WWW.DISSERTATION.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Dissertations, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 |

«Edited by Luís Saraiva University of Lisbon, Portugal EDITED BY: Luís Saraiva University of Lisbon, Portugal PUBLISHED BY: Sociedade Portuguesa de ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Proceedings of

the International

Conference

History of

Astronomy

in Portugal

Institutions, Theories,

Practices

Edited by

Luís Saraiva

University of Lisbon, Portugal

EDITED BY:

Luís Saraiva

University of Lisbon, Portugal

PUBLISHED BY:

Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia

Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal | Tel.:(+351) 226 089 830

Fax: (+351) 226 089 831 | E-mail: spa@sp-astronomia.pt

EDITORIAL SUPPORT

André Moitinho de Almeida - Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia / Universidade de Lisboa | João Fernandes - Universidade de Coimbra | Joana Ascenso Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia / Universidade do Porto | Alexandre Aibéo

- Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia / Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão de Viseu | Nelma Silva - Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia Copyright © 2014 by Sociedade Portuguesa de Astronomia All rights reserved. This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form or any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without written permission from the Publisher.

GRAPHIC DESIGN | PRÉ-PRESS ISBN Hugo C. Moreira 978-989-99087-0-3

PRINT DEPÓSITO LEGAL

Onda Grafe 379493/14 Lisboa, Janeiro de 2014 200 exemplares

BACK COVER:

Left image: The Scholar Observatory of the Polytechnic School, now integrated in the Science Museum of the University of Lisbon (Photo Marc Heller, MCUL) Right image: «Observatorium Conimbricense. Academian […] Anno M.DCC.

XCII» (1792) The Astronomical Observatorium of Coimbra University [Archive from OAUC G-006] Down image: The Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon, founded in 1861 (Photo Marc Heller, OAL-FCUL) Proceedings of the International Coference

History of Astronomy in Portugal:

Institutions, Theories, Practices Science Museum of the University of Lisbon 24-26 September, 2009

Organizing Committee:

António Leal Duarte (CMUC/Universidade de Coimbra) Carlos Sá (CMUP/Universidade do Porto) Luís Miguel Carolino (Museu de Ciência/CIUHCT) Luís Saraiva (CMAF/Museu de Ciência) Marta Lourenço (Museu de Ciência/CIUHCT) Paula Gualdrapa (Museu de Ciência) Samuel Gessner (CIUHCT/Museu de Ciência) Vasco Teixeira (Museu de Ciência)

Organization and Technical Support:

Ana Alves (Museu de Ciência) Fernando Alberto (Museu de Ciência) Mafalda Madureira (Museu de Ciência) Paula Gualdrapa (Museu de Ciência) Sofa Marçal (Museu de Ciência) Vasco Teixeira (Museu de Ciência)

Website:

Samuel Gessner http://chcul.fc.ul.pt/astro Acknowledgements

We thank the following organizations:

The Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) which funded the meeting, and the Foundation of the University of Lisbon (FUL), which managed its grant;

The National Seminar for the History of Mathematics (SNHM), a section of the Portuguese Society of Mathematics, which for the last 24 years has regularly held meetings on the history of the mathematical sciences;

The Portuguese Mathematics Society (SPM) for its constant support of history of mathematics events, and in particular its support of the SNHM; in particular we thank Ana Pedro, who was responsible for the initial layout of the cover.

The Centre for Mathematics and Fundamental Applications (CMAF), the Centre for Mathematics of Coimbra University (CMUC) and the Centre for Mathematics of Porto University (CMUP) for paying the travel and accommodation costs of some of the participants;

we also thank CMAF for funding the revision of Professor Baldini’s text, and Paul Covill who revised it;

The International Centre for Mathematics (CIM), which also partially funded the conference;

The Portuguese Astronomy Society (SPA) for its support of the meeting, for providing information on it on its website, and for making available funds that made it possible to print these Proceedings;

The Science Museum of the University of Lisbon (MCUL) for all their technical and logistic support, which made all the sessions run smoothly;

The Inter-university Centre for History of Sciences and Technology (CIUHCT) for their support in publicizing the meeting and for the participation of its members in its organization.

We also thank all participants and chairpersons for the many stimulating talks and debates that were held during these three days, inside and outside the conference room; in particular we thank Samuel Gessner, for preparing the conference’s website. Last, but not least, we thank Luis Miguel Carolino, who frst had the idea of holding this conference, and was essential in shaping it. Without him this conference would not have taken place.

A word concerning the standardization of the texts: after the end of the Conference, the standards to be followed in the writing of the papers for these Proceedings were sent to all authors. We accepted for publication all papers that, although not complying with some of these standards, did not signifcantly diverge from them.

–  –  –





Foreword1 LUIS SARAIVA, CMAF/Science Museum, University of Lisbon To celebrate the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s frst telescopic observations, the 62nd United Nations General Assembly declared 2009 the International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009). This was intended to increase awareness of the importance of astronomy as a science and as a technique. Among the different strategies proposed for this purpose, the Portuguese National IYA2009 Committee, established by the Portuguese Society of Astronomy, highlighted the need to promote events related to the history of astronomy.

The conference on “History of Astronomy in Portugal: Institutions, Theories, Practices”, held at the Science Museum of the University of Lisbon from 24 to 26 September 2009, coinciding with the 22nd meeting of the National Seminar for the History of Mathematics, was an excellent opportunity for scholars and Portuguese researchers on the history of astronomy not only to debate these matters among themselves but also to listen and talk to some of the best international researchers in this area, thereby helping to include Portugal in the international network of researchers in the history of astronomy.

The idea of holding such a meeting came from Luís Miguel Carolino (MCUL/CIUHCT) and was immediately adopted by other scholars. It was organized by researchers of the National Seminar for the History of Mathematics and of the Science Museum of the University of Lisbon (MCUL), with the support of these two organizations, of CIM, of three of the main Portuguese Mathematics centres: CMAF (University of Lisbon), CMUC (University of Coimbra) and CMUP (University of Porto), of the Portuguese Societies of Mathematics and of Astronomy, and of the Interuniversity Centre for the History of Science and Technology (CIUHCT), and was sponsored by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT).

This text appeared in a slightly modifed and abridged form in the Bulletin of CIM, in December 2009 At the opening ceremony, José Francisco Rodrigues, director of CIM, emphasized the reciprocal infuence between mathematics and astronomy in shaping our understanding and measurement of space and time throughout human history. According to Rodrigues, this can be seen as far back as the early calendars, with their numerical attempts to count the days, seasons and years, and the ingenious method of Eratosthenes to measure the circumference of the Earth with remarkable accuracy. Three other signifcant examples of this historical and scientifc interaction were also mentioned: Kepler's laws of planetary motion, the frst two of which were published in 1609, the year of Galileo’s frst telescopic observations; Le Verrier's 1846 prediction of the existence of the then unknown planet Neptune, using only mathematics and astronomical observations of the planet Uranus (later confrmed by Galle and d'Arrest, within 1° of the predicted location); and the confrmation in 1919, by a team led by Eddington, of Einstein’s prediction of gravitational defection of starlight by the Sun using photographs of a solar eclipse taken on twin expeditions in Sobral, northern Brazil, and on the African island of Príncipe (then a Portuguese colony), which showed the distortion of the structure of space-time by matter, as predicted by Einstein's theory of general relativity, in turn built upon earlier contributions to differential geometry by mathematicians including Riemann and Levi-Civita.

In Portugal, throughout its history, astronomy developed in the context of the mathematical sciences. At the time of Portugal’s maritime discoveries, astronomical navigation was based on spherical trigonometry, and so it was the mathematicians who taught astronomy to the navigators. During the 19th century astronomy teaching and research developed in the new centres of science teaching, such as the Polytechnic School in Lisbon and the Polytechnic Academy in Porto, in the context of their mathematics courses. The inheritors of these 19th-century institutions, the Faculties of Sciences of Lisbon and Porto respectively, upheld this tradition during the 20th century and continued to consider astronomy as a subject to be taught in their mathematics departments.

The conference organizers decided on a programme that covered a wide time span, from the dolmen builders of south-west Europe to the echoes in Portugal of Einstein’s theory of relativity. There were 17 talks, nine of them by Portuguese researchers. Eleventh-hour problems prevented three of the speakers, Michael Hoskin, Jim Bennett and José Vaquero, from attending the conference, but their texts were read by Luís Saraiva, and the corresponding slides for each talk were shown during the readings. Twelve of these talks are in these Proceedings, in the order in which they were presented at the conference.



Pages:   || 2 |


Similar works:

«In Nakamura, T., Orchiston, W., Sôma, M., and Strom, R. (eds.), 2011. Mapping the Oriental Sky. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Oriental Astronomy. Tokyo, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. Pp. 13-20. MEGALITHS IN ANCIENT INDIA AND THEIR POSSIBLE ASSOCIATION WITH ASTRONOMY Mayank N. VAHIA Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India, and Manipal Advanced Research Group, Manipal University Manipal – 576104, Karnataka, India. E-mail: vahia@tifr.res.in...»

«DOI: 10.5433/1984-3356.2015v8n15p313 Una forma territorial alternativa: la tribu de Coliqueo en la pampa bonaerense An alternative territorial form: indigenous tribe of Coliqueo in the Buenos Aires pampas Melina Yuln Graciela Silvestri RESUMEN Durante gran parte del siglo XIX la pampa de Buenos Aires fue dominio de los indígenas, propiciando así el retrato de un espacio salvaje. Luego de ser controlado por el Estado este territorio sufrió un proceso de transformación en el cual se...»

«European Astronomical Society 2016 Prizes Tycho Brahe Prize The 2016 Tycho Brahe Prize is awarded to Prof. Joachim Trümper in recognition of his visionary development of X-ray instrumentation, from balloon experiments and the discovery of cyclotron lines probing the magnetic field of neutron stars to his leadership and strong scientific involvement in the ROSAT mission. Lodewijk Woltjer Lecture The 2016 Lodewijk Woltjer Lecture is awarded to Prof. Thibault Damour for his outstanding career...»

«THE RESPONSIVE COSMOS: AN ENQUIRY INTO THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF ASTROLOGY BY JAMES BROCKBANK Submitted for a PhD in Theology and Religious Studies TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements Abstract, p5. Introduction, p6. Chapter One: Astrologers and the Empirical, p21. Chapter Two: Different responses to the lack of empirical evidence, p57. Chapter Three: The Responsive Cosmos, p75. Chapter Four: Astrological Methodology, p105. Chapter Five: Divinatory astrology and the scientific researchers,...»

«Of Late I Dreamt of Venus by James Van Pelt L ike a shiny pie plate, Venus hung high in the observation alcove’s window, a full globe afire with sunlight. Elizabeth Audrey contemplated its placid surface. Many would say it was gorgeous. Alexander Pope called the bright light “the torch of Venus,” and some ancient astronomer, besotted with the winkless glimmer named the planet after the goddess of love and beauty. At this distance, clouded bands swirled across the shimmering lamp,...»

«Tyson B. Littenberg CIERA/Northwestern University Office: 847.467.1338 Dearborn Observatory Fax: 847.491.3135 2131 Tech Drive Email: tyson.littenberg@northwestern.edu Evanston, Illinois 60208 Homepage: http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/∼tbl987/ CSPAR/University of Alabama Huntsville Office: 256.961.7833 Cramer Hall/NSSTC 2221 Email: tyson.littenberg@uah.edu University of Alabama in Huntsville Huntsville, AL 35899 Experience Education: May, 2009 Ph.D. in Physics – Montana State University...»

«On the astronomical content of the sacred landscape of Cusco in Inka times. Giulio Magli Dipartimento di Matematica del Politecnico di Milano P.le Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy.1. Introduction: the Inka sacred landscape It is very well known that the Inka landscape was a sacred space or sacred landscape.1 The Inka world was in fact plenty of “holy things” – called huacas such as mountains, springs, rocks, and shrines, and many aspects of this deep relationship between people...»

«El recreo igualitario Guía de recursos sobre coeducación y espacio Ayto. de Hernani (Gipuzkoa) Introducción Esta guía se enmarca dentro de un programa coeducativo auspiciado por el Consejo de Igualdad y el Área de Igualdad del Ayuntamiento de Hernani (Gipuzkoa) desde octubre de 2003. Comenzamos con unas sesiones de sensibilización para el profesorado y las familias. En una segunda fase, realizamos una pequeña investigación antropológica sobre el uso del espacio en dos centros escolares...»

«ET8000 SERIES ® Electronic Astronomic 7-Day Time Switches With Battery Carryover OWNER/INSTALLER INSTRUCTION MANUAL ATTENTION: READ CAREFULLY BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO INSTALL YOUR INTERMATIC TIME SWITCH. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY AND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE! RETAIN FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. Specifications TIME SWITCH INPUT VOLTAGE: 120/208/240/277 V.A.C., 50/60 Hz. POWER CONSUMPTION: 6.0 Watts Max. CONTACT CONFIGURATION: SPST model ET8015C, DPST model ET8215C, and...»

«Prepared for AJ Pairs of Asteroids Probably of Common Origin1 David Vokrouhlick´ y Institute of Astronomy, Charles University, V Holeˇoviˇk´ch 2, CZ–18000 Prague 8, s ca Czech Republic, E-mail: vokrouhl@cesnet.cz David Nesvorn´ y Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut St, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA, E-mail: davidn@boulder.swri.edu ABSTRACT We report the first observational evidence for pairs of main-belt asteroids with bodies in each pair having nearly identical orbits. The...»

«SNAP-SHOT MRI Nobel Lecture, December 8, 2003 by Peter Mansfield Sir Peter Mansfield Magnetic Resonance Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, U.K.INTRODUCTION The topic of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) started for us at Nottingham in the early summer of 1972. During a discussion with one of my graduate students, Peter Grannell and my post-doc Dr Allan Garroway, concerning multiple-pulse line narrowing experiments in solids, the idea...»

«VII Simposio Internacional y XII Jornadas Nacionales de Investigación Acción en Turismo CONDET Congreso Internacional de Turismo – ANET Facultad de Turismo – UNCo Neuquén – Octubre 2015 EJE: Políticas públicas en turismo Turismo, conservación y políticas públicas en espacios de frontera. El rol de los parques nacionales en la Norpatagonia andina argentina (1916-1976) Laila Vejsbjerg Dependencia institucional: Instituto de Investigaciones en Diversidad Cultural y Procesos de Cambio...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.dissertation.xlibx.info - Dissertations, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.