be debated upon.
PAPER 3 – FDI AND THE LEGAL PROFESSION IN INDIA
Shilpi, Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad Priti Prasad, Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad Economic development remains an urgent global need. The need for economic development is self raised as an automatic consequence of the globalization’s raise the standard of living in the less developed countries and to enable them to use the highly developed infrastructure and technological advancements.
For this it is essential that in such economies, capital formation should take place at a higher rate than before, so that the big developmental projects may be financed properly. Thus, for rapid development the central problem is capital formation. The present paper is an attempt to look at the consequences of allowing foreign direct investment and foreign collaboration in the legal services sector in India. Most sectors of the Indian economy are now at least partially open to foreign investment, with certain exceptions. The Indian government continues to prohibit or severely restrict FDI in certain politically sensitive sectors, such as agriculture, retail trading, railways and real estate. At the same time, the GOI has liberalized other aspects of foreign investment and eliminated various government approvals.
Automatic FDI approval in many industries, including bulk manufacturing activities, is not allowed.
Some sectors still require government approval. Within the global economy, the significance of trade in services currently amounts to well over two trillion US dollars, a sixth of total world trade. It is just a mere attempt to analyze the whole question from the views of the lawyers. In the paper we have discussed some of the aspects which should be considered by the government while taking any decision in this matter.
PAPER 4 – THE ECONOMICS OF FDI – INCENTIVES
Parag Pateria, D.I.M.A.T., Raipur This paper suggests that the use of investment incentives focusing exclusively on foreign firms, although motivated in some cases from a theoretical point of view, is generally not an efficient way to raise national welfare. The main reason is that the strongest theoretical motive for financial subsidies to inward FDI Spillovers of foreign technology and skills to local industry is not an automatic consequence of foreign investment. The potential spillover benefits are realized only if local firms have the ability and motivation to invest in absorbing foreign technologies and skills. To motivate subsidization of foreign investment, it is therefore necessary, at the same time, to support learning and investment in local firms as well.
PAPER 5 – ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES WITH GLOBALPERSPECTIVE
Mahesh R. Sonara, H.A. College of Commerce, Ahmedabad Globalization requires adjustments in the economic, social and political policies of the Government and the change in the approach of the political parties, newspapers, electronic media and NGOs in posing the real and genuine public issues before the people. This will enable the common people by their capacities being enhanced to take advantage of the new opportunities being created by globalization and also to meet successfully the challenges posed by globalization.
108 Delhi Business Review X Vol. 8, No. 1 (January - June 2007) In this paper, it has been shown which policy measures should be undertaken by the Government and what approach should be adopted by various political and non-political organizations active in the society. The role of international economic institutions also has been discussed. All these issues have been discussed under 6 major headings in the paper.
PAPER 6 – CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF GLOBALIZATION IN RURAL INDIA
Jitendra Kumar, Department of Commerce and Business Management, V.K.S. University, Ara, Bihar Nearly two third of Indian population belongs to rural areas. But rural development is probably the biggest of Indian Economy. But varied problems are increasing day by day in rural areas. Our economy depends on agriculture and nearly 70% people live in the rural areas are depending on agriculture.
Globalization has affected our economy but only in rural sectors. Various agricultural and rural problems are low per capita income, high portions of below povety line, low level of productive efficiency, imbalance between population size resources and capital, problem of unemployment, instability of output of
agricultural and related sources. The present scenario in India depends upon the following factors:
inadequate land reforms, economic inequality, social inequality, political suppression and productive employment. Extremism is confined to rural areas where literacy is low. Extremism has close relation with the terrain, land use and population.
PAPER 7 – LONG TERM GLOBAL ECONOMIC CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Swatik R., Gajjar, Mandvi, Gujarat The paper assesses the long term global economic challenges and opportunities which India is facing over the next 10 years.World trade volumes are expected nearly to double over the next decade. The balance of production is shifting rapidly towards developing countries: India and China.
They are on course to join the US and EU as the world’s leading economies during the first half of this century. More countries are opening up their economies and seizing the opportunities that come from closer integration into the global economy.
The rapid growth of large emerging economies, particularly in India and China is shifting the balance of global economic activity. However rising to the challenge of new global economy, will require further steps to entrench monetary and fiscal stability for the long term, provide the incentive to support and reward enterprise; promote scientific research and business innovation, enhance skills, modernize welfare provision and ensure a sustainable environment.
PAPER 8 – EXAMINING CHALLENGES OF LIBERALIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF
POVERTY AND DEVELOPMENTJagannath Mohanty, Department of Management, National Institute of Science and Technology, Berhampur, Orissa Globalization has affected the various economies of the World differently. However, globalization has not worked for many poor countries of the world. IMF & WTO have mismanaged the process of privatization, liberalization and stabilization that many third world countries now are actually worse off than they were before.
Various factors such as social set up, internal conditions, political stability/instability, formulation and proper implementation of policies etc. by the government greatly affect the economic development of a country. For instance, in the case of China, the cheaper labour rate, open-up of policies have attracted foreign capital & the MNCs have largely invested in the manufacturing firms/units that not only boosted China’s export but also provided the protection to domestic industries. It has not only accelerated 109 Abstracts: Eighth International Conference the economic development but has made China one of the ‘Economic Giants’ in the World. Whereas in case of India, social diversity, political instability, wrong planning, wrong policies of the government and their improper implementation, bureaucracy, corruption, red tapism, under performance etc. have all resulted in less FDI and hence, the slower pace of economic development as compared to China. To increase the pace of economic growth in India, these trends must be changed.
PAPER 9 – CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES AND GLOBAL ECONOMY FOR INDIA
Krishna Kumar, Department of Commerce, D.A.V.P.G. College, Siwan, Bihar The operational structure of Indian economy altogether changed as it has became more open for global perspective. India failed in our planned economic development and international events forced India to liberalize its, economic policy and open the economy up to foreign investment and competition in the process of globalization of the economy through its new economic policy announced in July 1991.
Globalization means integration through cross border flow of information, ideas, technologies, good services, capital & finance. Integration takes place when product and factors move about freely as among the different countries. In the Indian context, this implies opening up the economy to FDI by providing facilities to foreign companies to invest in different fields of economic activities in India. The word globalization like socialism till recently is currently in much use and collapse of socialist economies has greatly enhanced its prestige. The economies today is so interlinked; an economic life has now become so competitive and interdependent that the national markets virtually have turned into a world market.
This paper analyzes different problems and dangers and the probable escapes from the current happening with particular reference to the role of the state in the globalized economy of India.
PAPER 10 – ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVEPoornima Tapas, Indira Institute of Management, Pune Yesterday’s economic theories are collapsing; new world is driven by new economic platforms. We are in the 3rd phase of globalization today. This era struck the world from medium size to small size. The driving force was multinational companies.The internet and e-commerce were just taking off. After 2000, globalization is shrinking the world from small size to tiny and flattening. The dynamic force is the power for individuals to collaborate and compete globally. If one understands the logic of global economy, companies, capital, customers with good communication, can be attracted from rest of the world. The net gain from trade is far greater when it occurs between a developed and less developed economy. This paper focuses on the fall of the nation’s state and what’s replacing it, new challenges for the blocs for politest business & personal success, tomorrow’s potent new drivers of growth & economic power, strategy and leadership in the truly borderless economy and India the next global center stage.
PAPER 11 – INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA