WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 11 |

«Omega W. Wilson Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

The Relationship between Student Discipline Disproportionality

and High School Dropout Rate

Omega W. Wilson

Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia

Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the

Requirements for the degree of

Doctor of Education

In

Educational Leadership and Policy Studies

James R. Craig, Chair

Carol S. Cash

Glen I. Earthman

Travis W. Twiford

August 30, 2012

Blacksburg, Virginia

Keywords: Minority, Classroom Management, Discipline Gap, Low Achievement Theory, Suspension and Expulsion, Zero Tolerance The Relationship between Student Discipline Disproportionality and High School Dropout Rate Omega W. Wilson Abstract Previous research has indicated that there is a possible relationship between disproportionality in student discipline and high school dropout rate. Using discipline and dropout data from a mid-Atlantic state school district, discipline disproportionality and dropout rate amongst high school African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian male and females over a period of four school years was examined. The findings indicated that there was indeed discipline disproportionality among African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian students.

However, the evidence indicating a relationship between disproportionality and dropping out was not conclusive. Based on the findings, implications for educational practice are advanced. In addition, recommendations for further research are set forth.

iii Acknowledgements As my doctoral process began three years ago, there are several people who have been very instrumental in my journey of success.

Thank you to my committee who steered me in the right direction and guided me through the tunnel of darkness. I thank Dr. Jim Craig, my advisor and the chair of my committee for believing me in me and pushing me to strive for excellence and nothing less. Thank you, Dr.

Craig for molding me for the process and for teaching me to eat the elephant, one bite at a time!

To my cohort family, thank you for the encouraging words that were given within the last three years. I am especially grateful to, “The Four Horsemen” for being trendsetters and pathfinders.

I am very grateful and thankful to the Panthers of Hermitage High School for supporting and “covering me” for the last three years. A-Team, without your assistance, my journey would not be complete. Diane Saunders, Cheryl Montgomery, Stacy Palkovics, Trae Turpin, and Chris Collier-thank you for proving that “Teamwork Makes the Dream Work!” I thank you for the family support and love that you shared with me. To the best secretary a principal could possibly have- Dana Shoemaker, thank you for being awesome, amazing and fantastic! Stacie Davis and Helen Whitehurst, thank you for your expertise in so many areas.

As my church family has also been supportive, thank you for carrying me as I continue to hide behind the cross. Pastor Miles and First Lady Miles, your prayers have truly been heartfelt and appreciated. Thank you for undergirding me as spiritual leaders should. Tanesha Weaver, thank you for motivating your sister, for listening to me and for sending positive vibes in my direction.

I thank the two people who are responsible for my existence, Lyllie B. Williams and Rev.

James Samuel Williams, Jr. As I have made you proud, I am proud to say that I’m your youngest daughter and I’m even more proud to say that you are my parents. Thank you for partnering with God for my creation and for teaching me how to challenge my challenges.

Jamantha and Psyche, thank you for being such tremendous and excellent role models and believers in me. You two paved the way for me and have helped to make life easier. To my gifts from God-AnnMarie and Trey, you all have been excellent and patient while your mother endured the test of time. As I have bore the torch of wisdom, I challenge you to never attempt to fill my shoes; always attempt to outgrow them. Last and certainly not least, thank you Mark iv

–  –  –

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

BACKGROUND

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

SIGNIFICANCE

Scholarly significance

Practical significance

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS

RESEARCH LITERATURE SEARCH PROCESS

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH LITERATURE

INTRODUCTION

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF DISCIPLINE IN SCHOOLS

DISCIPLINE GAP

Teacher's views on the over-representation of African American students in discipline systems

The zero tolerance policy

Program/parental support

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT GAP

PIPELINE TO PRISON

THE DROPOUT RATE

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH

CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY

INTRODUCTION

POPULATION

DESIGN

DATA COLLECTION

Research Question 1

Data collection process

Research Question 2

Data collection process

DATA ANALYSIS

Research Question 1.

Data analysis.

Research Question 2.

Data analysis. The same data analysis processes that were used for Research Question 1 were used for Research Question 2.

SUMMARY

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS





vi INTRODUCTION

DEMOGRAPHICS

Males

Females

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Research Question 1

Grades 9th – 10th

Grades 11th – 12th

Research Question 2

Grades 9th – 10th

Grades 11th – 12th

CHAPTER V SUMMARY, IMPLICATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................. 94 SUMMARY

FINDINGS

IMPLICATIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS

Research recommendations

Practice recommendations

REFERENCES

APPENDIX A RESEARCH SURVEY APPROVAL APPLICATION

APPENDIX B ALBERT COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOL’S CODE OF STUDENT

CONDUCT

APPENDIX C INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARD APPROVAL LETTER................. 119 vii List of Tables Table 1 Correlation of Suspension Rate with Dropout Rate

Table 2 Data Table for Albert County 2007-2008 Through 2010-2011 High School Discipline Data

Table 3 Data Table for Albert County 2007-2008 Through 2010-2011 High School Discipline and the Dropout Rate Data

Table 4 Frequency Distribution of Grade Level for the Male Population

Table 5 Frequency Distribution of Race for the Male Population

Table 6 Frequency Distribution of Disorderly Conduct Referrals for the Male Population....... 37 Table 7 Frequency Distribution of Threat Referrals for the Male Population

Table 8 Frequency Distribution of Integrity Referrals for the Male Population

Table 9 Frequency Distribution of Fighting Referrals for the Male Population

Table 10 Frequency Distribution of Assault Referrals for the Male Population

Table11 Frequency Distribution of Out-of-School Suspensions (Oss) for the Male Population. 42 Table 12 Frequency Distribution of In-School Suspensions (Iss) for the Male Population......... 43 Table 13 Frequency Distribution of Expulsion for the Male Population

Table 14 Frequency Distribution of Grade Level for the Female Population

Table 15 Frequency Distribution of Race for the Female Population

Table 16 Frequency Distribution of Disorderly Conduct Referrals for the Female Population.. 47 Table 17 Frequency Distribution of Threat Referrals for the Female Population

Table 18 Frequency Distribution of Integrity Referrals for the Female Population

Table 19 Frequency Distribution of Fighting Referrals for the Female Population

Table 20 Frequency Distribution of Assault Referrals for the Female Population

Table 21 Frequency Distribution of Out-of-School Suspensions (Oss) for the Female Population

Table 22 Frequency Distribution of In-School Suspensions (Iss) for the Female Population..... 52 Table 23 Frequency Distribution of Expulsions for the Female Population

Table 24 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 25 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 26 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropouts for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 27 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropouts for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 28 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 29 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 30 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 9th-10th Grade Males During 2007-2009

Table 31 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 9th-10th Grade Males for 2009Table 32 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2007-2009 School Years

viii Table 33 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 34 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 35 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 36 Cross Tabulation of Race on In-School Suspension (Iss) for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 37 Cross Tabulation of Race on In- School Suspension (Iss) for 9th-10th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 38 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 39 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 40 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 41 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 42 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 43 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 44 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 11th-12th Grade Males During 2007-2009 School Years

Table 45 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 11th-12th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 46 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 11th-12th Grade Males During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 47 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 11th-12th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 48 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 11th-12th Grade Males During 2007-2009 School Years

Table 49 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 11th-12th Grade Males for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 50 Cross Tabulation of Race on In-School Suspension (Iss) for 11th-12th Grade Males During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 51 Cross Tabulation of Race on In-School Suspension (Iss) for 11th-12th Grade Males During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 52 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 53 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 54 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 55 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

ix Table 56 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 57 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 58 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 9th-10th Grade Females During 2007-2009

Table 59 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 9th-10th Grade Females for 2009Table 60 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 61 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 62 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 63 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 64 Cross Tabulation of Race on In- School Suspension (Iss) for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 65 Cross Tabulation of Race on In-School Suspension (Iss) for 9th-10th Grade Females During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 66 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2007School Years

Table 67 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disadvantaged for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2009School Years

Table 68 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 69 Cross Tabulation of Race on Dropout for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 70 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2007-2009 School Years

Table 71 Cross Tabulation of Race on Retained for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 72 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 11th-12th Grade Females During 2007-2009 School Years

Table 73 Cross Tabulation of Race on Disorderly Conduct for 11th-12th Grade Females During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 74 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 11th-12th Grade Females During the 2007-2009 School Years

Table 75 Cross Tabulation of Race on Other Discipline Infractions for 11th-12th Grade Females During the 2009-2011 School Years

Table 76 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 11th-12th Grade Females During 2007-2009 School Years

Table 77 Cross Tabulation of Race on Out-of-School Suspension (Oss) for 11th-12th Grade Females for 2009-2011 School Years

Table 78 Cross Tabulation of Race on In-School Suspension (Iss) for 11th-12th Grade Females During the 2007-2009 School Years



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 11 |


Similar works:

«Welcome to 5LINX Earn residual income while helping people live better lives CONGRATULATIONS ON SEIZING THIS AMAZING OPPORTUNITY! Welcome to our international team of successful Independent Marketing Representatives. You’ve made a smart business decision, and an important investment in your future. Our company was founded on five basic principles that guide our business every day: VISION, INTEGRITY, OPPORTUNITY, FREEDOM AND SUCCESS where Representatives come first. You have joined a premiere...»

«An investigation into the role of moderating variables on mobile broadband technology acceptance in Indonesia A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Priyantono Rudito Master of Business (Marketing), Bachelor of Industrial Engineering Senior Supervisor: Associate Professor Adela J McMurray Second Supervisor: Dr Christopher White Graduate School of Management, RMIT University Business Portfolio RMIT University Declaration I certify that except...»

«Housing Options & Advice in Enfield Contents Page 2 Contents 3 Disclaimer Squatting Law – Advice about renting in Private sector 5 Getting a Deposit Paying the rent – Housing Benefit and Local Housing Allowance 6-9 information 10 Advice and help with your finances 11 Steps you need to take to secure accommodation (Flow Chart) 12 List of Web sites 13 Local Housing Allowance Rates 14 Tips of private renting in Enfield for those with children or those 60 years and older 15 18 Lettings Agents...»

«ORACLE DATA SHEET ORACLE FINANCIAL ANALYTICS Oracle Financial Analytics provides organizations with better visibility into the KEY FEATURES & BENEFITS factors that drive revenues, costs, and shareholder value. It enables better FOR BUSINESS USERS • Receive intra-period information on insight into the general ledger, allows other functional units to understand income statement, cash flow, and product or customer profitability, provides visibility into performance against balance sheet...»

«IMES DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES Monetary Policy, Financial Conditions, and Financial Stability Tobias Adrian and Nellie Liang Discussion Paper No. 2014-E-13 INSTITUTE FOR MONETARY AND ECONOMIC STUDIES BANK OF JAPAN 2-1-1 NIHONBASHI-HONGOKUCHO CHUO-KU, TOKYO 103-8660 JAPAN You can download this and other papers at the IMES Web site: http://www.imes.boj.or.jp Do not reprint or reproduce without permission. NOTE: IMES Discussion Paper Series is circulated in order to stimulate discussion and...»

«Belfast Education and Library Board General Purposes and Finance Committee Minutes of a Meeting of the General Purposes and Finance (GPF) Committee held on Wednesday 27 June 2012 at 2.00 pm in the Chief Executive’s Office, 40 Academy Street, Belfast Ciaran O’Grady (Chair) Members Present Rosemary Rainey, Alastair MacKay Dinah MacManus Apology Mr David Megaughin Chief Finance Officer In Attendance Mrs Catherine Burnett Head of Infrastructure & Procurement Mr Gerry McGuinness Senior Education...»

«Family Business Magazine’s The Family Business Mentoring Handbook Article by Dean R. Fowler, Ph.D. CMC ©2004 by Dean Fowler Associates, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Teaching protégés to be proactive To ensure continuity of the family business in the next generation, mentors would do well to guide their charges in adopting ‘The Seven Habits of Highly Successful Successors.’ By Dean R. Fowler How can a mentor help to ensure the success of a family business successor? One effective way is by...»

«Routing, Mileage, and Mapping Software Multi-Version Switch for Windows VERSION 25 User’s Guide ALL RIGHTS RESERVED You may print one (1) copy of this document for your personal use. Otherwise, no part of this document may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language, in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, or otherwise, without prior written permission from ALK Technologies, Inc. Windows is a registered...»

«EMBARGOED UNTIL Friday, September 9, 2016 at 8:15 A.M. U.S. Eastern Time OR UPON DELIVERY “Exploring the Economy’s Progress and Outlook” Eric S. Rosengren President & Chief Executive Officer Federal Reserve Bank of Boston South Shore Chamber of Commerce Quincy, Massachusetts September 9, 2016 * EMBARGOED UNTIL Friday, September 9, 2016 at 8:15 A.M. Eastern Time OR UPON DELIVERY *   “Exploring the Economy’s Progress and Outlook” Eric S. Rosengren President & Chief Executive Officer...»

«Testimony on Renewing Communities and Providing Opportunities through Innovative Solutions to Poverty Presented to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Testimony of Olivia Golden Executive Director, Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) CLASP is a national, nonpartisan, anti-poverty organization advancing policy solutions at the federal, state, and local levels that work for low-income people. The organization advocates for public policies and programs that reduce...»

«University of St. Gallen Graduate School of Business, Economics, Law and Social Sciences (HSG) Master of Arts in Strategy and International Management Master’s thesis Demography meets Strategic Planning: Features of a Demographic Risk Indicator Tailored for Companies Prof Dr Günter Müller-Stewens Francesco Bonafini November 12, 2013 Demography meets Strategic Planning ii Co-Supervisor: Dr Hans Groth I would like to thank Dr Hans Groth for giving me the opportunity to write this thesis...»

«THE CAUSES OF WAR Rutgers University Political Science 324 Spring 2012 Professor Jack S. Levy 304 Hickman Hall; 732 932-1073 jacklevy@rci.rutgers.edu http://fas-polisci.rutgers.edu/levy/ Office Hours: after class (on CAC) & by appointment (in Hickman 304) War has been a plague on humanity for thousands of years, from early hunter-gatherers, to tribes and chiefdoms, to empires and early states, to the contemporary international system. War takes place between states, within states, and between...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.