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«Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences LANDSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology ...»

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Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences

LANDSCAPE

AND

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium

on Landscape Ecology

Ľuboš HALADA, Andrej BAČA, Martin BOLTIŽIAR (editors)

Nitra 2016

Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology: Landscape and Landscape

Ecology, 27-29 May 2015, Nitra, Slovakia.

Editors:

Dr. Ľuboš Halada, Dr. Andrej Bača, Prof. Dr. Martin Boltižiar The papers were peer-reviewed.

Published by the Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Available online at www.uke.sav.sk.

ISBN 978-80-89325-28-3 © Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2016

Citation:

Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.) 2016: Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology, 27-29 May 2015, Nitra, Slovakia, Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 365 pp. ISBN 978-80- 89325-28-3.

Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences

LANDSCAPE

AND

LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY

Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology 27-29 May 2015, Nitra, Slovakia Ľuboš HALADA, Andrej BAČA, Martin BOLTIŽIAR (editors) Nitra 2016 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology 2 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology

CONTENTS

Section 1

Theoretical issues of landscape ecology:

current concepts and trends László MIKLÓS: The landscape, the European Landscape Convention and the law................ 7 Václav ŽDÍMAL: Landscape, memory and historical sources............

Florin ŽIGRAI: Meta-landscape ecology as a new ecological science (selected meta- scientific aspects)

Section 2 Methods in landscape research Assen ASSENOV, Bilyana BORISOVA, Petar DIMITROV: Habitat diversity: a key category in landscape analysis for spatial planning in mountain conditions (a case study of the Banite municipality, Bulgaria)

Peter BARANČOK, Mária BARANČOKOVÁ: Types of traditional agricultural landscapes and their respective representation in the Kysuce region

Martin BOLTIŽIAR, Branislav OLAH, Igor GALLAY, Zuzana GALLAYOVÁ:

Transformation of the Slovak cultural landscape and its recent trends

Piotr KOCIUBA, Ihor KOZAK, Kajetan PERZANOWSKI, Daniel KLICH, Hanna KOZAK, Adam STĘPIEŃ: Forecasting of landscape dynamics: a case study at Roztocze Wschodnie (Eastern Poland)

Jaromir KOLEJKA: Post-industrial landscape: its identification, typology and value............ 75 Are KONT, Urve RATAS, Reimo RIVIS, Kadri VILUMAA, Agnes ANDERSON, Hannes TÕNISSON: Application of complex profile method in insular landscape studies in Estonia

Ihor KOZAK, Kajetan PERZANOWSKI, Taras PARPAN, Piotr KOCIUBA, Daniel KLICH: Forecasting of the dynamics of beech and fir forests of the Polish Bieszczady and the Ukrainian Beskydy under the influence of climatic changes............... 94 Anna KOZLOVA, Tamara DUDAR, Mykhailo SVIDENYUK: Ukrainian part of the Danube Delta: Landscape changes issues

Piotr KRAJEWSKI: Landscape changes in selected suburban area of Bratislava (Slovakia)

Mykola LUBSKIY, Alexander HUSIEV, Kateryna BOLOT, Kateryna ZHURBAS:

Remote land degradation assessment in the vicinity of the Boryspil Airport

Ivo MACHAR, Antonín BUČEK, Veronika VLČKOVÁ, Vilém PECHANEC, Jan BRUS: The application of landscape ecology to the prediction of changes in climatic conditions for growing agricultural crops. A case study from the Czech Republic.......... 124 Ksenia MEREKALOVA, Alexander KHOROSHEV: Trends in inter-component relationships during the recovery of disturbed landscapes

3 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology Alexander MKRTCHIAN, Daria SVIDZINSKA: Quantifying landscape changes through land cover transition potential analysis and modelling (on the example of the Black Tisza river basin)

Andreia PEREIRA: Landforms and the shaping of cultural landscapes in mountain areas: A methodology for the analysis of permanent pastures landscape of Alto Barroso region (Northern Portugal)

Monika PŁUCIENNIK, Maria HEŁDAK, Ewelina WERNER, Jakub SZCZEPAŃSKI, Ciechosław PATRZAŁEK: Using the laser technology in designing land use.................162 Oimahmad RAHMONOV, Tadeusz NIEDŹWIEDŹ, Magdalena OPAŁA, Łukasz MAŁARZEWSKI, Piotr OWCZAREK: Landscape degradation and its effect on the soil-vegetation relations within juniper forest in the Fann Mountains (Western Pamir-Alay)

Martina SLÁMOVÁ, František CHUDÝ, Noemi BELJAK PAŽINOVÁ, Ján BELJAK:

Multidisciplinary approach research on historical landscape structures

Dagmar ŠTEFUNKOVÁ, Ján HANUŠIN: Analysis of the spatial and temporal distribution of selected landscape diversity indexes in detailed scale (Example of the viticultural landscape Svätý Jur)





Marlene TILLIAN, Wolfgang SULZER: Remote Sensing (UAV) for torrent inspection /survey in the alpine municipality of Weng im Gesäuse (Austria)

Rositsa YANEVA, Georgi ZHELEZOV: Landscape diversity of the Danube plain – exploring the peculiarities in the Lom municipality, North-Western Bulgaria..................204

Section 3:

Landscape and ecosystem services:

concepts and applications Olaf BASTIAN: Ecosystem and landscape services: development and challenges of disputed concepts

Peter FLEISCHER, Peter FLEISCHER jr., Erika GÖMÖRYOVÁ, Katarína STŘELCOVÁ, Slavomír CELER: Upscaling carbon fluxes from chamber measurement to the landscape scale in spruce forest disturbed by windthrow in the Tatra Mts.

Ján KLEIN, Zdenka RÓZOVÁ: Evaluation of microclimatic factors in different layouts of built-up areas and vegetation cover of urban areas of Nitra municipality

Katarina Ana LESTAN, Nadja PENKO SEIDL, Mojca GOLOBIČ: Landscape heterogeneity as a tool for enhancing biodiversity

Jose MUÑOZ-ROJAS, Iain BROWN, Marc GONZALEZ-PUENTE, Felipe

CORTINES-GARCIA, Julius PROELL, Rachel KEAY, Freideriki KARVOUNI:

Using landscape services to address trade-offs and synergies in land-use policy and planning. A case study in Scotland

Marina PETRUSHINA: Landscape diversity and current state of landscapes of the nature reserve “Utrish”

4 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology

–  –  –

Aat BARENDREGT, Henk SIEPEL: Rigid nature policy and fixation in landscape ecological processes

Ievhen BEREZHNYJ, Ruslan HAVRYLIUK, Iurij MASIKEVYCH, Iaroslav MOVCHAN, Grygorii PARCHUK, Oksana TARASOVA, Kateryna BOLOT: Small hydro power stations development in the Carpathians as a likely threat: EIA and SEA aspects

Beata FORNAL-PIENIAK, Maciej ŻONIERCZUK, Barbara ŻARSKA, Ewa ZARAŚJANUSZKIEWICZ, Czesław WYSOCKI: The shaping of rural landscape at municipal scale for nature conservation

Viktor GAVRILENKO, Anastasia DRAPALIUK, Oleh KOKHAN, Iaroslav MOVCHAN, Dmytro GULEVETS, Kateryna ZHURBAS: National eco-network of Ukraine in the road transport and urban factors context

Vasilije ISAJEV, Vera LAVADINOVIĆ, Vladan POPOVIĆ, Aleksandar LUČIĆ:

Selection and breeding of Serbian spruce (Picea omorika) for urban areas in Serbia...... 306 Oimahmad RAHMONOV: The role of Salix acutifolia as an ecological engineer during the primary forest succession

Beata RASZKA, Malwina MIKOŁAJCZYK, Eliza KALBARCZYK, Robert

KALBARCZYK, Magdalena FILIPIAK: Managing deteriorating landscapes:

A proposal regarding the recreation of former landscape values. Case study of the village of Głusko, Western Pomerania, Poland

Hanna SKRYHAN: Studying the identity of urban landscape for participatory city planning

Tadeusz SZCZYPEK: Vegetation and the course of present aeolian morphogenesis in the area of Bledow “Desert”

Darijus VETEIKIS, Paulius KAVALIAUSKAS, Ričardas SKORUPSKAS: Assessing the optimality of landscape structure in a landscape plan (a Lithuanian example)........... 348 Ewelina WERNER, Maria HEŁDAK, Monika PŁUCIENNIK: The influence of agricultural and forest land conservation in Poland on the protection of the countryside

–  –  –

6 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology

–  –  –

Abstract An integrated approach to the landscape management requires an exact formulation of the concept of landscape and its structure. Nowadays, basically at least two main streams of the landscape ecology and thus of the concept of landscape might be identified: we may say the “hard”, i.e. geosystem-based concepts, and the “soft”, i.e. cultural-heritage, value and perception-based concepts of landscape. This division is not a ranking, just a differentiation.

Without any doubt a landscape type defined exactly, e.g. with relief dissection or soil depth, has a different normative effect than the characteristics of the beauty of a landscape part. It does not mean at all that the beauty and other similar values are not important indices of the landscape. The opposite is true: right because of their fuzzy character their implementation needs more diligence, in order not to lose them. Nevertheless, those different approaches to the landscape offer different possibilities for their implementation to legislation and to real planning processes. The geosystem approach became the basis for implementation of landscape ecological planning and eco-network planning in Slovakia. Recently, the cultural heritage concept is significantly supported by the European Landscape Convention.

Key words: landscape; geosystem; law; European Landscape Convention.

Introduction Theory and practice of landscape sciences decisively influence several basic concepts of sustainable development, as environmental protection, management of natural resources, nature conservation, landscape design and planning procedures, integrated watershed management, and other policies. This development requires an exact formulation - or reformulation - of the main object of our interest – the landscape, as well as its most exact formulation possible, but at the same time acceptable in the sphere of the policy, decision making, planning and projecting. The above mentioned problems, as well as the diversity of approaches, their recent changes (Wu, Hobbs, 2002, Nassauer, Santelmann, Scavia, Eds.

2007, Kienast, Wildi, Ghosh, Eds., 2007, Nassauer, Opdam, 2008, Mizgajski, Markuszewska Eds., 2010), even some kind of the “identity crisis” of the landscape ecology, which was according to Wu (2013) perceived at the turn of the new millennium - force us to reopen repeatedly theoretical questions on definition of the landscape and its implementation to real policies.

Diverse understanding of the landscape concept The concept of the landscape occurs on broad scale of different sciences. Nowadays, basically at least two main streams should be identified: we may say the “hard”, geosystembased concepts of the landscape, and the “soft”, cultural-heritage, “values” and perceptionbased ones. This division is not a ranking, just a differentiation. It is important that different approaches offer different possibilities for their implementation to legislation and to real planning processes. Without any doubt a landscape type defined exactly, e.g. by relief dissection, soil depth or a biocoenoses, has a different normative effect than the characteristics of the beauty of a landscape, which is much more subjective and changing e.g. according to 7 Halada, Ľ., Bača, A., Boltižiar, M. (eds.): Landscape and Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Landscape Ecology the persons, angle of view, etc. The first approach to the landscape is represented mainly by geographers and “geographically-biased” landscape ecologists, the second one by a very broad group of different specialists from other sciences, like social scientists, architects and artists. This group cannot be defined in a simple way but all its members might be considered as friends and lovers of the landscape.

These differences between the approaches are obvious by mutual comparisons of definitions based on general system theory (Bertalanffy (1968), modified for geographical and landscape sciences by main representatives of the first group, such as Neef and others (Neef, 1967, Neef, E., Richter, H., Barsch, H., Haase, G., 1973), Chorley, Kennedy (1971), Preobrazhensky (Preobrazhensky, V.S., Minc, A.A., 1973), Sochava (1977), Krcho (1968, 1978), and the definition given e.g. by the European Landscape Convention (see below). Of course, the above stated does not mean at all, that the beauty and other similar characteristics

or values of the landscape are not important indices of the landscape. The opposite is true:

right because of their fuzzy character their implementation need more diligence, in order not to lose them in design and planning processes.



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