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«VITA GIUSEPPINA FABBIANO Senior Astrophysicist Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) 60 Garden St. Cambridge MA, MS 6 phone: 617 495 7203 ...»

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Senior Astrophysicist

Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO)

60 Garden St. Cambridge MA, MS 6

phone: 617 495 7203

e-mail: gfabbiano@cfa.harvard.edu

Present position:

Senior Level Federal employee at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory


Place of Birth: Palermo, Italy

American Citizen


University of Palermo (Italy), Physics Doctorate (1973)

Positions Held:

1973-1974 Scientist, American Science and Engineering, Inc.

1975-1991 Astrophysicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 1975-1977 Fellowship of the Italian Ministry of Education 1977-Present Associate, Harvard College Observatory 1991-1997 Astrophysicist (Federal), Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 1997-Present Senior Astrophysicist (Federal, Senior Service), Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

Professional Appointments:

1973-1975 Scientist, UHURU (SAS-1) 1976-1977 Scientist, HEAO-1/A-3 1978-1980 Scientist, Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2) Guest Observer Program 1981-1987 Senior Scientist, Einstein Observatory Data Processing System 1987-1991 Project Scientist, Einstein Observatory 1991- Present Data System Division Head, Chandra (AXAF) Science Center

Selection Committees:

1989 Member of the Selection Committee for the Executive Committee of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the AAS 1991 Member of the Hubble fellowship selection committee 1992 Chair of the ‘galaxies and ISM’ selection panel of NASA Long Term proposals 1992 Member of HST TAC 1993-1995 Member of CfA fellowship committee 2000 - External Referee for the Italian proposal selection 2003 Hubble Time Allocation Committee Panel Chair 2003 - Member of the SAO Federal Scientist Appointment Committee (FSAC) 2004 - Member of the SI Seidell review committee 2008 - Chair of SI Seidell review committee 2007 HST TAC member 2009 Member of the Wolbach Head Librarian Selection Committee 2010 Chair, Student Prize Committee, Aspen Winter Workshop on BHs 2010 - Member, AAAS Electorate Nominating Committee, Section on Astronomy 2011 - Member of the Admission Committee of the Aspen Center for Physics

Advisory and Planning Committees:

1986-1989 Member of the Space Science Board Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC) 1987 Panel Member, NASA Astrophysics Data Systems Workshop 1988-1991 SAO representative in the Einstein Users

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Honors and Awards:

1987 Invited to write a review on “X-ray s from Normal Galaxies” for Volume 27 of the Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics (1989) 1992 Invited to write entry on X-ray emission from galaxies for the ‘Reference

Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics’, S.P. Maran ed., (New York:

Van Nostrand Reinhold) 1995 Invited speaker at the Pittsburgh AAS meeting 1999 Invited senior author of chapter on space observations of galaxies for the book ‘The century of space science’ (Kluwer).

2000 NASA Group Achievement Award 2000 NASA MSFC Director’s Commendation 2001 NASA MSFC Group Achievement Award 2002 Included in ISI/Thomson Scientific, highly cited researchers database 2004 Invited to write a review on `X-ray populations in galaxies’ for ARAA 2005 Invited to write a Perspective on ULXs for Science 2010 NASA Public Service Group Achievement Award (Chandra Source Catalog)

–  –  –

Refereeing Activities:

NSF proposals and reviews Papers: ApJ, ApJ Letters, AJ, A&A, MNRAS, PASJ Tenure Application: Responded to requests for assessments Research proposals to the Italian government agency Since 2003 referee for the Italian CIVR (Comitato di Indirizzo per la Valutazione della Ricerca) In 2006 appointed external member of the Doctoral Thesis Committee of Paola Mucciarelli (graduate student at the University of Padova, Italy).

–  –  –

Postdoc Advised:

G. Trinchieri, D.-W. Kim, P. Eskridge, G. Mackie, A. Zezas, N. Brassington, J. Wang, B. Luo, A. Paggi, R.


Lecturing & Outreach:

Harvard Astronomy junior seminar speaker Harvard Astronomy guest lecturer Harvard Astronomy graduate seminar speaker Presentation on Solar System at Cambridge Ellis Pre-School (1994) Presentation on Astronomy at Cambridge Montessori School (1996, 1997) Organized Chandra presentation at the Park School, Brookline (Mass) (2002) Presentation at Harvard conference on Advancing Minorities and Women in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics (2003) Several presentations to visiting groups at CfA (potential donors; congressional delegations) on both science topics and Virtual Observatory activities at CfA.

Public lecture on colliding galaxies at IUCAA, Pune, India (2005) CfA open night lecture on the Chandra X-ray Observatory (2006) Herschel Visitor at STScI (2008) Presenter at the Galileo Symposium, sponsored by the Italian Consulate of Boston (2009) Presenter with Ramesh Narayan at the Aspen Physics Café’ (Feb 17th 2010) Lecturer at the XXI Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics on ‘Accretion Processes in Astrophysics’(2009) - 5 1hr lectures on XRB populations The Chandra X-ray Observatory’, public talk given as part of the Chandrasekhar centenary events in Chennai, Delhi and Pune (India; Jan 2011) ‘High Resolution Studies of Galaxies’, lecture at the Chandra X-ray School (July 2011).

Professional Activities (Programmatic):

Software Development and Science Operations In support of the Uhuru, HEAO-1 and Einstein missions Guest Observer / User Support Einstein (1978-1980): Worked under Fred Seward in all phases of GO support, including proposal receipt and feasibility, supporting peer review process, assisting GOs at SAO.

Einstein (1989-1981): Created and edited (with M. Elvis) “The HEAO Newsletter”; organized ‘Einstein to AXAF’ Conference.

Science Management Activities Einstein (HEAO-2) Data Processing (1981-1987): Initiated standard procedure for processing, software problem cycle, inventory control; supervised team of ~12 data processing aides including personnel actions, hiring and dismissals.

Einstein Project Management (1987-1991): As Project Scientist, continued to supervise data processing and archival activities, including on-line access to data and data distribution on CD ROMs (these activities were at the forefront in Astronomy at the time); coordinated the work of other scientists working in the project; responsible for 21 people between operation personnel and scientists; oversaw budget preparation; discussed budget with NASA HQ; represented the Einstein Project at the Einstein Users’ committee meetings; closely involved in the preparation of the IPC Slew Survey (1988-1991) catalog; supported the preparation of the Einstein Catalog.

Einstein Contract Renewal (1984): Led and co-authored five year Einstein contract proposal for 1984-1989, successfully extending the program life with level funding and leading to the creation of innovative products.

AXAF (1991-1999): ASC (AXAF Science Center) Data Systems Division Head. The ASC DSD consisted of 5 groups (Architecture; H/W & System; S/W; Test & CM; Operations); FTEs reaching at launch ~80 engineers, programmers, scientists, and support personnel. Reported to the ASC Director. Was responsible for the management of the Division, and inter-group coordination;

responsible for interaction with the Science Division and the rest of the ASC. Led the ASC DSD through successful NASA reviews (PDR, CDR), and met NASA milestones for the initial deliveries of S/W. Coordinated DS support for the XRCF pre-flight calibration effort at Marshall Space Flight Center. Coordinated the preparation of S/W to support flight Science Operations of AXAF, and AXAF data reduction and analysis. Coordinated the understanding of the role and operation of the DSD during the AXAF flight.

Chandra (1999-Present; AXAF was renamed Chandra after launch): Chandra X-ray Center Data System Division (CDSD) Head. Set-up and led data processing operations during the flight validation of Chandra, managing round-the-clock operations of a multi-discipline team including scientists, software engineers and data specialists. Continues activities focusing on flight operations: data receipt and processing, archival, and distribution to users; development of software for scientific analysis of the Chandra data (CIAO); providing general support (system and h/w, archive, software and operational) to the Chandra X-ray Center and mission. Re-designed the CDSD to support flight data operations into the following groups: H/W & System, S/W, Archive, Data Processing; software and system test were reallocated and managed within these groups, with assistance from the Science Division. Over 2M lines of codes have been developed, tested, maintained, documented, and are used operationally; this software is developed following a ‘spiral’ model that involves close interactions between scientists and engineers, supported by formal and informal reviews; testing is structured in ‘unit’, ‘integration’, and ‘operational’ phases for each software release, and is performed by the developers, scientists, and operational groups involved;

typically 1-2 major releases are supported annually, and as needed mini-releases to support satellite operations. Procedures were developed and are maintained to manage operations within groups and between groups, including formal ECR (Engineering Change Control) procedures for changes affecting group interfaces. Data are typically processed, verified and data products ingested in the archive and distributed to users within 1 day from receipt; three major reprocessing of the entire data archive have been performed so far, to take advantage of improved calibrations and software.

Initiated activities and supported reviews of the Chandra Source Catalog, a major data mining efforts including all the public imaging data, which is now at the second public release.

Implemented the development of databases and user interfaces to give users visibility of the state of their data and data processing, including issue resolution (if any).

Virtual Observatory (2000-Present): lead of Harvard-Smithsonian CfA NVO effort, resulting in a successful mid-size NSF grant, and in participation in the successful multi-institution NSF large proposal effort. Co-PI of NSF VAO proposal (2008, submitted; 2010 awarded).

Chair of the VAO Science Council. Member of the IVOA Exec.

Gen-X (2004 -2010): co-lead of the science team of this NASA-approved vision mission study for a large-area (~100 sqm), high-resolution (~0.1 arcsec) X-ray telescope. This proposal was based on the original idea by Elvis & Fabbiano (1996).

–  –  –

Professional Societies:

International Astronomical Union American Astronomical Society High Energy Astrophysics Division of AAS American Association for the Advancement of Science

General Fields of Investigation:

Normal galaxies and their different X-ray emission components; XRB populations; the hot ISM and mass measurements of early-type galaxies; the connection between galaxy environment and nuclear activity.

Optical, IR, UV, and radio observations are obtained to supplement the X-ray data. Galaxies are key objects for the study of cosmology, the life cycle of matter, and stellar evolution. X-ray observations have given us a new key band for understanding these building blocks of the Universe, with implications ranging from the study of extreme physical situations, such as can be found in the proximity of Black Holes, or near the surface of neutron stars; to the interaction of galaxies and their environment; to the measure of parameters of fundamental cosmological importance.


190 refereed papers including reviews (from ADS, with 10226 citations; h index = 56);

352 non-refereed papers.

Co-author of Smithsonian Institution’s ‘Digitization Strategic Plan’ and of the IWGDD report ‘Harnessing the power of Digital Data for Science and Society’.


1990-91: colloquia given at Univ.s of Bologna and Palermo, Italy, and Iowa State. Invited review talk given at the Nagoya X-ray meeting (Ap. 91).

1991-92: colloquia given at Universities of Bologna and Palermo (Italy), and at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa (Italy). Invited review talk given at the Accademia dei Lincei (Roma, Italy; in Ap. 92); at workshops (Elba, and Palermo, Italy; summer 92); and at COSPAR meeting in Washington DC.

1992-93: invited review talks at the Accademia dei Lincei, Aspen workshop on the ISM, and HST workshop on halos. Invited to give colloquia at MIT, Univ. of Wisconsin, and Univ. of Michigan.

1993-94: invited review talks at the Tokyo ASC symposium (March 94), and ISM”George Field” symposium at Elba (June 1994); colloquia at Princeton Plasma Lab., Univ. of Birmingham U.K., University of Leicester U.K.. Talk at minisymposium on galaxy formation at the XVII Texas Symposium (Dec 94).

Harvard Astronomy junior seminar speaker.

1994-95: CfA colloquium speaker (March 30); MIT colloquium speaker (April 25); invited review talks at the Mexico conference on elliptical galaxies (March), Heidelberg IAU Symp. on early-type galaxies (June), AAS Pittsburgh meeting (June), HST workshop on LINERs (September), Wurzburg meeting on X-ray Astronomy (September); Harvard Astronomy junior seminar speaker; Harvard Astronomy graduate seminar speaker.

1995-96: Carnegie (DC) colloquium speaker (Nov. 1); invited review talk on X-ray properties of galaxies at the San Diego HEAD meeting (May); invited speaker the Madison AAS workshop on the ISM (June);

gave contributed talk on AXAF spectroscopy at Shanghai IAU Symp. (June); CfA Summer Colloquium speaker (Aug.); Harvard Astronomy junior seminar speaker.

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